WorldCat Identities

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Military Nutrition Research

Overview
Works: 33 works in 78 publications in 1 language and 25,484 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Rules 
Roles: Author
Classifications: UC713, 613.2088355
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Institute of Medicine (U.S.).
Body composition and physical performance : applications for the military services by Institute of Medicine Staff( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book surveys the entire field of body composition research as it relates to performance. It includes a clear definition of terminology, and a discussion of the various methods for measuring body composition with commentary. The authored papers represent a state-of-the-art review of this controversial field and also the issue of physical appearance, as it relates to body fatness, and performance. They also include in-depth discussion of many of the topics of interest to those involved in sports medicine and exercise physiology
The role of protein and amino acids in sustaining and enhancing performance by Institute of Medicine Staff( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It is a commonly held belief that athletes, particularly body builders, have greater requirements for dietary protein than sedentary individuals. However, the evidence in support of this contention is controversial. This book is the latest in a series of publications designed to inform both civilian and military scientists and personnel about issues related to nutrition and military service. Among the many other stressors they experience, soldiers face unique nutritional demands during combat. Of particular concern is the role that dietary protein might play in controlling muscle mass and strength, response to injury and infection, and cognitive performance. The first part of the book contains the committee's summary of the workshop, responses to the Army's questions, conclusions, and recommendations. The remainder of the book contains papers contributed by speakers at the workshop on such topics as, the effects of aging and hormones on regulation of muscle mass and function, alterations in protein metabolism due to the stress of injury or infection, the role of individual amino acids, the components of proteins, as neurotransmitters, hormones, and modulators of various physiological processes, and the efficacy and safety considerations associated with dietary supplements aimed at enhancing performance
Caffeine for the sustainment of mental task performance : formulations for military operations( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 206 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report from the Committee on Military Nutrition Research reviews the history of caffeine usage, the metabolism of caffeine, and its physiological effects. The effects of caffeine on physical performance, cognitive function and alertness, and alleviation of sleep deprivation impairments are discussed in light of recent scientific literature. The impact of caffeine consumption on various aspects of health, including cardiovascular disease, reproduction, bone mineral density, and fluid homeostasis are reviewed. The behavioral effects of caffeine are also discussed, including the effect of caffeine on reaction to stress, withdrawal effects, and detrimental effects of high intakes. The amounts of caffeine found to enhance vigilance and reaction time consistently are reviewed and recommendations are made with respect to amounts of caffeine appropriate for maintaining alertness of military personnel during field operations. Recommendations are also provided on the need for appropriate labeling of caffeine-containing supplements, and education of military personnel on the use of these supplements. A brief review of some alternatives to caffeine is also provided
Food components to enhance performance : an evaluation of potential performance-enhancing food components for operational rations by Bernadette M Marriott( Book )

4 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nutritional needs in cold and in high-altitude environments : applications for military personnel in field operations by Institute of Medicine Committee on Military Nutrition Research( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book reviews the research pertaining to nutrient requirements for working in cold or in high-altitude environments and states recommendations regarding the application of this information to military operational rations. It addresses whether, aside from increased energy demands, cold or high-altitude environments elicit an increased demand or requirement for specific nutrients, and whether performance in cold or high-altitude environments can be enhanced by the provision of increased amounts of specific nutrients
Nutritional needs in hot environments : applications for military personnel in field operations by Bernadette M Marriott( Book )

