WorldCat Identities

University of Pennsylvania Department of History and Sociology of Science

Overview
Works: 34 works in 59 publications in 2 languages and 698 library holdings
Genres: History  Periodicals  Bibliography  Directories  Sources  Academic theses 
Roles: Other, Editor
Classifications: Q1, 509
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about University of Pennsylvania
  • Papers by Charles E Rosenberg( )
 
Most widely held works by University of Pennsylvania
Guide to the history of science( )

in English and held by 170 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science after '40( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science in Germany : the intersection of institutional and intellectual issues by Kathryn Mary Olesko( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 94 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Historical writing on American science : perspectives and prospects by Sally Gregory Kohlstedt( Book )

3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Osiris : a research journal devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences( )

in English and Multiple languages and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Milk & honey : technologies of plenty in the making of a Holy Land, 1880-1960 by Tamar Novick( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies of modern Palestine and Israel usually highlight the struggle of European powers for control and the formation of Jewish and Palestinian nationalisms. This dissertation does otherwise. With a thesis centered on the physical "making of a Holy Land," this work combines the perspectives of cultural history, environmental history, and science and technology studies (STS) to examine the ways in which settlers in Palestine and Israel in the late nineteenth and twentieth century used science and technology to construct a religious idea of the past. In particular, this project centers on the design of certain agricultural productions, which reflected the core belief that the Holy Land should be plentiful--essentially, a "land flowing with of milk and honey." I explore the various ways that settlers understood the land, demonstrate how the configuration of the environment was intertwined with the construction of settler society, and highlight the ways in which religious sentiments became fused with--not replaced by--modern technological projects throughout the course of three political regimes. This dissertation also reveals the extent to which this process of making a Holy Land transformed the landscape and everyday lives of people and animals in the Middle East, and ultimately suggests that bodies were always recalcitrant mediators
Research is our resource : surviving experiments and politics at an African cancer institute, 1950 to the present by Marissa Anne Mika( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation is a historical-ethnography of the Uganda Cancer Institute. In the 1960s, the Institute was a small chemotherapy clinical trial facility established through a joint partnership between Ugandans and Americans. Today it is the only site of public oncology goods in the Great Lakes region of Africa. 60 beds serve a catchment of 40 million people. New research partnerships to examine HIV and cancer aim to transform this site from a dilapidated research enclave into a "center of excellence." To understand this transformation, I place African health workers and physician-researchers at the center of this story, and examine their political and medical labor in maintaining an African cancer hospital, decades after initial outside support evaporated. I do this by tracing the ways in which cancer research and care continued throughout several periods of profound transformation--independence (1960s), Idi Amin's dictatorship (1970s), civil war (early 1980s), structural adjustment (1980s-1990s), and the HIV epidemic (1980s to now). I argue that throughout these crises, Ugandan physician-researchers creatively secured equipment and drugs to maintain oncology services by making the case that "research is our resource" to the Ugandan government and international scientific community. The dissertation makes three key contributions. Firstly, I expand our understanding of medical knowledge production in postcolonial Africa. Historians, anthropologists, and sociologists have focused on the scramble for African research subjects and the questionable ethics of extraction from and experimentation on African bodies. Research is Our Resource works to move beyond this framing by examining not just the work of western scientists, but the equally critical work of Ugandan practitioners to create medical knowledge. Secondly, by integrating theory on technology transfer, infrastructure, and socio-technical systems with new approaches in the study of biomedicine as a cluster of technologies, I unpack the long-term repercussions of the transfer of oncology research and care to one corner of the Global South. I use this site of postcolonial knowledge production as a lens to examine how people cope with malignancies and malignant politics. The dissertation is based on over two years of archival and ethnographic research in Uganda, between 2009 and 2015
Osiris by History of Science Society( )

in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Presents themes and research in the history of science and its cultural influences, including volumes on topics of interest to the history of science community and monographs by major scholars."--[Source inconnue]
Isis( )

in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Articles devoted to the history of science and its social and cultural relations, notes and documents, and extensive numbers of book reviews."
Isis : an international review devoted to the history of science and civilization( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

ISIS( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Critical bibliography of the history of science and its cultural influences( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Managing life : human biology 1918-1945 by Jason Oakes( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the interwar period between 1918 and 1945, before the programmable computer and information theory were mobilized by biologists and economists as heuristics and instruments, the study of "man the animal" as a biological and social being was a managerial and bureaucratic pursuit. This pursuit was informed by changes in organization, the work process, and other institutions then taking place across wide swaths of American society. Coming as it did from such diverse sources, the field of human biology was always a loosely organized project, whose elements were in dynamic tension with each other. Human biology's research and popularizations would also necessarily be in tension with earlier eugenic arguments about heredity, even as they shifted the focus of concern onto the fields of human population growth, human variability, and social order. Two of the biggest recipients of human biology funding in the 1920s were the research groups led by Raymond Pearl at Johns Hopkins University and Lawrence Henderson at Harvard, particularly its business school. Henderson and Pearl were not only interested in solving social problems but also in establishing themselves in their fields. This consideration influenced their choice of audiences away from reform-oriented intellectuals and towards those they most directly needed to convince of their project's efficacy: university administrators, government officials, and business managers. For Pearl the problem of population growth and the differential rate of reproduction between native whites and immigrants would resolve itself through the natural action of the population's self-regulating capacities. Henderson on the other hand, and his allies at Harvard Business School Elton Mayo and Wallace Donham, saw an organizational and social world thrown badly out of equilibrium by the rapid changes of the early 20th century. They prescribed an elite cadre of manager-administrators to play a leading role in the key institutions of American life in order to reestablish equilibrium through their knowledge of "man the animal." What united Pearl and Henderson politically was their elitist conceptions of citizenship and science, and their animosity for progressive social reform, "uplift" and the New Deal
Dividends of disquiet popular politics and economic thought in the history of government medical services in Nyasaland/Malawi, 1914-1983 by Luke Messac( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation is a history of medicine in development planning and popular politics in Malawi between the First World War and 1980. Using archival sources and oral histories, this dissertation seeks to explain when and why access to biomedical care became a central political concern and budgetary priority. During both the colonial and early post-colonial eras, Malawi's governments increased spending on biomedical care to demonstrate beneficence, particularly when they faced popular reactions to widely hated policies. Government officials and international advisers persistently attributed Malawi's inadequate medical provision to the nation's poverty, but changes in health spending have not automatically followed shifts in GDP or government revenues. Instead, the construction of new hospitals and dispensaries, the purchase of new supplies and medicines, and the addition of medical staff have almost always come in the wake of social unrest (in particular, following world wars and internal protests). Only at these moments was the government compelled to devote more resources to health. Yet unrest did not automatically lead to increases in Medical Department spending. Increases in health expenditure often came only after influential officials argued that there was a link between medical spending and regime stability. The first attempts to bring "Western" medicine to Nyasaland's African population came after the great disruptions caused by the First World War. The most rapid increase in public sector health spending came during the Federation era, when popular protests threatened the government. This rise in spending occurred even though influential modernization theorists counseled governments like Nyasaland's to avoid spending on health care. In the months after independence in 1964, President HK Banda abandoned health fees during a moment of political crisis. In the years that followed, he turned his attention away from medicine as his hold on power solidified. Each of these episodes demonstrates that official claims that there was simply not enough money to improve health services have almost always been abandoned during periods of political crisis. Still, these moments have been infrequent; placidity, and not just poverty, helps account for Malawi's dismal medical infrastructure
Test cases: reconfiguring American law, technoscience, and democracy in the nuclear Pacific by Mary Mitchell( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation is a sociolegal history of American nuclear weapons testing and contamination in the Marshall Islands. It uses weapons testing as a window into changing patterns of America's offshore imperialism following World War II. Tracing the legal aspects of testing and contamination, it asks how administrators, islanders, and activists called upon shifting configurations of law, technology, and science to define the relationship between America's growing global power and its core democratic principles. Following World War II, U.S. officials crafted a new political entity under the auspices of the United Nations--a strategic trusteeship--to administer Pacific islands it seized from Japan. The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) was the only dependency of this kind. Under strategic trusteeship, the Marshall Islands became an offshore site of American nuclear weapons testing. Between 1946 and 1958, the United States detonated 67 of its most powerful nuclear weapons at Bikini and Enewetak atolls. From the initiation of testing through the present day, islanders and allies have looked to law and science as ways of participating in nuclear affairs and of demonstrating their injuries. Going to court revealed the newly expansive, unchecked scope of American executive power offshore. But American domination was not absolute. Working with advocates and allies, affected islanders used law and science to participate more fully in nuclear affairs and to assert alternative epistemologies about the value of their homelands. This dissertation establishes the centrality of the entangled fields of technoscience and law in changing patterns of America's offshore territoriality. It establishes the importance of law as a central arena of conflict in the transnational nuclear politics. Simultaneously, it shows how technoscience has been implicated in legal aspects of, and conflict over American imperialism
Orbital decay: space junk and the environmental history of earth's planetary borderlands by Lisa Ruth Rand( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is space junk, and who defines pollution in an environment seemingly devoid of nature as we know it? Beginning with the launch of Sputnik in 1957, spacefaring nations transformed the region between the upper atmosphere and the moon from a wilderness into a landscape. Like any terrestrial industry, the construction of a satellite infrasctructure in orbit also yielded a system of byproducts—human-made waste colloquially known as “space junk.” Although remote and largely invisible to the majority of space technology users, the orbital environment nonetheless played a critical role in Cold War geopolitics. Contrary to current space policy literature that portrays space junk and awareness of space junk as recent phenomena, communities around the world were both aware and concerned about space junk from the very first moments of the Space Age. By tracing convergent changes in the orbital landscape and in the political landscape below during the Cold War, concurrent with the rise of mainstream environmentalism, this dissertation reveals the roots of an international understanding of the borderlands between Earth and outer space as a natural environment at risk. Focusing on highly mobile, unruly space junk artifacts illuminates the many ways that humankind mutually shaped and was shaped by the global ecosystem surrounding our planet during the Cold War. Situated at the intersection of the histories of science, technology, and the environment, this dissertation illustrates how space junk in orbit and falling to Earth brought geographically and politically disparate states into dangerous proximity during the Cold War. An international consciousness of outer space as a fragile environment emerged early in the Space Age, and influenced the negotiation of new modes of international scientific and environmental governance in near-Earth space
98.6 : fevers, fertility, and the patient labor of American medicine by Deanna Day( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

