WorldCat Identities

Schreyer, Paul

Overview
Works: 126 works in 289 publications in 2 languages and 2,292 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Opponent, Contributor, Inventor, Creator, Redactor
Classifications: HD72, 338.064
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Paul Schreyer
 
Most widely held works by Paul Schreyer
Measuring economic sustainability and progress by Dale W Jorgenson( Book )

9 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 305 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the Great Depression, researchers and statisticians have recognized the need for more extensive methods for measuring economic growth and sustainability. The recent recession renewed commitments to closing long-standing gaps in economic measurement, including those related to sustainability and well-being. The latest in the NBER's influential Studies in Income and Wealth series, which has played a key role in the development of national account statistics in the United States and other nations, this volume explores collaborative solutions between academics, policy researchers, and official statisticians to some of today's most important economic measurement challenges. Contributors to this volume extend past research on the integration and extension of national accounts to establish an even more comprehensive understanding of the distribution of economic growth and its impact on well-being, including health, human capital, and the environment. The research contributions assess, among other topics, specific conceptual and empirical proposals for extending national accounts.--
Information and communication technology and the measurement of real output, final demand and productivity by Paul Schreyer( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 154 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past decades, the majority of information and communication technology (ICT) products have undergone rapid technical change. To the extent that such technical progress benefits consumers and users, quality improvements should be reflected in official price and quantity indices. When this is not the case, there is a tendency to overestimate price movements and underestimate volume changes of ICT products. All statistical offices deal with this issue, but the degree and nature of quality adjustment of price indices of ICT products varies considerably across OECD countries. The present work does not venture to determine "best practice" for quality adjustment in statistical offices. However, it simulates measurement effects on key economic variables (real output, private final consumption, government expenditure, investment, exports and imports), and productivity, under the assumption that the price indices of ICT products are fully quality-adjusted. The paper draws on
High-growth firms and employment by Paul Schreyer( Book )

12 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 133 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This STI Working Paper deals with this group of rapidly expanding firms. It does so by placing the discussion into a context of entrepreneurship, arguing that there are two main aspects to this notion: one of business start-ups and market entry, and another one of innovation. Evidence is based on results from five OECD countries (Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and Sweden) as well as from Quebec (Canada). Each of these studies used a firm-level data set to identify high-growth firms and their differentiating characteristics. High-growth firms are those firms that rank first according to a measure that combines relative (percentage) and absolute rates of employment expansion. Despite considerable differences in the underlying data and some of the methodologies, number of common findings emerge: High-growth firms account for a disproportionately large part of gross jobs gained. Small firms exhibit higher net job creation rates than large firms do. At the same time, significant flows
The contribution of information and communication technology to output growth : a study of the G7 countries by Paul Schreyer( Book )

15 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 126 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper deals with the contribution of information and communication technology (ICT) to economic growth and to labour and multi-factor productivity. It uses a well-established growth accounting framework to assess the role of ICTs as capital inputs and the contribution of these capital inputs to output growth. The paper provides an international perspective by presenting results for the G7 countries. For this purpose, data on ICT investment expenditure were compiled from several sources, to construct measures of ICT capital stocks and capital services. Special care was taken to account for the methodological differences in price deflators for computers as they exist across OECD countries. For all seven countries, the report finds that ICT capital goods have been important contributors to economic growth, although the role of ICT has been most accentuated in the United States. An important limitation of the study lies in the timeliness of internationally comparable data.
Comparing Price Levels of Hospital Services Across Countries : Results of Pilot Study by Francette Koechlin( )

8 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Health services account for a large and increasing share of production and expenditure in OECD countries but there are also noticeable differences between countries in expenditure per capita. Whether such differences are due to more services consumed in some countries than in others or whether they reflect differences in the price of services is a question of significant policy relevance. Yet, cross-country comparisons of the price of health services are rare and fraught with measurement issues. This paper presents a new set of comparative prices for hospital services in a selection of OECD countries. The data is novel in that it reflects quasi-prices (negotiated or administrative prices or tariffs) of the output of hospital services. Traditionally, prices of outputs have been compared by comparing prices of inputs such as wage rates of medical personnel. The new methodology moves away from the input perspective towards an output perspective. This should allow productivity differences between countries to be captured and paves the way for more meaningful comparisons of the volume of health services provided to consumers in the different countries. One of the key findings of the pilot study is that the price level of hospital services in the United States is more than 60 % above that of the average price level of 12 countries included in the study. Price levels turn out to be significantly below average in Korea, Israel and Slovenia
SMEs and employment creation : overview of selected quantitative studies in OECD member countries by Paul Schreyer( )