4 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 194 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) of the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), Institute of Medicine (IOM), National Academy of Sciences (NAS), was asked by the Division of Military Nutrition, U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM), U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command (USARMRDC), to review current research pertaining to nutrient requirements for working in hot environments and to comment on how this information might be applied to military nutrient standards and military rations. The committee was thus tasked with providing a thorough review of the literature in this area and with interpreting these diverse data in terms of military applications. In addition to a focus on specific nutrient needs in hot climates, the committee was asked to consider factors that might change food intake patterns and therefore overall calories. The CMNR was presented with this problem as a direct result of the movement of the Armed Forces into Saudi Arabia in Operation Desert Shield in the autumn of 1990; the committee was organizing the workshop that resulted in this report while the American Armed Forces were actively engaged in Operation Desert Storm in early 1991. Although concern for adequate nutrition for U.S. soldiers in Saudi Arabia prompted the initiation of this project, its scope was defined as including the nutrient needs of individuals who may be actively working in both hot-dry and hot-moist climates
Emerging technologies for nutrition research : potential for assessing military performance capability by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This publication, Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability, is the latest in a series of reports based on workshops sponsored by the Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) of the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences. Other workshops or symposia have included such topics as food components to enhance performance; nutritional needs in hot, cold, and high-altitude environments; body composition and physical performance; nutrition and physical performance; cognitive testing methodology; and fluid replacement and heat stress. These workshops form part of the response that the CMNR provides to the Commander, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, regarding issues brought to the committee through the Military Nutrition Division (currently the Military Nutrition and Biochemical Division) of the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) at Natick, Massachusetts
Not eating enough : overcoming underconsumption of military operational rations by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 147 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) has reviewed many studies over the past 10 years that evaluated the acceptance and intake of military food items as pant of its continuing task of assessing the nutritional adequacy of military operational rations (see lOM, 1992a for summary). The current main operational ration, the Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MRF), was developed in 1981 as the primary ration to replace the C Ration, which had been the mainstay of operational rations for many years. The MRE is compact, has a long shelf life, and can be issued directly to the individual soldier. It can be eaten with or without heating, and the 3,600 kcal provided by the total ration was designed to meet the Military Recommended Dietary Allowances (MRDAs) (see AR 40-25, 1985) for all nutrients. The MRE was initially developed for use up to 3 days at the start of military operations until other field feeding systems became available. The simplicity of this system, logistically and in terms of reduced need for food preparation personnel, led to the desire to use this ration for extended periods of time (i.e., 10 to 30 days). Field testing was thus ordered to evaluate the effectiveness of the MRE over extended periods of time. Summaries of these field studies can be found in Chapters 6 through 10 of this volume
Military strategies for sustainment of nutrition and immune function in the field by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

6 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Every aspect of immune function and host defense is dependent upon a proper supply and balance of nutrients. Severe malnutrition can cause significant alteration in immune response, but even subclinical deficits may be associated with an impaired immune response, and an increased risk of infection. Infectious diseases have accounted for more off-duty days during major wars than combat wounds or nonbattle injuries. Combined stressors may reduce the normal ability of soldiers to resist pathogens, increase their susceptibility to biological warfare agents, and reduce the effectiveness of vaccines intended to protect them. There is also a concern with the inappropriate use of dietary supplements. This book, one of a series, examines the impact of various types of stressors and the role of specific dietary nutrients in maintaining immune function of military personnel in the field. It reviews the impact of compromised nutrition status on immune function; the interaction of health, exercise, and stress (both physical and psychological) in immune function; and the role of nutritional supplements and newer biotechnology methods reported to enhance immune function. The first part of the book contains the committee's workshop summary and evaluation of ongoing research by Army scientists on immune status in special forces troops, responses to the Army's questions, conclusions, and recommendations. The rest of the book contains papers contributed by workshop speakers, grouped under such broad topics as an introduction to what is known about immune function, the assessment of immune function, the effect of nutrition, and the relation between the many and varied stresses encountered by military personnel and their effect on health
Nutrient composition of rations for short-term, high-intensity combat operations( Book )

4 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 114 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Committee on Military Nutrition Research : activity report, December 1, 1994, through May 31, 1999 : Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fluid replacement and heat stress by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

