WorldCat Identities

Critical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation)

Overview
Works: 38 works in 83 publications in 2 languages and 7,082 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals 
Publication Timeline
.
Most widely held works by Critical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation)
New forces at work : industry views critical technologies by Steven W Popper( )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,546 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of the effort to produce the fourth National Critical Technologies Report, the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President asked a research team from RAND's Critical Technologies Institute, now named Science and Technology Policy Institute, to engage business and industry leaders explicitly in a discussion of the issue of critical technologies by gathering private-sector views on what technologies are appropriate to consider under this rubric--and why. The primary substantive input was elicited through extended, detailed interviews conducted individually, usually with one firm's senior executive per session, on-site in most cases. The report presents and analyzes interviewees' responses to what technologies they consider to be critical to their firm or industry; explores the question of what "critical technology" means; reports interviewees' assessments of the status of U.S. efforts and performance in the areas of technology they deemed critical; considers the respective roles of industry, universities, and government in contributing to and sustaining the U.S. technology base; suggests a process whereby the dialogue between government and industry on the public policy issues relating to technology might be made more integral and informative to the activities of both. The responses of many of the interviewees emphasized the aspect of technology as process over technology as product. In line with this vision, the authors propose a critical-technologies review process that would enable wider, more meaningful, and ongoing communication among industry, government, and universities on technology issues
The cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth science by Liam Sarsfield( )

5 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 1,520 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Small spacecraft have become popular for a number of reasons, most prominently the needs to reduce overall cost, be built more quickly, and spread mission risks. NASA has been challenged with crafting a program that continues to produce meaningful science within the constraints of the available budget. Still, pound for pound, small spacecraft are not precisely inexpensive, given the effects of complexity, launch costs, and a greater degree of risk. Historically, science spacecraft have demonstrated increasing reliability, but this trend might not continue, given the shift to managed risk. There is generally less money available to smaller programs to test spacecraft functions and operational procedures prior to launch. Small spacecraft are also generally less robust. Efforts to reduce failure potentials through the application of more reliable components, better testing, and advanced design techniques should receive greater attention. Despite the risks, however, small spacecraft fulfill important roles in earth science, astrophysics, space physics, and planetary science. NASA's current generation of small spacecraft is capable of impressive levels of performance
Monitoring and controlling the international transfer of technology by Critical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation)( )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,300 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States is a net exporter of technology and technical knowledge. Despite fears that this outflow of technology is costly to U.S. taxpayers, it would be impractical to institute a government-wide system for monitoring and restricting overseas technology transfers. First, a review of the economic effects of technology transfer showed that it is not possible to estimate accurately the financial effect on the United States of the international transfer of government-sponsored technology. Moreover, the methods of transfer that might be monitored or restricted are also sources of the valuable, high domestic societal return to government investments in research and development. Finally, government agencies do not see international technology transfer issues as central to their missions and are likely to see new requirements as constraints on their ability to carry out their missions. The authors thus recommend no major policy shifts but do suggest some changes in existing policy that would enhance the U.S. government's ability to trace and to capture the benefits of certain technical innovations
The global positioning system : assessing national policies by Scott Pace( Book )

5 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 281 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a military space system operated by the U.S. Air Force that continuously broadcasts precise time signals. These signals can be used worldwide to aid position location, navigation, and timing. GPS is an information resource that supports a wide range of civil, scientific, and commercial functions as well as U.S. forces. National policy toward GPS has not, however, kept pace with the system's rapidly expanding international uses. This study identifies major opportunities and vulnerabilities created by GPS for U.S. defense, commercial, and foreign policy interests, and makes recommendations for U.S. policy toward GPS, including future governance and funding. If the United States promotes GPS as a global standard, it should address the dual-use nature of the technology through international agreements. If the United States becomes an unreliable steward for GPS, it risks losing the economic and diplomatic benefits from past investments in this technology
Linking sustainable community activities to pollution prevention : a sourcebook by Beth E Lachman( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 209 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report provides an introduction to sustainable community activities and ways in which supporters of pollution prevention can take advantage of such efforts. A "sustainable community" effort consists of a long-term integrated and systems approach to developing and achieving a healthy community by addressing economic, environmental and social issues. Fostering a strong sense of community and building partnerships among key stakeholders are also important elements of such efforts. This report discusses how hundreds of communities across the United States are taking "sustainable community" approaches to deal with their most pressing problems. Such approaches have been applied to issues as varied as urban sprawl, inner-city and brownfield redevelopment, new economic development, a strong local economy, environmental justice, ecosystem management, agriculture, biodiversity, green buildings, energy conservation, watershed management, and pollution prevention. This report explains such activities by examining the process of developing a sustainable community initiative, describing sources of support, and presenting detailed community examples. Then, it explores the relationship between sustainable community activities and pollution prevention. The author includes an extensive annotated bibliography giving points of contact with phone numbers, web page addresses, and published documents about sustainable community activities throughout the United States
Cyberpayments and money laundering : problems and promise by Roger C Molander( Book )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

