WorldCat Identities

Tolan, John Victor 1959-

Works: 106 works in 430 publications in 5 languages and 13,508 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings  Art  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Controversial literature  Church history 
Roles: Author, Editor, Author of introduction, Publishing director, Other, edc, Director, Thesis advisor, Redactor, 956, 070, Creator, wpr, Translator
Classifications: BP172, 261.27
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by John Victor Tolan
Saracens : Islam in the medieval European imagination by John Victor Tolan( )

33 editions published between 2002 and 2018 in 3 languages and held by 2,395 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Medieval Christian writers distorted the teachings of Islam and caricatured its believers in a variety of ways. This book provides a comprehensive study of Christian polemical responses to Islam in the Middle Ages
Saint Francis and the sultan : the curious history of a Christian-Muslim encounter by John Victor Tolan( )

21 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 2,185 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In September, 1219, as the armies of the Fifth Crusade besieged the Egyptian city of Damietta, Francis of Assisi went to Egypt to preach to Sultan al-Malik al-Kamil. Although we in fact know very little about this event, this has not prevented artists and writers from the thirteenth century to the twentieth, unencumbered by mere facts, from portraying Francis alternatively as a new apostle preaching to the infidels, a scholastic theologian proving the truth of Christianity, a champion of the crusading ideal, a naive and quixotic wanderer, a crazed religious fanatic, or a medieval Gandhi preaching peace, love, and understanding. Al-Kamil, on the other hand, is variously presented as an enlightened pagan monarch hungry for evangelical teaching, a cruel oriental despot, or a worldly libertine." "Saint Francis and the Sultan takes a detailed look at these richly varied artistic responses to this brief but highly symbolic meeting. Throwing into relief the changing fears and hopes that Muslim-Christian encounters have inspired in European artists and writers in the centuries since, it gives a uniquely broad but precise vision of the evolution of Western attitudes towards Islam and the Arab world over the last eight hundred years."--Jacket
Europe and the Islamic world : a history by John Victor Tolan( )

35 editions published between 2011 and 2017 in English and held by 2,184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Europe and the Islamic World sheds much-needed light on the shared roots of Islamic and Western cultures and on the richness of their inextricably intertwined histories, refuting once and for all the misguided notion of a "clash of civilizations" between the Muslim world and Europe. In this landmark book, three eminent historians bring to life the complex and tumultuous relations between Genoans and Tunisians, Alexandrians and the people of Constantinople, Catalans and Maghrebis--the myriad groups and individuals whose stories reflect the common cultural, intellectual, and religious heritage of Europe and Islam. Since the seventh century, when the armies of Constantinople and Medina fought for control of Syria and Palestine, there has been ongoing contact between the Muslim world and the West. This sweeping history vividly recounts the wars and the crusades, the alliances and diplomacy, commerce and the slave trade, technology transfers, and the intellectual and artistic exchanges. Here readers are given an unparalleled introduction to key periods and events, including the Muslim conquests, the collapse of the Byzantine Empire, the commercial revolution of the medieval Mediterranean, the intellectual and cultural achievements of Muslim Spain, the crusades and Spanish reconquest, the rise of the Ottomans and their conquest of a third of Europe, European colonization and decolonization, and the challenges and promise of this entwined legacy today. As provocative as it is groundbreaking, this book describes this shared history in all its richness and diversity, revealing how ongoing encounters between Europe and Islam have profoundly shaped both."--Publisher description
Petrus Alfonsi and his medieval readers by John Victor Tolan( )

11 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 1,766 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Medieval Christian perceptions of Islam : a book of essays by John Victor Tolan( Book )

11 editions published between 1994 and 2013 in English and held by 494 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

These fifteen original essays focus on unfamiliar texts that reflect the wide range of medieval Christianity's preoccupation with Islam
Faces of Muhammad : Western perceptions of the prophet of Islam from the Middle Ages to today by John Victor Tolan( )

