WorldCat Identities

Katzman, Kenneth

Works: 156 works in 1,007 publications in 1 language and 7,948 library holdings
Genres: Resolutions (Law)  Military history  Bibliography  History 
Roles: Author
Classifications: JK1108, 356.160955
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Kenneth Katzman
Iran current developments and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

33 editions published between 1993 and 2003 in English and held by 354 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While continuing previous U.S. Administrations' policies of containing Iran while pursuing limited engagement with it, the Bush Administration is evaluating whether or not to move toward a regime change policy, and how to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapons capability. During the late 1990s, signs of moderation in Iran had stimulated the United States to engage Iran in official talks. Relations took a downturn when Iran was grouped with North Korea and Iraq as part of the "axis of evil" identified in President Bush's Jan 29, 2002 State of the Union message. The grouping came despite Iran's tacit cooperation with the United States against the Taliban in the post-9/11 war in Afghanistan. Iran also was quietly helpful in the U.S. effort to oust Iraq's Saddam Hussein in 2003, although Iran reportedly is supporting Shiite Islamic factions there that could boost Iran's influence in post-war Iraq. Some Al Qaeda activists are in Iran as well. The Bush Administration has warned Iran not to meddle in Iraq, to extradite any Al Qaeda in Iran, and to curb its nuclear program. The Administration has sought to dampen speculation that the United States might take major military action against Iran to change its regime, but it has indicated support for demonstrators and others in Iran who call for major internal changes. Iran's efforts to acquire WMD, coupled with its support of terrorist groups, have long been key U.S. concerns. The concerns have been heightened recently by reported major strides in Iran's nuclear program. Another U.S. concern has been Iran's opposition to the U.S.-led Middle East peace process since its inception in Oct 1991. Iran continues to provide material support to Hizballah in Lebanon and to Palestinian groups that oppose the Arab-Israeli peace process (e.g., Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad). Thus far, the Bush Administration has continued most aspects of the containment policies toward Iran that characterized preceding administrations
Afghanistan current issues and U.S. policy concerns by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

36 editions published between 1995 and 2004 in English and held by 295 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan is stabilizing after more than 22 years of warfare, including a U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power. Before the U.S. military campaign against the Taliban began on Oct 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The Taliban ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until its collapse in Dec 2001 at the hands of the U.S.-led military campaign. The defeat of the Taliban enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. Since the fall of the Taliban, Afghan citizens are enjoying new personal freedoms that were forbidden before. On May 1, the United States and the Afghan government declared major U.S.-led combat to have ended and that U.S.-led forces would henceforth concentrate on stabilization. U.S. stabilization measures include training and extending the writ of the national government, building a new Afghan national army, supporting an international security force, and setting up regional enclaves to create secure conditions for reconstruction. To help foster development, the UN and the Bush Administration have lifted most sanctions imposed on Afghanistan since the Soviet occupation. The United States gave Afghanistan over $815 million in aid during FY2002. Although the minority coalition Northern Alliance emerged from the war as the dominant force in the country, the United States and UN mediators persuaded the Alliance to share power with Pashtun representatives in a broad-based interim government. On Dec 5, 2001, major Afghan factions signed an agreement to form an interim government that ran Afghanistan until a traditional national assembly ("loya jirga") was held June 11-19, 2002. The loya jirga delegates selected a new government to run Afghanistan for the next 2 years and approved a Pashtun, Harmid Karzai, to continue as leader
The warriors of Islam : Iran's Revolutionary Guard by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 263 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan : post-war governance, security and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

92 editions published between 2003 and 2015 in English and held by 230 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan's stabilization appears to be gathering strength, about three years after the U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power, but major challenges persist. Successful presidential elections held on October 9, 2004, and economic reconstruction is proceeding. However, the insurgency led by remnants of the former Taliban regime is still active, narcotics trafficking is rampant, and local militias, largely independent of government authority, remain throughout the country. The report of the 9/11 Commission recommended a long-term commitment to stabilize Afghanistan. Legislation passed in December 2004 to implement those recommendations (P.L. 108-458) contains several provisions on Afghanistan
Iraq current sanctions, long term threat, and U.S. policy options by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

