WorldCat Identities

RAND Europe

Works: 414 works in 677 publications in 2 languages and 14,862 library holdings
Roles: Other, Author
Classifications: AS36, 355.03304
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by RAND Europe
Visie op de toekomst van het wetenschappelijk onderzoek : speerpunten voor beleid : hoofdrapport = Vision of the future of scientific research : focal points for policy : main report( Book )

6 editions published in 2002 in Dutch and held by 335 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

RAND Europe conducted a series of four seminar games for the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science to investigate under a variety of possible futures the role of policy in sustaining high quality scientific research. The main dimensions that the researchers varied in these games were: individualised versus collective performance of research, centralised versus decentralised management of major issues, and moderate vs. major internationalisation of research funding and performance. The overall results of the four games may be summarised in three propositions: 1) No revolutionary changes are needed to the Dutch policy vision of scientific research, 2) There are two independent values driving the need for scientific research: science as a tool for improving society (the instrumental value) and scientific knowledge as an inherent good (the non-instrumental value), 3) A lot of the criticism of current science policies results from anxiety arising from uncertainty and confusion about what these policies are and how they are implemented
The European Security and Defense Policy : NATO's companion - or competitor? by Robert Edwards Hunter( Book )

8 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 260 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The emergence of the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) in the last two-thirds of the 1990s and continuing into the new century, has been a complex process intertwining politics, economics, national cultures, and numerous institutions. This book provides an essential background for understanding how security issues as between NATO and the European Union are being posed for the early part of the 21st century, including the new circumstances following the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11, 2001. This study should be of interest to those interested in the evolution of U.S.-European relations, especially in, but not limited to, the security field; the development of institutional relationships; and key choices that lie ahead in regard to these critical arrangements
The future of NATO's Mediterranean initiative : evolution and next steps( Book )

4 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

NATO's Mediterranean Initiative is acquiring new significance with changes in the strategic environment and changes in NATO itself. Greater attention is being devoted to developments on the southern periphery of the Alliance. Members of the NATO Dialogue will have a shared stake in addressing new security challenges, many of which are transregional and require cooperative strategies in response. A longer-term vision is essential to further development. Policy recommendations include reinforcement of the nongovernmental dimensions of the Dialogue, establishment of a region-specific agenda that can include defense training and exercises, and increasing resources devoted to the Initiative commensurate with the region's growing importance. Individual Dialogue members should be free to engage, at their own pace, in more ambitious cooperation with NATO
A seminar game to analyze regional governance options for Portugal by RAND Europe( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 151 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Regionalization in Portugal was a major issue in 1998, as the nation held a referendum on whether to establish administrative regions to assume many tasks presently performed by the central government. The debate was both hot and confused, as both "pro" and "anti" forces claimed their solution would lead to more efficient government, and no major political party spoke with one voice. To help illuminate the debate, RAND Europe conducted in June 1998 a series of seminar games simulating the alternative decentralization schemes being contemplated. The results of the game showed that (1) the specific form of decentralization may be less important than the details of implementation (not present in the debate); (2) the critical issue of financial autonomy for local governing bodies had not been adequately addressed; (3) there was no consensus regarding which governmental competencies are the best for devolution to regions; and (4) whatever form of decentralization is chosen, close monitoring of different competencies and the flexibility to shift policies are essential
Public information provision in the digital age : implementation and effects of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 147 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requires agencies to release records upon written request, except for those protected from disclosure by FOIA's exemptions and exclusions. Amendments to the Act in 1996 expanded the statutory definition of "record" to include information made available in electronic format. This report explores whether and how e-FOIA is affecting (or expected to affect) U.S. federal agency procedures, with special attention to the implications of e-FOIA for interactions with citizens and private-sector organizations. The goal is to enable the Dutch government to take these lessons into account in its preparation of legislative measures to incorporate an "e" component into its Act to Promote Open Government (Wet openbaarheid van bestuur, or WOB). The report concludes that implementation of the e-FOIA in the United States has led to more transparent access to data through guidance Web pages, and to cheaper access to data for more requesters by means of "electronic reading rooms." The U.S. experience indicates that explicit incorporation of an "e" component into the WOB would be expected to lead to more transparent, often quicker, and certainly broader access to public data across the board, against lower costs per information request
Quick scan of post 9/11 national counter-terrorism policymaking and implementation in selected European countries : research project for the Netherlands Ministry of Justice( Book )

6 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Comparative analysis of counterterrorism policies and policy implementations for the Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The goal of the research is to improve coordination of counterterrorism among European Union member states
Guidelines for implementing and evaluating the Portuguese drug strategy by I. van Beusekom( Book )

3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report analyzes Portugal's recently changed national drug strategy, develops recommendations for its implementation, and offers analysis for evaluating its effects. Portugal's strategy seeks to decriminalize possession and consumption of all drugs for personal use, reduce drug harm and risks, and offer prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation. The authors examine the history of Portugal's drug problem over the past 75 years in light of the existing literature on drugs and drug abuse
The Royal Navy's new-generation Type 45 destroyer : acquisition options and implications by J. L Birkler( Book )

