WorldCat Identities

Katzman, Kenneth

Works: 202 works in 1,022 publications in 1 language and 10,598 library holdings
Genres: Military history  Resolutions (Law)  History 
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Kenneth Katzman
Iraq : post-Saddam governance and security by Kenneth Katzman( )

64 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and held by 1,449 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Obama Administration is facing a security environment in Iraq vastly improved over that which prevailed during 2005-2007, although still not completely peaceful or without potential to deteriorate significantly. The overall frequency of violence is down to levels not seen since 2003, yet insurgents are able to conduct high profile attacks. These attacks did not derail the June 30, 2009 U.S. withdrawal of combat troops from major cities and have not, to date, caused a modification of the February 27, 2009, announcement by President Obama that all U.S. combat brigades would be withdrawn by August 31, 2010. This would leave a residual presence of 35,000-50,000 U.S. trainers, advisers, and mentors, with these to be withdrawn by the end of 2011. This drawdown is in line with a U.S.-Iraq "Security Agreement," ratified by Iraq's parliament on November 27, 2008
Afghanistan : current issues and U.S. policy concerns by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

36 editions published between 1995 and 2004 in English and held by 405 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan is stabilizing after more than 22 years of warfare, including a U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power. Before the U.S. military campaign against the Taliban began on Oct 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The Taliban ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until its collapse in Dec 2001 at the hands of the U.S.-led military campaign. The defeat of the Taliban enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. Since the fall of the Taliban, Afghan citizens are enjoying new personal freedoms that were forbidden before. On May 1, the United States and the Afghan government declared major U.S.-led combat to have ended and that U.S.-led forces would henceforth concentrate on stabilization. U.S. stabilization measures include training and extending the writ of the national government, building a new Afghan national army, supporting an international security force, and setting up regional enclaves to create secure conditions for reconstruction. To help foster development, the UN and the Bush Administration have lifted most sanctions imposed on Afghanistan since the Soviet occupation. The United States gave Afghanistan over $815 million in aid during FY2002. Although the minority coalition Northern Alliance emerged from the war as the dominant force in the country, the United States and UN mediators persuaded the Alliance to share power with Pashtun representatives in a broad-based interim government. On Dec 5, 2001, major Afghan factions signed an agreement to form an interim government that ran Afghanistan until a traditional national assembly ("loya jirga") was held June 11-19, 2002. The loya jirga delegates selected a new government to run Afghanistan for the next 2 years and approved a Pashtun, Harmid Karzai, to continue as leader
Afghanistan : post-war governance, security and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( )

92 editions published between 2004 and 2015 in English and held by 392 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan's stabilization appears to be gathering strength, about three years after the U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power, but major challenges persist. Successful presidential elections held on October 9, 2004, and economic reconstruction is proceeding. However, the insurgency led by remnants of the former Taliban regime is still active, narcotics trafficking is rampant, and local militias, largely independent of government authority, remain throughout the country. The report of the 9/11 Commission recommended a long-term commitment to stabilize Afghanistan. Legislation passed in December 2004 to implement those recommendations (P.L. 108-458) contains several provisions on Afghanistan
Iran : current developments and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

33 editions published between 1993 and 2003 in English and held by 331 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While continuing previous U.S. Administrations' policies of containing Iran while pursuing limited engagement with it, the Bush Administration is evaluating whether or not to move toward a regime change policy, and how to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapons capability. During the late 1990s, signs of moderation in Iran had stimulated the United States to engage Iran in official talks. Relations took a downturn when Iran was grouped with North Korea and Iraq as part of the "axis of evil" identified in President Bush's Jan 29, 2002 State of the Union message. The grouping came despite Iran's tacit cooperation with the United States against the Taliban in the post-9/11 war in Afghanistan. Iran also was quietly helpful in the U.S. effort to oust Iraq's Saddam Hussein in 2003, although Iran reportedly is supporting Shiite Islamic factions there that could boost Iran's influence in post-war Iraq. Some Al Qaeda activists are in Iran as well. The Bush Administration has warned Iran not to meddle in Iraq, to extradite any Al Qaeda in Iran, and to curb its nuclear program. The Administration has sought to dampen speculation that the United States might take major military action against Iran to change its regime, but it has indicated support for demonstrators and others in Iran who call for major internal changes. Iran's efforts to acquire WMD, coupled with its support of terrorist groups, have long been key U.S. concerns. The concerns have been heightened recently by reported major strides in Iran's nuclear program. Another U.S. concern has been Iran's opposition to the U.S.-led Middle East peace process since its inception in Oct 1991. Iran continues to provide material support to Hizballah in Lebanon and to Palestinian groups that oppose the Arab-Israeli peace process (e.g., Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad). Thus far, the Bush Administration has continued most aspects of the containment policies toward Iran that characterized preceding administrations
The warriors of Islam : Iran's Revolutionary Guard by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 269 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Searching for stable peace in the Persian Gulf by Kenneth Katzman( )