15 editions published between 1991 and 2001 in English and held by 227 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Successive U.S. administrations since Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution have viewed Iran as a potential threat to U.S. allies and forces in the Persian Gulf and in the broader Middle East, and have sought to limit its military capabilities. At the same time, the Clinton Administration and Congress were wary that Iran's political evolution could stop or reverse course, and they did not ease U.S. efforts to deny Iran the arms and technology with which it could dominate or intimidate pro-U.S. This dependence has given the United States some opportunity to work with potential suppliers to contain Iran's WMD capabilities. The Clinton Administration generally preferred diplomacy and engagement with supplier states, and it used the threat of sanctions to obtain supplier cooperation. Some in Congress maintain that U.S. efforts to halt technology flows to Iran would be more effective if there were a broader and sustained U.S. willingness to sanction supplier states
Iraq U.S. regime change efforts and post-Saddam governance by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

37 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 196 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Operation Iraqi Freedom accomplished a long-standing U.S. objective, the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, but replacing his regime with a stable, moderate, democratic political structure has been more difficult than anticipated. The desired outcome would likely prevent Iraq from becoming a sanctuary for terrorists, a key recommendation of the 9/11 Commission report (Chapter 12, Section 2). During the 1990s, U.S. efforts to change Iraq's regime failed because of limited U.S. commitment, disorganization of the Iraqi opposition, and the vigilance of Iraq's overlapping security services. President George W. Bush characterized Iraq as a grave and gathering threat because of its refusal to abandon its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs and its potential to transfer WMD to terrorist groups. After a November 2002-March 2003 round of U.N. WMD inspections in which Iraq's cooperation was mixed, on March 19, 2003, the United States launched Operation Iraqi Freedom to disarm and change Iraq's regime. The regime fell on April 9, 2003. In the months prior to the war, the Administration stressed that regime change through U.S.-led military action would yield benefits beyond disarmament and reduction of support for terrorism Iraq's conversion from dictatorship to democracy, it was argued, might catalyze the promotion of democracy throughout the Middle East. However, escalating resistance to the U.S.-led occupation has complicated U.S. efforts to establish legitimate and effective Iraqi political and security bodies and establish democracy. Partly in an effort to satisfy Iraqi demands for an end to coalition occupation, the United States accelerated the hand over of sovereignty. An interim government was named on June 1, 2004, and the handover took place on June 28, 2004. Elections were held on January 30, 2005 for a transitional National Assembly, and major parties are negotiating to form a new government
Iraq-U.S. confrontation by Alfred B Prados( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Efforts by Iraq to impede U.N. weapons inspections since late 1997 and to challenge the allied-imposed no-fly zones over northern and southern Iraq have resulted in further confrontations with the United States and its allies. In early 1998, U.S.-led retaliatory strikes against Iraq were averted by an agreement negotiated by the U.N. Secretary General on February 23, under which Iraq promised immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted access by U.N. inspectors throughout Iraq. On March 3, the U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 1154, which warned Iraq of the severest consequences for violating the agreement. A decision by Iraq to ban almost all U.N. inspections on October 31, 1998, precipitated a new phase of the confrontation. The Clinton Administration decided to abort air and missile strikes planned for November 14-15 after Iraq agreed at the last minute to resume cooperation with U.N. inspections. But, following a report on December 15 by the chief weapons inspector that Iraq was withholding cooperation, the United States and Britain conducted a 4-day operation against Iraq (Operation Desert Fox) including approximately 410 missiles and 600 bombs
Terrorism : Near Eastern groups and state sponsors by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

18 editions published between 1995 and 2008 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This report is an annual analysis of Near Eastern terrorist groups and countries on the U.S. 'terrorism list.'. The report also discusses significant themes in U.S. unilateral and multilateral efforts to combat terrorism in or from the region. The analysis draws extensively from the State Department's annual report on international terrorism, entitled Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1999. (State Department Publication 10687, Released April 2000.) It also relies on press reports as well as conversations with U.S. counter-terrorism officials, experts from the United States and the region, investigative journalists, and foreign diplomats." -- From Introduction
Iran : U.S. concerns and policy responses by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

87 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Obama has said his Administration shares the goals of previous Administrations to contain Iran's strategic capabilities and regional influence. The Administration has not changed the previous Administration's characterization of Iran as a "profound threat to U.S. national security interests," a perception generated not only by Iran's nuclear program but also by its military assistance to armed groups in Iraq and Afghanistan, to the Palestinian group Hamas, and to Lebanese Hezbollah. The Obama Administration formulated approaches to achieve those goals that differ from those of its predecessor by expanding direct diplomatic engagement with Iran's government and by downplaying discussion of potential U.S. military action against Iranian nuclear facilities. However, the domestic unrest in Iran that has burgeoned since alleged fraud in Iran's June 12, 2009, presidential election has presented the Administration with a choice of whether to continue to engage Iran's government or to back the growing ranks of the Iranian opposition
Iraq compliance, sanctions, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

