WorldCat Identities

Science and Technology Policy Institute (Rand Corporation)

Works: 95 works in 214 publications in 1 language and 18,894 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Other
Classifications: Q180.U5, 338.97306
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Science and Technology Policy Institute (Rand Corporation)
Reading for understanding : toward an R & D program in reading comprehension by Catherine E Snow( Book )

10 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 293 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In fall 1999, the Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) asked RAND to examine how OERI might improve the quality and relevance of the education research it funds. The RAND Reading Study Group (RRSG) was charged with developing a research framework to address the most pressing issues in literacy. RRSG focused on reading comprehension wherein the highest priorities for research are: (1) Instruction: How can we best promote the development of proficient reading and prevent reading comprehension difficulties? (2) Teacher preparation and professional development: How can we prepare teachers to deliver effective comprehension instruction? (3) Assessment: How can we develop an assessment system for reading comprehension that includes the design of valid and reliable measures of self-regulated, strategic reading that are sensitive to instructional interventions? RRSG concluded that the research infrastructure must: (a) obtain long-term funding that is sustained across administrations and political constituencies; (b) acquire intellectual leadership that endures over a substantial time frame and is insulated from political forces; (c) synthesize knowledge across the various research initiatives in systematic ways; (d) enlist a cadre of well-trained investigators; and, (e) fund research that is rigorous and of high quality
Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcement by William Schwabe( Book )

9 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 256 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Under the American federal system, most law is cast as state statutes and local ordinances; accordingly, most law enforcement is the responsibility of state and local agencies. Federal law and federal law enforcement come into play only where there is rationale for it, consistent with the Constitution. Within this framework, a clear role has been identified for federal support of state and local agencies. This report provides findings of a study of technology in use or needed by law enforcement agencies at the state and local level, for the purpose of informing federal policymakers as they consider technology-related support for these agencies. In addition, it seeks to characterize the obstacles that exist to technology adoption by law enforcement agencies and to characterize the perceived effects of federal assistance programs intended to facilitate the process. The study findings are based on a nationwide Law Enforcement Technology Survey and a similar Forensics Technology Survey (FTS) conducted in late spring and early summer2000, interviews conducted throughout the year, focus groups conducted in autumn 2000, and review of an extensive, largely nonacademic literature. Companion reports: Schwabe, William, Needs and Prospects for Crime-Fighting Technology: The Federal Role in Assisting State and Local Law Enforcement, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 1999. Davis, Lois M., William Schwabe, and Ronald Fricker, Challenges and Choices for Crime-Fighting Technology: Results from Two Nationwide Surveys, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 2001
Scaffolding the new Web : standards and standards policy for the digital economy( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 235 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Publisher Provided Annotation
The future of genetically modified crops : lessons from the Green Revolution by Felicia Wu( Book )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 209 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The world is now on the cusp of a new agricultural revolution, the so-called Gene Revolution, in which genetically modified (GM) crops are tailored to address chronic agricultural problems in certain regions of the world. This monograph report investigates the circumstances and processes that can induce and sustain this new agricultural revolution. The authors compare the Green Revolution of the 20th century with the GM crop movement to assess the agricultural, technological, sociological, and political differences between the two movements
Merging university students into K-12 science education reform by Valerie L Williams( Book )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Scientists are a rich resource in our society that may be useful in strengthening science and mathematics education in schools across the country. The National Science Foundation (NSF) asked RAND to study the range of NSF programs that connect science graduate and undergraduate students to K-12 classrooms. This book identifies the impacts, challenges, and strategies of these programs within the broader issue of creating university-school partnerships as a strategy for science education reform
New forces at work in mining : industry views of critical technologies by D. J Peterson( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 192 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The results of a series of in-depth discussions with leading representatives of 58 mining and quarrying firms, equipment manufacturers, research institutions, and other organizations selected for their prominent position in the industry and their ability to think broadly about technology trends. The industry representatives identified a fairly consistent set of priority areas critical to the success of the industry today and out to 2020. These trends include adoption of information technologies such as sensors, wireless communications, and positioning systems for real-time monitoring and optimization of mining operations and equipment; the use of information and communications technologies to more closely integrate mine operations; improved maintenance technologies and practices; and gradual implementation of technologies for operator assistance, remote control, and automation. The discussions highlighted the importance of collaborative technology research, development, and implementation strategies and the increasingly critical role of mine personnel in the utilization of new technologies
Lessons for the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure : international case study analysis( Book )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"An analysis of international collaboration for the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI), this book provides ten in-depth international and regional collaboration case studies to assess lessons learned for GSDI development and implementation." -- Preface
Strengthening the grid : effect of high-temperature superconducting power technologies on reliability, power transfer capacity, and energy use by R. S Silberglitt( Book )

3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 178 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report evaluates the potential of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) power technologies to address existing problems with the U.S. electric power transmission grid, especially problems with transmission constraints. These constraints that have resulted from the slow growth of transmission systems relative to the growth in demand for power have played a major role in higher electricity prices and reduced reliability in a number of areas across the United States in recent years. Electric power components using superconducting materials have the potential to address these transmission constraints because they have much higher energy density than conventional power equipment, which for transmission means added power-carrying capacity. Superconducting power equipment requires cooling to sustain operating temperatures hundreds of degrees below ambient temperature. Magnets based on low-temperature superconducting (LTS) materials that require cooling with liquid or gaseous helium have become commercial products for accelerator and magnetic resonance imaging applications. However, the cost of cooling these LTS materials is a substantial barrier to their use in power system components. HTS power equipment, on the other hand, can be cooled with liquid nitrogen which is considerably cheaper than liquid or gaseous helium, thereby reducing or eliminating this cost barrier
Assessing natural gas and oil resources : an example of a new approach in the Greater Green River Basin by Debra S Knopman( Book )