8 editions published between 1990 and 1994 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Advances in our understanding of the value of carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions have come from information derived from two major fields of study -- exercise physiology and sports nutrition--and from research on diarrheal diseases. Research in the first area has been concerned with physical performance, primarily of athletes. Research results have demonstrated that even small fluid deficits have adverse effects on performance through elevated heart rates, reduced sweat rates, and elevated body temperature. Glucose-electrolyte solutions have been found useful in rehydration and in preventing dehydration. Carbohydrate is needed to facilitate sodium and water absorption. Other ions may or may not be needed, depending on sweat losses or losses from the gastrointestinal tract. Advances in exercise physiology also have demonstrated the value of carbohydrate solutions in providing energy for muscular activity in endurance events that last at least 60 minutes and involve vigorous exercise. Military personnel are often called upon to perform heavy physical activity during training or combat conditions in very hot environments--either dry climates, as in Middle-Eastern deserts, or under humid tropical conditions. The resultant high sweat rates can lead to dehydration. In some cases, the subjects may be acclimated to heat, but in others (for example, in basic training, or in emergency troop deployment to the tropics) they may not, and may thus be vulnerable to extensive electrolyte losses. This problem could be accentuated when personnel have been given garrison or field rations with reduced sodium to meet prudent dietary goals established for the general population in 1989 by the Diet and Health Committee of the Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy of Sciences
The long life ration packet (LLRP) : a brief report by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mineral requirements for military personnel : levels needed for cognitive and physical performance during garrison training by National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Committee on Military Nutrition Research : activity report, September 30, 1986, through March 31, 1992 : Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The activities of the Food and Nutrition Board's Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) have been supported since 1992 by Grant No. DAMD17-92-J-2003 from the U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command. This report presents a summary of these activities for the grant period from April 1, 1992, through May 30, 1994, including the period covered by a six-month no-cost extension to November 30, 1994. During this grant period the CMNR has met from three to six times each year in response to issues that are brought to the Committee through the Military Nutrition Division of the U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) at Natick, Massachusetts. The CMNR has submitted seven formal reports with recommendations to the Assistant Surgeon General since April, 1992 and has two workshop reports and a letter report currently under preparation. These reports are summarized in the following activity report with synopses of additional topics for which reports were deferred pending completion of military research in progress. This activity report includes as appendixes the conclusions and recommendations from the seven reports and has been prepared in a fashion to allow rapid access to Committee recommendations on the topics covered over the time period
Committee on Military Nutrition Research : Activity Report: December 1, 1994 through May 31, 1999 by Costello R, Carlson-Newberry SJ Poos MI( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Weight management : state of the science and opportunities for military programs by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The primary purpose of fitness and body composition standards in the U.S. Armed Forces has always been to select individuals best suited to the physical demands of military service, based on the assumption that proper body weight and composition supports good health, physical fitness, and appropriate military appearance. The current epidemic of overweight and obesity in the United States affects the military services. The pool of available recruits is reduced because of failure to meet body composition standards for entry into the services and a high percentage of individuals exceeding military weight-for-height standards at the time of entry into the service leave the military before completing their term of enlistment. To aid in developing strategies for prevention and remediation of overweight in military personnel, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command requested the Committee on Military Nutrition Research to review the scientific evidence for: factors that influence body weight, optimal components of a weight loss and weight maintenance program, and the role of gender, age, and ethnicity in weight management
Not Eating Enough : Overcoming Underconsumption of Military Operational Rations by Marriott BM( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Monitoring metabolic status : predicting decrements in physiological and cognitive performance by Committee on Metabolic Monitoring for Military Field Applications Staff Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. military's concerns about the individual combat service member's ability to avoid performance degradation, in conjunction with the need to maintain both mental and physical capabilities in highly stressful situations, have led to and interest in developing methods by which commanders can monitor the status of the combat service members in the field. This report examines appropriate biological markers, monitoring technologies currently available and in need of development, and appropriate algorithms to interpret the data obtained in order to provide information for command decisions relative to the physiological "readiness" of each combat service member. More specifically, this report also provides responses to questions posed by the military relative to monitoring the metabolic regulation during prolonged, exhaustive efforts, where nutrition/hydration and repair mechanisms may be mismatched to intakes and rest, or where specific metabolic derangements are present
Committee on Military Nutrition Research : Activity Report 1994-1999 by National Research Council Staff( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Body composition and physical performance : applications for the military services
Alternative Names
C.M.N.R.

C.M.N.R. (Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Military Nutrition Research)

CMNR

CMNR (Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Military Nutrition Research)

Committee on Military Nutrition Research

Institute of Medicine Food and Nutrition Board Committee on Military Nutrition Research

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Food and Nutrition Board. Committee on Military Nutrition Research

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Standing Committee on Military Nutrition Research

Languages
English (64)

Covers
The role of protein and amino acids in sustaining and enhancing performanceCaffeine for the sustainment of mental task performance : formulations for military operationsNutritional needs in cold and in high-altitude environments : applications for military personnel in field operationsEmerging technologies for nutrition research : potential for assessing military performance capabilityNot eating enough : overcoming underconsumption of military operational rationsMilitary strategies for sustainment of nutrition and immune function in the fieldNutrient composition of rations for short-term, high-intensity combat operationsCommittee on Military Nutrition Research : activity report, December 1, 1994, through May 31, 1999 : Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine