National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)
Most widely held works about National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)
Most widely held works by National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)
Military use of drugs not yet approved by the FDA for CW/BW defense lessons from the Gulf War by Richard A Rettig ( Book )
3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,139 libraries worldwide
Past revolutions, future transformations what can the history of revolutions in military affairs tell us about transforming the U.S. military by Richard O Hundley ( Book )
3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,022 libraries worldwide
Advances in technology can bring about dramatic changes in military operations, often termed "revolutions in military affairs" or RMAs. Such technology-driven changes in military operations are not merely a recent phenomenon: they have been occurring since the dawn of history, they will continue to occur in the future, and they will continue to bestow a military advantage on the first nation to develop and use them. Accordingly, it is important to the continued vitality and robustness of the U.S. defense posture for the DoD R & D community to be aware of technology developments that could revolutionize military operations in the future, and for the U.S. military services to be on the lookout for revolutionary ways in which to employ those technologies in warfare. This report examines the history of past RMAs, to see what can be learned from them regarding the challenge confronting the DoD today, when it has set out on a concerted effort to bring about a technology-driven transformation of the U.S. military to achieve the operational goals outlined in Joint Vision 2010. Among its many findings are three of particular note: RMAs are rarely brought about by dominant players (such as the U.S. military is today). For a dominant player to bring about an RMA requires a receptive organizational climate, fostering a continually refined vision of how war may change in the future and encouraging vigorous debate regarding the future of the organization; senior officers with traditional credentials willing to sponsor new ways of doing things and able to establish new promotion pathways for junior officers practicing a new way of war; mechanisms for experimentation, to discover, learn, test and demonstrate new ideas; and ways of responding positively to the results of successful experiments, in terms of doctrinal changes, acquisition programs, and force structure modifications. The DoD has some of these elements today, but is missing others. The report makes specific suggestions regarding ways of filling in the missing elements. Doing these things will facilitate DoD's force transformation activities and help ensure that the next RMA is brought about by the United States. and not some other nation.
A description of U.S. enlisted personnel promotion systems by Stephanie Williamson ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 955 libraries worldwide
The U.S. armed services have different methods and processes for promoting enlisted personnel. All of the services, however, aim to ensure that promotion outcomes correspond to substantive differences in personnel quality. This report provides a snapshot of how the Army, Navy, Marines, and Air Force go about measuring duty performance, leadership potential, experience, knowledge, and skills to determine who among its enlisted force merits promotion, when they are eligible for promotion, and at what level promotion decisions are made. This report provides an overview of the enlisted promotion system in the 1990s as retention issues again move to the forefront of Defense Department concerns.
Attracting college-bound youth into the military toward the development of new recruiting policy options by Beth J Asch ( Book )
3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 941 libraries worldwide
Command concepts a theory derived from the practice of command and control by Carl H Builder ( Book )
3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 909 libraries worldwide
Planning America's security lessons from the National Defense Panel by John E Tedstrom ( Book )
4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 895 libraries worldwide
Recent recruiting trends and their implications for models of enlistment supply by Michael P Murray ( Book )
4 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and held by 879 libraries worldwide
The authors estimate an econometric model of high-quality enlistment supply using geographically disaggregated data from two periods, FY83-87 and FY90-93. They find that econometric models based on data from the earlier period do not predict the recruiting difficulties reported by the military in the 1990s. This conforms to a preliminary assessment provided by Asch and Orvis (MR-549-A/OSD, 1994). The authors also find that econometric models estimated with the 1990s data give altered counsel about the effects of at least some policy variables, most notably the number of recruiters.
The emergence of noopolitik toward an American information strategy by John Arquilla ( Book )
6 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 862 libraries worldwide
Strategy, at its best, knits together ends and means, no matter how various and disparate, into a cohesive pattern. In the case of a U.S. information strategy, this requires balancing the need to guard and secure access to many informational capabilities and resources, with the opportunity to achieve national aims by fostering as much openness as practicable. The authors' term to represent such strategic balancing is "guarded openness." They go on to describe "noopolitik" (nu-oh-poh-li-teek)--an emerging form of statecraft that emphasizes the importance of sharing ideas and values globally, principally through the exercise of persuasive "soft power" rather than traditional military "hard power." This study discusses the opportunities that may be raised by the emergence of noopolitik--ranging from construction of a noosphere (a globe-spanning realm of the mind) to recommendations that, for example, the U.S. military should begin to develop its own noosphere (among and between the services, as well as with U.S. allies). In the area of international cooperation, the authors offer strategic approaches for improving the capacity of state and nonstate actors to work together to address transnational problems. In addition, the authors recommend specific doctrinal developments, implied by the emergence of information strategy--including the pressing need to deal with such ethical concerns as the first use of information.
Innovative management in the DARPA high altitude endurance unmanned aerial vehicle program phase II experience by Jeffrey A Drezner ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 858 libraries worldwide
The U.S. military's development of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has been hampered by cost overruns, schedule slippage, and disappointing operational results. The High Altitude Endurance UAV (HAE UAV) joint program, initiated under the direction of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), incorporates several innovative elements in its acquisition strategy that depart radically from traditional acquisition approaches. The program's development phase for the Global Hawk and DarkStar air vehicles is analyzed in this research. The HAE UAV program has experienced problems that are typical of newly implemented methods, but it has produced significant benefits, and provides lessons that could improve a wide variety of future acquisition processes.
