WorldCat Identities

Chalk, Peter

Works: 139 works in 449 publications in 1 language and 35,567 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Cross-cultural studies  History  Encyclopedias 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Peter Chalk
Terrorism & development : using social and economic development to inhibit a resurgence of terrorism by Kim Cragin( )

16 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 2,420 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines social and economic development policies enacted by three countries--Israel, the Philippines, and the United Kingdom--to inhibit a resurgence of terrorist violence within their territorial jurisdictions. The analysis focuses on development initiatives that have been incorporated in wider peace and conflict resolution efforts in an attempt to mitigate local perceptions of past wrongdoings in communities that support terrorist groups. The research was designed to inform the U.S. governmental decisionmaking community of the benefits and possible pitfalls of emphasizing a specific social and economic dimension in strategies to counter the problem of terrorism
The global threat of new and reemerging infectious diseases : reconciling U.S. national security and public health policy by Jennifer Brower( )

16 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 2,395 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study offers a more comprehensive analysis of the security implications of the spread of infectious diseases than has been done to date. The study examines the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa, highlighting this particular crisis as a graphic example of the devastating effects that infectious disease can have on virtually every aspect of a state's functioning viability. It also makes a detailed analysis of the United States, delineating the threat posed by specific diseases; assessing the effectiveness of the existing public health infrastructure; and offering specific actions that can be taken to improve the country's ability to meet this emerging challenge
Exploring terrorist targeting preferences by Martin C Libicki( )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 2,329 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Governments spend billions to protect against terrorism. Might it help to understand what al Qaeda would achieve with each specific attack? This book examines various hypotheses of terrorist targeting: is it (1) to coerce, (2) to damage economies, (3) to rally the faithful, or (4) a decision left to affiliates? This book analyzes past attacks, post hoc justifications, andexpert opinion to weigh each hypothesis
Confronting "the enemy within" : security intelligence, the police, and counterterrorism in four democracies by Peter Chalk( )

16 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 2,272 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Latin american drug trade : scope, dimensions, impact, and response by Peter Chalk( )

11 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 2,153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transnational crime remains a particularly serious problem in Latin America, with most issues connected in some way to the drug trade. This book examines the scope and dimensions of Andean cocaine and heroin production; the main methods and land, air, and sea routes that are used to ship these narcotics between source, transit, and consumption countries; and the principal consequences that are associated with this particular manifestation of transnational crime. Addressing the problem of the Latin American drug trade has direct implications for the U.S. Air Force (USAF). In Colombia and, increasingly, Mexico, Washington is including counternarcotics support as an integral feature of its foreign internal defense aid, and the USAF is already engaged in a number of initiatives in both countries. Although this assistance has borne some notable results, there are some specific measures that the USAF should consider in looking to further hone and adjust its counternarcotics effort in Latin America. These include augmenting aerial surveillance over the Pacific-Central American corridor; refining existing standard operating procedures and further institutionalizing joint mission statements and protocols regarding drug interdiction; reconsidering the policy of aerial fumigation of illegal crops; and ensuring adequate protection of existing counter-drug-access arrangements in Central America.--Publisher description
Indonesia's transformation and the stability of Southeast Asia by Angel Rabasa( )

15 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 2,102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous country, is undergoing a profound transformation that could lead to a variety of outcomes, from the consolidation of democracy to return to authoritarianism or military rule, to radical Islamic rule, or to violent disintegration. The stakes are high, for Indonesia is the key to Southeast Asian security. The authors examine the trends and dynamics that are driving Indonesia's transformation, outline possible strategic futures and their implications for regional stability, and identify options the United States might pursue in the critical challenge of influencing Indonesia's future course."--Jacket
Hitting America's soft underbelly : the potential threat of deliberate biological attacks against the U.S. agricultural and food industry by Peter Chalk( )

14 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 2,075 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past decade, the United States has endeavored to increase its ability to detect, prevent, and respond to terrorist threats and incidents. The agriculture sector and the food industry in general, however, have received comparatively little attention with respect to protection against terrorist incidents. This study aims to expand the current debate on domestic homeland security by assessing the vulnerabilities of the agricultural sector and the food chain to a deliberate act of biological terrorism. The author presents the current state of research on threats to agricultural livestock and produce, outlines the sector's importance to the U.S. economy, examines the capabilities that are needed to exploit the vulnerabilities in the food industry, and explores the likely outcomes of a successful attack. The author addresses the question of why terrorists have yet to employ agricultural assaults as a method of operation and offers proposed recommendations for the U.S. policymaking community
The maritime dimension of international security : terrorism, piracy, and challenges for the United States by Peter Chalk( )

15 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 2,041 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The vast size and highly unregulated nature of the world's waterways have made the maritime environment an attractive theater for perpetrators of transnational violence. Both piracy and sea-borne terrorism have become more common since 2000 due to the global proliferation of small arms as well as growing vulnerabilities in maritime shipping, surveillance, and coastal and port-side security. In addition to massive increases in maritime traffic, pirates have profited from increasingly congested maritime chokepoints, the lingering effects of the Asian financial crisis, and weakened judicial and governmental structures. Some analysts also fear that terrorists may soon exploit the carefully calibrated freight trading system to trigger a global economic crisis, or use the container supply chain to transport weapons of mass destruction. While speculation about an emerging tactical nexus between piracy and terrorism is complicating the maritime threat picture, credible evidence to support this presumed convergence has yet to emerge. Since 2002, the United States--one of the world's principal maritime trading states--has spearheaded several important initiatives to improve global and regional maritime security. Although an important contribution, the author urges policymakers to consider four additional measures to better safeguard the world's oceans: helping to further expand the post-9/11 maritime security regime; conducting regular and rigorous threat assessments; assisting with redefining mandates of existing multilateral security and defense arrangements; and encouraging the commercial maritime industry to make greater use of enabling communication and defensive technologies and accept a greater degree of transparency in its corporate structures
Countering piracy in the modern era : notes from a RAND workshop to discuss the best approaches for dealing with piracy in the 21st century by Peter Chalk( )

5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,957 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In March 2009, the RAND Corporation convened a small group of experts from the U.S. government, allied partner nations, the maritime industry, and academic organizations to reconsider the underlying factors that drive maritime piracy in the 21st century. This conference proceedings highlights the six major themes that animated much of the discussion: (1) the relevance of the current legal framework for countering piracy, (2) the economic burden imposed by piracy, (3) the opportunities for international collaboration that have been afforded by the joint maritime patrols off the Horn of Africa, (4) the question of using private security contractors to protect shipping transiting dangerous waters, (5) the extent to which industry talks with a "single voice" in terms of addressing maritime security, and (6) means of confronting the unique nature of piracy off the Horn of Africa. Perhaps the most important conclusion that can be drawn from the workshop is that mitigating the complex nature of maritime crime requires the input of all relevant stakeholders - state, national, private, and nongovernmental - and must necessarily embrace measures that go well beyond the simple and expedient reactive deployment of naval assets
Colombian labyrinth : the synergy of drugs and insurgency and its implications for regional stability by Angel Rabasa( )

13 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 1,925 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S. policy toward Colombia has been driven to a large extent by counter-narcotics considerations, but the evolving situation in that South American country confronts the United States with as much of a national security as a drug policy problem. Colombia is a geostrategically important country, whose trajectory will influence broader trends in the Andean region and beyond. Colombian Labyrinth examines the sources of instability in the country; the objectives, strategy, strengths, and weaknesses of the government, guerrillas, and paramilitaries and the balances among them; and the effects of the current U.S. assistance program. Possible scenarios and futures for Colombia are laid out, with implications for both the United States and neighboring countries. The authors find that instability in Colombia stems from the interaction and synergies of the underground drug economy and armed challenges to the state's authority. Solutions to the core problem--the weakness of the Colombian state--must focus on resolving the broader set of political-military challenges that result from the convergence of drug trafficking and insurgency. The authors recommend that Colombia's military and institutional capabilities be improved to enable the Colombian government to regain control of the countryside and that, at the same time, the United States work with Colombia's neighbors to contain the risk of spillover and regional destabilization
The Malay-Muslim insurgency in southern Thailand : understanding the conflict's evolving dynamic by Peter Chalk( )

7 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 1,795 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Current unrest in the Malay-Muslim provinces of southern Thailand has captured growing national, regional, and international attention due to the heightened tempo and scale of rebel attacks, the increasingly jihadist undertone that has come to characterize insurgent actions, and the central government's often brutal handling of the situation on the ground. Of particular note are growing concerns that the conflict is no longer purely local in nature but has been systematically hijacked by outside extremists to avail wider transnational Islamist designs in southeast Asia. No concrete evidence suggests that the region has been decisively transformed into a new beachhead for pan-regional jihadism. Although many of the attacks currently being perpetrated in the three Malay provinces have a definite religious element, it is not apparent that this has altered the essential localized and nationalistic aspect of the conflict. While the scale and sophistication of violence have increased, nothing links this change in tempo to the input of punitive, absolutist external jihadist imperatives. Perhaps the clearest reason to believe that the southern Thai conflict has not metastasized into a broader jihadist struggle, however, is the fact that there has been neither a migration of violence north nor directed attacks against foreigners, tourist resorts, or overt symbols of U.S. cultural capitalism
Security in the Nation's capital and the closure of Pennsylvania Avenue : an assessment by Bruce Hoffman( )

