WorldCat Identities

Katzman, Kenneth

Works: 198 works in 1,012 publications in 1 language and 8,554 library holdings
Genres: Military history  Resolutions (Law)  Bibliography  History 
Roles: Author
Classifications: JK1108, 356.160955
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Kenneth Katzman
Iran : current developments and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

33 editions published between 1993 and 2003 in English and held by 341 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While continuing previous U.S. Administrations' policies of containing Iran while pursuing limited engagement with it, the Bush Administration is evaluating whether or not to move toward a regime change policy, and how to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapons capability. During the late 1990s, signs of moderation in Iran had stimulated the United States to engage Iran in official talks. Relations took a downturn when Iran was grouped with North Korea and Iraq as part of the "axis of evil" identified in President Bush's Jan 29, 2002 State of the Union message. The grouping came despite Iran's tacit cooperation with the United States against the Taliban in the post-9/11 war in Afghanistan. Iran also was quietly helpful in the U.S. effort to oust Iraq's Saddam Hussein in 2003, although Iran reportedly is supporting Shiite Islamic factions there that could boost Iran's influence in post-war Iraq. Some Al Qaeda activists are in Iran as well. The Bush Administration has warned Iran not to meddle in Iraq, to extradite any Al Qaeda in Iran, and to curb its nuclear program. The Administration has sought to dampen speculation that the United States might take major military action against Iran to change its regime, but it has indicated support for demonstrators and others in Iran who call for major internal changes. Iran's efforts to acquire WMD, coupled with its support of terrorist groups, have long been key U.S. concerns. The concerns have been heightened recently by reported major strides in Iran's nuclear program. Another U.S. concern has been Iran's opposition to the U.S.-led Middle East peace process since its inception in Oct 1991. Iran continues to provide material support to Hizballah in Lebanon and to Palestinian groups that oppose the Arab-Israeli peace process (e.g., Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad). Thus far, the Bush Administration has continued most aspects of the containment policies toward Iran that characterized preceding administrations
Afghanistan : current issues and U.S. policy concerns by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

36 editions published between 1995 and 2004 in English and held by 285 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan is stabilizing after more than 22 years of warfare, including a U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power. Before the U.S. military campaign against the Taliban movement began on Oct 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The Taliban ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until its collapse in Dec 2001 at the hands of the U.S. and Afghan opposition military campaign. The defeat of the Taliban enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. Since the fall of the Taliban, Afghan citizens are enjoying new personal freedoms that were forbidden before. As U.S.-led combat activity against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements has diminished, the United States has been shifting its military focus toward stabilizing and extending the writ of the central government. Stabilization measures include training a new Afghan national army, supporting an international security force, and setting up regional enclaves to protect aid and reconstruction workers. To help foster development, the UN and the Bush Administration have lifted most sanctions imposed on Afghanistan since the Soviet occupation. The United States gave Afghanistan over $815 million in aid during FY2002. Although the minority coalition Northern Alliance emerged from the war as the dominant force in the country, the United States and UN mediators persuaded the Alliance to share power with Pashtun representatives in a broad-based interim government. On Dec 5, 2001, major Afghan factions signed an agreement to form an interim government that ran Afghanistan until a traditional national assembly ("loya jirga") was held June 11-19, 2002. The loya jirga delegates selected a new government to run Afghanistan for the next 18 months and approved a Pashtun, Harmid Karzai, to continue as leader
The warriors of Islam : Iran's Revolutionary Guard by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 261 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan : post-war governance, security and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

92 editions published between 2004 and 2015 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan's stabilization appears to be gathering strength, about three years after the U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power, but major challenges persist. Successful presidential elections were held on October 9, 2004, and economic reconstruction is proceeding. However, the insurgency led by remnants of the former Taliban regime has become more active in mid-2005, narcotics trafficking is rampant, and independent militias remain throughout the country. The report of the 9/11 Commission recommended a long-term commitment to stabilize Afghanistan. Legislation passed in December 2004 to implement those recommendations (P.L. 108-458) contains several provisions on Afghanistan
Iraq-U.S. confrontation by Alfred B Prados( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 168 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Efforts by Iraq to impede U.N. weapons inspections since late 1997 and to challenge the allied-imposed no-fly zones over northern and southern Iraq have resulted in further confrontations with the United States and its allies. In early 1998, U.S.-led retaliatory strikes against Iraq were averted by an agreement negotiated by the U.N. Secretary General on February 23, under which Iraq promised immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted access by U.N. inspectors throughout Iraq. On March 3, the U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 1154, which warned Iraq of the severest consequences for violating the agreement. A decision by Iraq to ban almost all U.N. inspections on October 31, 1998, precipitated a new phase of the confrontation. The Clinton Administration decided to abort air and missile strikes planned for November 14-15 after Iraq agreed at the last minute to resume cooperation with U.N. inspections. But, following a report on December 15 by the chief weapons inspector that Iraq was withholding cooperation, the United States and Britain conducted a 4-day operation against Iraq (Operation Desert Fox) including approximately 410 missiles and 600 bombs
Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq : U.S. regime change efforts and post-Saddam governance by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

