WorldCat Identities

National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Law and Justice

Overview
Works: 37 works in 152 publications in 1 language and 35,703 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Conference papers and proceedings  Abstracts 
Roles: Other, Editor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by National Research Council (U.S.).
Understanding violence against women by Nancy A Crowell( Book )

7 editions published between 1996 and 2009 in English and held by 1,106 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Understanding Violence Against Women" presents a comprehensive overview of current knowledge and identifies 4 areas with the greatest potential return from a research investment by increasing the understanding of and responding to domestic violence and rape: what interventions are designed to do, whom they are reaching, and how to reach many victims who do not seek help; factors that put people at risk of violence and that precipitate violence, including characteristics of offenders; the scope of domestic violence and sexual assault in America and its consequences to individuals, families, and society, including costs [and] how to structure the study of violence against women to yield more useful knowledge. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)
Deadly lessons : understanding lethal school violence : case studies of School Violence Committee by Mark H Moore( Book )

6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 634 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book presents six case studies of student-perpetrated school shootings and discusses possible effective interventions. Between 1992 and 2001, 35 incidents occurred in which students started firing at schoolmates and teachers at their school or at a school-sponsored event. These incidents, including the Columbine High School incident, left 53 dead and 144 injured. These incidents shocked the public because so many were killed in single incidents, the targets seemed arbitrarily selected, and they occurred in such unexpected places. Communities that thought they were insulated from lethal youth violence discovered that they were vulnerable. Congress asked that detailed case studies be developed of the circumstances that led to violence in schools. The goal was to use these cases to learn about the important causes and consequences of such incidents, and to decide what actions could be taken to prevent these events. The consequences of such incidents were significant and there was long lasting harm in each of the communities studied. Those closest to the center of the incidents continue to be traumatized; victims' civil suits against the shooters' families and the schools are still pending; and some businesses continue to suffer because of the harm to the communities' reputations. It was found that these events represented a separate strain of violence even though it followed closely other earlier violence. The inner-city epidemic was fueled by poverty, racial segregation, and illicit drug trade. The violence in suburban and rural schools more closely resembled "rampage" shootings that occurred in places other than schools, such as workplaces. This idea was supported by the differences in the motives of the shooters and the circumstances under which the shootings occurred. The inner-city shootings involved specific grievances between individuals whereas the suburban and rural school shooting cases involved youth that had exaggerated and abstract grievances. There was a spike for all kinds of rampage killings in the late 1990's. Further exploration is needed of the precursors to these incidents, including bullying in schools, illegal gun carrying by adolescents, and mental health problems of youth
Firearms and violence : a critical review by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 542 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For years proposals for gun control and the ownership of firearms have been among the most contentious issues in American politics. For public authorities to make reasonable decisions on these matters, they must take into account facts about the relationship between guns and violence as well as conflicting constitutional claims and divided public opinion. In performing these tasks, legislators need adequate data and research to judge both the effects of firearms on violence and the effects of different violence control policies. Readers of the research literature on firearms may sometimes find themselves unable to distinguish scholarship from advocacy. Given the importance of this issue, there is a pressing need for a clear and unbiased assessment of the existing portfolio of data and research. Firearms and Violence uses conventional standards of science to examine three major themes - firearms and violence, the quality of research, and the quality of data available. The book assesses the strengths and limitations of current databases, examining current research studies on firearm use and the efforts to reduce unjustified firearm use and suggests ways in which they can be improved
Pathological gambling : a critical review( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 396 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"As states have moved from merely tolerating gambling to running their own games, as communities have increasingly turned to gambling for an economic boost, important questions arise. Has the new age of gambling increased the proportion of pathological or problem gamblers in the U.S. population? Where is the threshold between "social betting" and pathology? Pathological Gambling explores America's experience of gambling." "This book provides the most up-to-date information available on the prevalence of pathological and problem gambling in the United States. It describes the effects of problem gambling on families, friendships, employment, finances, and propensity to crime."--Jacket
Violence in urban America : mobilizing a response : summary of a conference by National Research Council Staff( Book )