At the request of the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), an agency of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, RAND conducted and analyzed a strategic decision making exercise to examine money laundering concerns raised by the deployment of cyberpayment systems. Participants in the exercise represented the Executive Branch, the cyberpayment and banking industries, Congress, and academia. The tasks of the exercise were to (1) describe current cyberpayment concepts and systems; (2) identify an initial set of cyberpayment characteristics of particular concern to law enforcement and payment system regulators; (3) identify major issues cyberpayment policies will need to address; and (4) array appropriate recommendations to address potential system abuse in a set of proposed action plans. While it is premature to draft a comprehensive regulatory regime for cyberpayment products, participants agreed that prompt collaborative action by industry and government - and among governments - is needed. Dialogue on standards, regulatory transparency, and vigorous surveillance can prevent the criminal exploitation of cyberpayment system vulnerabilities
International cooperation in research and development : an inventory of U.S. government spending and a framework for measuring benefits by Caroline S Wagner( Book )

4 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States spends considerable sums on international cooperation in research and development (ICRD). Policymakers have expressed concerns about these cooperative activities. Some fear that the United States is paying more than its fair share of the work's cost. Others worry that the country is giving away critical technologies to potential foreign competitors. Additional concerns have been voiced that cooperative programs subordinate the interests of true science to strategic or political ends. These claims are difficult to test, however, for a number of reasons: the large number of projects; the long timelines of projects; and the focus on reporting research results, not measuring larger benefits. This report uses information from the RAND RaDiUS research and development (R & D) database, complemented by agency interviews, to catalogue international cooperative R & D and to construct a framework for assessing benefits the United States may derive from participation in such research. Based on the framework of metrics developed for this project, the author also presents a case study examining cooperation in earthquake sciences and seismology to test the ability of these metrics to provide feedback on benefits
The cyber-posture of the national information infrastructure by Willis H Ware( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report discusses the vulnerability of the nation's information infrastructure to external attacks and other kinds of disruptions. It assesses the extent of the data available for measuring this threat and concludes that energy supplies, telecommunications, and computer-based systems should be of first priority for attention and remedial action. Finally, it suggests steps to reduce national vulnerability. The information security posture in both government and the private sector needs immediate examination and attention. Analytic studies should be performed to establish such infrastructure features as sources of resilience and the characterization of normalcy, and to specify R & D requirements. In addition, the nation should establish a warning mechanism and a supporting coordination center
Exploring money laundering vulnerabilities through emerging cyberspace technologies : a Caribbean-based exercise by David Mussington( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 175 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How should nations and financial institutions begin to address the thorny problems posed by the vulnerability of cyberpayments, Internet banking, and Internet gambling to abuse by money launderers and other perpetrators of financial crime? Which questions need to be asked so that law enforcement agencies from different nations can begin to cooperate without stifling the positive aspects of the frontierless world of Internet finance? This report outlines the first steps in an emerging international dialogue on the promise and potential problems of cyberspace as an economic environment. It summarizes research performed by RAND for the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. This research was done in concert with the ongoing efforts of the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force and the Commonwealth Secretariat as part of an international undertaking to examine financial crime concerns, particularly as they relate to the Caribbean
The decline of the U.S. machine-tool industry and prospects for its sustainable recovery by David Finegold( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume consists of the appendices to the machine-tool study main report, MR-479/1. Among the appendices are detailed studies of the Japanese, German, and Italian machine-tool industries; an assessment of the key current and future technologies for the machine-tool industry; and separate case studies of two key technology areas: computer numerical control and transfer lines. This volume also includes the results of focus groups with industry experts and data problems associated with industry studies
The cost of school-based educational technology programs by Brent Keltner( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 171 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the eight case studies of schools that use technology (computer, network, and multimedia equipment) to facilitate classroom instruction provide estimates of what it costs a school to set up a technology program. Technology-related expenditures in six categories--hardware, software, personnel, staff development, infrastructure changes, and materials--are brought together to develop a comprehensive cost estimate for each school. Educators and policymakers who are considering investing in educational technology can use the study results to develop cost estimates or to evaluate the results of alternative scale-up scenarios. The cost information generated in this study is a first step in structuring a research agenda to understand the more difficult question of cost effectiveness
International agreements on cooperation in remote sensing and earth observation by Caroline S Wagner( Book )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 170 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As of the end of 1997, the United States had cooperative agreements with 76 countries and six multinational organizations covering the operations of 32 active satellites, most often covering the collection of weather data. These agreements are entered into by a number of agencies, with five agencies accounting for 90 percent of the agreements identified for this project: the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Air Force, the Defense Mapping Agency, the U.S. Geological Survey, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the U.S. Forest Service. This report catalogs the agreements and assesses the extent of interagency coordination that take place when agreements are negotiated and signed. Three possible policy actions emerged: rationalizing the terms of and descriptions for international agreements across agencies; creating a central clearinghouse for information on agreements, perhaps using the World Wide Web; and streamlining the available formal coordination process to increase the frequency of its use
