WorldCat Identities

Katzman, Kenneth

Works: 200 works in 1,011 publications in 1 language and 8,498 library holdings
Genres: Military history  Resolutions (Law)  Bibliography  History 
Roles: Author
Classifications: JK1108, 356.160955
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Kenneth Katzman
Iran : current developments and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

33 editions published between 1993 and 2003 in English and held by 341 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bush Administration is re-evaluating policy toward Iran. During the late 1990s, signs of moderation in Iran had stimulated the United States to try to engage Iran in broad, official talks. Relations took another downturn when Iran was grouped with North Korea and Iraq as part of the "axis of evil" identified in President Bush's January 29, 2002 State of the Union message. The grouping came despite Iran's tacit cooperation with the United States against the Taliban in the post-September 11, 2001 war in Afghanistan. Iran was also quietly helpful in the U.S. effort to oust Iraq's Saddam Hussein in 2003, although Iran reportedly is supporting Shiite Islamic factions there that could greatly boost Iran's influence in post-war Iraq. Some Al Qaeda activists are reportedly in Iran as well, although their relationship with the regime, if any, is unclear. The Bush Administration has warned Iran not to meddle in Iraq, to expel any Al Qaeda in Iran, and to curb its nuclear program, but the Administration has sought to dampen speculation that the United States might take major military action against Iran to change its regime
Afghanistan : current issues and U.S. policy concerns by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

36 editions published between 1995 and 2004 in English and held by 285 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan is stabilizing after more than 22 years of warfare, including a U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power. Before the U.S. military campaign against the Taliban began on Oct 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The Taliban ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until its collapse in Dec 2001 at the hands of the U.S.-led military campaign. The defeat of the Taliban enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. Since the fall of the Taliban, Afghan citizens are enjoying new personal freedoms that were forbidden before. On May 1, the United States and the Afghan government declared major U.S.-led combat to have ended and that U.S.-led forces would henceforth concentrate on stabilization. U.S. stabilization measures include training and extending the writ of the national government, building a new Afghan national army, supporting an international security force, and setting up regional enclaves to create secure conditions for reconstruction. To help foster development, the UN and the Bush Administration have lifted most sanctions imposed on Afghanistan since the Soviet occupation. The United States gave Afghanistan over $815 million in aid during FY2002. Although the minority coalition Northern Alliance emerged from the war as the dominant force in the country, the United States and UN mediators persuaded the Alliance to share power with Pashtun representatives in a broad-based interim government. On Dec 5, 2001, major Afghan factions signed an agreement to form an interim government that ran Afghanistan until a traditional national assembly ("loya jirga") was held June 11-19, 2002. The loya jirga delegates selected a new government to run Afghanistan for the next 2 years and approved a Pashtun, Harmid Karzai, to continue as leader
The warriors of Islam : Iran's Revolutionary Guard by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 262 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan : post-war governance, security and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

92 editions published between 2004 and 2015 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan's stabilization appears to be gathering strength, about three years after the U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power, but major challenges persist. Successful presidential elections were held on October 9, 2004, and economic reconstruction is proceeding. However, the insurgency led by remnants of the former Taliban regime has become more active in mid-2005, narcotics trafficking is rampant, and independent militias remain throughout the country. The report of the 9/11 Commission recommended a long-term commitment to stabilize Afghanistan. Legislation passed in December 2004 to implement those recommendations (P.L. 108-458) contains several provisions on Afghanistan
Iraq-U.S. confrontation by Alfred B Prados( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 168 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Efforts by Iraq to impede U.N. weapons inspections since late 1997 and to challenge the allied-imposed no-fly zones over northern and southern Iraq have resulted in further confrontations with the United States and its allies. In early 1998, U.S.-led retaliatory strikes against Iraq were averted by an agreement negotiated by the U.N. Secretary General on February 23, under which Iraq promised immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted access by U.N. inspectors throughout Iraq. On March 3, the U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 1154, which warned Iraq of the severest consequences for violating the agreement. A decision by Iraq to ban almost all U.N. inspections on October 31, 1998, precipitated a new phase of the confrontation. The Clinton Administration decided to abort air and missile strikes planned for November 14-15 after Iraq agreed at the last minute to resume cooperation with U.N. inspections. But, following a report on December 15 by the chief weapons inspector that Iraq was withholding cooperation, the United States and Britain conducted a 4-day operation against Iraq (Operation Desert Fox) including approximately 410 missiles and 600 bombs
Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq : U.S. regime change efforts and post-Saddam governance by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

