WorldCat Identities

Chalk, Peter

Works: 117 works in 372 publications in 1 language and 28,938 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Cross-cultural studies  History  Encyclopedias 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: HV6431, 363.32
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Peter Chalk
The global threat of new and reemerging infectious diseases : reconciling U.S. national security and public health policy by Jennifer Brower( Book )

13 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 390 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study offers a more comprehensive analysis of the security implications of the spread of infectious diseases than has been done to date. The study examines the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa, highlighting this particular crisis as a graphic example of the devastating effects that infectious disease can have on virtually every aspect of a state's functioning viability. It also makes a detailed analysis of the United States, delineating the threat posed by specific diseases; assessing the effectiveness of the existing public health infrastructure; and offering specific actions that can be taken to improve the country's ability to meet this emerging challenge
Confronting "the enemy within" : security intelligence, the police, and counterterrorism in four democracies by Peter Chalk( Book )

15 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fortifying Pakistan : the role of U.S. internal security assistance by C. Christine Fair( Book )

7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 314 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The authors offer a comprehensive examination of Pakistan's internal security environment and the effectiveness of its criminal justice structures and assess the impact and utility of the principal United States initiatives to help Pakistan strengthen its internal security. They raise some difficult questions about present U.S. government assistance to President Musharraf and the army; while instrumental in the short-term global war on terror, will U.S. assistance seriously impede the long-term prospects for peace and prosperity in Pakistan?"--Jacket
Colombian labyrinth : the synergy of drugs and insurgency and its implications for regional stability by Angel Rabasa( Book )

10 editions published in 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 298 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S. policy toward Colombia has been driven to a large extent by counter-narcotics considerations, but the evolving situation in that South American country confronts the United States with as much of a national security as a drug policy problem. Colombia is a geostrategically important country, whose trajectory will influence broader trends in the Andean region and beyond. Colombian Labyrinth examines the sources of instability in the country; the objectives, strategy, strengths, and weaknesses of the government, guerrillas, and paramilitaries and the balances among them; and the effects of the current U.S. assistance program. Possible scenarios and futures for Colombia are laid out, with implications for both the United States and neighboring countries. The authors find that instability in Colombia stems from the interaction and synergies of the underground drug economy and armed challenges to the state's authority. Solutions to the core problem--the weakness of the Colombian state--must focus on resolving the broader set of political-military challenges that result from the convergence of drug trafficking and insurgency. The authors recommend that Colombia's military and institutional capabilities be improved to enable the Colombian government to regain control of the countryside and that, at the same time, the United States work with Colombia's neighbors to contain the risk of spillover and regional destabilization
Terrorism & development : using social and economic development to inhibit a resurgence of terrorism by Kim Cragin( Book )

15 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 281 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines the social and economic development policies enacted by three countries--Israel, the Philippines, and the United Kingdom--to inhibit a resurgence of terrorism within their jurisdictions. Drawing on a broad research base, including numerous first-hand interviews, the authors outline the initiatives implemented by each country then assess their effectiveness, with the aim of informing U.S. decisionmakers of the benefits and pitfalls of such initiatives as they develop policy to counter terrorism. Among their conclusions are the following: Social and economic development policies can weaken local support for terrorist activities and discourage terrorist recruits, and such policies can be used as a "stick" to discourage terrorism. They caution, however, that the ability of these policies to inhibit terrorism depends on their implementation, and inadequately funded such policies are likely to renew support for terrorism
Indonesia's transformation and the stability of Southeast Asia by Angel Rabasa( Book )

13 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 271 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous country, is undergoing a profound transformation that could lead to a variety of outcomes, from the consolidation of democracy to return to authoritarianism or military rule, to radical Islamic rule, or to violent disintegration. The stakes are high, for Indonesia is the key to Southeast Asian security. The authors examine the trends and dynamics that are driving Indonesia's transformation, outline possible strategic futures and their implications for regional stability, and identify options the United States might pursue in the critical challenge of influencing Indonesia's future course."--Jacket
Non-military security and global order : the impact of extremism, violence, and chaos on national and international security by Peter Chalk( Book )

11 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The book also deals with the potentially problematic question of state responses to grey area phenomena. In particular, it stresses the need for coordinated inter-agency operations, centralized intelligence operations that cross civilian and military jurisdictions and public trust at the national level, combined with fully institutionalized modes of collaboration at the international level."--Jacket
Exploring terrorist targeting preferences by Martin C Libicki( Book )