17 editions published between 2001 and 2003 in English and held by 140 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In recent years, the United States has been unable to maintain an international consensus for strict enforcement of all applicable U.N. Security Council resolutions on Iraq, but it has largely succeeded in preventing Iraq from reemerging as an immediate strategic threat to the region. In the wake of the September 11 attacks, there is heightened U.S. concern about the potential threat posed by Iraq₂s weapons of mass destruction programs and alleged ties to terrorist groups, and the Bush Administration has said it will confront that potential threat, even if it has to act militarily and without formal U.N. authorization. The Administration is employing a number of tactics to reduce the threat posed by Iraq, including international sanctions and diplomacy, reported covert action, and preparations for possible military action. Changing Iraq₂s regime, which the Administration says remains a U.S. goal, is not openly supported by many other governments, particularly if it involves major military action. However, many governments support U.S. action through the United Nations to enforce Security Council resolutions requiring Iraqi disarmament of its mass destruction weapons (WMD) programs, and the Bush Administration appears to be tailoring its policy to that objective. Part of the debate over U.S. policy centers on whether Iraq₂s WMD programs can be ended through a reintroduction of U.N. weapons inspectors. During 1991-1998, a U.N. Special Commission on Iraq (UNSCOM) made considerable progress in dismantling and monitoring Iraq₂s but was unable to finish verifying Iraq₂s claim that it has destroyed all its WMD or related equipment. Iraq₂s refusal of full cooperation with UNSCOM eventually prompted U.S.-British military action in December 1998. All inspectors withdrew and Iraq has been unmonitored since, leaving uncertainty as to the degree to which Iraq has rebuilt its WMD programs. . -- Summary
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

23 editions published between 2001 and 2007 in English and held by 130 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) was conceived in the context of a tightening of U.S. sanctions on Iran during the first term of the Clinton Administration. Sanctions were added as a response to Iran's stepped up efforts to acquire nuclear expertise and its reputed support to terrorist organizations, including Hizbollah, Hamas, and Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ). In 1995, President Clinton issued two executive orders, including Executive Order 12957 (March 15, 1995), which banned U.S. investment in Iran's energy sector, and Executive Order 12959 (May 6, 1995), which banned U.S. trade with and investment in that country. The Clinton Administration and many in Congress maintained that the new U.S. sanctions would deprive Iran of the ability to acquire weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and fund terrorist groups by hindering its ability to modernize its key petroleum sector, which generates revenues that account for about 10% of Iran's GDP. Iran's onshore oil fields, as well as its oil industry infrastructure, are old and needed substantial investment, and its large natural gas resources (believed to be the second largest in the world, after Russia) were not developed at all at the time ILSA was first considered. In August 2001, ILSA (P.L. 104-172) was renewed for another 5 years. No firms have been sanctioned under ILSA, and ILSA has terminated with respect to Libya. In the 109th Congress, H.R. 282 and S. 333 contain provisions that would modify ILSA. This report will be updated to reflect legislative developments. See also CRS Report RL32048, "Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses," and CRS Issue Brief IB93109, "Libya."
Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraqi compliance with cease-fire agreements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 2001 in English and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq weapons programs, UN requirements, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

13 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq : post-Saddam governance and security by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

64 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 117 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Obama Administration is facing a security environment in Iraq vastly improved over that which prevailed during 2005-2007, although still not completely peaceful or without potential to deteriorate significantly. The overall frequency of violence is down to levels not seen since 2003, yet insurgents are able to conduct high profile attacks. These attacks did not derail the June 30, 2009 U.S. withdrawal of combat troops from major cities and have not, to date, caused a modification of the February 27, 2009, announcement by President Obama that all U.S. combat brigades would be withdrawn by August 31, 2010. This would leave a residual presence of 35,000-50,000 U.S. trainers, advisers, and mentors, with these to be withdrawn by the end of 2011. This drawdown is in line with a U.S.-Iraq "Security Agreement," ratified by Iraq's parliament on November 27, 2008
Iraq oil-for-food program, international sanctions, and illicit trade by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