9 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 1,615 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An assessment of possible ways in which Pennsylvania Avenue could have been reopened without compromising the safety and security of the President prior to September 11. The context and circumstances that influenced the 1995 decision to close the section of Pennsylvania Avenue directly in front of the White House are examined, along with that decision's continued validity and appropriateness in light of developments, including trends in terrorism, since 1995
The evolving terrorist threat to Southeast Asia : a net assessment by Peter Chalk( )

8 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Terrorism is not new to Southeast Asia. For much of the Cold War, the activities of a variety of domestic ethnonationalist and religious militant groups posed a significant challenge to the region's internal stability. Since the 1990s, however, the residual challenge posed by substate militant extremism has risen in reaction to both the force of modernization pursued by many Southeast Asian governments and the political influence of radical Islam. Building on prior RAND research analyzing the underlying motives, drivers, and capabilities of the principal extremist groups that have resorted to terrorist violence in the Philippines, southern Thailand, and Indonesia, this study examined the historical roots of militancy in these countries to provide context for assessing the degree to which local agendas are either being subsumed within a broader ideological framework or shaped by other extremist movements. Moving beyond simple terrorism analysis, this research also examined national and international government responses to militant movements in the region, including counterterrorist initiatives, military and policing strategies, hearts-and-minds campaigns, and funding and support from international organizations and governments (including the United States). Finally, the study broke new ground in assessing Cambodia as a potential future terrorist operational and logistical hub in Southeast Asia." -- back cover
India's and Pakistan's strategies in Afghanistan : implications for the United States and the region by Larry Hanauer( )

10 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 1,297 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Abstract: India and Pakistan have very different visions for Afghanistan, and they seek to advance highly disparate interests through their respective engagements in the country. Pakistan views Afghanistan primarily as an environment in which to pursue its rivalry with India. India pursues domestic priorities (such as reining in anti-Indian terrorism, accessing Central Asian energy resources, and increasing trade) that require Afghanistan to experience stability and economic growth. Thus, whereas Pakistan seeks to fashion an Afghan state that would detract from regional security, India would enhance Afghanistan's stability, security, economic growth, and regional integration. Afghanistan would welcome greater involvement from India, though it will need to accommodate the interests of multiple other external powers as well. India has a range of options for engaging Afghanistan, from continuing current activities to increasing economic and commercial ties, deploying forces to protect Indian facilities, continuing or expanding training for Afghan forces, or deploying combat troops for counterterrorism and counterinsurgency missions. To avoid antagonizing Pakistan, India is likely to increase economic and commercial engagement while maintaining, or perhaps augmenting, military training, though it will continue to conduct such training inside India. Increased Indian engagement in Afghanistan, particularly enhanced Indian assistance to Afghan security forces, will advance long-term U.S. objectives in central and south Asia. As the United States prepares to withdraw its combat forces from Afghanistan in 2014, it should therefore encourage India to fill the potential vacuum by adopting an increasingly assertive political, economic, and security strategy that includes increased security assistance."--The Publisher
U.S. Army in Southeast Asia : Near-Term and Long-Term Roles by Peter Chalk( )

5 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 1,065 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This RAND report explores the role and force posture of the U.S. Army in Southeast Asia, both now and out to 2020. The author argues that, under the current, largely benign conditions, the military will focus mainly on supporting defense reform and modernization, facilitating disaster relief response operations, providing assistance to address nonconventional transnational threats, and helping to balance China's increased influence into the region. If the security outlook in Southeast Asia remains favorable, these mission areas will not fundamentally change over the near term. However, should the general outlook deteriorate, perhaps as a result of a severe economic slowdown, the geopolitical environment will become far less certain and more prone to crisis. Governments that have derived legitimacy from rapid development would suffer from a loss of grassroots support. State-to-state rivalries would become more acute, especially with regard to the South China Sea disputes. And natural catastrophes would take on greater security relevance because of tighter fiscal constraints for underwriting disaster preparedness and response. To meet these challenges, the United States will need to adopt an agile strategy that is thin in physical presence but broad in programmatic execution. Specifically, there are four areas in which the Army should concentrate its efforts: (1) enhancing the defense capacities of partner nations to meet both conventional and nonconventional dangers; (2) concluding new base agreements for hosting small, mission-oriented expeditionary forces; (3) expanding support for regional humanitarian assistance activities; and (4) initiating appropriate responses to counter a more outwardly adventurist China
Promoting Online Voices for Countering Violent Extremism by Todd C Helmus( )