13 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 226 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Governments spend billions to protect against terrorism. Might it help to understand what al Qaeda would achieve with each specific attack? This book examines various hypotheses of terrorist targeting: is it (1) to coerce, (2) to damage economies, (3) to rally the faithful, or (4) a decision left to affiliates? This book analyzes past attacks, post hoc justifications, and expert opinion to weigh each hypothesis
The maritime dimension of international security : terrorism, piracy, and challenges for the United States by Peter Chalk( Book )

13 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The vast size and highly unregulated nature of the world's waterways have made the maritime environment an attractive theater for perpetrators of transnational violence. Both piracy and sea-borne terrorism have become more common since 2000 due to the global proliferation of small arms as well as growing vulnerabilities in maritime shipping, surveillance, and coastal and port-side security. In addition to massive increases in maritime traffic, pirates have profited from increasingly congested maritime chokepoints, the lingering effects of the Asian financial crisis, and weakened judicial and governmental structures. Some analysts also fear that terrorists may soon exploit the carefully calibrated freight trading system to trigger a global economic crisis, or use the container supply chain to transport weapons of mass destruction. While speculation about an emerging tactical nexus between piracy and terrorism is complicating the maritime threat picture, credible evidence to support this presumed convergence has yet to emerge. Since 2002, the United States--one of the world's principal maritime trading states--has spearheaded several important initiatives to improve global and regional maritime security. Although an important contribution, the author urges policymakers to consider four additional measures to better safeguard the world's oceans: helping to further expand the post-9/11 maritime security regime; conducting regular and rigorous threat assessments; assisting with redefining mandates of existing multilateral security and defense arrangements; and encouraging the commercial maritime industry to make greater use of enabling communication and defensive technologies and accept a greater degree of transparency in its corporate structures
Hitting America's soft underbelly : the potential threat of deliberate biological attacks against the U.S. agricultural and food industry by Peter Chalk( Book )

13 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past decade, the United States has endeavored to increase its ability to detect, prevent, and respond to terrorist threats and incidents. The agriculture sector and the food industry in general, however, have received comparatively little attention with respect to protection against terrorist incidents. This study aims to expand the current debate on domestic homeland security by assessing the vulnerabilities of the agricultural sector and the food chain to a deliberate act of biological terrorism. The author presents the current state of research on threats to agricultural livestock and produce, outlines the sector's importance to the U.S. economy, examines the capabilities that are needed to exploit the vulnerabilities in the food industry, and explores the likely outcomes of a successful attack. The author addresses the question of why terrorists have yet to employ agricultural assaults as a method of operation and offers proposed recommendations for the U.S. policymaking community
Encyclopedia of terrorism by Peter Chalk( Book )

6 editions published between 2012 and 2015 in English and held by 181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The motivation to commit terrorist acts in the 21st century is just as likely to be religious or ideological as political. Modern terrorist organizations are more diffuse and are operating across national boundaries; and their methods have become more violent with little or no regard for civilian victims. This set provides coverage of the events, individuals, groups, incidents, and trends in terrorism in the modern era
The evolving terrorist threat to Southeast Asia : a net assessment by Peter Chalk( Book )

8 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 178 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Terrorism is not new to Southeast Asia. For much of the Cold War, the activities of a variety of domestic ethnonationalist and religious militant groups posed a significant challenge to the region's internal stability. Since the 1990s, however, the residual challenge posed by substate militant extremism has risen in reaction to both the force of modernization pursued by many Southeast Asian governments and the political influence of radical Islam. Building on prior RAND research analyzing the underlying motives, drivers, and capabilities of the principal extremist groups that have resorted to terrorist violence in the Philippines, southern Thailand, and Indonesia, this study examined the historical roots of militancy in these countries to provide context for assessing the degree to which local agendas are either being subsumed within a broader ideological framework or shaped by other extremist movements. Moving beyond simple terrorism analysis, this research also examined national and international government responses to militant movements in the region, including counterterrorist initiatives, military and policing strategies, hearts-and-minds campaigns, and funding and support from international organizations and governments (including the United States). Finally, the study broke new ground in assessing Cambodia as a potential future terrorist operational and logistical hub in Southeast Asia
Security in the Nation's capital and the closure of Pennsylvania Avenue : an assessment by Bruce Hoffman( Book )

