WorldCat Identities

National Research Council (U.S.). Space Studies Board

Works: 129 works in 311 publications in 1 language and 46,845 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings 
Classifications: QB641, 500.5
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by National Research Council (U.S.).
Size limits of very small microorganisms proceedings of a workshop by National Research Council Staff ( )
4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,627 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Supporting research and data analysis in NASA's science programs engines for innovation and synthesis by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,411 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Using remote sensing in state and local government information for management and decision making by National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Space Applications and Commercialization ( )
2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1,381 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
New frontiers in the solar system an integrated exploration strategy by NRC Solar System Exploration Decadal Survey ( )
3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1,293 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Solar system exploration is that grand human endeavor which reaches out through interplanetary space to discover the nature and origins of the system of planets in which we live and to learn whether life exists beyond Earth. It is an international enterprise involving scientists, engineers, managers, politicians, and others, sometimes working together and sometimes in competition, to open new frontiers of knowledge. It has a proud past, a productive present, and an auspicious future. This survey was requested by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to determine the contemporary nature of solar system exploration and why it remains a compelling activity today. A broad survey of the state of knowledge was requested. In addition NASA asked for the identifcation of the top-level scientific questions to guide its ongoing program and a prioritized list of the most promising avenues for flight investigations and supporting ground-based activities
The quarantine and certification of Martian samples by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1,239 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Preventing the forward contamination of Mars ( )
5 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 1,188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Recent spacecraft and robotic probes to Mars have yielded data that are changing our understanding significantly about the possibility of existing or past life on that planet. Coupled with advances in biology and life-detection techniques, these developments place increasing importance on the need to protect Mars from contamination by Earth-borne organisms. To help with this effort, NASA requested that the NRC examine existing planetary protection measures for Mars and recommend changes and further research to improve such measures. This report discusses policies, requirements, and techniques to protect Mars from organisms originating on Earth that could interfere with scientific investigations. It provides recommendations on cleanliness and biological burden levels of Mars-bound spacecraft, methods to reach those levels, and research to reduce uncertainties in preventing forward contamination of Mars
Review of goals and plans for NASA's space and earth sciences ( )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 1,144 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Both the President s commission on how to implement the President s space exploration initiative and Congress asked the NRC undertake an assessment and review of the science proposed to be carried out under the initiative. An initial response to that request was the NRC February 2005 report, Science in NASA's Vision for Space Exploration. While that report s preparation, NASA created capabilities and strategy roadmapping efforts which became the object of the next phase of the NRC review. The new NASA administrator modified that NASA activity resulting in changes in the NRC review effort. This report provides a review of six science strategy roadmaps: robotic and human exploration of Mars; solar system exploration; universe exploration; search for earth-like planets; earth science and applications from space; and sun-earth system connection. In addition, an assessment of cross-cutting and integration issues is presented
Principal-investigator-led missions in the space sciences by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 1,143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Principal Investigator-Led (PI-led) missions are an important element of NASA's space science enterprise. While several NRC studies have considered aspects of PI-led missions in the course of other studies for NASA, issues facing the PI-led missions in general have not been subject to much analysis in those studies. Nevertheless, these issues are raising increasingly important questions for NASA, and it requested the NRC to explore them as they currently affect PI-led missions. Among the issues NASA asked to have examined were those concerning cost and scheduling, the selection process, relationships among PI-led team members, and opportunities for knowledge transfer to new PIs. This report provides a discussion of the evolution and current status of the PI-led mission concept, the ways in which certain practices have affected its performance, and the steps that can carry it successfully into the future. The study was done in collaboration with the National Academy of Public Administration
Safe on Mars precursor measurements necessary to support human operations on the Martian surface by Committee on Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Surface of Mars ( )
5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1,100 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Launching science science opportunitites provided by NASA's constellation system by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