Increasing a sense of community in the military the role of personnel support programs by Colette Van Laar ( Book )
5 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 823 libraries worldwide
Space emerging options for national power by Dana J Johnson ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 811 libraries worldwide
This report presents the results of a study that examined the extent to which both military and economic spacepower will influence national security strategy and the conduct of future military operations. It attempts to articulate the key military space policy issues facing the United States and place them in the larger context of a changing strategic environment to define new options for the exercise of spacepower in the pursuit of national interests. The proliferation of military space forces from the Cold War to the present can be seen in the increasing capabilities of these forces and the expanding roles they are expected to play in future missions. Space forces will be expected to perform an array of space-related functions, including early warning and integrated tactical warning and attack assessment, weather/environmental monitoring, satellite communications, surveillance and reconnaissance, navigation and positioning, space control, and, possibly, ballistic missile defense and force application.
Using the force and support costing system an introductory guide and tutorial ( Book )
4 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 787 libraries worldwide
The arsenal ship acquisition process experience contrasting and common impressions from the contractor teams and joint program office by Robert S Leonard ( Book )
7 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 785 libraries worldwide
A review of the scientific literature as it pertains to Gulf War illnesses, Infectious diseases by Lee H Hilborne ( Book )
2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 775 libraries worldwide
A review of the scientific literature as it pertains to Gulf War illnesses, Chemical and biological warfare agents by William S Augerson ( Book )
2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 765 libraries worldwide
A review of the scientific literature as it pertains to Gulf War illnesses. Vol. 2, Pyridostigmine bromide by Beatrice Alexandra Golomb ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 749 libraries worldwide
A review of the scientific literature as it pertains to Gulf War illnesses. Vol. 4, Stress ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 744 libraries worldwide
Gaining new military capability an experiment in concept development by J. L Birkler ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 713 libraries worldwide
The process of modernizing U.S. military forces is the focus of this report. This process requires reinvigorating concept development efforts, thinking broadly about alternatives, and pursuing concept development before decisions are made about which services, which platforms, or which technologies are best suited for accomplishing current or new military tasks. In February and March 1996, RAND convened a concept options group (COG), which included broadly knowledgeable technologists drawn from a variety of scientific and engineering backgrounds, experienced military operators, and senior analysts and planners. By focusing on two specific military tasks, the COG considered options for using technologies that could enable U.S. forces to perform an existing military mission better, perform it differently, or gain a new capability. This report presents highlights from the COG discussions as well as some suggestions for convening future COGs.
Separation and retirement incentives in the federal civil service a comparison of the Federal Employees Retirement System and the Civil Service Retirement System by Beth J Asch ( Book )
6 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 692 libraries worldwide
In 1987 a new retirement system, called the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS), was introduced for federal civil service personnel. Some observers have hypothesized that FERS would alter the retirement and separation outcomes produced by FERS' predecessor, the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS). This report compares the retirement and separation incentives embedded in FERS versus those in CSRS to see whether the incentives embedded in FERS are consistent with these hypotheses. It also examines which system is more generous in terms of providing greater expected net lifetime earnings and retirement wealth. To compare the systems, the authors compute expected net wealth associated with different separation and retirement ages for a representative individual. The authors also conduct sensitivity analyses to see how their comparisons differ under alternative assumptions. Finally, the authors use data on Department of Defense civil service personnel from fiscal year 1983 through fiscal year 1996 to examine empirically how separation rates differ for early and mid-career personnel under FERS and under CSRS.
Assessing requirements for peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief by Bruce Pirnie ( Book )
3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 663 libraries worldwide
The purpose of this study is to assess requirements for peace operations, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief, then to develop options for conducting such contingencies more effectively without detracting from the nation's capability to conduct major theater warfare. This study focuses on one aspect of requirements: those military units required to accomplish these types of operations. It reviews the history of operations during the period of interest, 1990-1996, assessing frequency, duration, and level of effort for each type of operation, expressed in military units. The authors then develop vignettes, or generalized patterns for each type of operation, to examine requirements--both peak strength and rotational demands--under broad projections of the level of future operations. Finally, they analyze implications for all armed services, but particularly for those Army units that are central to protracted land operations and those Air Force units that are required to secure no-fly zones and conduct strikes. The report concludes by recommending options that would improve capability. These options are mostly changes or adjustments at the margin, because U.S. forces have clearly demonstrated that they have sufficient capability to perform these operations successfully. The authors especially recommend organization of Army contingency brigades and air expeditionary forces optimized for close air support. Together, these would be a powerful, versatile force appropriate for a wide range of contingencies. The prospective audience includes decisionmakers and supporting staffs within the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Staff, and also the services for areas falling within their cognizance.
Armed Forces Armed Forces--Medical care Armed Forces--Officers Armed Forces--Operational readiness Armed Forces--Organization Armed Forces--Personnel management Armed Forces--Procurement Armed Forces--Promotions Armed Forces--Reserves Armed Forces--Salaries, etc. Arms control Case studies Chemical agents (Munitions) Civil-military relations Command and control systems Conference proceedings Counterinsurgency Drone aircraft Economic history Europe Expenditures, Public History Information society Insurgency International relations Iran Iraq Iraq War (2003-) Manpower planning Military art and science Military planning Military policy Military readiness Military relations National security North Atlantic Treaty Organization Operational readiness (Military science) Persian Gulf syndrome Persian Gulf War (1991) Personnel management Political science Recruiting and enlistment Space industrialization Strategy Unified operations (Military science) United States United States.--Army United States.--Dept. of Defense United States.--Navy World politics
Rand Corporation. National Defence Research Institute
Rand Corporation. National Research Defense Institute
Rand Corporation. National Security Research Division. National Defense Research Institute