11 editions published in 2019 in English and Undetermined and held by 396 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Heretic and impostor or reformer and statesman? The contradictory Western visions of Muhammad. In European culture, Muhammad has been vilified as a heretic, an impostor, and a pagan idol. But these aren't the only images of the Prophet of Islam that emerge from Western history. Commentators have also portrayed Muhammad as a visionary reformer and an inspirational leader, statesman, and lawgiver. In Faces of Muhammad, John Tolan provides a comprehensive history of these changing, complex, and contradictory visions. Starting from the earliest calls to the faithful to join the Crusades against the "Saracens," he traces the evolution of Western conceptions of Muhammad through the Reformation, the Enlightenment, and the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and up to the present day. Faces of Muhammad reveals a lengthy tradition of positive portrayals of Muhammad that many will find surprising. To Reformation polemicists, the spread of Islam attested to the corruption of the established Church, and prompted them to depict Muhammad as a champion of reform. In revolutionary England, writers on both sides of the conflict drew parallels between Muhammad and Oliver Cromwell, asking whether the prophet was a rebel against legitimate authority or the bringer of a new and just order. Voltaire first saw Muhammad as an archetypal religious fanatic but later claimed him as an enemy of superstition. To Napoleon, he was simply a role model: a brilliant general, orator, and leader. The book shows that Muhammad wears so many faces in the West because he has always acted as a mirror for its writers, their portrayals revealing more about their own concerns than the historical realities of the founder of Islam
Sons of Ishmael : Muslims through European eyes in the Middle Ages by John Victor Tolan( Book )

14 editions published between 2008 and 2013 in English and held by 341 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"John V. Tolan is one of the world's foremost scholars in the field of early Christian/Muslim interactions. In ten essays, he explores "Sons of Ishmael," the epithet many Christian writers of the Middle Ages gave to Muslims, Sons of Ishmael focuses on the history of conflict and convergence between Latin Christendom and the Arab Muslim world during this period."--Jacket
Jews in early Christian law : Byzantium and the Latin West, 6th-11th centuries( Book )

16 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and French and held by 327 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jewish-Christian relations, together forge a new look at a period in which sources about these communties are scarce: scattered references in narrative accounts (in Hebrew, Greek and Latin), complemented by archaeological evidence. A major source, and the principal object of this volume, is a series of laws, in Latin and in Greek: imperial legislation, conciliar canons, royal law (notably from Visigothic Spain). Yet these sources are difficult to interpret: are they the elucubrations of an intellectual elite, or do they reflect broadly shared ideas? What are the connections between these laws and social realities? While we can offer no clear answers to these issues, we offer a new assessment of the uses and pitfalls of these sources. A generation scholarship has called into question what is often referred to as the 'lachrymose' view of Jewish history as a vale of tears, an uninterrupted series of persecutions. While many of the legal texts adressed in this volume have been used to support the lachrymose view (since many attempt to restrict Jewish-Christian contact, while others involve exclusion of Jews from Christian society or even forced conversion), closer analysis of many of these texts gives evidence of close Christian-Jewish contact at all levels of society
Religious minorities in Christian, Jewish and Muslim law (5th-15th centuries) by Youna Hameau-Masset( )

7 editions published in 2017 in English and Undetermined and held by 259 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The fruit of a sustained and close collaboration between historians, linguists and jurists working on the Christian, Muslim and Jewish societies of the Middle Ages, this book explores the theme of religious coexistence (and the problems it poses) from a resolutely comparative perspective. The authors concentrate on a key aspect of this coexistence: the legal status attributed to Jews and Muslims in Christendom and to dhimmis in Islamic lands. To what extent are the rights of the minorities to reside in their communities distinct from, or similar, to those of the majority community? What role did the law play in the segregation of religious groups? In limiting, combating, or on the contrary justifying violence against them? What specific treatments and procedures in the courtroom were reserved for plaintiffs, defendants or witnesses belonging to religious minorities? Through these questions, and through the innovative comparative method applied to them, this book offers a fresh new synthesis to these questions and a spur to new research.", résumé éditeur
Espaces d'échanges en Méditerranée : Antiquité et Moyen Âge by François Clément( Book )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2014 in French and Multiple languages and held by 238 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Conference proceedings: "Espaces d'échanges en Méditerranée (Antiquité et Moyen Âge)" held at la Maison des sciences de l'Homme Ange-Guépin de Nantes, June 7 and 8, 2004
L'Europe latine et le monde arabe au Moyen Âge cultures en conflit et en convergence by John Victor Tolan( Book )

