WorldCat Identities

Leach, Melissa

Works: 116 works in 328 publications in 2 languages and 6,613 library holdings
Genres: History  Cross-cultural studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Creator
Classifications: GF746.2, 304.2096652
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Melissa Leach
Misreading the African landscape : society and ecology in a forest-savanna mosaic by James Fairhead( Book )

21 editions published between 1996 and 2011 in English and Italian and held by 472 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Islands of dense forest in the savanna of 'forest' Guinea have long been regarded by both scientists and policy-makers as the last relics of a once more extensive forest cover, degraded and degrading fast due to its inhabitants' land use. Through meticulous use of historical sources, and an investigation of inhabitants' technical knowledge and practices, James Fairhead and Melissa Leach question these entrenched assumptions. They show, on the contrary, how people have created forest islands around their villages, and how they have turned fallow vegetation more woody, so that population growth has implied more forest, not less. They also consider the origins, persistence and consequences of a century of erroneous policy. Interweaving historical, social anthropological and ecological data, this unique study advances a novel theoretical framework for ecological anthropology, forcing a radical re-examination of some central tenets in each of these disciplines
The lie of the land : challenging received wisdom on the African environment( Book )

10 editions published between 1996 and 2003 in English and held by 367 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Images of children starving because of environmental destruction have become an integral part of the way that Africa is perceived in the north. That is a typical signpost to the lie of the land. This book questions the reasoning behind such images." "How do environmental orthodoxies become established? Historically informed research in this book shows that many of the orthodoxies are ill-conceived or represent the interests of certain powerful groups." "What are the alternative and appropriate approaches for policy-making? This pioneering book draws eleven key cases together to explore their commonalities. Challenges to received wisdom have reached a critical mass which allows comparative analysis." "On what experience do these contributors draw? first hand research in different ecological zones; experience in different aspects of rural production; ecology, soil science, geography, social anthropology, economics and history."--Jacket
Rainforest relations : gender and resource use among the Mende of Gola, Sierra Leone by Melissa Leach( Book )

10 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science and citizens : globalization and the challenge of engagement by Melissa Leach( Book )

17 editions published between 1988 and 2008 in English and held by 307 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book brings together for the first time authors from diverse experiences and analytical traditions, encouraging a conversation between science and technology and development studies around issues of science, citizenship and globalisation. It reflects on the nature of expertise; the framing of knowledge; processes of public engagement; and issues of rights, justice and democracy. A wide variety of pressing issues is explored, such as medical genetics, agricultural biotechnology, occupational health and HIV/AIDS."--Jacket
Science, society and power : environmental knowledge and policy in West Africa and the Caribbean by James Fairhead( Book )

7 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 276 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors take a unique ethnographic perspective, linking approaches in anthropology, development and science studies. They address critically prominent debates in each, and explore opportunities for new forms of participation, public engagement and transformation in the social relations of science."--Jacket
Negotiating environmental change : new perspectives from social science( Book )

9 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book by leading researchers presents a critical review of debates in environmental social science over the past decade. Three broad areas are covered in ten chapters: the problems of scientific uncertainty and its role in shaping environmental policy and decisions; the development of institutional frameworks for governing natural resources; and the link between economic and technological change and the environment. The book begins with an overview essay examining how perspectives across environmental social science have shifted over the past decade and looking forward to the emergence of new research agendas." "The book is essential reading for all students and scholars interested in social sciences and the environment."--Jacket
Reframing deforestation : global analyses and local realities ; studies in West Africa by James Fairhead( Book )

13 editions published between 1998 and 2003 in English and held by 245 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reframing Deforestation suggests that the scale of destruction wrought by West African farmers during the twentieth century has been vastly exaggerated and global analyses have unfairly stigmatized them
Dynamic sustainabilities : technology, environment, social justice by Melissa Leach( Book )

9 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and held by 219 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introducing a new pathways approach for understanding and responding to sustainability challenges, this title explores practical ways forward for building pathways to sustainability
Vaccine anxieties : global science, child health and society by Melissa Leach( Book )

11 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 206 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One of the most insightful and compelling analyses of a modern public health paradox.? Richard Horton Editor of The Lancet?A remarkable anthropological comparison across continents this book is about common anxieties and different circumstances as they colour people?s lives. The empirical studies at its core show us parents struggling with global science with stereotypes about ignorance with the delivery of medical services all framed by their personal knowledge and experiences. Vaccination offers a brilliant case study for a brilliant exposition.? Marilyn Strathern DBE Professor of Social A
Epidemics : science, governance, and social justice by Sarah Dry( Book )