3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 142 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2001, RAND helped the United Kingdom_s Ministry of Defence (MOD) evaluate different acquisition strategies that it might use to acquire the new-generation Type 45 destroyer. RAND_s analyses helped in determining whether the MOD should have the Type 45 built by one company or two, whether it should compete the 12 ships in the class or directly allocate work to specific shipbuilders, and whether companies producing the Type 45 should construct the destroyer in its entirety in one shipyard or from blocks produced in several shipyards
"Seacurity" : improving the security of the global sea-container shipping system by Maarten van de Voort( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From October 28 to Oct. 30 2002, a stakeholder consultation regarding the security of container commerce U called "Seacurity" U was held at the European Union£s Joint Research Centre. The purpose of the workshop and this document is to raise awareness concerning the current status of maritime security and its vulnerability to terrorism. The main obstacles in achieving a less vulnerable maritime system are identified mainly through the interaction of the workshop£s participants. Beginning with issues that were raised regarding threats to maritime and U more specifically U to container commerce, the workshop discussed the issues and possible solutions that these raised. The report concludes with a number of recommendations and references. The report should be of interest to government officials and policy-makers dealing with the maritime system, international trade or anti-terrorism issues, as well as private companies which have an interest in the (international) maritime system
A review of recent advances in knowledge about methadone maintenance treatment by I. van Beusekom( Book )

5 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report, which provides a knowledge base for the development of methadone maintenance treatment clinical guidelines in Switzerland, reviews the world-wide literature (except for Switzerland, which is the subject of a separate investigation) on such treatment and existing guidelines. Articles on methadone maintenance treatment and concurring treatment modalities are discussed in detail, as well as existing knowledge about specific populations, such as pregnant addicts and addicts with HIV or tuberculosis. Research on prognostic factors to patients' responses to treatment and perceptions of opiate dependent persons are also reviewed to ascertain their value to practitioners in managing methadone maintenance treatment and in assessing the best possible treatment. A final chapter describes other substitution treatments in comparison to methadone maintenance and synthesizes the information of the review into a structured information source for thinking about guideline development
Benchmarking e-Government in Europe and the US by Irma Graafland-Essers( Book )

4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 140 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study addresses the demand-side of e-government--not only usage--but also perceptions and barriers to utilization that have not been treated previously. Indicators to measure acceptance and adoption of e-government were used to build two surveys that were then piloted among members of the 'general population' in the 15 EU Member States, Switzerland and Europe, and to IT managers in the commercial sector in seven EU countries. The survey shows that only about one third of businesses are currently using e-government. Among these, only about one third prefer this method over existing methods
The United Kingdom's naval shipbuilding industrial base : the next fifteen years( Book )

3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United Kingdom has many contracted and prospective naval shipbuilding programmes on the horizon over the next two decades, ranging from the Astute-class attack submarine to the Future Aircraft Carrier (CVF). The UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) wants to know whether the United Kingdom's existing naval shipbuilding industrial base will be able to meet the requirements of the MOD's future acquisition plan. Using extensive surveys and a breadth of data, RAND researchers looked at the capacity of the UK naval shipbuilding industrial base and how alternative acquisition requirements, programmes, and schedules might affect this capability. Using the MOD's current plan, they focused on its potential impact in the areas of labour, facilities, and supplier demand. Overall, the researchers find that, using the 2004 planning assumptions, the overlap of certain large programmes would cause a near-term peak in workload demand, followed by a steady decline. To minimise such inconsistencies, they suggest that the MOD in the near term consider, among other options, shifting the scheduling of the labour demand (known as "level-loading"); reexamining the current UK Defence Industrial Policy to allow non-UK firms to meet peak demand; and using alternative facilities to assist major construction during peak workload times. For the long term, the researchers recommend, among other alternatives, that the MOD make long-term industrial planning outlooks of this report's nature a regular occurrence, define an appropriate role for the United Kingdom's supporting offshore industry, and explore the advantages of interoperable technologies for sharing design work
Benchmarking security and trust in Europe and the US by Leon Cremonini( Book )

4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 133 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents the results of two pilot surveys (for citizens and for businesses) held in 2002, which addressed respondents from the European Union, Switzerland and the United States on a number of topics, among others 'Security and Trust'. It explores how Europeans and Americans experience online threats and vulnerabilities
Assessing research : the researchers' view by Steven Wooding( Book )

4 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 131 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Research Assessment Exercise is used to assess the quality of, and determine core government funding for, research carried out in UK universities. This report provided evidence for a review of the process. The overwhelming majority of participants thought research should be assessed using a system based on peer review; that there was a strong desire for a system with clear rules and transparent procedures; and that there was a need for improved systems to assess inter- and multi-disciplinary research work
Cannabis policy, implementation and outcomes( Book )

4 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 126 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The political debate on cannabis policy is often more based on opinions than on evidence. However, evidence-based knowledge is required to design effective cannabis policy. A review of the scientific literature on cannabis policy and its consequences was conducted. The evidentiary basis for cannabis policy is rather narrow. The study includes an agenda for further research on cannabis policy
Assimilating immigrants : why America can and France cannot by Robert A LeVine( Book )