6 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 261 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain its leadership role in this vital region. Dr. Katzman's monograph deals thoughtfully with this controversial issue
Iraq-U.S. confrontation by Alfred B Prados( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 220 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Efforts by Iraq to impede U.N. weapons inspections since late 1997 and to challenge the allied-imposed no-fly zones over northern and southern Iraq have resulted in further confrontations with the United States and its allies. In early 1998, U.S.-led retaliatory strikes against Iraq were averted by an agreement negotiated by the U.N. Secretary General on February 23, under which Iraq promised immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted access by U.N. inspectors throughout Iraq. On March 3, the U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 1154, which warned Iraq of the severest consequences for violating the agreement. A decision by Iraq to ban almost all U.N. inspections on October 31, 1998, precipitated a new phase of the confrontation. The Clinton Administration decided to abort air and missile strikes planned for November 14-15 after Iraq agreed at the last minute to resume cooperation with U.N. inspections. But, following a report on December 15 by the chief weapons inspector that Iraq was withholding cooperation, the United States and Britain conducted a 4-day operation against Iraq (Operation Desert Fox) including approximately 410 missiles and 600 bombs
Iran : U.S. concerns and policy responses by Kenneth Katzman( )

80 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and held by 209 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Obama has said his Administration shares the goals of the previous Administration to contain Iran's strategic capabilities and regional influence, but the Obama Administration has formulated approaches to achieve those goals that differ from those of its predecessor-in particular through expanded direct diplomatic engagement with Iran. This effort was put into practice with messages to the Iranian people by President Obama, and through invitations to and contact with Iranian diplomats at multilateral meetings, including those on Iran's nuclear program. The Administration also slowed or discontinued policies that Iranian eaders considered hostile including: ratcheting up international sanctions, efforts to promote democracy in Iran, and openly discussing the potential for U.S. military action. The Administration's Iran policy is in flux because of the Iranian crackdown against protesters who alleged vast fraud in the June 12, 2009 presidential election, in which incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner. The unrest represents the most serious challenge, to date, to the regime's authority, but virtually no observer predicts its imminent demise
Iraq : U.S. regime change efforts and post-Saddam governance by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

29 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Operation Iraqi Freedom accomplished a long-standing U.S. objective, the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, but replacing his regime with a stable, moderate, democratic political structure has been complicated by a persistent Sunni Arab-led insurgency. The Bush Administration asserts that establishing democracy in Iraq will catalyze the promotion of democracy throughout the Middle East. The desired outcome would also likely prevent Iraq from becoming a sanctuary for terrorists, a key recommendation of the 9/11 Commission report. The Bush Administration asserts that U.S. policy in Iraq is now showing substantial success, demonstrated by January 30, 2005 elections that chose a National Assembly, and progress in building Iraq's various security forces. The Administration says it expects that the current transition roadmap - including votes on a permanent constitution by October 31, 2005 and for a permanent government by December 15, 2005 - are being implemented. Others believe the insurgency is still widespread and that the Iraqi government could not stand on its own were U.S. and allied international forces to withdraw from Iraq. Some U.S. commanders and senior intelligence officials say that some Islamic militants have entered Iraq since Saddam Hussein fell, to fight what they see as a new "jihad" (Islamic war) against the United States
Iraqi compliance with cease-fire agreements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 2001 in English and held by 177 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq : compliance, sanctions, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