9 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 167 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent disease events such as SARS, H1N1 and avian influenza, and haemorrhagic fevers have focussed policy and public concern as never before on epidemics and so-called 'emerging infectious diseases'. Understanding and responding to these often unpredictable events have become major challenges for local, national and international bodies. All too often, responses can become restricted by implicit assumptions about who or what is to blame that may not capture the dynamics and uncertainties at play in the multi-scale interactions of people, animals and microbes. As a result, policies intended to
The politics of green transformations by Ian Scoones( Book )

4 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Recalling past transformations, this book examines what makes the current challenge different, and especially urgent. It analyses how green transformations must take place in the context of the particular moments of capitalist development, and in relation to particular alliances. The book emphasises the role of the state and the role of citizens, as innovators, entrepreneurs, green consumers and members of social movements. Green transformations must be both 'top-down', involving elite alliances between states and business, but also 'bottom up', pushed by grassroots innovators and entrepreneurs, and part of wider mobilisations among civil society"--
Environmental entitlements : a framework for understanding the institutional dynamics of environmental change by Melissa Leach( Book )

4 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Food security and the environment : conflict or complementarity? by Susanna Davies( Book )

10 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dealing with displacement : refugee-host relations, food and forest resources in Sierra Leonean Mende communities during the Liberian influx, 1990-91 by Melissa Leach( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mobilising citizens : social movements and the politics of knowledge by Melissa Leach( Book )

6 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reflects comparatively on a series of case studies of citizen mobilisation in both north and south, arguing that the politics of knowledge are now central. The cases focus on issues ranging from genetically-modified crops, vaccines, HIV/AIDS and occupational health, to struggles around water, housing, labour rights and the environment. In different ways, each has asked: who mobilises and who does not, how and why? How are activist networks constituted, involving what forms of identity, representation and processes of inclusion and exclusion? What forms of knowledge - including values, perceptions and experiences - frame these movements and how do citizens and 'experts' interact? What resources and spaces are important in mobilisation processes? The paper offers a synthesis of some of the major theoretical perspectives, lines of argument and issues emerging the case studies' responses to these questions. In the first part, it engages social movement theory with theories of citizenship. It draws out four overlapping perspectives on processes of mobilisation which are all important to understanding the cases, and which point towards an understanding of 'mobilising citizens' as knowledgeable actors engaged in a dynamic, networked politics across local and global sites. In the second part, the paper explores three key emergent themes: knowledge and power; cultures, styles and practices of activism, and the increasing array and complexity of arenas in which citizens press their claims, including legal spaces and the media. We argue that if contemporary processes of mobilisation and their implications for citizenship are to be understood there is a need to expand and enrich debates about social movements from a diversity of literatures. Today's dynamics of public controversy, debates about risk, and the forms of mobilisation and 04 protest arising requires putting the politics of knowledge centre-stage in our attempts to recast democratic theory and notions of citizenship, especially in today's global context
Trees to meet contingencies : savings and security for the rural poor by Robert Chambers( Book )

7 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Green grabbing : a new appropriation of nature by James Fairhead( Book )

4 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Across the world, ecosystems are for sale. 'Green grabbing' - the appropriation of land and resources for environmental ends - is an emerging process of deep and growing significance. A vigorous debate on 'land grabbing' already highlights instances where 'green' credentials are called upon to justify appropriations of land for food or fuel. Yet in other cases, environmental green agendas are the core drivers and goals of grabs. Green grabs may be drivn by biodiversity conservation, biocarbon sequestration, biofuels, ecosystem services or ecotourism, for example. In some cases theyse agendas involve the wholesale alienation of land, and in others the restructuring of rules and authority in the access, use and management of resources that may have profoundly alienating effects. Green grabbing builds on well-known histories of colonial and neo-colonial resource alienation in the name of the environment. Yet it involves novel forms of valuation, commodification and markets for pieces and aspects of nature, and an extraordinary new range of actors and alliances. This book draws together seventeen original cases from African, Asian and Latin American settings to ask: To what extent and in what ways do 'green grabs' constitute new forms of appropriation of nature? What political and discursive dynamics underpin 'green grabs'? How and when do appropriations on the ground emerge out of circulations of green capital? What are the implications for ecologies, landscapes and livelihoods? Who is gaining and who is losing? How are agrarian social relations, rights and authority being restructured, and in whose interests?" --publisher
Integrating gender into environmental research and policy by Susan P Joekes( Book )