The machine that could : PNGV, a government-industry partnership by Robert Chapman( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 168 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1993, amid concerns that the U.S. auto industry was losing ground to Japanese competitors, the federal government and the Big Three U.S. automakers (Ford, Chrysler, and General Motors) entered into a unique alliance: the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). The PNGV, which also involves universities, suppliers, and other participants, arose from the belief that providing industry with access to technologies generated by federally supported research would allow automakers to develop a high-efficiency, environmentally friendly car--attaining up to 80 miles per gallon--that would still match or surpass today's vehicles in performance, cost, and safety. In its launch phase, the PNGV faced considerable skepticism, as well as stiff political and organizational challenges. This report tells the story of the program's beginnings, how it has dealt with these challenges, and its progress to date, which, as of 1998, remains ahead of schedule. It also details lessons that may be useful to managers of similar partnerships in the future. The author was the government's first technical manager of the PNGV. His account was developed from notes, recollections, and interviews with former colleagues
Evaluating challenge grants for technology in education : a sourcebook by Susan J Bodilly( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 160 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To promote the use of technology in education, the U.S. Department of Education (ED) awards Challenge Grants (i.e., matching grants) to local communities. One condition is the development and implementation of a project evaluation plan to measure the project's success. At ED's request, RAND prepared this sourcebook to help project managers and evaluators design an evaluation that would (1) delineate and communicate expectations and key milestones; (2) provide regular feedback to project leaders and other participants; (3) document project outcomes and lessons learned; and (4) provide an account to funders and stakeholders. RAND proposes that documentation of projects take the form of a Progress Portfolio. This report describes the form and purposes of such a portfolio, furnishes sample worksheets, and gives a detailed hypothetical example. The methods and issues discussed in this report should be of interest to anyone responsible for the successful completion or evaluation of a large-scale developmental project embedded in a reform-type effort
Monitoring for fine particulate matter by Elisa Eiseman( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Particulate matter (PM)--dust, dirt, smoke, soot, and liquid droplets--comes from a variety of sources and is a mixture of many pollutants made up of several different chemical species. Recent evidence about health effects and the fundamental physical and chemical differences between fine and coarse PM prompted the EPA to set new standards. Monitoring to determine whether an area has met these standards requires a comprehensive approach that combines analytical techniques to assess mass and chemical composition with an integrated network of ambient and source PM monitors. However, chemical analysis of PM is costly and difficult, and existing technologies are not capable of continuous sampling and monitoring for chemical composition. Therefore, the next generation of PM monitors should be multifunctional instruments capable of continuous, real-time monitoring of both PM mass and chemical composition. In addition, they will need to address several barriers to their use, including cost, complicated calibration and verification systems, and cumbersome installation and maintenance procedures
Surplus federal computers for schools : an assessment of the early implementation of E.O. 12999( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 144 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In April 1996, President Clinton signed an executive order (E.O.) intended to promote transfer of unneeded federal government computer equipment to schools and educational nonprofit organizations. The federal government owns about 2 million personal computers, and approximately 100,000 operable computers become surplus each year. In the first year of implementation, 30,000 to 50,000 computers were donated to schools, many of which were not in operating condition. Private-sector experience suggests that use of specialized organizations to upgrade and refurbish computers can increase the number of operable and useful computers substantially. About 60 agencies have developed implementation plans, some of which build on existing programs. Agencies with the most computers are concerned with how the E.O. will affect existing programs. Almost all program leaders feel that the program is not a high priority at upper agency levels, especially since no funds are authorized for carrying out the order. Concerns also exist about identifying appropriate recipients, delivery to recipients, and how to upgrade and repair equipment. To address all these concerns, the authors draw on the successful donation experiences of established federal programs and the public sector to make recommendations for continuing implementation
Computer donations to schools : a review of selected private-sector, nonprofit, and state programs by Walter S Baer( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Executive Order 12999, signed in April 1996, streamlines the transfer of excess and surplus federal computer equipment to schools and nonprofit organizations. In response to a request from Congress, the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) asked the RAND Critical Technologies Institute (CTI) in November 1996 to report on the progress federal agencies have made and the problems they have encountered in implementing this Executive Order. This documented briefing discusses private-sector, nonprofit and state-sponsored programs that transfer used computer equipment to elementary and secondary schools. There are literally thousands of such programs in the United States which in total provide more than 100,000 computers annually, or roughly 10 percent of all the computers acquired by K-12 schools
Explorando las vulnerabilidades del lavado del dinero por medio de las tecnologías emergentes del cíberespacio : un ejercicio de base caribeño by David Mussington( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in Spanish and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How should nations and financial institutions begin to address the thorny problems posed by the vulnerability of cyberpayments, Internet banking, and Internet gambling to abuse by money launderers and other perpetrators of financial crime? Which questions need to be asked so that law enforcement agencies from different nations can begin to cooperate without stifling the positive aspects of the frontierless world of Internet finance? This report outlines the first steps in an emerging international dialogue on the promise and potential problems of cyberspace as an economic environment. It summarizes research performed by RAND for the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. This research was done in concert with the ongoing efforts of the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force and the Commonwealth Secretariat as part of an international undertaking to examine financial crime concerns, particularly as they relate to the Caribbean
Health care in transition : technology assessment in the private sector by Richard A Rettig( Book )