29 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 119 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Operation Iraqi Freedom accomplished a long-standing U.S. objective, the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, but replacing his regime with a stable, moderate, democratic political structure has been complicated by a persistent Sunni Muslim-led insurgency. The Bush Administration asserts that establishing democracy in Iraq will catalyze the promotion of democracy throughout the Middle East. The desired outcome would also likely prevent Iraq from becoming a sanctuary for terrorists, a key recommendation of the 9/11 Commission report (Chapter 12, Section 2). On the other hand, U.S. commanders and senior intelligence officials say that Islamic militants have entered Iraq since Saddam Hussein fell, to fight what they see as a new jihad (Islamic war) against the United States. The Bush Administration asserts that U.S. policy in Iraq is now showing substantial success, demonstrated by January 30, 2005 elections that chose a National Assembly, a decline in the insurgency, and progress in building Iraq's various security forces. Plans are for votes on a permanent constitution by October 31, 2005, and for a permanent government by December 15, 2005. Others believe the insurgency is still widespread and that the Iraqi government could not stand on its own were U.S. and allied international forces to withdraw from Iraq
Iraq : post-Saddam governance and security by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

64 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 118 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Obama Administration is facing a security environment in Iraq vastly improved over that which prevailed during 2005-2007, although still not completely peaceful or without potential to deteriorate significantly. The "turnaround" has been widely attributed to the "troop surge" announced by President Bush on January 10, 2007 ("New Way Forward"). Recent Defense Department reports assess that overall frequency of violence is down to levels not seen since 2003, yet insurgents are still able to conduct high profile attacks in several major cities. These attacks have not caused a modification of the February 27, 2009, announcement by President Obama that all U.S. combat brigades would be withdrawn by August 31, 2010, leaving a residual presence of 35,000 - 50,000 U.S. trainers, advisers, and mentors, with these to be withdrawn by the end of 2011. This drawdown is in line with a U.S.-Iraq "Security Agreement," ratified by Iraq's parliament on November 27, 2008
Iraqi compliance with cease-fire agreements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 2001 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq's opposition movements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

7 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Features the March 1998 U.S. Congressional Research Service (CRS) issue brief "Iraq's Opposition Movements," written by Kenneth Katzman and provided online by the Federation of American Scientists (FAS). Discusses United States funding of opposition activities in Iraq
Iraq : compliance, sanctions, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

11 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) presents the November 29, 2001 report "Iraq: Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy," written by Kenneth Katzman. The document is a U.S. Library of Congress Congressional Research Service report to the U.S. Congress. The text is available in PDF format. Katzman discusses Iraq's noncompliance in such areas as human rights, the economic sanctions on Iraq, and the question of whether the United States should work to change Iraq's regime
Iran : U.S. concerns and policy responses by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

80 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Obama has said his Administration shares the goals of the previous Administration to contain Iran's strategic capabilities and regional influence, but the Obama Administration has formulated approaches to achieve those goals that differ from those of its predecessor in particular through expanded direct diplomatic engagement with Iran. This effort has begun to be put in practice with messages to the Iranian people by President Obama, and through a growing number of invitations to and contact with Iranian diplomats at multilateral meetings, including those on Iran's nuclear program. The Administration also has de-emphasized policies that have angered Iranian leaders including: ratcheting up international sanctions, efforts to promote democracy in Iran, and the potential for U.S. military action. In May 2009, President Obama said his Administration might renew the previous focus on sanctioning and pressuring Iran if, by the end of 2009, Iran does not show signs of willingness to compromise. Bills in the 111th Congress, such as H.R. 2194 and S. 908, would tighten U.S. sanctions on Iran by amending the Iran Sanctions Act to penalize sales to Iran of gasoline. Before Iran's June 12, 2009, presidential elections, there was debate over whether the new approaches would yield clear results. The U.S. strategy has been further complicated by the allegations of a "stolen election" by the challengers to declared election winner, incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and the large protests held to demand a new vote. Administration officials say that U.S. goals have not been altered by the election and President Obama, while criticizing Iran's use of violence against protesters, has not announced any changes in policy toward Iran. Congress has passed resolutions that express solidarity with the demonstrators and condemn the regime's repression of them
Kuwait : current issues by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published between 1993 and 1996 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan : elections, constitution, and government by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