7 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An assessment of possible ways in which Pennsylvania Avenue could have been reopened without compromising the safety and security of the President prior to September 11. The context and circumstances that influenced the 1995 decision to close the section of Pennsylvania Avenue directly in front of the White House are examined, along with that decision's continued validity and appropriateness in light of developments, including trends in terrorism, since 1995
The Malay-Muslim insurgency in southern Thailand : understanding the conflict's evolving dynamic by Peter Chalk( Book )

12 editions published between 2004 and 2008 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Current unrest in the Malay-Muslim provinces of southern Thailand has captured growing national, regional, and international attention due to the heightened tempo and scale of rebel attacks, the increasingly jihadist undertone that has come to characterize insurgent actions, and the central government's often brutal handling of the situation on the ground. Of particular note are growing concerns that the conflict is no longer purely local in nature but has been systematically hijacked by outside extremists to avail wider transnational Islamist designs in southeast Asia. No concrete evidence suggests that the region has been decisively transformed into a new beachhead for pan-regional jihadism. Although many of the attacks currently being perpetrated in the three Malay provinces have a definite religious element, it is not apparent that this has altered the essential localized and nationalistic aspect of the conflict. While the scale and sophistication of violence have increased, nothing links this change in tempo to the input of punitive, absolutist external jihadist imperatives. Perhaps the clearest reason to believe that the southern Thai conflict has not metastasized into a broader jihadist struggle, however, is the fact that there has been neither a migration of violence north nor directed attacks against foreigners, tourist resorts, or overt symbols of U.S. cultural capitalism
Latin American drug trade : scope, dimensions, impact, and response by Peter Chalk( Book )

8 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 136 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transnational crime remains a particularly serious problem in Latin America, with most issues connected in some way to the drug trade. This book examines the scope and dimensions of Andean cocaine and heroin production; the main methods and land, air, and sea routes that are used to ship these narcotics between source, transit, and consumption countries; and the principal consequences that are associated with this particular manifestation of transnational crime. Addressing the problem of the Latin American drug trade has direct implications for the U.S. Air Force (USAF). In Colombia and, increasingly, Mexico, Washington is including counternarcotics support as an integral feature of its foreign internal defense aid, and the USAF is already engaged in a number of initiatives in both countries. Although this assistance has borne some notable results, there are some specific measures that the USAF should consider in looking to further hone and adjust its counternarcotics effort in Latin America. These include augmenting aerial surveillance over the Pacific-Central American corridor; refining existing standard operating procedures and further institutionalizing joint mission statements and protocols regarding drug interdiction; reconsidering the policy of aerial fumigation of illegal crops; and ensuring adequate protection of existing counter-drug-access arrangements in Central America
Countering piracy in the modern era : notes from a RAND workshop to discuss the best approaches for dealing with piracy in the 21st century by Peter Chalk( Book )

4 editions published in 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In March 2009, the RAND Corporation convened a small group of experts from the U.S. government, allied partner nations, the maritime industry, and other academic organizations to discuss piracy in the modern era. The premise of the workshop was that reconsidering the underlying factors that drive maritime piracy in the 21st century might provide valuable insights to decision makers and policy makers into how best to address the problem within the wider context of fostering greater order at sea. Workshop participants received briefings from RAND researchers and outside specialists that outlined the views of the maritime industry and presented national and international perspectives. The presentations and all related discussion were nonattributable so as to encourage open and frank debate. This document summarizes the main points and conclusions that emerged from the workshop; it should serve as a useful resource to workshop participants as well as others interested in understanding the challenges associated with maritime disorder, violence at sea, and piracy in particular. Six major themes, however, animated much of the discussion: the relevance of the current legal framework for countering piracy; the economic burden imposed by piracy; the opportunities for international collaboration that have been afforded by the joint maritime patrols off the Horn of Africa; the question of using private security contractors to protect shipping transiting dangerous waters; the extent to which industry talks with a "single voice" in terms of addressing maritime security; and means of confronting the unique nature of piracy off the Horn of Africa
India's and Pakistan's strategies in Afghanistan : implications for the United States and the region by Larry Hanauer( Book )

