WorldCat Identities

Venables, Anthony

Works: 278 works in 1,066 publications in 2 languages and 10,449 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Anthony Venables
The spatial economy : cities, regions and international trade by Masahisa Fujita( Book )

37 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and Spanish and held by 794 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since 1990 there has been a renaissance of theoretical and empirical work on the spatial aspects of the economy - that is, where economic activity occurs and why. Using new tools - in particular, modeling techniques developed to analyze industrial organization, international trade, and economic growth - this "new economic geography" has emerged as one of the most exciting areas of contemporary economics
Multinational firms in the world economy by Giorgio Barba Navaretti( Book )

20 editions published between 2004 and 2006 in English and held by 608 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"With the contribution of other leading experts, Giorgio Barba Navaretti and Anthony Venables assess the determinants of multinationals' actions, investigating why their activity has expanded so rapidly and why some countries have seen more such activity than others. They analyze their effects on countries that are recipients of inward investments, and on those countries that see multinational firms moving jobs abroad. The arguments are made using modern advances in economic analysis, a case study, and by drawing on the extensive empirical literature that assesses the determinants and consequences of activity by multinationals. The treatment is rigorous, yet accessible to all readers with a background in economics, whether students or professionals. Drawing out policy implications, the authors conclude that multinational enterprises are generally a force for the promotion of prosperity in the world economy."--Jacket
European integration : trade and industry by L. Alan Winters( Book )

21 editions published between 1991 and 2010 in English and held by 422 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A contribution to our understanding of the effects of the completion of the European internal market in 1992
Plundered nations? : successes and failures in natural resource extraction by Paul Collier( Book )

8 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 378 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The study of natural resource extraction in resource-rich countries often shows that plunder, rather than prosperity, has become the norm. Management of natural resources differs widely in every state; a close examination of the decision-making chains in various states highlights the key principles that need to be followed to avoid distortion and dependence. This book consists of eight case studies investigating the political economy of the decision chain, revealing where various states have met with success, or failed disastrously. This original research provides a unique insight into how different countries have handled their resource extraction. This book is essential reading for students, researchers and policy makers working across development economics and natural resource economics."--Provided by publisher
Spatial inequality and development by S. M. Ravi Kanbur( Book )

19 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 235 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This is an introduction to spatial and regional inequality. Drawing on data from 25 countries from around the world, it examines the questions: What exactly is spatial inequality? Why does it matter? And what should be the policy response to it?"--Provided by publisher
Spatial disparities in human development : perspectives from Asia( Book )

10 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 220 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Spatial disparities are a measure of the unequal distribution of income, wealth, power and resources between peoples in different locations. This book focuses on issues directly related to the Millennium Development Goals including conflict, poverty, and the causes and consequences of inequality. It applies the latest research techniques including regression-based decomposition, poverty decomposition and computable general equilibrium models."--Jacket
The Economics of the Single European Act by George W McKenzie( Book )

16 editions published between 1991 and 1994 in English and held by 192 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of the Single European Act is to establish a European market without barriers, thereby enabling the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital. To achieve this end the European Commission has put forward some 300 directives to be implemented by 1 January 1993. The contributors to this volume offer a critical evaluation of the likely effects of these measures for Europe as a whole and for the UK economy, in particular
Integration, specialization, and adjustment by Paul R Krugman( Book )

25 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Globalization and the inequality of nations by Paul R Krugman( Book )

23 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A monopolistically competitive manufacturing sector produces goods used for final consumption and as intermediates. Intermediate usage creates cost and demand linkages between firms and a tendency for manufacturing agglomeration. How does globalization affect the location of manufacturing and gains from trade? At high transport costs all countries have some manufacturing, but when transport costs fall below a critical value a core-periphery pattern spontaneously forms, and nations that find themselves in the periphery suffer a decline in real income. At still lower transport costs there is convergence of real incomes, in which peripheral nations gain and core nations may lose
Trading arrangements and industrial development by Diego Puga( Book )