5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States and France differ greatly in their responses to mass immigration. The U.S. adapts its own culture and that of the immigrants, most recently with Latinos. France want the immigrants to do it all. As a result, the Muslim North Africans of France's first wave of mass immigration are not assimilating well. The author compares the two current cases and briefly discusses the policy implications: The U.S. seems on its best course, but France needs policy changes to at least keep the peace
TEN telecom guidelines status review( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The 1992 Maastricht Treaty of the European Community calls for the creation of Trans-European Networks, or TENs, in transport, telecommunications, and energy. The TENs, supported with a budget of 4.6 billion Euro for 2000-2006, support projects of common interest where immediate commercial prospects and benefits are uncertain but that promote interconnection and interoperability of and universal access to national transport, telecommunications, and energy networks. Article 14 of the TEN Telecom Guidelines requires the Commission in 2001 to revise Annex 1 of the Guidelines, which provides specific guidance to projects, to reflect technical developments and lessons of experience learned to date. To assess the future needs and prospects for the TEN Telecom Action and to develop a vision by which to revise its guidelines, RAND Europe and IDC Benelux conducted a technology foresight study examining emergent technological solutions and needs, a survey among sector users, and in-depth interviews with sector members. This document presents a medium-term vision and has been important input to the European Commission in preparation of its proposals for a revision, which has now been agreed with the European Parliament and the EU Member States."--Rand Abstracts
Sustaining key skills in the UK military aircraft industry( Book )

3 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In December 2005, the Ministry of Defence (MOD) published its first Defence Industrial Strategy, containing a specific reference to the military fixed wing aircraft sector and a requirement to retain domestic design and engineering capabilities, as well as other skills, to perform through-life activities. In 2009, the House of Commons Defence Committee urged the MOD to "set out what assessment it has made of the health of the UK defence industry and, in particular, those parts of the defence industry where the MOD wishes to retain industrial capability in the UK." The research reported in this monograph was commissioned by the MOD's Fixed Wing Sector Strategy Board to assist the MOD in its development of a strategy and sustainment plan for the military fixed wing sector. The RAND study was conducted between August and December 2009 and focused on the current health and future sustainment of key skills in the UK fixed wing military industrial base. This monograph describes the qualitative and quantitative methodologies that the RAND team followed and summarises its findings and recommendations."--Résumé de l'éditeur
Project retrosight understanding the returns from cardiovascular and stroke research: the policy report by Steven Wooding( )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This project explores the impacts arising from cardiovascular and stroke research funded 15-20 years ago and attempts to draw out aspects of the research, researcher or environment that are associated with high or low impact. The project is a case study-based review of 29 cardiovascular and stroke research grants, funded in Australia, Canada and UK between 1989 and 1993. The case studies focused on the individual grants but considered the development of the investigators and ideas involved in the research projects from initiation to the present day. Grants were selected through a stratified random selection approach that aimed to include both high- and low-impact grants. The key messages are as follows: 1. The cases reveal that a large and diverse range of impacts arose from the 29 grants studied. 2. There are variations between the impacts derived from basic biomedical and clinical research. 3. There is no correlation between knowledge production and wider impacts. 4. The majority of economic impacts identified come from a minority of projects. 5. We identified factors that appear to be associated with high and low impact. This report presents the key observations of the study and an overview of the methods involved. It has been written for funders of biomedical and health research and health services, health researchers, and policy makers in those fields. It will also be of interest to those involved in research and impact evaluation
Exploring patterns of behaviour in violent Jihadist terrorists an analysis of six significant terrorist conspiracies in the UK by Lindsay Clutterbuck( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this research was to see whether the groups/cells and their 38 core individuals who had taken part in the six most serious terrorist conspiracies and attacks in the UK between 2004 and 2007, all of which were driven by the ideology of violent Jihadism as espoused by Al Qaeda, exhibited any specific types of behaviour. In each case the terrorists successfully launched or unsuccessfully attempted an attack, or were arrested and convicted of conspiring to carry out a terrorist attack. The research provides a detailed examination of the behaviours exhibited by violent Jihadist groups/cells and the individuals within them. The report outlines the history and background before examining the organisation, characteristics and behaviour of the groups/cells involved. It also examines individual behaviours carried out on behalf of the group/cell and individual behaviour more broadly. It demonstrates there are certain distinctive behavioural characteristics displayed with their planning, preparation and implementation of an act of terrorism. The six UK case studies show three categories of behaviours, from "radicalisation" into "transition to violent Jihad" and finally to "terrorist attack planning and preparation."
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The European Security and Defense Policy : NATO's companion - or competitor?
Alternative Names
English (68)

Dutch (6)

The future of NATO's Mediterranean initiative : evolution and next stepsA seminar game to analyze regional governance options for PortugalQuick scan of post 9/11 national counter-terrorism policymaking and implementation in selected European countries : research project for the Netherlands Ministry of JusticeGuidelines for implementing and evaluating the Portuguese drug strategyThe Royal Navy's new-generation Type 45 destroyer : acquisition options and implicationsThe United Kingdom's naval shipbuilding industrial base : the next fifteen yearsBenchmarking security and trust in Europe and the USAssessing research : the researchers' view