5 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 357 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Informing America's policy on illegal drugs : what we don't know keeps hurting us by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 353 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Advancing the federal research agenda on violence against women( Book )

4 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report is based on the presentations and deliberations of a workshop convened in January 2002 to develop a detailed research agenda on violence against women. While some of the research recommendations in the earlier report have been funded and carried out, the workshop demonstrated that important gaps remain. Prevalence and incidence data are still inadequate to measure trends or to reveal whether interventions being designed under federal programs are working
Measurement problems in criminal justice research : workshop summary by John Pepper( Book )

5 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Workshop convened on July 24, 2000 "to examine an array of measurement issues in the area of crime victimization and offending and to explore possible areas for future research to improve measurement methods"--Page 1
Deterrence and the death penalty by Charles F Manski( Book )

4 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 187 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

1. Introduction -- 2. Capital punishment in the Post-Gregg era -- 3. Determining the deterrent effect of capital punishment: key issues -- 4. Panel studies -- 5. Time-series studies -- 6. Challenges to identifying deterrent effects
Improving evaluation of anticrime programs by National Research Council Committee on Improving Evaluation of Anti-Crime Programs( Book )

3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Although billions of dollars have been spent on crime prevention and control programs during the past decade, scientifically strong impact evaluations of these programs are uncommon in the context of the overall number of programs that have received funding. Improving Evaluation of Anticrime Programs is designed as a working guide for agencies and organizations responsible for program evaluation, for researchers who must design scientifically credible evaluations of government and privately sponsored programs, and for policy officials who are investing more and more in the concept of evidence-based policy to guide their decisions in crucial areas of crime prevention and control
Understanding the demand for illegal drugs by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Printbegrænsninger: Der kan printes 10 sider ad gangen og max. 40 sider pr. session
Reforming juvenile justice : a developmental approach by Richard J Bonnie( Book )

3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 142 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Overview: Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts
Identifying the culprit : assessing eyewitness identification by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

