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National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)

Overview
Works: 1,091 works in 1,961 publications in 1 language and 192,350 library holdings
Genres: History  Case studies  Handbooks and manuals 
Roles: Researcher, Publisher, Other, Editor
Classifications: UB323, 355.0218
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)
 
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Most widely held works by National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)
The European Security and Defense Policy : NATO's companion - or competitor? by Robert Edwards Hunter( Book )

8 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 259 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The emergence of the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) in the last two-thirds of the 1990s and continuing into the new century, has been a complex process intertwining politics, economics, national cultures, and numerous institutions. This book provides an essential background for understanding how security issues as between NATO and the European Union are being posed for the early part of the 21st century, including the new circumstances following the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11, 2001. This study should be of interest to those interested in the evolution of U.S.-European relations, especially in, but not limited to, the security field; the development of institutional relationships; and key choices that lie ahead in regard to these critical arrangements
Arms trafficking and Colombia by Kim Cragin( Book )

4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 256 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Colombia has experienced significant political instability and violence over the past century due to a number of factors, including the proliferation of small-arms trafficking. The authors identify the sources and routes used by arms traffickers to acquire, buy, sell, receive, transfer, and ship weapons. They also examine the various groups and individuals who purchase and use these munitions. The authors examine Colombia?s political conflict through the lens of small-arms trafficking and conclude with policy implications for the United States
Space : emerging options for national power by Dana J Johnson( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 228 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents the results of a study that examined the extent to which both military and economic spacepower will influence national security strategy and the conduct of future military operations. It attempts to articulate the key military space policy issues facing the United States and place them in the larger context of a changing strategic environment to define new options for the exercise of spacepower in the pursuit of national interests. The proliferation of military space forces from the Cold War to the present can be seen in the increasing capabilities of these forces and the expanding roles they are expected to play in future missions. Space forces will be expected to perform an array of space-related functions, including early warning and integrated tactical warning and attack assessment, weather/environmental monitoring, satellite communications, surveillance and reconnaissance, navigation and positioning, space control, and, possibly, ballistic missile defense and force application
The emergence of noopolitik : toward an American information strategy by John Arquilla( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 227 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Weapons, concepts of proportional response, and the need to maintain the immunity of noncombatants. Ultimately, the authors call for an innovative turn of mind as policymakers and strategists rethink how best to adapt to the epochal transformations being wrought by the information revolution
On "other war" : lessons from five decades of RAND counterinsurgency research by Austin Long( Book )

7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 216 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The challenges posed by insurgency and instability have proved difficult to surmount. This difficulty may embolden future opponents to embrace insurgency in combating the United States. Both the current and future conduct of the war on terror demand that the United States improve its ability to conduct counterinsurgency (COIN) operations. This study makes recommendations for improving COIN based on RAND's decades-long study of it
Past revolutions, future transformations : what can the history of revolutions in military affairs tell us about transforming the U.S. military? by Richard O Hundley( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Advances in technology can bring about dramatic changes in military operations, often termed "revolutions in military affairs" or RMAs. Such technology-driven changes in military operations are not merely a recent phenomenon: they have been occurring since the dawn of history, they will continue to occur in the future, and they will continue to bestow a military advantage on the first nation to develop and use them. Accordingly, it is important to the continued vitality and robustness of the U.S. defense posture for the DoD R & D community to be aware of technology developments that could revolutionize military operations in the future, and for the U.S. military services to be on the lookout for revolutionary ways in which to employ those technologies in warfare. This report examines the history of past RMAs, to see what can be learned from them regarding the challenge confronting the DoD today, when it has set out on a concerted effort to bring about a technology-driven transformation of the U.S. military to achieve the operational goals outlined in Joint Vision 2010. Among its many findings are three of particular note: RMAs are rarely brought about by dominant players (such as the U.S. military is today). For a dominant player to bring about an RMA requires a receptive organizational climate, fostering a continually refined vision of how war may change in the future and encouraging vigorous debate regarding the future of the organization; senior officers with traditional credentials willing to sponsor new ways of doing things and able to establish new promotion pathways for junior officers practicing a new way of war; mechanisms for experimentation, to discover, learn, test and demonstrate new ideas; and ways of responding positively to the results of successful experiments, in terms of doctrinal changes, acquisition programs, and force structure modifications. The DoD has some of these elements today, but is missing others. The report makes specific suggestions regarding ways of filling in the missing elements. Doing these things will facilitate DoD's force transformation activities and help ensure that the next RMA is brought about by the United States. and not some other nation
The rise of political Islam in Turkey by Angel Rabasa( Book )