5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 882 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Key issues and challenges in empowering constructive Muslim voices -- Existing CVE in the United States -- Challenges confronting online CVE activism -- Case studies of capacity building -- Recommendations -- Conclusion
From insurgency to stability by Angel Rabasa( )

4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 798 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction -- U.S. Interagency Planning and Implementation--Vision and Reality in 2010 -- Military-to-Civilian Hand-Off of Security and Economic Operations -- Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration -- Police and Justice Functions -- The Contribution of International Partners -- Conclusions and Recommendations -- Appendix A: U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Implementing or Supporting Policing Capabilities -- Appendix B: U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Building or Supporting Justice and Corrections Capabilities -- Appendix C: Key Capabilities of U.S. Government Agencies
Promoting international energy security : sea-lanes to asia by Ryan Henry( )

3 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 513 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction -- Threats to Sea-Lane Security -- Current Sea-Lane Security Capabilities and Mechanisms -- Alternative Approaches to Sea-Lane Security -- Hurdles to Overcome -- How to Put Something in Place: Pursuing a Modified Approach -- Conclusions -- Appendix: Additional Multinational Maritime Security Mechanisms in Asia
Encyclopedia of terrorism by Peter Chalk( )

6 editions published between 2012 and 2015 in English and held by 468 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The motivation to commit terrorist acts in the 21st century is just as likely to be religious or ideological as political. Modern terrorist organizations are more diffuse and are operating across national boundaries; and their methods have become more violent with little or no regard for civilian victims. This set provides coverage of the events, individuals, groups, incidents, and trends in terrorism in the modern era
Sharing the dragon's teeth : terrorist groups and the exchange of new technologies by Kim Cragin( )

4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Operation Enduring Freedom and the global war on terrorism forced many members of al Qaeda to disperse, as the U.S. Government and its allies removed safe havens and arrested a number of key leaders. As a result, the nature of the terrorist threat against the United States appears to have changed. For example, some like-minded terrorist groups that perhaps do not have the global reach of a pre-9/11 al Qaeda nevertheless have formed regional alliances. Similarly, other events have caused terrorist groups that are not linked ideologically to form mutually beneficial partnerships. These partnerships have provided otherwise less capable terrorist groups with the opportunity to improve their skills and their reach. In each circumstance, emerging alliances could increase the threat that terrorism will pose to the United States in the next 3-15 years. Understanding these interactions, therefore, is essential to ongoing and future efforts in the U.S. global war on terrorism. Terrorist groups in three areas -- Mindanao, the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and southwest Colombia -- have exchanged technologies and knowledge in an effort to improve their operational capabilities. Studying these situations can provide the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) with examples of why and how terrorists might share new technologies in the future, as well as the degree to which these exchanges might be successful. The authors chose these case studies because the terrorist groups active in these regions are highly capable. This book examines a variety of different technologies and exchange processes, ranging from remote-detonation devices to converted field ordnance to katyusha rockets. In some instances, terrorists successfully obtained and deployed the technologies involved. Counterterrorism forces disrupted other technology exchanges. In total, the authors examined 11 terrorist groups that operate in these three regions
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The global threat of new and reemerging infectious diseases : reconciling U.S. national security and public health policy
The global threat of new and reemerging infectious diseases : reconciling U.S. national security and public health policyExploring terrorist targeting preferencesConfronting "the enemy within" : security intelligence, the police, and counterterrorism in four democraciesLatin american drug trade : scope, dimensions, impact, and responseIndonesia's transformation and the stability of Southeast AsiaHitting America's soft underbelly : the potential threat of deliberate biological attacks against the U.S. agricultural and food industryThe maritime dimension of international security : terrorism, piracy, and challenges for the United StatesColombian labyrinth : the synergy of drugs and insurgency and its implications for regional stability
Alternative Names
Chalk, P.

Chalk, P. 1967-

English (198)