8 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 142 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Eyewitnesses play an important role in criminal cases when they can identify culprits. Estimates suggest that tens of thousands of eyewitnesses make identifications in criminal investigations each year. Research on factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness identification procedures has given us an increasingly clear picture of how identifications are made, and more importantly, an improved understanding of the principled limits on vision and memory that can lead to failure of identification. Factors such as viewing conditions, duress, elevated emotions, and biases influence the visual perception experience. Perceptual experiences are stored by a system of memory that is highly malleable and continuously evolving, neither retaining nor divulging content in an informational vacuum. As such, the fidelity of our memories to actual events may be compromised by many factors at all stages of processing, from encoding to storage and retrieval. Unknown to the individual, memories are forgotten, reconstructed, updated, and distorted. Complicating the process further, policies governing law enforcement procedures for conducting and recording identifications are not standard, and policies and practices to address the issue of misidentification vary widely. These limitations can produce mistaken identifications with significant consequences. What can we do to make certain that eyewitness identification convicts the guilty and exonerates the innocent? Identifying the Culprit makes the case that better data collection and research on eyewitness identification, new law enforcement training protocols, standardized procedures for administering line-ups, and improvements in the handling of eyewitness identification in court can increase the chances that accurate identifications are made. This report explains the science that has emerged during the past 30 years on eyewitness identifications and identifies best practices in eyewitness procedures for the law enforcement community and in the presentation of eyewitness evidence in the courtroom. In order to continue the advancement of eyewitness identification research, the report recommends a focused research agenda. Identifying the Culprit will be an essential resource to assist the law enforcement and legal communities as they seek to understand the value and the limitations of eyewitness identification and make improvements to procedures."--Publisher's description
Transnational organized crime : summary of a workshop by National Research Council Staff( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 139 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Implementing juvenile justice reform : the federal role by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 133 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In the past decade, a number of state, local, and tribal jurisdictions have begun to take significant steps to overhaul their juvenile justice systems - for example, reducing the use of juvenile detention and out-of-home placement, bringing greater attention to racial and ethnic disparities, looking for ways to engage affected families in the process, and raising the age at which juvenile court jurisdiction ends. These changes are the result of heightening awareness of the ineffectiveness of punitive practices and accumulating knowledge about adolescent development. Momentum for reform is growing. However, many more state, local, and tribal jurisdictions need assistance, and practitioners in the juvenile justice field are looking for guidance from the federal government, particularly from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) in the Department of Justice. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform identifies and prioritizes strategies and policies to effectively facilitate reform of the juvenile justice system and develop an implementation plan for OJJDP. Based on the 2013 report Reforming Juvenile Justice, this report is designed to provide specific guidance to OJJDP regarding the steps that it should take, both internally and externally, to facilitate juvenile justice reform grounded in knowledge about adolescent development. The report identifies seven hallmarks of a developmental approach to juvenile justice to guide system reform: accountability without criminalization, alternatives to justice system involvement, individualized response based on needs and risks, confinement only when necessary for public safety, genuine commitment to fairness, sensitivity to disparate treatment, and family engagement. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform outlines how these hallmarks should be incorporated into policies and practices within OJJDP, as well as in actions extended to state, local, and tribal jurisdictions to achieve the goals of the juvenile justice system through a developmentally informed approach. This report sets forth a detailed and prioritized strategic plan for the federal government to support and facilitate developmentally oriented juvenile justice reform. The pivotal component of the plan is to strengthen the role, capacity, and commitment of OJJDP, the lead federal agency in the field. By carrying out the recommendations of Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform, the federal government will both reaffirm and advance the promise of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act."--Publisher's description
Ensuring the quality, credibility, and relevance of U.S. justice statistics by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 126 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) of the U.S. Department of Justice is one of the smallest of the U.S. principal statistical agencies but shoulders one of the most expansive and detailed legal mandates among those agencies. Ensuring the Quality, Credibility, and Relevance of U.S. Justice Statistics examines the full range of BJS programs and suggests priorities for data collection. BJS's data collection portfolio is a solid body of work, well justified by public information needs or legal requirements and a commendable effort to meet its broad mandate given less-than-commensurate fiscal resources. The book identifies some major gaps in the substantive coverage of BJS data, but notes that filling those gaps would require increased and sustained support in terms of staff and fiscal resources. In suggesting strategic goals for BJS, the book argues that the bureau's foremost goal should be to establish and maintain a strong position of independence. To avoid structural or political interference in BJS work, the report suggests changing the administrative placement of BJS within the Justice Department and making the BJS directorship a fixed-term appointment. In its thirtieth year, BJS can look back on a solid body of accomplishment; this book suggests further directions for improvement to give the nation the justice statistics -- and the BJS -- that it deserves
Understanding crime trends : workshop report by Committee on Understanding Crime Trends( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Changes over time in the levels and patterns of crime have significant consequences that affect not only the criminal justice system but also other critical policy sectors. Yet compared with such areas as health status, housing, and employment, the nation lacks timely information and comprehensive research on crime trends.<br /> Descriptive information and explanatory research on crime trends across the nation that are not only accurate, but also timely, are pressing needs in the nation's crime-control efforts. <br /> <br /> In April 2007, the National Research Council held a two-day workshop to address key substantive and methodological issues underlying the study of crime trends and to lay the groundwork for a proposed multiyear NRC panel study of these issues. Six papers were commissioned from leading researchers and discussed at the workshop by experts in sociology, criminology, law, economics, and statistics. The authors revised their papers based on the discussants' comments, and the papers were then reviewed again externally. The six final workshop papers are the basis of this volume, which represents some of the most serious thinking and research on crime trends currently available.<br />
Crime victims with developmental disabilities : report of a workshop by Joan Petersilia( Book )

4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Understanding the U.S. illicit tobacco market : characteristics, policy context, and lessons from international experiences by Peter Reuter( Book )

