WorldCat Identities

United States Department of Education Research in Education of the Handicapped Program

Overview
Works: 3 works in 9 publications in 1 language and 132 library holdings
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by United States
The Modification of attitudes toward persons with handicaps : a comprehensive integrative review of research by James P Shaver( Book )

4 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This final report analyzes results of a comprehensive, integrative review of 273 primary research studies on modifying attitudes toward disabled persons. Attitude modification approaches identified included providing information, direct contact with disabled persons, vicarious experiences related to having a disability, systematic desensitization, positive reinforcement, and combinations of these approaches. The primary analytic focus was on mean effect sizes: 644 effect sizes, obtained from 200 reports, constituted the main data set. Outcomes were not related to three basic indicators of study quality (general treatment validity, general internal validity, and adequacy of test validity). Methodological quality was not high, treatment effects were moderate and heterogeneous, and treatment techniques were heterogeneous in characteristics and outcomes. The studies differed on such characteristics as type of comparison, time of posttest, and type of dependent measure. Alternative and supplementary data explorations did not produce results markedly different from the analyses of individual effect sizes. Among the areas of needed improvement in research methodology are definition of the construct of "attitude toward persons with disabilities," selection of assessment techniques that yield reliable and valid scores, attention to treatment validity (including more careful reporting of procedures and design elements), and the development of programmatic, replication-oriented research. (Author/JW)
The Development of microcomputer skills of special education teachers : final summary project report by Jane M Lee( Book )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Special education teachers (N=167), teacher trainees (N=122), and administrators (N=8) responded to questionnaires regarding their commitment to acquiring basic microcomputer skills. Teachers believed that they were worth more than their current salaries, and that districts could afford to pay them more to aid them in, and as a reward for, the acqusisition of new skills. Administrators, however, believed that the districts had difficulties paying teachers more. Teachers' interest in microcomputers was matched to their desire to enroll in coursework to learn these skills. Administrators were equally interested but did not view coursework as the approach of choice. Teachers considered that microcomputer skills were related to instruction of handicapped children more clearly than did teacher trainees. Administrators perceived different uses for microcomputers than either group. Teachers wanted at least part of the course costs paid by their districts. Deterrants to learning microcomputer skills included shortage of time, time conflicts, and doubts about microcomputer availability. (CL)
 
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Audience level: 0.57 (from 0.54 for The Modifi ... to 0.64 for Fiscal yea ...)

Alternative Names

controlled identityUnited States. Department of Education

United States. Dept. of Education. Research in Education of the Handicapped Program

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