5 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 208 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Turkey, a Muslim-majority country, is pivotal to Western security interests in the Middle East. Its ruling party, the AKP, has Islamic roots but operates within a framework of strict secular democracy, which has generated controversy over the boundaries between secularism and religion. This monograph describes the politico-religious landscape in Turkey and evaluates how the balance between secular and religious forces has changed over the past decade
Married to the military : the employment and earnings of military wives compared with those of civilian wives( Book )

3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Today's military is a military of families; many service members are married, and many of their spouses work and contribute to family income. But military wives earn less than civilian wives, and this study seeks to understand why. The authors find that military wives, knowing they are likely to move frequently, are willing to accept jobs that offer a lower wage rather than to use more of their remaining time at a location to find a higher-wage job. Compared with civilian wives, military wives tend to work somewhat less if they have young children but somewhat more if their children are older. The probability that military wives work declines with age, although it changes little with age in the civilian world. This probability declines more rapidly for wives with a college education, most of whom are officers' wives. Although it is often assumed that military families live in rural areas where the job opportunities for wives are poor, the authors found fairly small differences in the location of civilian versus military families. Finally, whereas in the civilian world an increase in the unemployment rate leads to a slight increase in the probability that wives worked during the year and the probability that they worked full-time (responding as "added workers" to the loss or threat of loss of their husbands' work), military wives appear to respond as workers with a more permanent attachment to the labor force
Command concepts : a theory derived from the practice of command and control by Carl H Builder( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The qualities of commanders and their ideas are more important to a general theory of command and control than are the technical and architectural qualities of their computers and communications systems. This theory separates the art of command and control (C2) from the hardware and software systems that support C2. It centers on the idea of a command concept, a commander's vision of a military operation that informs the making of command decisions during that operation. The theory suggests that the essential communications up and down the chain of command can (and should) be limited to disseminating, verifying, or modifying command concepts. The theory also suggests, as an extreme case, that an ideal command concept is one that is so prescient, sound, and fully conveyed to subordinates that it would allow the commander to leave the battlefield before the battle commences, with no adverse effect upon the out-come. This report advances a theory about military command and control. Then, through six historical case studies of modern battles, it explores the implications of the theory both for the professional development of commanders and for the design and evaluation of command and control architectures. The report should be of interest to members of the Joint Staff and the services involved in developing command and control doctrine for the U.S. military, and to all of those interested in the military art and science of command and control
Combating terrorism : how prepared are state and local response organizations? by Lois M Davis( Book )

7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 180 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book presents the results of the third and final wave of a national survey to elicit assessments of state and local response agencies of the activities they have undertaken after 9/11 to respond to terrorist-related incidents and of federal programs intended to improve preparedness and readiness for terrorism
Byting back : regaining information superiority against 21st-century insurgents( Book )