15 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

June 1997 A new approach to analyzing the role of trade in promoting industrial development. How do different trading arrangements influence the industrialization process of developing countries? Can preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) be superior to multilateral liberalization, or at least an alternative when multilateral liberalization proceeds slowly? If so, what form should the PTAs take? Are developing countries better advised to seek PTAs with industrial countries or among themselves? Traditional analysis of these issues has been based on the ideas of trade creation and trade diversion. The problem with this analysis is that it starts from assuming a pattern of comparative advantage. This stands in sharp contrast to the apparently changing comparative advantage of newly industrialized countries. The experience of these countries suggests the need for an analysis in which the pattern of comparative advantage is not set in stone but is potentially flexible, and in which less developed countries can develop and converge in both income and economic structure to industrial economies. Puga and Venables outline an alternative approach for analyzing the role of trade in promoting industrial development. There are few fundamental differences between countries that generate immutable patterns of comparative advantage. Instead the pattern of trade and development in the world economy is determined mainly by history. Cumulative causation has created concentrations of industrial activity in particular locations (industrial countries) and left other areas more dependent on primary activities. Economic development can be thought of as the spread of these concentrations from country to country. Different trading arrangements may have a major impact on this development process. By changing the attractiveness of countries as a base for manufacturing production they can potentially trigger or postpone industrial development. This approach explains why firms are reluctant to move to economies that have lower wages and labor costs, and shows how trade liberalization can change the incentives to become established in developing countries. It provides a mechanism through which import liberalization can have a powerful effect in promoting industrialization. And it suggests that import liberalization may create or amplify differences between liberalizing countries with the possible political tensions this may create. While these features are consistent with the world economy, they fall short of providing convincing empirical support for the approach. Using the approach, the authors derive a number of conclusions about the effects of trade liberalization. First, that unilaterally liberalizing imports of manufactures can promote development of the local manufacturing industry. The mechanism is forward linkages from imported intermediates, but this may be interpreted as part of a wider package of linkages coming from these imports. Second, the gains from liberalization through PTA membership are likely to exceed those obtained from unilateral action. South-South PTAs will be sensitive to the market size of member states, and North-South PTAs seem to offer better prospects for participating Southern economies, if not for North and excluded countries. Third, the effects of particular schemes (such as the division of benefits between Southern economies) will depend on the characteristics of the countries and cross-country differences in these characteristics. This paper-a product of the International Trade Division, International Economics Department-was prepared for the research project on regional integration
The theory of endowment, intra-industry, and multinational trade by James R Markusen( Book )

21 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We consider a trade model combining a 2x2x2 Heckscher-Ohlin structure, monopolistic competition, transport costs, and multinational corporations. We demonstrate how the mix of national and multinational firms that operate in equilibrium depends on technology and on the division of the world endowment between countries. Multinationals are more likely to exist the more similar are countries in both relative and absolute endowments. Where multinationals exist they reduce the volume of trade and raise world welfare (although not necessarily that of both countries). They also reduce the agglomeration forces that arise when international factor mobility is allowed
The seamless world : a spatial model of international specialization by Paul R Krugman( Book )

19 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper is an effort to do international trade theory without mentioning countries. Nearly all models of the international economy assume that trade takes place between nations or regions which are themselves dimensionless points. We develop a model in which economic space is instead assumed to be continuous, and in which this 'seamless world' spontaneously organizes itself into industrial and agricultural zones because of the tension between forces of agglomeration and disagglomeration. One might expect such a model to be analytically intractable, but we are able to gain considerable insight through a combination of simulations and an analytical approach originally suggested in a biological context by Alan Turing
Foreign direct investment as a catalyst for industrial development by James R Markusen( Book )

12 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How does an FDI project affect local firms in the same industry? Competition in the" product and factor markets tends to reduce profits of local firms, but linkage effects to supplier" industries may reduce input costs and raise profits. This paper develops an analytical framework" to assess these effects. Circumstances in which FDI is complementary to local industry are" established, and it is shown how FDI may lead to the establishment of local industrial sectors. " These sectors may grow to the point where local production overtakes and forces out FDI plants. " Our results are consistent with the experience of a number of industrial sectors in the NICs."
Geography and development by J. Vernon Henderson( )

11 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why are some spatial differences in land rents and wages not bid away by firms and individuals in search of low-cost or high-income locations? Why does economic activity cluster in centers of activity? And what are the consequences of remoteness from existing centers?
Multinational production, skilled labor, and real wages by James R Markusen( Book )

12 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Adapting our earlier model of multinationals, we address policy issues involving wages and labor skills. Multinational firms may arise endogenously, exporting their firm-specific knowledge capital to foreign production facilities, and geographically fragmenting production into skilled and unskilled-labor-intensive activities. Multinationals thus alter the nature of trade, from trade in goods (produced with both skilled and unskilled labor) to trade in skilled- labor-intensive producer services. Results shed light on several policy questions. First, multinationals increase the skilled/unskilled wage gap in the high income country and, under some circumstances, in the low income country as well. Second, there is a sense in which multinationals export low skilled jobs to the lower income country. Third, trade barriers do not protect unskilled labor in the high income countries. By inducing a regime shift to multinationals, trade barriers protect the abundant factor, at least in the high income country and possibly in both countries. Fourth, a convergence in country characteristics induces the entry of multinationals and raises the skilled-unskilled wage gap in the initially large and skilled-labor-abundant country, and possibly in the small skilled-labor-scarce country as well
Multinational firms and the new trade theory by James R Markusen( Book )

