WorldCat Identities

National Research Council (U.S.). Space Studies Board

Overview
Works: 144 works in 425 publications in 1 language and 74,400 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Periodicals 
Roles: Publisher
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about National Research Council (U.S.).
 
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Most widely held works by National Research Council (U.S.).
The limits of organic life in planetary systems by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

8 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 133 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using remote sensing in state and local government : information for management and decision making by National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Space Applications and Commercialization( Book )

3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 131 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Size limits of very small microorganisms : proceedings of a workshop by Workshop on Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An astrobiology strategy for the exploration of Mars by National Research Council (U. S.). Committee on an Astrobiology Strategy for the Exploration of Mars( Book )

6 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Three recent developments have greatly increased interest in the search for life on Mars. The first is new information about the Martian environment including evidence of a watery past and the possibility of atmospheric methane. The second is the possibility of microbial viability on Mars. Finally, the Vision for Space Exploration initiative included an explicit directive to search for the evidence of life on Mars. These scientific and political developments led NASA to request the NRC's assistance in formulating an up-to-date integrated astrobiology strategy for Mars exploration. Among other topics, this report presents a review of current knowledge about possible life on Mars; an astrobiological assessment of current Mars missions; a review of Mars-mission planetary protection; and findings and recommendations. The report notes that the greatest increase in understanding of Mars will come from the collection and return to Earth of a well-chosen suite of Martian surface materials
Supporting research and data analysis in NASA's science programs : engines for innovation and synthesis by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Preventing the forward contamination of Mars by Committee on Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars( Book )

7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent spacecraft and robotic probes to Mars have yielded data that are changing our understanding significantly about the possibility of existing or past life on that planet. Coupled with advances in biology and life-detection techniques, these developments place increasing importance on the need to protect Mars from contamination by Earth-borne organisms. To help with this effort, NASA requested that the NRC examine existing planetary protection measures for Mars and recommend changes and further research to improve such measures. This report discusses policies, requirements, and techniques to protect Mars from organisms originating on Earth that could interfere with scientific investigations. It provides recommendations on cleanliness and biological burden levels of Mars-bound spacecraft, methods to reach those levels, and research to reduce uncertainties in preventing forward contamination of Mars
Defending planet Earth : near-Earth-object surveys and hazard mitigation strategies by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

6 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The United States spends approximately $4 million each year searching for near-Earth objects (NEOs). The objective is to detect those that may collide with Earth. The majority of this funding supports the operation of several observatories that scan the sky searching for NEOs. This, however, is insufficient in detecting the majority of NEOs that may present a tangible threat to humanity. A significantly smaller amount of funding supports ways to protect the Earth from such a potential collision or "mitigation." In 2005, a Congressional mandate called for NASA to detect 90 percent of NEOs with diameters of 140 meters of greater by 2020. Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies identifies the need for detection of objects as small as 30 to 50 meters as these can be highly destructive. The book explores four main types of mitigation including civil defense, "slow push" or "pull" methods, kinetic impactors and nuclear explosions. It also asserts that responding effectively to hazards posed by NEOs requires national and international cooperation. Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies is a useful guide for scientists, astronomers, policy makers and engineers."--Publisher's description
Launching science : science opportunities provided by NASA's constellation system by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

7 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In January 2004 NASA was given a new policy direction known as the Vision for Space Exploration. That plan, now renamed the United States Space Exploration Policy, called for sending human and robotic missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. In 2005 NASA outlined how to conduct the first steps in implementing this policy and began the development of a new human-carrying spacecraft known as Orion, the lunar lander known as Altair, and the launch vehicles Ares I and Ares V. Collectively, these are called the Constellation System. In November 2007 NASA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to evaluate the potential for new science opportunities enabled by the Constellation System of rockets and spacecraft. The NRC committee evaluated a total of 17 mission concepts for future space science missions. Of those, the committee determined that 12 would benefit from the Constellation System and five would not. This book presents the committee's findings and recommendations, including cost estimates, a review of the technical feasibility of each mission, and identification of the missions most deserving of future study
Assessment of planetary protection requirements for Mars sample return missions by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