2 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The report seeks answers to five questions: What is the demand for TA? Who performs TA? What characterizes the conduct of TA? What use is made of the results of TA? What is the role of the government? The primary conclusion of the study is that a robust analytical TA capability now exists in the managed care sector, is strongly evidence-based, and is increasingly being integrated with clinical practice guidelines in a number of organizations. Operational TA programs are now taking steps to develop cost-effectiveness analysis, which is widening the scope of TA by including the evaluation of the cost implications and effectiveness of new drugs after Food and Drug Administration approval for marketing
Fostering the use of educational technology : elements of a national strategy by Thomas Keith Glennan( )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's most important educational goal must be to produce learners adequately prepared for life and work in the 21st century. Computer- and network-based technology will play a key role in reaching that goal. In 1983, there was about one computer for every 125 students in the nation's public schools. By 1995, there was one computer for every nine students. In 1994, U.S. schools spent about $3 billion on computer- and network-based technology. Despite all this activity, however, examples of schoolwide use of technology are comparatively rare and isolated. This report identifies principles for guiding public officials, educators, and others concerned with increasing the use of technology to improve the performance of schools and school systems. Prepared as a result of RAND's Critical Technologies Institute (CTI) participation in federal efforts to plan a research agenda and develop a national educational technology plan, it is based upon a series of workshops, interviews, and literature reviews. This report takes stock of the current status of the use of technology by U.S. public elementary and secondary schools and suggests some of the challenges that face educators, policymakers, and producers of educational technology and software as they seek to expand and deepen the use of technology in schools
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.23 (from 0.01 for Monitoring ... to 0.61 for Surplus fe ...)

Associated Subjects
Air--Pollution--Measurement Automobile industry and trade--Government policy Automobile industry and trade--Technological innovations Banks and banking--Corrupt practices Caribbean Area Computer-assisted instruction Computer-assisted instruction--Costs Computers Data transmission systems Educational technology Educational technology--Cost effectiveness Educational technology--Costs Educational technology--Evaluation Educational technology--Finance Educational technology--Planning Educational technology--Research grants Education and state Education--Data processing Electronic funds transfers Electronic funds transfers--Corrupt practices Electronic funds transfers--Security measures Environmental policy--Citizen participation Environmental responsibility--Citizen participation Federal aid to education Global Positioning System Internet Internet fraud Machine-tool industry Medical innovations--Evaluation Medical technology--Evaluation Microspacecraft Money laundering Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (U.S.) Pollution--Citizen participation Pollution prevention--Citizen participation Public-private sector cooperation Research--Finance Research--International cooperation Schools--Furniture, equipment, etc Surplus government property Sustainable development--Citizen participation Technological forecasting Technology and state Technology assessment Technology--International cooperation Technology transfer--International cooperation Telecommunication--Security measures--Government policy United States
New forces at work : industry views critical technologies
Covers
The cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth scienceMonitoring and controlling the international transfer of technologyThe global positioning system : assessing national policiesLinking sustainable community activities to pollution prevention : a sourcebookCyberpayments and money laundering : problems and promiseInternational cooperation in research and development : an inventory of U.S. government spending and a framework for measuring benefitsThe cyber-posture of the national information infrastructureExploring money laundering vulnerabilities through emerging cyberspace technologies : a Caribbean-based exercise
Alternative Names

controlled identityScience and Technology Policy Institute (Rand Corporation)

Critical technologies institute

Critical technology institute

Critical Technology Institute Santa Monica, Calif

CTI

CTI (Critical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation))

Rand corporation, Critical technologies institute

Rand Corporation Critical Technology Institute

Rand corporation, Science and technology policy institute

S&T PI

STPI

Languages