WorldCat Identities

Shafir, Eldar

Overview
Works: 65 works in 186 publications in 7 languages and 4,760 library holdings
Roles: Editor, Author, htt, Other, Contributor
Classifications: HB801, 338.521
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Eldar Shafir
Preference, belief, and similarity : selected writings by Amos Tversky( )

11 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 1,514 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Scarcity : why having too little means so much by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

19 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 1,349 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An examination of how scarcity--and our flawed responses to it--shapes our lives, our society, and our culture
The behavioral foundations of public policy by Eldar Shafir( Book )

22 editions published between 2013 and 2019 in English and Japanese and held by 847 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in behavioral research on a wide variety of topics, from behavioral finance, labor contracts, philanthropy, and the analysis of savings and poverty, to eyewitness identification and sentencing decisions, racism, sexism, health behaviors, and voting. Research findings have often been strikingly counterintuitive, with serious implications for public policymaking. In this book, leading experts in psychology, decision research, policy analysis, economics, political science, law, medicine, and philosophy explore major trends, principles, and general insights about human behavior in policy-relevant settings. Their work provides a deeper understanding of the many drivers--cognitive, social, perceptual, motivational, and emotional--that guide behaviors in everyday settings. They give depth and insight into the methods of behavioral research, and highlight how this knowledge might influence the implementation of public policy for the improvement of society. This collection examines the policy relevance of behavioral science to our social and political lives, to issues ranging from health, environment, and nutrition, to dispute resolution, implicit racism, and false convictions. The book illuminates the relationship between behavioral findings and economic analyses, and calls attention to what policymakers might learn from this vast body of groundbreaking work. Wide-ranging investigation into people's motivations, abilities, attitudes, and perceptions finds that they differ in profound ways from what is typically assumed. The result is that public policy acquires even greater significance, since rather than merely facilitating the conduct of human affairs, policy actually shapes their trajectory. The first interdisciplinary look at behaviorally informed policymaking. Leading behavioral experts across the social sciences consider important policy problems. A compendium of behavioral findings and their application to relevant policy domains
Reasoning and decision making by P. N Johnson-Laird( Book )

10 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume brings together two separate aspects of the psychology of thinking: how people reason; and how they make judgements and decisions. It covers such topics as the nature of rationality, how individuals construct reasons for choices and how they reach decisions on juries
Scarcity : the new science of having less and how it defines our lives by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

8 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An examination of how scarcity--and our flawed responses to it--shapes our lives, our society, and our culture
The essential Tversky by Amos Tversky( Book )

3 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Amos Tversky (1937-1996) was a towering figure in the cognitive and decision sciences. His work was ingenious, exciting, and influential, spanning topics from intuition to statistics to behavioral economics. His long and extraordinarily productive collaboration with his friend and colleague Daniel Kahneman was the subject of Michael Lewis's best-selling book, The Undoing Project : A Friendship that Changed Our Minds. The Essential Tversky offers a selection of Tversky's best, most influential and accessible papers, "classics" chosen to capture the essence of Tversky's thought. The impact of Tversky's work is far reaching and long-lasting. In 2002, Kahneman, who drew on their joint work in his much-praised 2013 book, Thinking, Fast and Slow (and who contributes an afterword to this collection), was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics for work done with Tversky. In The Undoing Project, Lewis (who contributes a foreword to this collection) describes his discovery that Tversky and Kahneman's thinking laid the foundation for Moneyball, his own ode to number-crunching. The papers collected in The Essential Tversky cover topics that include cognitive and perceptual bias, misguided beliefs, inconsistent preferences, risky choice and loss aversion decisions, and psychological common sense. Together, they offer nonspecialist readers an introduction to one of the most brilliant social science thinkers of the twentieth century
Scarcity : why having too little means so much by Sendhil Mullainathan( Recording )

6 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the blockbuster tradition of Freakonomics, a Harvard economist and a Princeton psychology professor team up to offer a surprising and empowering new way to look at everyday life, presenting a paradigm-challenging examination of how scarcity, and our flawed responses to it, shapes our lives, our society, and our culture
Knappheit was es mit uns macht, wenn wir zu wenig haben by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

3 editions published in 2013 in German and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Warum bleibt die Armut weltweit bestehen? Warum grassiert die Übergewichtigkeit? Warum haben es einsame Menschen schwerer, Freunde zu finden? All diese scheinbar unverbundenen Fragen beruhen auf dem Phänomen der Knappheit - ob an Zeit, Ressourcen oder sozialen Kontakten. Sendhil Mullainathan und Eldar Shafir begründen darauf eine neue Disziplin an der Schnittstelle von Ökonomie und Psychologie: die Wissenschaft von der Knappheit. Denn alle Formen der Knappheit erzeugen dieselben psychologischen Prozesse, dieselben Herausforderungen und Spannungen, dieselben Anstrengungen und gelegentlichen Fehler. Mit diesem Buch können wir unser Handeln besser begreifen und sogar modifizieren, damit wir künftig unsere selbst gesteckten Ziele leichter erreichen. (Quelle: www.buchhandel.de)
Schaarste : hoe gebrek aan tijd en geld ons gedrag bepalen by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

8 editions published between 2013 and 2019 in Dutch and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ons leven wordt bepaald door dingen waar we te weinig van hebben. Of het nu gebrek aan tijd, geld, voedsel, sociale contacten of iets anders is: schaarste stuurt onze aandacht. Dat levert een zeker voordeel op: het dwingt ons ons te concentreren, dat is bijvoorbeeld waarom we beter kunnen presteren als we een deadline (schaarste aan tijd) hebben. Maar er schuilt ook een gevaar in: schaarste veroorzaakt tunnelvisie en beperkt ons denkvermogen. In 'Schaarste' bieden Harvard-econoom Sendhil Mullainathan en Princeton-psycholoog Eldar Shafir een baanbrekend nieuw perspectief op menselijk gedrag. Aan de hand van eigen onderzoek en veel spraakmakende voorbeelden tonen de auteurs aan dat de gevolgen van schaarste veel verder gaan dan tot nu toe bekend was. Armoede (langdurige schaarste) zorgt er bijvoorbeeld voor dat men moeilijk nieuwe vaardigheden aan kan leren en gebrek aan tijd leidt ertoe dat we op de lange termijn steeds onverstandigere beslissingen nemen. De inzichten in 'Schaarste' hebben verregaande gevolgen voor zaken zoals armoedebestrijding, scholing, obesitas, verkeersveiligheid en werkloosheid. Maar ook je agenda en persoonlijke financiën zien er na het lezen van dit boek nooit meer hetzelfde uit. ***** 'Een fascinerend boek dat overstroomt van nieuwe ideeën, fantastische verhalen en simpele tips die zomaar je leven kunnen veranderen. Steven D. Levitt, coauteur FREAKONOMICS 'Mullainathan en Shafir zijn elk een ster op hun gebied en samen zijn ze meer dan de som der delen. Hun werk is de mooiste combinatie van gevoel en verstand die ik tot nu toe in ons vakgebied heb gezien.' Daniel Kahneman, auteur van ONS FEILBARE DENKEN Bron: Flaptekst, uitgeversinformatie
Escasez : ¿Por qué tener muy poco significa tanto? by Sendhil Mullainathan( )

4 editions published in 2016 in Spanish and Undetermined and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ensayo académico que toma como modelo explicativo la escasez para explicar la correlación entre la toma de decisiones y la administración de recursos tanto económicos como de tiempo al momento de resolver problemas de forma efectiva o acertada. Encuentran por ejemplo, una fuerte correlación entre la pobreza y el fracaso con la afirmación de que el fracaso causa la pobreza. El economista conductual Sendhil Mullainathan y el psicólogo cognitivo Eldar Shafir, brindan aquí ejemplos de la vida diaria para entender cómo la escasez puede ser buena, en tanto que permite enfocarse momentáneamente, pero perjudicial pues se desatienden otros ámbitos que pueden ser más importantes. La escasez grava la mente, provocando un efecto de túnel del que es difícil salir pero no imposible de evitar
Scarcity : the true cost of not having enough by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

11 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why can we never seem to keep on top of our workload, social diary or chores? Why does poverty persist around the world? Why do successful people do things at the last minute in a sudden rush of energy? This book reveals that the hidden side behind all these problems is that they're all about scarcity
What's psychology worth? : a field experiment in the consumer credit market by Marianne Bertrand( )

4 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Numerous laboratory studies find that minor nuances of presentation and description change behavior in ways that are inconsistent with standard economic models. How much do these context effect matter in natural settings, when consumers make large, real decisions and have the opportunity to learn from experience? We report on a field experiment designed to address this question. A South African lender sent letters offering incumbent clients large, short-term loans at randomly chosen interest rates. The letters also contained independently randomized psychological "features" that were motivated by specific types of frames and cues shown to be powerful in the lab, but which, from a normative perspective, ought to have no impact. Consistent with standard economics, the interest rate significantly affected loan take-up. Inconsistent with standard economics, some of the psychological features also significantly affected take-up. The average effect of a psychological manipulation was equivalent to a one half percentage point change in the monthly interest rate. Interestingly, the psychological features appear to have greater impact in the context of less advantageous offers and persist across different income and education levels. In short, even in a market setting with large stakes and experienced customers, subtle psychological features appear to be powerful drivers of behavior. The findings pose a challenge for the social sciences: they suggest that psychological nuance matters but may be inherently difficult to predict given the impact of context. Successful incorporation of psychological features into field studies is likely to prove a vital, but nontrivial, addition to the formation of more general theories on when, why, and how frames and cues influence important decisions
Die Kunst der Knappheit : Wie wir aus dem Minimum das Maximum herausholen by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

3 editions published in 2013 in German and Undetermined and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Long description: Warum bleibt die Armut weltweit bestehen? Warum grassiert die Übergewichtigkeit? Warum haben es einsame Menschen schwerer, Freunde zu finden? All diese scheinbar unverbundenen Fragen beruhen auf dem Phänomen der Knappheit - ob an Zeit, Ressourcen oder sozialen Kontakten. Sendhil Mullainathan und Eldar Shafir begründen darauf eine neue Disziplin an der Schnittstelle von Ökonomie und Psychologie: die Wissenschaft von der Knappheit. Denn alle Formen der Knappheit erzeugen dieselben psychologischen Prozesse, dieselben Herausforderungen und Spannungen, dieselben Anstrengungen und gelegentlichen Fehler. Mit diesem Buch können wir unser Handeln besser begreifen und sogar modifizieren, damit wir künftig unsere selbst gesteckten Ziele leichter erreichen
Scarcity : perchè avere poco significa tanto by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

4 editions published in 2014 in Italian and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gui fa jing ji xue : wei shen me lao shi zai gandeadline? wei shen me lao shi jue de shi jian he jin qian bu gou yong? by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

4 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in Chinese and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Xi que : Wo men shi ru he xian ru pin qiong yu mang lu de by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

2 editions published between 2014 and 2018 in Chinese and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ben shu gong fen san bu fen,Nei rong she ji:xi que xin tai shi yi qie xi que de gen yuan;Pin qiong he mang liu shi ru he rang"dai kuan"bian zhai de;Ru he cong xi que zou xiang fu zu
Choice under conflict : the dynamics of deferred decision by Amos Tversky( Book )

2 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Die Kunst der Knappheit was es mit uns macht, wenn wir zu wenig haben by Sendhil Mullainathan( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in German and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An advantage model of choice by Eldar Shafir( Book )

2 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Comparison friction : experimental evidence from Medicare drug plans by Jeffrey R Kling( )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Consumers need information to compare alternatives for markets to function efficiently. Recognizing this, public policies often pair competition with easy access to comparative information. The implicit assumption is that comparison friction-the wedge between the availability of comparative information and consumers' use of it-is inconsequential because information is readily available and consumers will access this information and make effective choices. We examine the extent of comparison friction in the market for Medicare Part D prescription drug plans in the United States. In a randomized field experiment, an intervention group received a letter with personalized cost information. That information was readily available for free and widely advertised. However, this additional step-providing the information rather than having consumers actively access it-had an impact. Plan switching was 28 percent in the intervention group, versus 17 percent in the comparison group, and the intervention caused an average decline in predicted consumer cost of about $100 per year among letter recipients-roughly 5 percent of the cost in the comparison group. Our results suggest that comparison friction can be large even when the cost of acquiring information is small, and may be relevant for a wide range of public policies that incorporate consumer choice
 
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Preference, belief, and similarity : selected writings
Covers
Reasoning and decision making
Alternative Names
Eldar Shafir Amerikaans psycholoog

Eldar Shafir US-amerikanischer Psychologe und der William Stewart Tod Professor für Psychologie und Öffentliche Angelegenheiten an der Princeton University

Šapiyr, ʾEldar 1959-...

Shafir, E. 1977-

אלדר שפיר

אלדר שפיר פרופסור במחלקה לפסיכולוגיה באוניברסיטת פרינסטון. ישראלי

שפיר אלדר 1959-....

إلدار شافير

الدار شفیر

샤퍼, 엘다

엘다 샤퍼

エルダー・シャフィール

シャフィール, エルダー

Languages