11 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 165 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) presents the November 29, 2001 report "Iraq: Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy," written by Kenneth Katzman. The document is a U.S. Library of Congress Congressional Research Service report to the U.S. Congress. The text is available in PDF format. Katzman discusses Iraq's noncompliance in such areas as human rights, the economic sanctions on Iraq, and the question of whether the United States should work to change Iraq's regime
Iraq : government formation and benchmarks by Kenneth Katzman( )

12 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 154 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The current government is the product of a U.S.-supported election process designed to produce a democracy, although many now believe it produced a sectarian government incapable of reconciling Iraq's communities. This sentiment has grown to the point where some believe that the United States should seek a decentralized Iraq with substantial autonomy for each community. However, the Administration says that, partly as a result of the U.S. "troop surge," it is now seeing some concrete signs of political accommodation, most notably at local levels
Oman : reform, security, and U.S. policy by Kenneth Katzman( )

8 editions published between 2005 and 2012 in English and held by 154 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Sultanate of Oman is a long-time U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf. It has allowed U.S. access to its military facilities for virtually every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since 1980, despite the sensitivities in Oman and throughout the Middle East about a U.S. military presence there. Oman also has fully and consistently supported U.S. efforts to achieve a Middle East peace by publicly endorsing the peace treaties that have been achieved between Israel and some of its Arab neighbors, and by occasionally hosting Israeli political leaders or meeting with them outside Oman. It was partly in appreciation for this alliance that the United States entered into a free trade agreement (FTA) with Oman. The FTA was considered pivotal to helping Oman diversify its economy to compensate for its relatively small reserves of crude oil. Perhaps because of the extensive benefits the alliance with Oman provides to U.S. Persian Gulf policy, successive U.S. Administrations have tended not to criticize Oman's relatively close relations with Iran. Oman has a tradition of cooperation with Iran dating back to the Shah of Iran's regime and Oman has always been less alarmed by the perceived threat from Iran than have the other Gulf states. Oman's leaders view possible U.S. military action against Iran's nuclear facilities as potentially more destabilizing to the region than is Iran's nuclear program or Iran's foreign policy that supports Shiite and some other hardline Islamist movements. Still, there is a long-standing assumption among U.S. policy makers that, in the event of a U.S.-Iran confrontation, Oman would at least tacitly back the United States. Another major U.S. priority in the Gulf region has been the promotion of human rights and democracy and the empowerment of civil society. Although some Omani human rights activists and civil society leaders, along with many younger Omanis, believe the democratization process has stagnated over the past 5 years
The Persian Gulf States : post-war issues by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

6 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 148 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Persian Gulf region is rich in oil and gas resources but has a history of armed conflict and major threats to U.S. national security. The region has seen three major wars in the past two decades: the Iran-Iraq war (1980-88), the Persian Gulf war (1991), and Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). Discusses U.S. efforts to manage remaining Gulf security interests as well as the new challenges highlighted by the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States and attempts to adapt to the aftermath of the U.S.-led offensive to change Iraq's regime (Operation Iraqi Freedom)
Afghanistan : government formation and performance by Kenneth Katzman( )

20 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The central government's limited writ and widespread official corruption are helping sustain a Taliban insurgency, and have fed pessimism about the Afghanistan stabilization effort. However, ethnic disputes remain confined largely to political debate and competition, enabling President Hamid Karzai to focus on working with U.S. and international donors on how to improve governance and delivery of public services, and on winning re-election in presidential elections slated for August 20, 2009. Karzai is running for re-election, but he faces substantial loss of public confidence and fluid coalitions of potentially strong election opponents, including several who are, like Karzai, of Pashtun ethnicity. Despite the government's shortcomings, many agree that the country has made substantial progress on personal and political freedoms since the fall of the Taliban regime. At the same time, over the past year U.S. officials have been shifting away from reliance on building the central government and toward promoting local governing bodies and security initiatives as a complement to efforts to build central government capabilities. That trend will continue, according to the Obama Administration's review of U.S. strategy, the results of which were announced on March 27, 2009. The review also stated that the United States will increase economic development efforts, and develop benchmarks with which to judge the performance and legitimacy of the Afghan government, including its efforts to curb official corruption. The review did not emphasize building democracy in Afghanistan, although that goal appears implicit within its recommendations
Afghanistan : elections, constitution, and government by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