10 editions published in 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Abstract: India and Pakistan have very different visions for Afghanistan, and they seek to advance highly disparate interests through their respective engagements in the country. Pakistan views Afghanistan primarily as an environment in which to pursue its rivalry with India. India pursues domestic priorities (such as reining in anti-Indian terrorism, accessing Central Asian energy resources, and increasing trade) that require Afghanistan to experience stability and economic growth. Thus, whereas Pakistan seeks to fashion an Afghan state that would detract from regional security, India would enhance Afghanistan's stability, security, economic growth, and regional integration. Afghanistan would welcome greater involvement from India, though it will need to accommodate the interests of multiple other external powers as well. India has a range of options for engaging Afghanistan, from continuing current activities to increasing economic and commercial ties, deploying forces to protect Indian facilities, continuing or expanding training for Afghan forces, or deploying combat troops for counterterrorism and counterinsurgency missions. To avoid antagonizing Pakistan, India is likely to increase economic and commercial engagement while maintaining, or perhaps augmenting, military training, though it will continue to conduct such training inside India. Increased Indian engagement in Afghanistan, particularly enhanced Indian assistance to Afghan security forces, will advance long-term U.S. objectives in central and south Asia. As the United States prepares to withdraw its combat forces from Afghanistan in 2014, it should therefore encourage India to fill the potential vacuum by adopting an increasingly assertive political, economic, and security strategy that includes increased security assistance." -- From the Publisher
Promoting online voices for countering violent extremism by Todd C Helmus( Book )

5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

American Muslims have played an important role in helping to counter violent extremism (CVE) and support for al-Qa'ida, and are increasingly using the Internet and social media to these ends. Discussions with a number of Muslim leaders active in social media suggest that it is possible to expand such efforts even further, and doing so is a major objective of the August 2011 White House strategy to counter violent extremism. RAND researchers reviewed literature and interviewed American Muslims experienced in social media to understand and explain key challenges facing Muslim activists against extremism, and to identify ways in which the public and private sector can help empower CVE voices online. Their recommendations include reducing the national security focus of CVE where possible: addressing sources of mistrust within the Muslim community, focusing engagement and education on those influential in social media, and enhancing both government and private-sector funding and engagement
From insurgency to stability by Angel Rabasa( Book )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This monograph is the first of two volumes that examine how countries confronting insurgencies transition from a high level of violence to a more stable situation. It identifies the procedures and capabilities that the U.S. Department of Defense, other agencies of the U.S. government, U.S. allies and partners, and international organizations require in order to support the transition from counterinsurgency to stability and reconstruction operations. During counterinsurgency, the military takes primary responsibility for security and economic operations, but when the insurgency has been reduced to a level where the state is able to perform its basic functions, police and civilian government agencies take the lead in providing security and services to the population. Successful post-counterinsurgency operations can ensure that lasting peace and stability will follow, rather than a relapse into violence
The U.S. Army in Southeast Asia : near-term and long-term roles by Peter Chalk( )

2 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This RAND report explores the role and force posture of the U.S. Army in Southeast Asia, both now and out to 2020. The author argues that, under the current, largely benign conditions, the military will focus mainly on supporting defense reform and modernization, facilitating disaster relief response operations, providing assistance to address nonconventional transnational threats, and helping to balance China's increased influence into the region. If the security outlook in Southeast Asia remains favorable, these mission areas will not fundamentally change over the near term. However, should the general outlook deteriorate, perhaps as a result of a severe economic slowdown, the geopolitical environment will become far less certain and more prone to crisis. Governments that have derived legitimacy from rapid development would suffer from a loss of grassroots support. State-to-state rivalries would become more acute, especially with regard to the South China Sea disputes. And natural catastrophes would take on greater security relevance because of tighter fiscal constraints for underwriting disaster preparedness and response. To meet these challenges, the United States will need to adopt an agile strategy that is thin in physical presence but broad in programmatic execution. Specifically, there are four areas in which the Army should concentrate its efforts: (1) enhancing the defense capacities of partner nations to meet both conventional and nonconventional dangers; (2) concluding new base agreements for hosting small, mission-oriented expeditionary forces; (3) expanding support for regional humanitarian assistance activities; and (4) initiating appropriate responses to counter a more outwardly adventurist China
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The global threat of new and reemerging infectious diseases : reconciling U.S. national security and public health policy
Alternative Names
Chalk, P.

Chalk, P. 1967-

English (184)

Confronting "the enemy within" : security intelligence, the police, and counterterrorism in four democraciesFortifying Pakistan : the role of U.S. internal security assistanceColombian labyrinth : the synergy of drugs and insurgency and its implications for regional stabilityTerrorism & development : using social and economic development to inhibit a resurgence of terrorismIndonesia's transformation and the stability of Southeast AsiaNon-military security and global order : the impact of extremism, violence, and chaos on national and international securityExploring terrorist targeting preferencesThe maritime dimension of international security : terrorism, piracy, and challenges for the United States