18 editions published between 2001 and 2007 in English and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The "oil-for-food" program (OFFP) was the centerpiece of a long-standing U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining key elements of the 1991 Gulf war-related sanctions regime. In order to ensure that Iraq remained contained and that only humanitarian needs were served by the program, the program imposed controls on Iraqi oil exports and humanitarian imports. All Iraqi oil revenues legally earned under the program were held in a U.N.-controlled escrow account and were not accessible to the regime of Saddam Hussein. The program was in operation from December 1996 until March 2003. Observers generally agree that the program substantially eased, but did not eliminate, human suffering in Iraq. Concerns about the program's early difficulties prompted criticism of the United States; critics asserted that the U.S. strategy was to maintain sanctions on Iraq indefinitely as a means of weakening Saddam Hussein's grip on power. At the same time, growing regional and international sympathy for the Iraqi people resulted in a pronounced relaxation of regional enforcement -- or even open defiance -- of the Iraq sanctions. The United States and other members of the United Nations Security Council were aware of billions of dollars in oil sales by Iraq to its neighbors in violation of the U.N. sanctions regime and outside of the OFFP, but did not take action to punish states engaged in illicit oil trading with Saddam Hussein's regime. Successive Administrations issued annual waivers to Congress exempting Turkey and Jordan from unilateral U.S. sanctions for their violations of U.N. oil embargo on Iraq. Until 2002, the United States argued that continued U.N. sanctions were critical to preventing Iraq from acquiring equipment that could be used to reconstitute banned weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs. In 2002, the Bush Administration asserted that sanctions were not sufficient to contain a mounting threat from Saddam Hussein's regime and the Administration decided that the military overthrow of that regime had become necessary
Iraq's opposition movements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

7 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Features the March 1998 U.S. Congressional Research Service (CRS) issue brief "Iraq's Opposition Movements," written by Kenneth Katzman and provided online by the Federation of American Scientists (FAS). Discusses United States funding of opposition activities in Iraq
The Persian Gulf States : post-war issues by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

8 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Persian Gulf region is rich in oil and gas resources but has a history of armed conflict and major threats to U.S. national security. The region has seen three major wars in the past two decades: the Iran-Iraq war (1980-88), the Persian Gulf war (1991), and Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). Discusses U.S. efforts to manage remaining Gulf security interests as well as the new challenges highlighted by the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States and attempts to adapt to the aftermath of the U.S.-led offensive to change Iraq's regime (Operation Iraqi Freedom)
The Persian Gulf issues for U.S. policy, 2000 by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

11 editions published between 2000 and 2003 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bush Administration has said that the fall of Saddam Hussein s regime in April 2003 will ease the security challenges the Persian Gulf region faces. The U.S.- led war has ended Iraq s ability to produceweapons of mass destruction (WMD)and virtually ended any Iraqi conventional military threat to the region. However, some of the Persian Gulf states (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates) fear that Iraq might no longer serve as a strategic counterweight to Iran and they fear that pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim groups might obtain a major share of power in post-war Iraq. Substantial Administration concern remains about Iran sWMD programs, particularly what appear to be rapid advances in its nuclear program, and the potential for Iran to transfer that technology or materiel to the terrorist groups it supports. Over the longer term, with Iraq no longer a major power and the United States likely to sharply reduce its Gulf presence once Iraq is stabilized, the Gulf states might try to fashion a new security architecture for the Gulf that is based more on regional states and less on the United States. On the other hand, a reduction of the U.S. military presence in the Gulf might benefit the Gulf states by easing internal opposition to close cooperation with the United States. Internally, most of the Gulf states are feeling pressure from a portion of their publicswho largely viewthe U.S. war on Iraq as an invasion and occupation and who blame Gulf and other Arab governments for failing to head off the U.S. offensive. The Gulf governments are also being blamed by some in their population for failing to persuade the United States to end what is viewed in the region as a pronounced U.S. tilt toward Israel in the Israeli-Palestinian dispute. At the same time, some Gulf states are opening up their political processes as a means of deflecting popular pressure
Searching for stable peace in the Persian Gulf by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain its leadership role in this vital region. Dr. Katzman's monograph deals thoughtfully with this controversial issue
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Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography
Alternative Names
Katzman, K

Kātzmān, Kīnīṯ

كينيث كاتزمان


English (519)

Terrorism : Near Eastern groups and state sponsorsIran : U.S. concerns and policy responsesIraq : issues, historical background, bibliographyIraq : post-Saddam governance and securityThe Persian Gulf States : post-war issues