7 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 1,099 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In January 2004 NASA was given a new policy direction known as the Vision for Space Exploration. That plan, now renamed the United States Space Exploration Policy, called for sending human and robotic missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. In 2005 NASA outlined how to conduct the first steps in implementing this policy and began the development of a new human-carrying spacecraft known as Orion, the lunar lander known as Altair, and the launch vehicles Ares I and Ares V. Collectively, these are called the Constellation System. In November 2007 NASA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to evaluate the potential for new science opportunities enabled by the Constellation System of rockets and spacecraft. The NRC committee evaluated a total of 17 mission concepts for future space science missions. Of those, the committee determined that 12 would benefit from the Constellation System and five would not. This book presents the committee's findings and recommendations, including cost estimates, a review of the technical feasibility of each mission, and identification of the missions most deserving of future study
An astrobiology strategy for the exploration of Mars by Commitee on an Astrobiology Strastegy for the Exploration on Mars ( )
4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 1,086 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Three recent developments have greatly increased interest in the search for life on Mars. The first is new information about the Martian environment including evidence of a watery past and the possibility of atmospheric methane. The second is the possibility of microbial viability on Mars. Finally, the Vision for Space Exploration initiative included an explicit directive to search for the evidence of life on Mars. These scientific and political developments led NASA to request the NRC's assistance in formulating an up-to-date integrated astrobiology strategy for Mars exploration. Among other topics, this report presents a review of current knowledge about possible life on Mars; an astrobiological assessment of current Mars missions; a review of Mars-mission planetary protection; and findings and recommendations. The report notes that the greatest increase in understanding of Mars will come from the collection and return to Earth of a well-chosen suite of Martian surface materials
Defending planet Earth near-Earth object surveys and hazard mitigation strategies by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,043 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The United States spends approximately $4 million each year searching for near-Earth objects (NEOs). The objective is to detect those that may collide with Earth. The majority of this funding supports the operation of several observatories that scan the sky searching for NEOs. This, however, is insufficient in detecting the majority of NEOs that may present a tangible threat to humanity. A significantly smaller amount of funding supports ways to protect the Earth from such a potential collision or "mitigation." In 2005, a Congressional mandate called for NASA to detect 90 percent of NEOs with diameters of 140 meters of greater by 2020. Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies identifies the need for detection of objects as small as 30 to 50 meters as these can be highly destructive. The book explores four main types of mitigation including civil defense, "slow push" or "pull" methods, kinetic impactors and nuclear explosions. It also asserts that responding effectively to hazards posed by NEOs requires national and international cooperation. Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies is a useful guide for scientists, astronomers, policy makers and engineers."--Publisher's description
Assessment of planetary protection requirements for Mars sample return missions by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,026 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"NASA maintains a planetary protection policy to avoid the forward biological contamination of other worlds by terrestrial organisms, and back biological contamination of Earth from the return of extraterrestrial materials by spaceflight missions. Forward-contamination issues related to Mars missions were addressed in a 2006 National Research Council (NRC) book, Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars. However, it has been more than 10 years since back-contamination issues were last examined. Driven by a renewed interest in Mars sample return missions, this book reviews, updates, and replaces the planetary protection conclusions and recommendations contained in the NRC's 1997 report Mars Sample Return: Issues and Recommendations. The specific issues addressed in this book include the following: the potential for living entities to be included in samples returned from Mars; scientific investigations that should be conducted to reduce uncertainty in the above assessment; the potential for large-scale effects on Earth's environment by any returned entity released to the environment; criteria for intentional sample release, taking note of current and anticipated regulatory frameworks; and the status of technological measures that could be taken on a mission to prevent the inadvertent release of a returned sample into Earth's biosphere."--Publisher's description
The limits of organic life in planetary systems by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 1,006 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Approaches to future space cooperation and competition in a globalizing world summary of a workshop by James V Zimmerman ( )
4 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,002 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Numerous countries and regions now have very active space programs, and the number is increasing. These maturing capabilities around the world create a plethora of potential partners for cooperative space endeavors, while at the same time heightening comp
Recapturing a future for space exploration life and physical sciences research for a new era by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 986 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
'More than four decades have passed since a human first set foot on the Moon. Great strides have been made in our understanding of what is required to support an enduring human presence in space, as evidenced by progressively more advanced orbiting human outposts, culminating in the current International Space Station (ISS). However, of the more than 500 humans who have so far ventured into space, most have gone only as far as near-Earth orbit, and none have traveled beyond the orbit of the Moon. Achieving humans' further progress into the solar system had proved far more difficult than imagined in the heady days of the Apollo missions, but the potential rewards remain substantial. During its more than 50-year history, NASA's success in human space exploration has depended on the agency's ability to effectively address a wide range of biomedical, engineering, physical science, and related obstacles--an achievement made possible by NASA's strong and productive commitments to life and physical sciences research for human space exploration, and by its use of human space exploration infrastructures for scientific discovery. The Committee for the Decadal Survey of Biological and Physical Sciences acknowledges the many achievements of NASA, which are all the more remarkable given budgetary challenges and changing directions within the agency. In the past decade, however, a consequence of those challenges has been a life and physical sciences research program that was dramatically reduced in both scale and scope, with the result that the agency is poorly positioned to take full advantage of the scientific opportunities offered by the now fully equipped and staffed ISS laboratory, or to effectively pursue the scientific research needed to support the development of advanced human exploration capabilities. Although its review has left it deeply concerned about the current state of NASA's life and physical sciences research, the Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space is nevertheless convinced that a focused science and engineering program can achieve successes that will bring the space community, the U.S. public, and policymakers to an understanding that we are ready for the next significant phase of human space exploration. The goal of this report is to lay out steps and develop a forward-looking portfolio of research that will provide the basis for recapturing the excitement and value of human spaceflight--thereby enabling the U.S. space program to deliver on new exploration initiatives that serve the nation, excite the public, and place the United States again at the forefront of space exploration for the global good"--Publisher's description
Vision and voyages for planetary science in the decade 2013-2022 by Committee on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey ( )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 981 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 surveys the current state of knowledge of the solar system and recommends a suite of planetary science flagship missions for the decade 2013-2022 that could provide a steady stream of important new discoveries about the solar system. Research priorities defined in the report were selected through a rigorous review that included input from five expert panels."--Publisher's home p
The sun to the earth--and beyond a decadal research strategy in solar and space physics by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
6 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 981 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The sun is the source of energy for life on earth and is the strongest modulator of the human physical environment. In fact, the Sun's influence extends throughout the solar system, both through photons, which provide heat light, and ionization, and through the continuous outflow of a magnetized, supersonic ionized gas known as the solar wind. While the accomplishments of the past decade have answered important questions about the physics of the Sun, the interplanetary medium, and the space environments of Earth and other solar system bodies, they have also highlighted other questions, some of which are long-standing and fundamental. "The Sun to the Earth--and Beyond organizes these questions in terms of five challenges that are expected to be the focus of scientific investigations in solar and space physics during the coming decade and beyond
Options to ensure the climate record from the NPOESS and GOES-R spacecraft a workshop report ( )
9 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 962 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In 2000, the nation's next-generation National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) program anticipated purchasing six satellites for $6.5 billion, with a first launch in 2008. By November 2005, however, it became apparent that NPOESS would overrun its cost estimates by at least 25 percent. In June 2006, the planned acquisition of six spacecraft was reduced to four, the launch of the first spacecraft was delayed until 2013, and several sensors were canceled or descoped in capability. To examine the impacts of these changes, particularly those associated with climate research, and ways to mitigate those impacts, NASA and NOAA asked the NRC to add this task to its ongoing 'decadal survey', Earth Science and Applications from Space. The sponsors and the NRC agreed to address this task separately and to base its analysis on a major workshop. This book presents summaries of discussions at the workshop, which included sessions on the measurements and sensors originally planned for NPOESS and GOES-R; generation of climate data records; mitigation options, including the role of international partners; and cross-cutting issues
Review of NASA's earth science enterprise research strategy for 2000-2010 by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
5 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 956 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
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Audience level: 0.43 (from 0.31 for New fronti ... to 0.97 for Annual rep ...)
Alternative Names

controlled identity Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences (U.S.). Space Science Board

Commission on physical sciences, mathematics, and applications Etats-Unis Space sciences board
National research council Etats-Unis Space studies board
National Research Council (Spojené státy americké). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications. Space Studies Board
National Research Council (Spojené státy americké). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Space Studies Board
National Research Council (Spojené státy americké). Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. Space Studies Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications. Space Studies Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Space Studies Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. Space Studies Board
English (126)