7 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

NASA maintains a planetary protection policy to avoid the forward biological contamination of other worlds by terrestrial organisms, and back biological contamination of Earth from the return of extraterrestrial materials by spaceflight missions. Forward-contamination issues related to Mars missions were addressed in a 2006 National Research Council (NRC) book, Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars. However, it has been more than 10 years since back-contamination issues were last examined. Driven by a renewed interest in Mars sample return missions, this book reviews, updates, and replaces the planetary protection conclusions and recommendations contained in the NRC's 1997 report Mars Sample Return: Issues and Recommendations. The specific issues addressed in this book include the following: the potential for living entities to be included in samples returned from Mars; scientific investigations that should be conducted to reduce uncertainty in the above assessment; the potential for large-scale effects on Earth's environment by any returned entity released to the environment; criteria for intentional sample release, taking note of current and anticipated regulatory frameworks; and the status of technological measures that could be taken on a mission to prevent the inadvertent release of a returned sample into Earth's biosphere
Approaches to future space cooperation and competition in a globalizing world : summary of a workshop by James V Zimmerman( Book )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Background -- Opening remarks -- Perspectives on space cooperation and competition -- Opportunities and challenges -- Concluding observations
An assessment of balance in NASA's science programs by Committee on an Assessment of Balance in NASA's Science Programs( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When the space exploration initiative was announced, Congress asked the NRC to review the science NASA proposed to carryout under the initiative. It also asked the NRC to assess whether this program would provide balanced scientific research across the established disciplines supported by NASA in addition to supporting the new initiative. In 2005, the NRC released three studies focusing on a portion of that task, but changes at NASA forced the postponement of the last phase. This report presents that last phase with an assessment of the health of the NASA scientific disciplines under the budget requests imposed by the exploration initiative. The report also provides an analysis of whether the science budget appropriately reflects cross-disciplinary scientific priorities
Options to ensure the climate record from the NPOESS and GOES-R spacecraft : a workshop report by Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft( Book )

7 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2000, the nation's next-generation National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) program anticipated purchasing six satellites for $6.5 billion, with a first launch in 2008. By November 2005, however, it became apparent that NPOESS would overrun its cost estimates by at least 25 percent. In June 2006, the planned acquisition of six spacecraft was reduced to four, the launch of the first spacecraft was delayed until 2013, and several sensors were canceled or descoped in capability. To examine the impacts of these changes, particularly those associated with climate research, and ways to mitigate those impacts, NASA and NOAA asked the NRC to add this task to its ongoing 'decadal survey', Earth Science and Applications from Space. The sponsors and the NRC agreed to address this task separately and to base its analysis on a major workshop. This book presents summaries of discussions at the workshop, which included sessions on the measurements and sensors originally planned for NPOESS and GOES-R; generation of climate data records; mitigation options, including the role of international partners; and cross-cutting issues
The quarantine and certification of Martian samples by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Safe on Mars : precursor measurements necessary to support human operations on the Martian surface by Committee on Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Surface of Mars( Book )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study, commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), examines the role of robotic exploration missions in assessing the risks to the first human missions to Mars. Only those hazards arising from exposure to environmental, chemical, and biological agents on the planet are assessed. To ensure that it was including all previously identified hazards in its study, the Committee on Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Surface of Mars referred to the most recent report from NASA's Mars Exploration Program/ Payload Analysis Group (MEPAG) (Greeley, 2001). The committee concluded that the requirements identified in the present NRC report are indeed the only ones essential for NASA to pursue in order to mitigate potential hazards to the first human missions to Mars
Signs of life : a report based on the April 2000 workshop on life detection techniques by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

7 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A workshop to assess the science and technology of life detection techniques was organized by the Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life (COEL) of the Board on Life Sciences (BLS) and the Space Studies Board (SSB). Topics discussed in the workshop included the search for extraterrestrial life in situ and in the laboratory, extant life and the signature of extinct life, and determination of the point of origin (terrestrial or not) of detected organisms
Annual report by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Annual report by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annual report 2000 by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annual report 2003 by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Using remote sensing in state and local government : information for management and decision making
Alternative Names

controlled identityAssembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences (U.S.). Space Science Board

Commission on physical sciences, mathematics, and applications

National research council

National Research Council Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board Space Studies Board

National Research Council Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications Space Studies Board

National Research Council Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources Space Studies Board

National Research Council Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences Space Studies Board

National Research Council Space Studies Board

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications. Space Studies Board

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Space Studies Board

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké). Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. Space Studies Board

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké) Space Studies Board

National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications. Space Studies Board

National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Space Studies Board

National Research Council (U.S.). Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. Space Studies Board

National Research Council (U.S.) Space Studies Board

Space Studies Board

Languages
English (116)

Covers
Using remote sensing in state and local government : information for management and decision makingSize limits of very small microorganisms : proceedings of a workshopAn astrobiology strategy for the exploration of MarsSupporting research and data analysis in NASA's science programs : engines for innovation and synthesisPreventing the forward contamination of MarsDefending planet Earth : near-Earth-object surveys and hazard mitigation strategiesLaunching science : science opportunities provided by NASA's constellation systemAssessment of planetary protection requirements for Mars sample return missions