WorldCat Identities

Lewis, Matthew W.

Works: 40 works in 113 publications in 1 language and 2,770 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Conference papers and proceedings  Dictionaries  Terminology 
Roles: Author
Classifications: UC263, 025.0637
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Matthew W Lewis
Competency-based education in three pilot programs : examining implementation and outcomes by Jennifer L Steele( )

5 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 620 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In 2011, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation created the Project Mastery grant program to support competency-based education initiatives in large school systems that serve a high proportion of disadvantaged youth. Competency-based education meets students where they are academically, provides students with opportunities for choice, and awards credit for evidence of learning, not for the time students spend studying a subject. The Foundation asked RAND to evaluate these efforts in terms of implementation, students' experiences, and student performance. This report presents final results from that evaluation, offering an overview of competency-based education and the Project Mastery grant projects and describing the implementation of competency-based educational features under each project. The report concludes with six lessons for policy, partnerships, and practice."--"Abstract" on web page
Results from the Teach for America 2015 national principal survey by Mollie Rudnick( )

5 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 618 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Teach For America's (TFA's) mission is to build the movement to eliminate educational inequity by developing leaders for U.S. schools who are committed to providing to low-income children the same access to a great education that their wealthier peers have. The 2015 National Principal Survey is the tenth in a series to provide answers regarding how TFA is doing in providing high-quality, appropriately prepared corps members to schools in an effort to support and improve progress toward this mission. The results of this survey show the context and conditions in which corps members are working, how principals perceive corps members, and how principals perceive their interactions with TFA. These findings offer insights that TFA staff can consider as they try to provide more-tailored supports to corps members, inform professional development to meet the needs of corps members and the schools they staff, and continue to build relationships with the principals of schools in which corps members serve."--Page iii
Untangling the Web : applications of the Internet and other information technologies to higher education by David McArthur( )

9 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 614 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper is a broad review of ongoing and planned applications of the Internet and World Wide Web in higher education, and an analysis of key technical, educational, and broader social issues that these applications highlight. The report attempts to address the following issues about the Internet and the Web: (1) their potential for changing higher education; (2) their potential in helping universities reduce costs, as well as the possibility that distance learning, digital libraries, and virtual universities may make education available to students cheaply, and at any place or time; (3) the possibility that the Internet and World Wide Web may threaten higher education more than help it; (4) the possibility that for-profit providers who now deliver corporate training will compete with traditional colleges and universities; (5) possible responses of higher education institutions to such competition; (6) acquisition of needed hardware and software by institutions of higher education at affordable prices; and (7) the need for faculty to quickly adapt to styles of teaching and learning that, for example, emphasize interactive mentoring instead of traditional lectures. The report stresses that information technologies will transform the processes and products of learning and teaching and discusses some of the costs and benefits of such transformations, and the policy issues surrounding the prospect of fundamental structural change. (Mah)
Commonality in military equipment : a framework to improve acquisition decisions by Thomas Held( Book )

8 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 135 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To inform the U.S. Army's decisionmaking process surrounding commonality in military equipment, RAND was asked to assess the advantages and disadvantages of commonality and how to best manage their trade-offs. This report presents analyses of the effects of commonality on costs, capabilities, and training and offers a decisionmaking aid that designers, developers, and procurers could use to inform their decisions about commonality
New equipping strategies for combat support hospitals( Book )

6 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 128 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. Army uses Combat Support Hospitals (CSHs) -- mobile, deployable hospitals housed in tents and expandable containers -- to provide surgical and trauma care close to combat action. CSHs typically operate as hospitals only when deployed, and deployments occur only once every three to five years under the Army's rotational cycle. When not deployed, CSHs keep a partial set of equipment at home station for training or possible local emergency medical missions, while the remainder of the unit's equipment is in long-term storage at a site in the high desert of Northern California. This strategy of providing equipment for CSHs has created maintenance and obsolescence challenges. Nondeployed CSHs have old, poorly maintained equipment that is seldom or never used. Further, the Army has not programmed sufficient funds to keep all its CSH sets technologically current; in practice, deploying units do not deploy with their own equipment, but instead receive new medical equipment when deploying or take ownership of existing, upgraded equipment that is already deployed. RAND Arroyo Center researchers developed a new equipping strategy for the Army's CSHs, proposing three options for home station equipment sets: an "Expanded" design that provides more surgical and trauma capability and capacity; an "Enhanced" design that provides roughly the same amount of equipment but improved medical capabilities; and a "Lean" design that provides only enough equipment for some individual and team training. The research team also proposed changing the equipping strategy of deploying CSHs to eliminate much of the unit-owned equipment now residing in long-term storage. Deploying units would instead draw on a shared pool of up-to-date and well-maintained equipment. The proposed strategy would reduce total equipment costs from $1 billion to less than $700 million, leaving the Army with sufficient funds to continually upgrade and maintain both home-station and shared equipment
Speaking with a commonality language : a lexicon for system and component development by Bruce Newsome( Book )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As the U.S. Army becomes increasingly interested in "commonality"--The sharing of common parts across different entities--there is a need for a clearer definition of the concept. Motivated by the reported costs arising from a lack of clear definitions during recent Army acquisition processes and by cases in which unclear definitions have led to significant problems, this report offers a new, more rigorous lexicon and illustrative examples
Emerging uses of computers for education : an overview of tools and issues for vocational educators by Matthew W Lewis( Book )

10 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A literature search that included project reports, overviews, software reviews, and other sources from a variety of settings and a focus group meeting of vocational educators were conducted to determine developments in computer-based education, their applications to vocational education, and barriers to the use of computer-based technology in the field. Following a section discussing the scope of the review and the issues identified in educational uses of computers (teacher's role, motivation, and gender issues), this report presents the outcomes of the study in four additional sections. Section 2 describes the strengths and weaknesses of existing computer-assisted instruction as a point of comparison for the emerging classes of tools. This discussion is followed by an overview of new optical disc technologies for delivering multimedia instruction. Section 3 classifies emerging computer technologies, using examples from the literature, and summarizes the strengths and weaknesses of each. Also included is a subsection that reviews the vocational education literature on the same technologies. Section 4 discusses the results of the focus group interviews to assess the feasibility of adopting the new technologies. Section 5 summarizes the findings and includes recommendations for how vocational educators can prepare for the emergence of these educational tools and participate in their development. A table provides an evaluation of emerging computer-based tools. Appendices include a tabular summary of selected literature, its focus group questionnaire and 242 references. (KC)
Untangling the Web : applications of the Internet and other information technologies to higher learning by David McArthur( )

10 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report analyzes the role of the emerging global information infrastructure in helping higher-education institutions to improve learning and teaching, improve the creation of instructional and learning materials, create educational communities, compete with new providers, and address policy and planning issues. The authors recommend that institutions coordinate technology plans and purchases; unite behind a common vision to influence the political debate; and pursue options for inexpensive end-user machines. They argue that acquiring the tools and skills with which to create Web-based distance-learning courseware can be accomplished within existing budgets if colleges and universities use existing tools and training; shift staff time from teaching to creating software; nourish grassroots publication; and examine alternative models for delivering educational services, such as creating ultrashort courses for use on an as-needed basis. They warn, however, that the effective use of technologies may threaten the current structure of higher education more than just streamline it
Overview of object-oriented microworlds for learning mathematics through inquiry by David McArthur( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Active component responsibility in reserve component pre- and postmobilization training by Ellen M Pint( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In response to readiness problems in Army reserve component (RC) units mobilized for Operation Desert Storm in 1990 and 1991, Congress passed legislation establishing requirements for RC personnel and training and active component support to RC units. Since then, Army policies and organizations supporting RC training have evolved to meet rotational demands for forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, and they continue to evolve as these operations come to an end and defense budgets decline. This report examines the congressional intent underlying existing law, the Army's recent experience preparing RC units for deployments, and its future plans for RC training requirements and training support. It recommends changes to law and policy needed to support future RC training plans. This research suggests that premobilization training should focus on individual soldier qualifications and collective training at the crew, squad, and platoon levels, particularly for combat units. In addition, the Army should maintain a multicomponent RC training support structure to ensure that training standards do not diverge across components. Furthermore, some provisions of existing legislation no longer reflect the current operating environment, although others remain relevant
Developing a standard update process for the Army's annual MOS availability factors (AMAFs)( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes research conducted to develop a standard methodology for updating the U.S. Army's Annual Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) Availability Factors (AMAFs). An AMAF specifies the amount of direct and indirect productive time (over the course of a year) that a soldier has available to perform MOS duties. Traditionally, the Army has calculated AMAFs by measuring soldiers' non-available hours per day, treating the remainder of the 24 hours as available time, and annualizing that available time figure. Largely through field data collection, the Army identified specific "non-availability factors"--That is, the non-MOS-related activities that comprise non-available time-and measured how much time soldiers allocate to each of those activities. Because the process is costly and time-consuming, however, regular AMAF updates have not been feasible. Through a combination of literature reviews and interviews, we examined other military services' and commercial firms' approaches to manpower availability, as well as advantages and disadvantages of various data-collection approaches. This process helped us generate an alternative methodology that may allow more regular AMAF updates-and ultimately yield more accurate calculations of manpower requirements. This document synthesizes the relevant information we gathered and presents the approach generated on the basis of that information. The proposed "3-Gate" approach entails beginning with quick, low-cost, low-rigor data collection and moving sequentially to a moderate-speed/cost/rigor method-and then perhaps to a slower, high-cost, high-rigor method-if certain "triggers" indicate it is necessary to do so
Exploring the use of microworld models to train Army logistics management skills( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Army faces new challenges in training its logistics managers. As the Army evolves into a force-projection Army, the design and management of large-scale logistics systems assume increasing importance. However, these skills are difficult to train, because large deployments occur infrequently and thus opportunities to design and manage systems also occur infrequently. Furthermore, most of the people who work in high-level logistics management organizations are in the Army Reserve, and they train and practice their skills part time. Also, reserve units tend to be spread across large geographic areas, which makes it difficult to regularly train complete units at one time. Finally, the reserves experience considerable turnover in personnel, which poses a formidable challenge to maintaining continuity and creates a constant demand to train new members. The Army's ongoing revision of its logistics doctrine exacerbates these challenges
Supporting training strategies for brigade combat teams using future combat systems (FCS) technologies( )

4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the years and decades to come maneuver brigades equipped with Future Combat Systems (FCS) technologies will face complex and wide-ranging operational challenges. To continue to be successful, training strategies must be capable of rapid evolution and be designed to provide comprehensive support for mission and training requirements generated by changing operating environments, evolving advanced organizational and operational concepts, and emerging joint warfighting imperatives. This report provides the results of a project designed to identify operations for improving support to the Army's future training strategies for Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs) equipped with FCS technologies. The work was sponsored by the United of Action Maneuver Battle Lab (UAMBL) within the Army's Training and Doctrine Command
Classrooms that work : teaching generic skills in academic and vocational settings by Cathleen Stasz( )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examined how generic skills and work-related attitudes can be taught in academic and vocational high school classrooms. An instructional model for these skills and attitudes was identified that included instructional goals, classroom design, teaching techniques, and school context. Generic skills and work-related attitudes can be taught in both academic and vocational classrooms. Instructional goals should include a mix of generic and domain-specific skills. Classroom design should incorporate structural and cultural aspects of workplaces, and learning should be situated in complex, "authentic" projects that resemble adult work. Situated learning should be supported through non-authoritarian teacher roles and teaching techniques. Student assessment should emphasize the learning of generic skills and attitudes. To implement this instructional model, teachers need autonomy as well as appropriate teacher training and staff development
Transformation and the Army school system( )

3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This monograph examines policies and alternatives for increasing the contribution of The Army School System (TASS) to Army readiness and improving the integration of the Active Component (AC) and Reserve Component (RC) training systems. The study recommends that the Army adopt private-sector models in developing interactive media instruction, develop a more effective local school system to better meet future unit training needs, and improve the integration of AC-RC training institutions to leverage existing resources and expand options. The Army is currently conducting an extensive set of diverse and demanding operations, and it is likely that such operational challenges will continue. As part of its response to these challenges, the Army is undertaking a process it calls "Transformation," which involves reforming its organizations and operational concepts to improve responsiveness and lethality. Army Transformation will involve increased use of joint and combined arms capabilities and the leveraging of networked information systems and other technologies. Changes also are underway in roles and missions for both the Active Component (AC) and the Reserve Component (RC), including modernization and conversions to modular Brigade Combat Team (BCT) organizations. These ongoing and future changes will place increasing demands on Army training. TASS will play an important role in meeting the Army's expanded training mission. TASS is responsible for the vast majority of institutional training within the Army; it provides training to soldiers in both the AC and the RC, which includes the Army National Guard (ARNG) and the U.S. Army Reserve (USAR). The RAND Arroyo Center was asked to assist TASS in developing policies and options to respond to the needs of Army Transformation and to increase TASS's contribution to Army readiness
Assessing conventional Army demands and requirements for ultra-light tactical mobility by Matthew E Boyer( )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Army owns and operates a large fleet of wheeled combat and support vehicles, divided into three categories: heavy, medium, and light tactical vehicles. It also often uses ground mobility capabilities that are not formally identified in any of the categories, such as all-terrain vehicles and motorcycles, as well as some continuing use of pack animals. These vehicles are informally classified as ultra-light tactical mobility (UTM). Most recently, forces in Afghanistan have used several types of UTM, to include ATVs and pack animals. In April 2014 Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) initiated a plan to develop established sets of UTM vehicles for airborne forces. Given the persistent use of UTM currently and throughout the Army{u2019}s history, a more detailed examination is warranted to determine whether the Army should formally acquire and equip units with such vehicles. This report assesses the unvalidated needs (demands), validated needs (requirements), current ad hoc capabilities, and key considerations for developing and sustaining formal Army UTM fleets. The various potential UTM investments and applications do not provide equal opportunity to improve current and future Army operations. Furthermore, the threats and risks associated with some UTM applications make their use in combat less likely and investments in them harder to justify. This report identifies and assesses various potential methods for Army development of UTM capabilities. The Army should consider likely impact, risks and threats, and emerging technologies when prioritizing the employment methods, or Tactical Activities, described in this report to address with UTM program investments
Future leader development of Army noncommissioned officers : workshop results( )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document reports recent efforts by RAND's Arroyo Center and the U.S. Army Noncommissioned Officer corps to examine ways of strengthening NCO professional development. It presents proceedings and results of two workshops held to assess the current NCO leader development system and develop a "vision" of where the NCO corps wishes to head. In addition, it identifies policy issues that emerged from these workshops. Workshop participants found that the leadership development system was fundamentally sound, with only selected areas requiring improvement: the self-development component of the Noncommissioned Officer Education System (NCOES), the incentives for noncommissioned officer education, and the timing and rigor of the institutional instruction. The vision developed in the second workshop was intended both to address issues in the current system and to provide principles that will enable the Army to adapt to an uncertain future. The document also identifies some research implications of the workshops. Two areas needing additional analysis are the self-development component of the NCOES and the alignment between enlisted personnel management policy and professional development
Teaching and learning generic skills for the workplace by David McArthur, Matthew Lewis, Kimberly Ramsey Cathleen Stasz( )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent school reform seeks to reconceptualize schooling for most students. Reform proposals urge that instruction emphasize "generic skills" as much as, or more than, it does occupation-specific or domain-specific knowledge and skills. The idea is to enable people to (1) cooperate for group problem solving; (2) define problems in complex environments; (3) seek, acquire, and synthesize new information; and (4) adapt to changes and information gaps while problem solving. This report represents an initial effort to determine what generic skills are needed, whether they are being and can be taught, and how schooling can be structured to develop these skills. The results indicate that an emphasis on training generic skills alone is unlikely to be successful without the parallel development of an adaptive motivational style. The findings also suggest that approaches for teaching generic skills can be applied to achieve integration of vocational and academic curricula
Microworld simulations for command and control training of theater logistics and support staffs : a curriculum strategy by J Bondanella( )

3 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report discusses changes in training structure, content, and methods, with the focus on developing training for CSS staffs operating as staffs, not for individual training. The focus is on large unit staffs: corps and echelons above corps headquarters and support commands. The document discusses shortcomings of the current approach to CSS staff training, and then proposes a process-oriented approach. It illustrates how microworld models can be used to train CSS processes. It then goes on to describe how pilot testing of prototype models indicates that this approach is feasible for large unit staffs. It concludes with a proposed training strategy that the authors believe is more appropriate and useful for meeting the challenges posed to the Army by personnel turbulence, split-based operations, increased reliance on information, and decreased training resources. The authors believe this approach has applications beyond the CSS training environment. They argue that the microworld models in a carefully designed training strategy are appropriate to any business that needs to train staff under distributed conditions in uncertain environments and to avoid time- and resource-intensive costs of bringing staff together for a large game in a central location
Improving SOLO's user-interface : an empirical study of user behaviour and a proposal for cost effective enhancements to SOLO by Matthew W Lewis( Book )

3 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes an in-depth analysis of the errors made by users of SOLO, a programming language written for Open University students studying cognitive psychology. The study was designed to (1) determine the effectiveness of SOLO's current error-handling routines by evaluating how often SOLO produced "sensible" messages or automatic corrections; (2) examine the context surrounding errors and the kinds of conceptual misunderstandings which characterized their true causes; (3) suggest improvements to error-handling routines and other user aids; and (4) estimate the overheads incurred by such improvements and calculate the number of erroneous lines which could be successfully "trapped" or "pre-empted" by such improvements. An introduction describes the constraints from which SOLO evolved, features that "friendly systems" should incorporate, and features of SOLO. Data were collected by recording SOLO user interactions using the DEC-20 "Photo" program, which stores all the user input lines and SOLO response lines into a file in order of occurrence. Results are presented in relation to recommended changes in the system's user aids, specific type-related changes, and general changes. Appendices include a summary of all the changes, their requirements and benefits, and a breakdown of the errors that occurred by message and by types. (Author/LMM)
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Untangling the Web : applications of the Internet and other information technologies to higher education Untangling the Web : applications of the Internet and other information technologies to higher learning
Commonality in military equipment : a framework to improve acquisition decisionsNew equipping strategies for combat support hospitalsSpeaking with a commonality language : a lexicon for system and component developmentUntangling the Web : applications of the Internet and other information technologies to higher learningExploring the use of microworld models to train Army logistics management skillsSupporting training strategies for brigade combat teams using future combat systems (FCS) technologiesClassrooms that work : teaching generic skills in academic and vocational settingsFuture leader development of Army noncommissioned officers : workshop resultsMicroworld simulations for command and control training of theater logistics and support staffs : a curriculum strategy
English (87)