11 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in French and Spanish and held by 226 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Expulsion and diaspora formation : religious and ethnic identities in flux from antiquity to the seventeenth century by John Victor Tolan( )

10 editions published in 2015 in English and Undetermined and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The eleven essays brought together in this volume explore the relations between expulsion, diaspora, and exile between Late Antiquity and the seventeenth century. The essays range from Hellenistic Egypt to seventeenth-century Hungary and involve expulsion and migration of Jews, Muslims and Protestants. The common goal of these essays is to shed light on a certain number of issues: first, to try to understand the dynamics of expulsion, in particular its social and political causes; second, to examine how expelled communities integrate (or not) into their new host societies; and finally, to understand how the experiences of expulsion and exile are made into founding myths that establish (or attempt to establish) group identities."--Page 4 of cover
Medieval Christian perceptions of Islam by John Victor Tolan( Book )

13 editions published between 1996 and 2013 in English and held by 186 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

These fifteen original essays focus on unfamiliar texts that reflect the wide range of medieval Christianity's preoccupation with Islam
Religious minorities, integration and the state = État, minorités religieuses et intégration by Jean-Philippe Schreiber( )

6 editions published in 2016 in 3 languages and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Judaism, Christianity and Islam have coexisted in Europe for over 1300 years. The three monotheistic faiths differ in demography, in the moment of their arrival on the continent and in the unequal relations they maintain with power: Christianity was chosen by a large number of inhabitants and became -- in spite of important differences according to place and time --a religion of state. The organization of the continent into states and the divisions within Christianity often placed minorities in an unstable and at times painful situation. This partially explains the fight against "heresies", the wars of religions, the expulsion of Jews from several European kingdoms (as well as the expulsion of Muslims from Sicily and the Iberian peninsula), the "Jewish question" in the 19th century up until the Holocaust. Since the 20th century, the debates concerning Islam and concerning public expression of religion are shaped in part by this past. The 13 studies gathered in this volume explore the ways in which states have treated their religious minorities. We study various policies -- repression, supervision, integration, tolerance, secularization, indifference -- as well as the many ways in which minorities have accommodated the majority's demands. The relation is by no means one-sided: on the contrary, state policies have created resistance, negotiation (on the legal, political, and cultural fronts) or compromise. Through these precise and original examples, we can see how the protagonists (states, religious institutions, the elite, the faithful) interact, try to convince or influence each other in order to transform practices, invent and implement common norms and grounds, all the while knowing the confessional dimension of "religious" majority and minority does not fully embrace the identity of each citizen in full
Law and religious minorities in medieval societies : between theory and praxis = De la teoría legal a la práctica en el derecho de las minoría religiosas en la edad media by Ana Echevarria( )

7 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Muslim law developed a clear legal cadre for dhimmīs, inferior but protected non-Muslim communities (in particular Jews and Christians) and Roman Canon law decreed a similar status for Jewish and Muslim communities in Europe. Yet the theoretical hierarchies between faithful and infidel were constantly brought into question in the daily interactions between men and women of different faiths in streets, markets, bath-houses, law courts, etc. The twelve essays in this volume explore these tensions and attempts to resolve them. These contributions show that law was used to try to erect boundaries between communities in order to regulate or restrict interaction between the faithful and the non-faithful--and at the same time how these boundaries were repeatedly transgressed and negotiated. These essays explore also the possibilities and the limits of the use of legal sources for the social historian"--Back cover
L'Europe et l'islam : quinze siècles d'histoire by Henry Laurens( Book )

5 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 170 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Histoire des relations entre l'Europe et le monde musulman : conquête arabe, décomposition de Byzance, croisades, Espagne maure et Reconquista, échanges et conflits au XVIIIe siècle, Empire ottoman, colonisation européenne et décolonisation. L'éclairage sur ces périodes clés permet de comprendre les enjeux du XXIe siècle : la diplomatie européenne et l'Iran, le conflit israélo-palestinien, etc
Minorités et régulations sociales en Méditerranée médiévale actes du colloque réuni du 7 au 9 juin 2007 en l'Abbaye royale de Fontevraud (Maine-et-Loire)( Book )