9 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

High and rising unemployment rates in the early 1990s have moved the employment question centrestage in the policy debate. Among the structural aspects, the relation between firm size and employment creation has attracted policy makers' attention, triggered by empirical work on the United States which showed that the small business sector had been a major source of net job creation. This work and the rising interest by policymakers led to further studies of the subject, the identification of important methodological and data questions and a broader body of empirical research about the relation between firm size and job creation. This document aims at identifying common results and trends from national studies, as well as identifying "best practices" of analysis and data gathering, and thereby promoting international harmonisation of such analytical work. Principal results from a survey of national studies include: (a) both the rates of gross job creations and gross job losses are
Beschäftigungsentwicklung im Bereich der privaten Dienstleistungen : USA-Bundesrepublik Deutschland im Vergleich by Wolfgang Ochel( Book )

4 editions published in 1988 in German and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

GDP, technical change, and the measurement of net income : the Weitzman model revisited by Charles R Hulten( )

7 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We show how technical change, measured as a shift in the GDP function, is combined with net income to track welfare change. This provides a bridge between the productivity literature and the welfare-related literature that tends to reason in terms of net product functions: although the relevant income measure is net of depreciation, productivity is measured based on gross output. We show that net product, net income, net expenditure and productivity change are complements, not substitutes. We also examine whether holding gains and losses should be part of depreciation and conclude that in a general equilibrium setting, either productivity change or holding gains should be part of an extended Weitzman-type net income measure, but not both
Comparing Labour Productivity Growth in the OECD Area : the Role of Measurement( )

5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines how measurement problems affect international comparisons of labour productivity. It suggests that these measurement problems do not significantly affect the assessment of aggregate productivity patterns in the OECD area. However, these problems do influence the more detailed assessment of productivity growth, notably the role of specific sectors and demand components in aggregate performance. The paper shows that there are only a few significant problems regarding the comparability of nominal GDP across OECD countries, the most important being the treatment of software investment. In most cases, efforts are underway to reduce the size of these differences. Measurement differences for real GDP are also important, although several of these factors have impacts that work in different directions. Moreover, several of these problems primarily affect the distribution of total GDP across different expenditure categories and across different activities, not necessarily
ICT Investment and Economic Growth in the 1990s : Is the United States a Unique Case? A Comparative Study of Nine OECD Countries by Alessandra Colecchia( )

4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Investment in information technologies has by no means been confined to the United States and yet, average European or Japanese growth experience has been quite different. The paper compares the impact of ICT capital accumulation on output growth in Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. The analysis uses a newly compiled database of investment in ICT equipment and software based on the System of National Accounts 1993 (SNA93). Over the past two decades, ICT contributed between 0.2 and 0.5 percentage points per year to economic growth, depending on the country. During the second half of the 1990s, this contribution rose to 0.3 to 0.9 percentage points per year. The paper shows that, despite differences between countries, the United States has not been alone in benefiting from the positive effects of ICT capital investment on economic growth nor was the United States the sole country to experience an acceleration of these
Short-Term Indicators : Using Qualitative Indicators to Update Production Indices by Paul Schreyer( )

6 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Short-term economic indicators play an important role in the assessment of current cyclical situations and in the establishment of forecasts. Broadly, two types of short-term indicators can be distinguished: qualitative indicators, reflecting businessmen's subjective assessment of the cyclical situation (e.g., production prospects or judgements on orderbooks), and quantitative indicators, reflecting past developments of production or employment. The usefulness of qualitative indicators rests on their reliability to approximate the possible evolution of the quantitative ones. The present document shows the results of a pilot study for six industrial sectors in seven Member countries whereby short-term qualitative indicators are used to "nowcast" a quantitative indicator, the production index. The objective is to enhance the timeliness of short-term industrial statistics through estimation of data points for the most recent periods for which they are not yet available. From the current
Wir sind die Guten Ansichten eines Putinverstehers oder wie uns die Medien manipulieren by Mathias Bröckers( Book )

9 editions published between 2014 and 2017 in German and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Die Journalisten Bröckers und Schreyer hinterfragen die Unabhängigkeit deutscher Medien in der Berichterstattung über den Russland-Ukraine-Konflikt und analysieren ausserdem den historischen Hintergrund sowie Geostrategie und internationale Machtpolitik in Ost und West
Growth, capital and new technologies by Ronald Martin Albers( Book )

8 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Durante los años noventa, Estados Unidos conoció un resurgir del crecimiento económico. Aunque este fenómeno se explica en parte por razones de ciclo, existen otras de orden estructural e influencia a largo plazo, en particular el papel del capital asociado a las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación (ICT, según sus siglas en inglés), y la producción de activos en este sector. El contraste entre la tasa de crecimiento de Estados Unidos y el avance mucho más modesto de la Unión Europea se ha atribuido, en ocasiones, al retraso del Viejo Continente en el uso y la producción de activos relacionados con las nuevas tecnologías. Esta obra analiza el crecimiento, la medición del capital y las nuevas tecnologías. Para ello, reúne las ponencias presentadas y debatidas, a finales de noviembre de 2002, en un seminario internacional organizado por la Fundación BBVA y el Instituto Valenciano de Estudios Económicos (Ivie) en Valencia. Todas las ponencias se han sometido a un proceso de revisión y actualización antes de ser incluidas en el volumen. Esta colección de trabajos pretende facilitar el conocimiento y la comprensión de los factores que subyacen al crecimiento económico y a la mejora de la productividad de los años noventa y, en particular, al papel desempeñado por las ICT
Relative Trade-Weighted Unit Labour Costs by Industry by Karine Lepron( )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document presents three alternative methods for the construction of indicators of relative tradeweighted unit labour costs by industry as well as the empirical results based on these methods for 18 OECD Member countries. With some exceptions, the results show that the indicators derived from the alternative methods are highly correlated. It also turns out that there are significant variations in time profiles of relative unit labour costs by industry, an observation that underlines the usefulness of industryspecific information for an in-depth analysis of price competitiveness
Productivity measurement with natural capital by Nicola Brandt( )

3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Traditional measures of multi-factor productivity (MFP) growth generally do not recognise natural capital as inputs into the production process. Since productivity growth is measured as the residual between output and input growth, it will pick up the growth in unmeasured inputs, which can lead to a bias. The purpose of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the role of natural capital for productivity measurement and as a source of economic growth. To this aim, aggregate economy productivity measures mostly from the OECD Productivity Database are extended by incorporating natural capital as an additional input factor into the production function. More specifically, this paper considers oil, gas and various minerals as natural capital inputs, drawing on data from the World Bank. Results suggest that failing to account for natural capital tends to lead to an underestimation of productivity growth in countries where the use of natural capital in production is declining because of a dwindling natural capital stock. In return, productivity growth is sometimes overestimated in times of natural resource booms, if natural capital is not taken into account as an input factor. The direction of the adjustment to productivity growth depends on the rate of change of natural capital extraction relative to the rate of change of other inputs. The extended framework also makes the contribution of natural capital to economic growth explicit. This can be useful for countries relying on nonrenewable resources to better understand the need to develop other sources of growth, for example by investing in human or productive capital, to prepare for times when resources endowments become scarce. While the measurement of natural capital remains very incomplete, leaving out natural forests, water and soil, the measurement framework can readily be applied to more encompassing data on the natural capital stock, once it becomes available
Die Angst der Eliten : wer fürchtet die Demokratie? by Paul Schreyer( Book )

5 editions published in 2018 in German and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Towards Measuring the Volume Output of Education and Health Services A Handbook by Paul Schreyer( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The measurement of volumes of health and education services constitutes a challenge for national accountants and price statisticians. In the past, such services have typically been measured by the inputs used to provide them but such an approach neglects any productivity changes in service provision. An increasing number of countries is now working towards output-based measures of the volume of these services. The present document summarises country practices and provides methodological guidance for output-based approaches in the measurement of health and education services. The handbook deals with volume changes over time within a country as well as with volume differences at a particular point in time across countries
OECD Capital Services Estimates : Methodology and a First Set of Results by Paul Schreyer( )

3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document presents the concepts underlying capital services measures, describes estimation methods and produces a first set of results. It also raises a number of outstanding conceptual issues in relation to capital services measures
Economic growth in the OECD area : recent trends at the aggregate and sectoral level( )

3 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper discusses growth performance in the OECD countries over the past two decades. Special attention is given to developments in labour productivity, allowing for human capital accumulation, and multifactor productivity (MFP), allowing for changes in the composition and quality of physical capital. The paper suggests wide (and growing) disparities in GDP per capita growth, while differences in labour productivity have remained broadly stable. These patterns are explained by different employment growth rates across countries. In the most recent years, a rise in MFP growth in ICT-related industries has boosted aggregate growth in some countries (e.g. the United States)
Some Observations on International Area Aggregates by Paul Schreyer( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper deals with the construction of statistics for area or zone totals for groups of countries. It discusses various ways to construct volume and value series and reviews some of the implications for resulting indirect price indices. The paper then takes a more specific look at the Euro area and provides an empirical example concerning the aggregation of private final consumption for the 12 countries of the Euro area
 
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Alternative Names
Paul Schreyer German journalist and author

Schreyer P. 1977-

Šrajer, Paulʹ 1977-

Пауль Шрейер Немецкий журналист и автор

쉬레이어, 폴 1977-

슈라이어, 폴 1977-

슈레이어, 폴 1977-

ポール・シュライアー

Languages
English (111)

German (18)