29 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 119 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Operation Iraqi Freedom accomplished a long-standing U.S. objective, the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, but replacing his regime with a stable, moderate, democratic political structure has run into significant difficulty. The desired outcome would likely prevent Iraq from becoming a sanctuary for terrorists, a key recommendation of the 9/11 Commission report (Chapter 12, Section 2). During the 1990s, U.S. efforts to covertly change the regime failed because of limited U.S. commitment, disorganization of the Iraqi opposition, and the vigilance of Iraq's several overlapping security services. Previous U.S. Administrations had ruled out a U.S. military invasion to change the regime, believing such action would be risky and that Iraq did not pose a level of threat that would justify war. President George W. Bush characterized Iraq as a grave and gathering threat to the United States because of its refusal to abandon its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs and its potential to transfer WMD to terrorist groups. After a November 2002-March 2003 round of U.N. WMD inspections in which Iraq's cooperation was mixed, on March 19, 2003, the United States launched Operation Iraqi Freedom to disarm Iraq and change its regime. The regime fell on April 9, 2003
Iraq : post-Saddam governance and security by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

64 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 118 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Obama Administration is facing a security environment in Iraq vastly improved over that which prevailed during 2005-2007, although still not completely peaceful or without potential to deteriorate significantly. The "turnaround" has been widely attributed to the "troop surge" announced by President Bush on January 10, 2007 ("New Way Forward"). Recent Defense Department reports assess that overall frequency of violence is down to levels not seen since 2003, yet insurgents are still able to conduct high profile attacks in several major cities. These attacks have not caused a modification of the February 27, 2009, announcement by President Obama that all U.S. combat brigades would be withdrawn by August 31, 2010, leaving a residual presence of 35,000 - 50,000 U.S. trainers, advisers, and mentors, with these to be withdrawn by the end of 2011. This drawdown is in line with a U.S.-Iraq "Security Agreement," ratified by Iraq's parliament on November 27, 2008
Iraqi compliance with cease-fire agreements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 2001 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq : compliance, sanctions, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

11 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) presents the November 29, 2001 report "Iraq: Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy," written by Kenneth Katzman. The document is a U.S. Library of Congress Congressional Research Service report to the U.S. Congress. The text is available in PDF format. Katzman discusses Iraq's noncompliance in such areas as human rights, the economic sanctions on Iraq, and the question of whether the United States should work to change Iraq's regime
Iraq's opposition movements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

7 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Features the March 1998 U.S. Congressional Research Service (CRS) issue brief "Iraq's Opposition Movements," written by Kenneth Katzman and provided online by the Federation of American Scientists (FAS). Discusses United States funding of opposition activities in Iraq
Iran : U.S. concerns and policy responses by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

80 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Obama has said his Administration shares the goals of previous Administrations to contain Iran's strategic capabilities and regional influence. The Administration has not changed the previous Administration's characterization of Iran as a "profound threat to U.S. national security interests," a perception generated not only by Iran's nuclear program but also by its military assistance to armed groups in Iraq and Afghanistan, to the Palestinian group Hamas, and to Lebanese Hezbollah. The Obama Administration formulated approaches to achieve those goals that differ from those of its predecessor by expanding direct diplomatic engagement with Iran's government and by downplaying discussion of potential U.S. military action against Iranian nuclear facilities. However, the domestic unrest in Iran that has burgeoned since alleged fraud in Iran's June 12, 2009, presidential election has presented the Administration with a choice of whether to continue to engage Iran's government or to back the growing ranks of the Iranian opposition
Kuwait : current issues by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published between 1993 and 1996 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan : elections, constitution, and government by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

14 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2004 and 2005, Afghanistan adopted a permanent constitution and elected a president and parliament. The parliament is emerging as a significant force in Afghan politics, as shown in debates over a new cabinet and the 2006 budget
The Persian Gulf States : post-war issues by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Persian Gulf region is rich in oil and gas resources but has a history of armed conflict and major threats to U.S. national security. The region has seen three major wars in the past two decades: the Iran-Iraq war (1980-88), the Persian Gulf war (1991), and Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). Discusses U.S. efforts to manage remaining Gulf security interests as well as the new challenges highlighted by the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States and attempts to adapt to the aftermath of the U.S.-led offensive to change Iraq's regime (Operation Iraqi Freedom)
Iraq : oil-for-food program, international sanctions, and illicit trade by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