5 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many interventions in the environment sector have given women a role in projects in the hope that this would assist the project as well as benefiting women themselves. But across a whole range of sectors, outcomes have often been disappointing and sometimes even damaging to women. Women have often been treated, in effect, as a source of cheap labour, and have been sidelined in the management of projects. This study looks at the reasons why this has happened, blaming it on a flawed conceptualisation of gender relations that ignores the differing interests of men and women. Recommendations on how women's interests can be better safeguarded are proposed
Science and citizenship in a global context by Melissa Leach( Book )

5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Shifting science-society relationships are highly relevant both to contemporary practices of citizenship, their expressions, and to questions around the dynamics of 'participation'. Political and economic changes are altering the contexts, spaces and ways that people perceive and act on citizenship rights, as are scientific and technological changes and the new risks and opportunities they present. Today these issues are reflected perhaps most clearly in the extensive academic, policy and media debates which explore contemporary relations between risk, science and society. In this paper we begin to explore these issues in a globally-comparative frame, providing a review of some of the dominant lines of work in Science and Technology Studies (STS) and Development Studies (DS) which reflect on the relationships between science and citizenship. First we consider major emphases in how each has conceived of the relationships between 'experts' and 'lay knowledges', revealing some important contrasts in their approaches. We then go on to examine how different notions of citizenship have been incorporated into these debates, whether explicitly or implicitly. We show that approaches to participation and deliberation, now central to thinking and action in a scientific context in both north and south, are underlain by particular concepts of the citizen, which variously enable and constrain their transformative potential. Today these processes take place in a globalised context, and in a third section we reflect on how this context forces us to redefine further the relationships between science and citizenship. We show in this context why it is necessary to go beyond static, universalised and essentialised notions of citizenship and a singular notion of the state, to embrace a more fluid, de-centred, and experience-based notion of both citizenship and expertise, but without losing sight of the historical, political and institutional structures which shape often highly contrasting forms of engagement
Childhood vaccination and society in the Gambia : public engagement with science and delivery by James Fairhead( Book )

5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines public engagement with routine vaccination delivery, and vaccine trials and related medical research, in The Gambia. Its approach is rooted in social and medical anthropology and ethnographic methods, but combines insights from the sociology of scientific knowledge, and 'actor-oriented' sociology in development. Current analysis and professional reflection on public engagement with vaccination reflects the concepts and imperatives of health-providing and research institutions. In contrast Gambian parents' perspectives are couched in very different conceptual and experiential terms, linked to the wider dilemmas of raising infants in a hazardous world. In this context the paper traces parents' experiences of routine infant welfare clinics and then how they narrate their experiences with two vaccine related studies orchestrated by the Medical Research Council laboratories. A range of contrasts emerges. Whereas health professionals tend to attribute vaccination acceptance to the acquisition of modern scientific attitudes, and talk of 'defaulters' as misinformed, parents understand vaccination as a complement to other forms of infant therapy and protection and miss vaccinations through a combination of contingent circumstances and specific worries about vaccination delivery practices. Most parents consider medical research studies less as a separate 'scientific' activity than as part of the nexus of normal health practices, and their longer-term experiences and perceptions of MRC as an institution matter more than the aims of any particular study. Whereas medical research staff often perceive public engagement as a matter of understanding or misunderstanding aims and procedures, or of trust and distrust, parental narratives reveal research engagement as a balance of danger and benefit. Study participation depends more on how people's particular calculus is shaped by social and gender relations, than on issues of knowledge or trust
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Misreading the African landscape : society and ecology in a forest-savanna mosaic
Alternative Names
Leach, Melissa

Leach, Melissa A.

English (169)

Italian (1)

The lie of the land : challenging received wisdom on the African environmentRainforest relations : gender and resource use among the Mende of Gola, Sierra LeoneScience and citizens : globalization and the challenge of engagementScience, society and power : environmental knowledge and policy in West Africa and the CaribbeanNegotiating environmental change : new perspectives from social scienceReframing deforestation : global analyses and local realities ; studies in West AfricaDynamic sustainabilities : technology, environment, social justiceVaccine anxieties : global science, child health and societyEpidemics : science, governance, and social justice