3 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Tobacco use has declined because of measures such as high taxes on tobacco products and bans on advertising, but worldwide there are still more than one billion people who regularly use tobacco, including many who purchase products illicitly. By contrast to many other commodities, taxes comprise a substantial portion of the retail price of cigarettes in the United States and most other nations. Large tax differentials between jurisdictions increase incentives for participation in existing illicit tobacco markets. In the United States, the illicit tobacco market consists mostly of bootlegging from low-tax states to high-tax states and is less affected by large-scale smuggling or illegal production as in other countries. In the future, nonprice regulation of cigarettes - such as product design, formulation, and packaging - could in principle, contribute to the development of new types of illicit tobacco markets. Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market reviews the nature of illicit tobacco markets, evidence for policy effects, and variations among different countries with a focus on implications for the United States. This report estimates the portion of the total U.S. tobacco market represented by illicit sales has grown in recent years and is now between 8.5 percent and 21 percent. This represents between 1.24 to 2.91 billion packs of cigarettes annually and between 2.95 billion and 6.92 billion in lost gross state and local tax revenues. Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market describes the complex system associated with illicit tobacco use by exploring some of the key features of that market - the cigarette supply chain, illicit procurement schemes, the major actors in the illicit trade, and the characteristics of users of illicit tobacco. This report draws on domestic and international experiences with the illicit tobacco trade to identify a range of possible policy and enforcement interventions by the U.S. federal government and/or states and localities."--Publisher's description
Parole, desistance from crime, and community integration by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Every day, about 1,600 people are released from prisons in the United States. Of these 600,000 new releasees every year, about 480,000 are subject to parole or some other kind of post release supervision. Prison releasees represent a challenge, both to themselves and to the communities to which they return. Will the releasees see parole as an opportunity to be reintegrated into society, with jobs and homes and supportive families and friends? Or will they commit new crimes or violate the terms of their parole contracts? If so, will they be returned to prison or placed under more stringent community supervision? Will the communities to which they return see them as people to be reintegrated or people to be avoided? And, the institution of parole itself is challenged with three different functions: to facilitate reintegration for parolees who are ready for rehabilitation; to deter crime; and to apprehend those parolees who commit new crimes and return them to prison. In recent decades, policy makers, researchers, and program administrators have focused almost exclusively on "recidivism," which is essentially the failure of releasees to refrain from crime or stay out of prison. In contrast, for this study the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) of the U.S. Department of Justice asked the National Research Council to focus on "desistance," which broadly covers continued absence of criminal activity and requires reintegration into society. Specifically, the committee was asked (1) to consider the current state of parole practices, new and emerging models of community supervision, and what is necessary for successful reentry and (2) to provide a research agenda on the effects of community supervision on desistance from criminal activity, adherence to conditions of parole, and successful reentry into the community. To carry out its charge, the committee organized and held a workshop focused on traditional and new models of community supervision, the empirical underpinnings of such models, and the infrastructure necessary to support successful reentry. Parole, Desistance from Crime, and Community Integration also reviews the literature on desistance from crime, community supervision, and the evaluation research on selected types of intervention"--Publisher's description
 
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Understanding violence against women
Alternative Names

controlled identityNational Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Law and Justice

Commission on behavioral and social sciences and education

Commission on behavioral and social sciences and education Etats-Unis Committee on law and justice

Committee on Law and Justice.

Committee on Law and Justice Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Committee on Law and Justice (Spojené státy americké)

Committee on Law and Justice (U.S.)

National research council

National Research Council Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Committee on Law and Justice

National Research Council Committee on Law and Justice

National Research Council Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Committee on Law and Justice

National research council Etats-Unis Committee on law and justice

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké). Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké) Committee on Law and Justice

National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice

National Research Council (U.S.) Committee on Law and Justice

National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice

National Research Council (Waszyngton). Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice.

National Research Council (Waszyngton). Division od Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice.

Languages
English (83)

Covers
Deadly lessons : understanding lethal school violence : case studies of School Violence CommitteeFirearms and violence : a critical reviewPathological gambling : a critical reviewViolence in urban America : mobilizing a response : summary of a conferenceInforming America's policy on illegal drugs : what we don't know keeps hurting usAdvancing the federal research agenda on violence against womenMeasurement problems in criminal justice research : workshop summaryImproving evaluation of anticrime programs