10 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2006 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) was conceived in the context of a tightening of U.S. sanctions on Iran during the first term of the Clinton Administration. Most experts attributed the imposition of additional sanctions to Iran's stepped up efforts to acquire nuclear expertise -- it signed a contract with Russia in January 1995 for construction of a nuclear power reactor at Bushehr -- and to a 1994-1995 spate of terrorist attacks in Israel by the Islamist organizations Hamas and Palestine Islamic Jihad, both of which receive some financial and material assistance from Iran, according to annual U.S. State Department reports on international terrorism. In 1995, President Clinton issued two executive orders: Executive Order 12957 (March 15, 1995), which banned U.S. investment in Iran's energy sector, and Executive Order 12959 (May 6, 1995), which banned U.S. trade with and investment in that country. The Clinton Administration and many in Congress maintained that the new U.S. sanctions might deprive Iran of the ability to acquire weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and fund terrorist groups by hindering its ability to modernize its key source of revenue -- the petroleum sector. The effect on Iran would be significant, according to this view, if U.S. allies joined the U.S. trade and investment ban. ILSA (P.L. 104-172) was due to expire on August 5, 2001, 5 years after enactment. Debate on renewal of ILSA centered on the difficulties incurred in implementing it, reactions to ILSA on the part of U.S. allies, and changes in U.S. relations with Iran and Libya since enactment. On August 3, 2002, President Bush signed into law H.R. 1954, P.L. 107-24, the ILSA Extension Act of 2001, renewing ILSA for another 5 years. No firms have been sanctioned under ILSA. This report will be updated to reflect legislative developments. See also CRS Issue Brief IB93033, "Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy," and CRS Issue Brief IB93109, "Libya."
Searching for stable peace in the Persian Gulf by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain its leadership role in this vital region. Dr. Katzman's monograph deals thoughtfully with this controversial issue
Iraq : oil-for-food program, illicit trade, and investigations by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

7 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The "oil-for-food" program (OFFP) was the centerpiece of a long-standing U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining key elements of the 1991 Gulf war-related sanctions regime. In order to ensure that Iraq remained contained and that only humanitarian needs were served by the program, the program imposed controls on Iraqi oil exports and humanitarian imports. All Iraqi oil revenues legally earned under the program were held in a U.N.-controlled escrow account and were not accessible to the regime of Saddam Hussein. The program was in operation from December 1996 until March 2003. Observers generally agree that the program substantially eased, but did not eliminate, human suffering in Iraq. Concerns about the program's early difficulties prompted criticism of the United States; critics asserted that the U.S. strategy was to maintain sanctions on Iraq indefinitely as a means of weakening Saddam Hussein's grip on power. At the same time, growing regional and international sympathy for the Iraqi people resulted in a pronounced relaxation of regional enforcement -- or even open defiance -- of the Iraq sanctions. The United States and other members of the United Nations Security Council were aware of billions of dollars in oil sales by Iraq to its neighbors in violation of the U.N. sanctions regime and outside of the OFFP, but did not take action to punish states engaged in illicit oil trading with Saddam Hussein's regime. Successive Administrations issued annual waivers to Congress exempting Turkey and Jordan from unilateral U.S. sanctions for their violations of U.N. oil embargo on Iraq. Until 2002, the United States argued that continued U.N. sanctions were critical to preventing Iraq from acquiring equipment that could be used to reconstitute banned weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs. In 2002, the Bush Administration asserted that sanctions were not sufficient to contain a mounting threat from Saddam Hussein's regime and the Administration decided that the military overthrow of that regime had become necessary
Oman : reform, security, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

8 editions published between 2005 and 2012 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Sultanate of Oman is a long-time U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf. It has allowed U.S. access to its military facilities for virtually every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since 1980, despite the sensitivities in Oman and throughout the Middle East about a U.S. military presence there. Oman also has fully and consistently supported U.S. efforts to achieve a Middle East peace by publicly endorsing the peace treaties that have been achieved between Israel and some of its Arab neighbors, and by occasionally hosting Israeli political leaders or meeting with them outside Oman. It was partly in appreciation for this alliance that the United States entered into a free trade agreement (FTA) with Oman. The FTA was considered pivotal to helping Oman diversify its economy to compensate for its relatively small reserves of crude oil. Perhaps because of the extensive benefits the alliance with Oman provides to U.S. Persian Gulf policy, successive U.S. Administrations have tended not to criticize Oman's relatively close relations with Iran. Oman has a tradition of cooperation with Iran dating back to the Shah of Iran's regime and Oman has always been less alarmed by the perceived threat from Iran than have the other Gulf states. Oman's leaders view possible U.S. military action against Iran's nuclear facilities as potentially more destabilizing to the region than is Iran's nuclear program or Iran's foreign policy that supports Shiite and some other hardline Islamist movements. Still, there is a long-standing assumption among U.S. policy makers that, in the event of a U.S.-Iran confrontation, Oman would at least tacitly back the United States. Another major U.S. priority in the Gulf region has been the promotion of human rights and democracy and the empowerment of civil society. Although some Omani human rights activists and civil society leaders, along with many younger Omanis, believe the democratization process has stagnated over the past 5 years
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Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography
Alternative Names
Katzman, K

Kātzmān, Kīnīṯ

كينيث كاتزمان


English (458)

Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliographyIraq : post-Saddam governance and securityIran : U.S. concerns and policy responsesThe Persian Gulf States : post-war issues