6 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 169 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Libicki et al. argue that information collection requirements and systems for counterinsurgency are important because the community that conducts counterinsurgency crosses national and institutional boundaries and because the indigenous population plays a large role in determining the outcome of an insurgency. They then demonstrate what this focus implies for counterinsurgency requirements, collection, networking, and systems design
The arsenal ship acquisition process experience : contrasting and common impressions from the contractor teams and joint program office by Robert S Leonard( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Arsenal Ship acquisition program was unique in two respects: it represented a new operational concept for Navy weapon systems, and its management structure and process represented a significant departure from traditional military ship-building programs. The Arsenal Ship program was, in effect, an experiment; while the Navy envisioned an array of mission capabilities for the ship, it set the project budget as the single immovable requirement. In the end, political and financial constraints caused the program's cancellation. Nevertheless, its acquisition approach and technical innovations have already had--and will continue to have--significant influence on other Navy ship-building programs. The lessons learned from the Arsenal Ship program, applied to existing and planned systems, should more than recover the money spent on it
Recent recruiting trends and their implications for models of enlistment supply by Michael P Murray( Book )

3 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and held by 161 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors estimate an econometric model of high-quality enlistment supply using geographically disaggregated data from two periods, FY83-87 and FY90-93. They find that econometric models based on data from the earlier period do not predict the recruiting difficulties reported by the military in the 1990s. This conforms to a preliminary assessment provided by Asch and Orvis (MR-549-A/OSD, 1994). The authors also find that econometric models estimated with the 1990s data give altered counsel about the effects of at least some policy variables, most notably the number of recruiters
Attracting college-bound youth into the military : toward the development of new recruiting policy options by Beth J Asch( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 161 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Although the military's need for enlisted personnel has declined by almost one-third since the end of the cold war, the armed services are finding it difficult to meet their recruiting goals. Among ongoing changes in the civilian labor market is a strong demand for skilled labor, which has prompted an increasing number of "high quality" youth to pursue post-secondary education and subsequent civilian employment. Because of this competition for high quality youth, the Department of Defense may want to explore new options for attracting desirable young people into the armed forces. The military, for example, offers a myriad of options for service members to take college courses while in active service. However, the programs do not in fact generate significant increases in educational attainment during time in service. One popular program, the Montgomery GI Bill, enrolls large numbers of individuals, but the vast majority of service members use their benefits after separating from service. Thus, the military does not receive the benefits of a more educated and productive workforce, unless the individuals subsequently join a reserve component. The authors suggest the Department of Defense should consider nontraditional policy options to enhance recruitment of college-bound youth. Recruiters could target more thoroughly students on two-year college campuses, or dropouts from two- or four-year colleges. Options for obtaining some college before military service could be expanded by allowing high school seniors to first attend college, paid for by the military, and then enlist. Or the student might serve in a reserve component while in college and then enter an active component after college. Alternatively, the military could create an entirely new path for combining college and military service by encouraging enlisted veterans to attend college and then reenlist (at a higher pay grade). The most promising alternatives should be evaluated in a national experiment designed to test their effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, similar to the one that led to the creation of the Army College Fund and the Navy College Fund
Innovative management in the DARPA high altitude endurance unmanned aerial vehicle program : phase II experience by Jeffrey A Drezner( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 160 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. military's development of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has been hampered by cost overruns, schedule slippage, and disappointing operational results. The High Altitude Endurance UAV (HAE UAV) joint program, initiated under the direction of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), incorporates several innovative elements in its acquisition strategy that depart radically from traditional acquisition approaches. The program's development phase for the Global Hawk and DarkStar air vehicles is analyzed in this research. The HAE UAV program has experienced problems that are typical of newly implemented methods, but it has produced significant benefits, and provides lessons that could improve a wide variety of future acquisition processes
Planning America's security : lessons from the National Defense Panel by John E Tedstrom( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report identifies key lessons from the first National Defense Panel (NDP) and makes recommendations to the Congress, the administration, and future NDP management teams about how the process can be made more effective. The NDP was established by the 1996 Military Force Structure Review Act as an independent effort to provide guidance to the Secretary of Defense and the Congress on long-term defense strategies and force structure requirements. This report reviews the motivations for creating the NDP, its administrative and logistical experience, the NDP's relationship to the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), and the final NDP report. Some of the principal recommendations are that (1) the NDP should maintain its focus on defense issues, but do more to integrate its recommendations into the broader national security agenda; (2) future NDPs should be better coordinated with the defense planning cycle (i.e., the next NDP, preceding the next QDR, should complete its work before the new administration comes into office in 2001); and (3) future NDPs should deal more systematically with resource constraints than the first NDP
Using the force and support costing system : an introductory guide and tutorial( Book )