14 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2004 and 2005, Afghanistan adopted a permanent constitution and elected a president and a parliament. The parliament is emerging as a significant force in Afghan politics, as shown in debates to approve cabinet and Supreme Court appointments, and the 2006 budget. However, the Afghan government's inability to extend its authority throughout the country has caused some disillusionment and has contributed to renewed Taliban violence in 2006. See CRS Report RL30588, "Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy," by Kenneth Katzman
The Persian Gulf States : post-war issues by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Persian Gulf region is rich in oil and gas resources but has a history of armed conflict and major threats to U.S. national security. The region has seen three major wars in the past two decades: the Iran-Iraq war (1980-88), the Persian Gulf war (1991), and Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). Discusses U.S. efforts to manage remaining Gulf security interests as well as the new challenges highlighted by the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States and attempts to adapt to the aftermath of the U.S.-led offensive to change Iraq's regime (Operation Iraqi Freedom)
Iraq : oil-for-food program, international sanctions, and illicit trade by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

10 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2006 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) was conceived in the context of a tightening of U.S. sanctions on Iran during the first term of the Clinton Administration. Most experts attributed the imposition of additional sanctions to Iran's stepped up efforts to acquire nuclear expertise -- it signed a contract with Russia in January 1995 for construction of a nuclear power reactor at Bushehr -- and to a 1994-1995 spate of terrorist attacks in Israel by the Islamist organizations Hamas and Palestine Islamic Jihad, both of which receive some financial and material assistance from Iran, according to annual U.S. State Department reports on international terrorism. In 1995, President Clinton issued two executive orders, including Executive Order 12957 (March 15, 1995), which banned U.S. investment in Iran's energy sector, and Executive Order 12959 (May 6, 1995), which banned U.S. trade with and investment in that country. The Clinton Administration and many in Congress maintained that the new U.S. sanctions might begin to deprive Iran of the ability to acquire weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and fund terrorist groups by hindering its ability to modernize its key source of revenue -- the petroleum sector. The effect on Iran would be significant, according to this view, if U.S. allies joined the U.S. trade and investment ban. ILSA (P.L. 104-172) is due to expire on August 5, 2001, 5 years after enactment. Discussion on renewal of ILSA appears to center on the difficulties incurred in implementing it, reactions to ILSA on the part of U.S. allies, and changes in U.S. relations with Iran and Libya since its enactment. H.R. 1954 and S. 994, the ILSA Extension Act of 2001, would renew ILSA for another 5 years. This report will be updated to reflect legislative developments. See also CRS Issue Brief IB93033, "Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy," and CRS Issue Brief IB93109, "Libya."
The Iran Sanctions Act (ILSA) by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

28 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program is increasing the hesitation of many major foreign firms to invest in Iran's energy sector, hindering Iran's efforts to expand oil production beyond 4.1 million barrels per day. However, Iran continues to attract energy investment interest from firms primarily in Asia, which appear eager to fill the void left by major European and American firms and to line up steady supplies of Iranian oil and gas. The formal U.S. effort to curb energy investment in Iran began in 1996 with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA). No firms have been sanctioned under it and the precise effects of that law on energy investment in Iran -- as separate from other factors affecting international firms' decisions on whether to invest in Iran -- has been unclear. In the 110th Congress, two bills passed the House (H.R. 1400 and H.R. 7112) that would add several ISA provisions. As many in Congress express concern about Iran's continuing progress on its nuclear program, versions or variations of these bills have been introduced in the 111th Congress. Related legislation broadening sanctions on foreign firms that not only invest in but also supply Iran's energy sector was passed as a Sense of Congress amendment to S. Con. Res. 13, the FY2010 budget resolution. Additional ideas discussed by observers focus on adding certain activities that would constitute violations of ISA, such as provision of shipping insurance to Iran's tanker fleet, maintaining a business presence in Iran, selling refined gasoline to Iran, or supplying equipment to or performing the construction of oil refineries in Iran. This report will be updated regularly. See CRS Report RL32048, "Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses," by Kenneth Katzman
Searching for stable peace in the Persian Gulf by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain its leadership role in this vital region. Dr. Katzman's monograph deals thoughtfully with this controversial issue
Oman : reform, security, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

8 editions published between 2005 and 2012 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Sultanate of Oman is a long-time U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf; it has allowed U.S. access to its military facilities for virtually every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since 1980. Partly in appreciation, the United States has forged a free trade agreement (FTA) with Oman. Sultan Qaboos has been opening the political process slowly while managing an economy lacking vast oil reserves. This report will be updated
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Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography
Alternative Names
Katzman, K

Kātzmān, Kīnīṯ

كينيث كاتزمان


English (479)

Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliographyIraq : post-Saddam governance and securityIran : U.S. concerns and policy responsesThe Persian Gulf States : post-war issues