6 editions published in 2010 in French and English and held by 139 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ce volume entend diversifier les approches des minorités au Moyen Age en ayant recours aux modèles sociologiques. A l'échelle locale, les communautés d'habitants fonctionnent assez bien comme machines à intégrer et la tolérance sociale s'oppose à l'intolérance idéologique. Les aires culturelles arabo-musulmane et latino-chrétienne sont étudiées dans une perspective comparatiste
Jews and Christians in Medieval Europe : the historiographical legacy of Bernhard Blumenkranz by Philippe Buc( Book )

6 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The name of Bernhard Blumenkranz is well known to all those who study the history of European Jews in the Middle Ages and in particular the history of Jewish-Christian relations. Blumenkranz was born in Vienna in 1913; he left for Switzerland during the war and obtained a doctorate at the University of Basel on the portrayal of Jews in the works of Augustine. He subsequently moved to France where his numerous publications revived and renovated the field of Jewish studies. The international group of scholars who wrote the fifteen essays in this volume, beyond paying homage to Blumenkranz's work, trace the trajectories of various lines of inquiry that he initiated: Christian theology of Judaism, problems of conversion and proselytism, geography and topography of Medieval Jewish communities, the representation of Jews in Christian art. These essays provide both an assessment of Blumenkranz's intellectual legacy and a snapshot of the evolution of the field over the last sixty years."--
Le saint chez le sultan : la rencontre de François d'Assise et de l'islam : huit siècles d'interprétation by John Victor Tolan( Book )

18 editions published between 2007 and 2016 in French and Italian and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

En 1219, dans le cadre de la cinquième croisade, François d'Assise rencontre le sultan Malik al-Kamil. Cette rencontre n'a cessé de nourrir interprétations et représentations : discours hagiographiques, fresques de la basilique d'Assise, modèle de dialogue entre le christianisme et l'islam ... Médiéviste, l'auteur dresse un panorama de la question
Geneses : a comparative study of the historiographies of the rise of Christianity, Rabbinic Judaism, and Islam by John Victor Tolan( )

8 editions published in 2019 in English and Undetermined and held by 122 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is a religion? How do we discern the boundaries between religions, or religious communities? When does Judaism become Judaism, Christianity become Christianity, Islam become Islam? Scholars have increasingly called into question the standard narratives created by the various orthodoxies, narratives of steadfastness and consistency, of long and courageous maintenance of true doctrine and right practice over the centuries, in the face of opposition (and at times persecution) at the hands of infidels or heretics. 0The 11 chapters in this book, 'Geneses: A Comparative Study of the Historiographies of the Rise of Christianity, Rabbinic Judaism and Islam', written by an international group of specialists the languages, religions, laws and cultures of early Judaism, Christianity and Islam, tackle these questions through a comparative study of these narratives: their formation over time, and their use today. They explore three key aspects of the field: (1) the construction (and scholarly deconstruction) of the narratives of triumph (and defeat) of religions, (2) how legal imperatives are constructed from religious narratives and sacred texts, and (3) contemporary ramifications of these issues. In doing so, they tap into the significant body of research over the last 30 years, which has shown the fluidity and malleability of these religious traditions in relation to each other and to more traditional "pagan" and Zoroastrian religions and philosophical traditions.0This book represents an important contribution to, and a valuable resource for, the burgeoning field of comparative history of the Abrahamic religions
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Saracens : Islam in the medieval European imagination
Saint Francis and the sultan : the curious history of a Christian-Muslim encounterSons of Ishmael : Muslims through European eyes in the Middle AgesMedieval Christian perceptions of Islam
Alternative Names
John Tolan American historian

John Tolan Frans historicus

John Tolan historiador estadounidense

John Tolan historiador estatunidenc

John Tolan historian amerikan

John Tolan historien américain

John Tolan staraí Meiriceánach

John Tolan storico statunitense

Tolan, J. 1959-

Tolan, J. V. 1959-

Tolan John

Tolan John 1959-....

Tolan, John (John Victor), 1959-

Tolan, John V.

Tolan John V. 1959-....

Tolan, John V. (John Victor), 1959-

جون تولان، 1959-

جون تولان مؤرخ أمريكي