3 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 150 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Force and Support Costing (FSC) System is a set of models and databases that helps analysts project the cost implications of proposed changes in defense forces, infrastructure, and assets. The user interface and many of the models are implemented in Excel; most of the database resides on a network. The illustrated study projects effects on defense costs arising from the deactivation of an Army division. The FSC system allows the user to view the force structure in the current Army program, select the division to be cut, and specify when the deactivation will occur. The system then translates that deactivation into reductions in personnel and equipment assets, and costs out the implications. In addition to stepping through the specific procedures for the simulation, the authors show other ways the FSC System can be used to analyze the cost effects of various policy actions
Military use of drugs not yet approved by the FDA for CW/BW defense : lessons from the Gulf War by Richard A Rettig( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The confrontation that began when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990 brought with it the threat that chemical and biological weapons might be used against the more than half a million military personnel the United States deployed to the region. To protect these troops from such threats, the Department of Defense wished to use drugs and vaccines that, not having been tested for use in these specific situations, were considered "investigational" by the federal Food and Drug Administration. This report examines the history of the Interim Rule, adopted in December 21, 1990, that authorized the Commissioner of Food and Drugs to waive informed consent for the use of investigational drugs and vaccines for certain military uses; how this authority was used for pyridostigmine bromide and botulinum toxoid during the Gulf War; and the subsequent controversy surrounding the rule, its application, and its implications. The report then analyzes the issues the Interim Rule raised when investigational drugs are used for such purposes and makes recommendations for dealing with similar situations in the future
A description of U.S. enlisted personnel promotion systems by Stephanie Williamson( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 142 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. armed services have different methods and processes for promoting enlisted personnel. All of the services, however, aim to ensure that promotion outcomes correspond to substantive differences in personnel quality. This report provides a snapshot of how the Army, Navy, Marines, and Air Force go about measuring duty performance, leadership potential, experience, knowledge, and skills to determine who among its enlisted force merits promotion, when they are eligible for promotion, and at what level promotion decisions are made. This report provides an overview of the enlisted promotion system in the 1990s as retention issues again move to the forefront of Defense Department concerns
Infectious diseases by Beatrice Alexandra Golomb( Book )

19 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Numerous Gulf War veterans have reported a range of illnesses and symptoms after serving in the Persian Gulf. Some of the reported symptoms are similar to those caused by diseases known to be prevalent in that region. This report discusses these infectious diseases and considers them as potential causes of the symptoms reported by the veterans. The authors present a short summary of etiology, diagnosis, and treatment for several infectious diseases and infectious organisms, including bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections. Two biological agents, anthrax and botulinum toxin, are also discussed
 
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The European Security and Defense Policy : NATO's companion - or competitor?
Alternative Names
√Čtats-Unis National defense research institute

N.D.R.I.

NDRI

Rand Corporation National Defence Research Institute

Rand Corporation National Defense Research Institute

Rand Corporation National Research Defense Institute

Rand Corporation National Security Research Division. National Defense Research Institute

Rand's National Defense Research Institute

Languages
English (97)

Covers
Arms trafficking and ColombiaSpace : emerging options for national powerThe emergence of noopolitik : toward an American information strategyOn "other war" : lessons from five decades of RAND counterinsurgency researchPast revolutions, future transformations : what can the history of revolutions in military affairs tell us about transforming the U.S. military?The rise of political Islam in TurkeyMarried to the military : the employment and earnings of military wives compared with those of civilian wivesCommand concepts : a theory derived from the practice of command and control