12 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A model is constructed in which multinational firms may arise endogenously. Multinationals exist in equilibrium when transport and tariff costs are high, incomes are high, and firm-level scale economies are important relative to plant-level scale economies. Less obvious, multinationals are more important in total economic activity when countries are more similar in incomes, relative factor endowments, and technologies. The model may thus be useful in explaining several stylized facts, including (a) the growing importance of direct investment relative to trade among the developed countries over time and (b) the greater ratio of investment to trade among the developed countries relative to this ratio for 'north-south' or 'south-south' economic relationships. The model offers predictions about the volume of trade that contrast with those of the 'new trade theory', predicting that trade at first rises and then falls as countries converge in incomes, relative endowments, and technologies. Welfare is also considered, and it is shown that direct investment makes the smaller (or high cost) country better off, but may make the larger (or low cost) country worse off
Geography and export performance : external market access and internal supply capacity by Stephen Redding( Book )

20 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates the determinants of countries' export performance looking in particular at the role of international product market linkages. We begin with a novel decomposition of the growth in countries' exports into the contribution from increases in external demand and from improved internal supply-side conditions. Building on the results of this decomposition we move on to an econometric analysis of the determinants of export performance. Results include the finding that poor external geography, poor internal geography, and poor institutional quality contribute in approximately equal measure to explaining Sub-Saharan Africa's poor export performance
Timeliness, trade and agglomeration by James Harrigan( Book )

18 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An important element of the cost of distance is time taken in delivering final and intermediate goods. We argue that time costs are qualitatively different from direct monetary costs such as freight charges. The difference arises because of uncertainty. Unsynchronised deliveries can disrupt production, and delivery time can force producers to order components before demand and cost uncertainties are resolved. Using several related models we show that this generates hitherto unexplored incentives for clustering. If final assembly takes place in two locations and component production has increasing returns to scale, then component production will tend to cluster around just one of the assembly plants
A multi-country approach to factor-proportions trade and trade costs by James R Markusen( Book )

16 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Classic trade questions are reconsidered by generalizing a factor-proportions model to multiple countries, multi-stage production, and country-specific trade costs. We derive patterns of production specialization and trade for a matrix of countries that differ in relative endowments (columns) and trade costs (rows). We demonstrate how the ability to fragment production and/or a proportional change in all countries' trade costs alters these patterns. Production specialization and the volume of trade are higher with fragmentation for most countries but interestingly, for a large block of countries, these variables fall following fragmentation. Countries with moderate trade costs engage in market-oriented assembly, while those with lower trade costs engage in export-platform production. These two cases correspond to the concepts of horizontal and vertical affiliate production in the literature on multinational enterprises. Increases in specialization and the volume of trade accelerate as trade costs go to zero with and without fragmentation"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Africa's cities : opening doors to the world by Somik V Lall( Book )

5 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing rapid population growth. Yet their economic growth has not kept pace. Why? One factor might be low capital investment, due in part to Africa’s relative poverty: Other regions have reached similar stages of urbanization at higher per capita GDP. This study, however, identifies a deeper reason: African cities are closed to the world. Compared with other developing cities, cities in Africa produce few goods and services for trade on regional and international markets. To grow economically as they are growing in size, Africa’s cities must open their doors to the world. They need to specialize in manufacturing, along with other regionally and globally tradable goods and services. And to attract global investment in tradables production, cities must develop scale economies, which are associated with successful urban economic development in other regions. Such scale economies can arise in Africa, and they will―if city and country leaders make concerted efforts to bring agglomeration effects to urban areas. Today, potential urban investors and entrepreneurs look at Africa and see crowded, disconnected, and costly cities. Such cities inspire low expectations for the scale of urban production and for returns on invested capital. How can these cities become economically dense―not merely crowded? How can they acquire efficient connections? And how can they draw firms and skilled workers with a more affordable, livable urban environment? From a policy standpoint, the answer must be to address the structural problems affecting African cities. Foremost among these problems are institutional and regulatory constraints that misallocate land and labor, fragment physical development, and limit productivity. As long as African cities lack functioning land markets and regulations and early, coordinated infrastructure investments, they will remain local cities: closed to regional and global markets, trapped into producing only locally traded goods and services, and limited in their economic growth.--
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The spatial economy : cities, regions and international trade
Alternative Names
Anthony Venables British economist and the BP Professor of Economics

Anthony Venables britisk økonom

Anthony Venables Brits econoom

Anthony Venables brittisk ekonom

Vanables, Tony

Venables, A. J.

Venables, A. J. 1953-

Venables, A. J. (Anthony James)

Venables, Anthony J.

Venables, Anthony J. 1953-

Venables, Anthony J. (Anthony James)

Venables, Anthony J. (Anthony James), 1953-

Venables, Anthony James 1953-

Venables, Tony

Venables, Tony 1953-

ベナブルズ, アンソニー・J

English (338)

Spanish (1)

Multinational firms in the world economyEuropean integration : trade and industryPlundered nations? : successes and failures in natural resource extractionSpatial inequality and developmentSpatial disparities in human development : perspectives from AsiaThe Economics of the Single European Act