14 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2004 and 2005, Afghanistan adopted a permanent constitution and elected a president and parliament. The parliament is emerging as a significant force in Afghan politics, as shown in debates over a new cabinet and the 2006 budget
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2006 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) was conceived in the context of a tightening of U.S. sanctions on Iran during the first term of the Clinton Administration. Most experts attributed the imposition of additional sanctions to Iran's stepped up efforts to acquire nuclear expertise -- it signed a contract with Russia in January 1995 for construction of a nuclear power reactor at Bushehr -- and to a 1994-1995 spate of terrorist attacks in Israel by the Islamist organizations Hamas and Palestine Islamic Jihad, both of which receive some financial and material assistance from Iran, according to annual U.S. State Department reports on international terrorism. In 1995, President Clinton issued two executive orders: Executive Order 12957 (March 15, 1995), which banned U.S. investment in Iran's energy sector, and Executive Order 12959 (May 6, 1995), which banned U.S. trade with and investment in that country. The Clinton Administration and many in Congress maintained that the new U.S. sanctions might deprive Iran of the ability to acquire weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and fund terrorist groups by hindering its ability to modernize its key source of revenue -- the petroleum sector. The effect on Iran would be significant, according to this view, if U.S. allies joined the U.S. trade and investment ban. ILSA (P.L. 104-172) was due to expire on August 5, 2001, 5 years after enactment. Debate on renewal of ILSA centered on the difficulties incurred in implementing it, reactions to ILSA on the part of U.S. allies, and changes in U.S. relations with Iran and Libya since enactment. On August 3, 2002, President Bush signed into law H.R. 1954, P.L. 107-24, the ILSA Extension Act of 2001, renewing ILSA for another 5 years. No firms have been sanctioned under ILSA. This report will be updated to reflect legislative developments. See also CRS Issue Brief IB93033, "Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy," and CRS Issue Brief IB93109, "Libya."
Iraq : oil-for-food program, international sanctions, and illicit trade by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

11 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 135 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iran's influence in Iraq by Kenneth Katzman( )

18 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 129 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iran is actively assisting the major Shiite Muslim political factions in Iraq, most of which have long standing ideological, political, and religious sectarian ties to Tehran. A more pressing U.S. concern is that Iran is purportedly arming militias fielded by those factions, militias that are committing sectarian violence and attacking U.S. forces. The Administration is trying to reverse Iranian influence in Iraq while also engaging Iran diplomatically on Iraq. This report will be updated. See CRS Report RL32048, "Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses."
Iraq : U.S. regime change efforts and post-war governance by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

8 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 128 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Operation Iraqi Freedom overthrew Saddam Hussein[alpha]s regime, but much of Iraq remains violent because of Sunni Arab resentment and a related insurgency, compounded by Sunni-Shiite sectarian violence that, in the judgment of many, constitutes a [beta]civil war.[gamma] Mounting U.S. casualties and financial costs ₂ without dramatic improvements in levels of violence or clear movement toward national political reconciliation among Iraq[alpha]s major communities ₂ have intensified a debate within the United States over whether to reduce U.S. involvement without completely accomplishing initial U.S. goals. This report is updated regularly. See also CRS Report RS21968, Iraq: Government Formation and Benchmarks, by Kenneth Katzman; CRS Report RL31833, Iraq: Reconstruction Assistance, by Curt Tarnoff; CRS Report RL31701, Iraq: U.S. Military Operations, by Steve Bowman; and CRS Report RL33793, Iraq: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy, coordinated by Christopher Blanchard
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The Persian Gulf States : post-war issues
Afghanistan : post-war governance, security and U.S. policyIran : U.S. concerns and policy responsesThe Persian Gulf States : post-war issues
Alternative Names
Katzman, K

Kātzmān, Kīnīṯ

كينيث كاتزمان


English (496)