My dissertation uses the history of the consumer medical thermometer to uncover a previously unexamined history of patient labor, showing how American women have been enrolled in the process of performing technological medical work with profound epistemological and political consequences. Despite the rhetoric of the patient as consumer that has pervaded popular and scholarly discourse in the twentieth century, my principal actors--women who use temperature tracking to care for their children and to chart their fertility--engaged in rigorous medical work. I explore how women have contributed to scientific discoveries surrounding ovulation, how they integrated nineteenth-century ideas of environmental health and the body with modern scientific notions, and how their labor has refashioned their subjectivity. Through doing this work, female temperature trackers have accepted responsibility for a particular kind of regimented and predictable bodily functioning, as well as blame for its failure. In so doing, they have prefigured a mode of neoliberal bodily management that is coming to define medical care in the early twenty-first century
Reforming mothers, creating citizens : the politics of women's health and family planning in colonial and postcolonial South India by Divya N Roy( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Focusing on the Tamil region of South India, this dissertation explores how the government, voluntary, and women's organizations viewed poor urban and rural Tamil women as objects of reform during the late colonial and postcolonial periods, and attempted to transform them into "ideal" citizens for a modern nation. Poor women were primarily envisioned as wives and mothers, and the state and various social groups focused on changing their childbearing, childrearing, and domestic practices, in order to transform them into Tamil middle class wives, mothers, and citizens. During the colonial period, voluntary and women's organizations pioneered maternal and infant welfare programs that targeted poor women. While they primarily wanted to reduce maternal and infant mortality, they were also influenced by other movements including social reform, nationalism, and eugenics. Local governments were also fueled by activism and patriotism, and their maternal and infant welfare policies were often financed by local philanthropy and patronage. Overall, reform efforts surrounding women's status and health were imbricated in a number of middle class projects of nation building. Importantly, this dissertation explores questions regarding the role of the state, the responsibilities of citizenship, and the relationship between women's health, family planning, and national development. In the early postcolonial era, government involvement in women's welfare programs increased dramatically both at the central and state levels. Their programs were influenced by Gandhian nationalism, Nehruvian planning and development, and Tamil nationalism, and targeted poor rural and urban women. Often, the goals of various health and welfare efforts differed from the needs and wants of their target recipients. Poor rural and urban women, the targets of these policies and programs, had their own desires and priorities, and were often more concerned with their own and their family's wellbeing. Madras State, later Tamil Nadu, was also a pioneer and leader in family planning. Many measures, such as mass sterilizations and the use of incentives, were first implemented in this state and then later deployed nationwide. Voluntary and women's organizations advocated family planning as benefiting both women's health and national development. The national and Madras State family planning programs were also shaped by notions of class, caste, and gender, and they primarily targeted poor men and women, of the "lower" castes. All these interventions revealed the growing power and reach of the state, and were geared towards creating the "ideal" Tamil woman citizen, for a "developing" nation
 
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Science after '40
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Department of History and Sociology of Science

University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of History and Sociology of Science

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