4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Natural gas demand in the United States is projected to increase by 50 percent over the next 25 years, and most of this demand is projected to be met by increasing domestic production. Much of the nation's future natural gas supply is located on federal lands in the intermountain west. Consequently, demands on federal land managers to open western lands for energy exploration and development are increasing rapidly. This report presents a new approach to assessing natural gas and oil resources that is intended to help federal land managers with strategic land use planning by expanding the scope of these assessments to include economic and environmental considerations. This approach provides a robust understanding of energy resource characteristics by accounting for the economics associated with production and by moving some of the environmental characterization steps upstream in the decisionmaking process. This will allow land managers to better distinguish energy resources in different areas and therefore help prioritize areas for consideration for energy resource development. The approach is demonstrated for the Greater Green River Basin in Southwestern Wyoming, which is estimated to contain about 9 percent of the nation's future natural gas supply
Next generation environmental technologies : benefits and barriers( Book )

5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 170 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Next Generation Environmental Technologies (NGETs) focus on the redesign, at the molecular level, of manufacturing processes and products, with the aim of reducing or eliminating the use of hazardous materials. This report examines the research, development, and commercialization of NGETs, many derived from "green chemistry." The report also assesses benefits of NGETs and outlines ways to reduce barriers to their development and implementation. In addition to the main report, an appendix examines 25 case studies of NGETs that span a range of development, from early research to full use in profitable businesses. The authors find that, although green chemistry can be a powerful source of environmentally and economically beneficial technologies, the development of these NGETs is still in its infancy; substantial work is needed to create new NGETs and to encourage their use
International cooperation in research and development : an inventory of U.S. government spending and a framework for measuring benefits by Caroline S Wagner( Book )

4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 167 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Scientific research is becoming increasingly more globalized and more collaborative. At the same time, there is growing pressure within the United States to justify government funding for science and technology (S & T). The potential conflict between these developments raises questions of whether U.S. investment in S & T benefits U.S. taxpayers and whether investment in scientific capacity building overseas has created competition rather than mere assistance. To understand the answers to these questions, this report describes the scope and nature of U.S. spending on international cooperative research and development (ICRD) in fiscal year (FY) 1997. Most spending (over 90 percent) is for collaboration on common research problems among scientists from different countries. Aerospace S & T dominated spending, with biomedical science a distant second. This book finds that the federal government spent $4.4 billion on ICRD in FY 1997, an increase of $1.1 billion over FY 1995. However, this figure may reflect better data collection and increased reporting, rather than an actual increase in spending. The only notable change in the two-year period involves a substantial increase in cooperative activity with Russia, tied heavily to space-related projects
State level changes in energy intensity and their national implications( Book )

3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Energy Policy released by the Bush Administration in 2001 calls for continued reductions in U.S. energy intensity, typically defined as energy consumption per dollar of gross economic output. The Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy asked RAND to examine changes in energy intensity as part of a larger effort to identify state-level factors that may contribute to efficient energy use nationwide. The authors examined changes in energy intensity from 1977 through 1999 across the 48 contiguous states and in each of the states' residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation energy-consuming sectors. They identified a number of factors that may explain why some states had different patterns of energy intensity than others: energy prices; the mix of industrial and commercial activities; production capacity utilization; capital investment and new construction; population and demographics; climate; technological innovation; and the energy policies of national, state, and local governments. The results from this study suggests that opportunities may exist for the Department of Energy to increase its involvement in helping states to share information and to provide guidance on state-level actions that are effective in reducing energy intensity
U.S. government funding for science and technology cooperation with Russia( Book )

4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 160 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. government spent, on average, $300 million a year during the 1990s to support science and technology (S & T) cooperation with Russia. This document details U.S. government spending on cooperative S & T activities with Russian partners. RAND collected and analyzed data at the project level and surveyed agency officials about specific projects and programs. These data were aggregated by spending into categories created by RAND. The report thus provides an analytic, cross-agency overview, presenting a broad picture of the U.S.-Russia S & T relationship between 1994 and 2000. The U.S. government_s projects with Russia have a slightly different pattern than can be observed with other scientifically advanced countries: They are more binational in character, less collaborative, more technology-based, less of a shared effort, and dominated more by spending in aerospace applications. Reports from scientists working with Russian counterparts indicate that the United States is gaining significant scientific benefit from this joint collaboration. Although funding for the U.S.-Russia S & T relationship seems to have dropped in 2001, there has been a revived interest within the U.S. scientific community in working with Russia and an increase in the number of projects being considered
Linking effectively : learning lessons from successful collaboration in science and technology( Book )

4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 147 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Describes the results of an inquiry conducted to provide insights into improving the efficiency and effectiveness of government-sponsored international collaboration in science and technology
Generating electric power in the Pacific Northwest : implications of alternative technologies( Book )

3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Examines the implications of using alternative power-generation technologies to meet future energy demands in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Three scenarios are evaluated: (1) replacing 20 per cent of new natural-gas-fired generating capacity with energy efficiency and/or renewable-energy generation (wind and/or solar power); (2) replacing the electricity produced by the lower Snake River dams with combinations of natural-gas-fueled generation, energy efficiency, and wind power; and (3) replacing the new electricity that will be needed by the most energy-intensive industries (primarily aluminum smelters) with energy efficiency. It is concluded that the electricity portfolio could be diversified with energy efficiency and renewable-energy sources such as wind and solar power without much impact on the economy, either positive or negative. Diversification could provide a hedge against future volatility in natural-gas prices and supply, as well as hydroelectric capability, while also providing other benefits--both environmental and economic--to the region
E-vision 2002 : shaping our energy future : shaping our future by reducing energy intensity in the U.S. economy by David Ortiz( Book )

5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The E-Vision 2002 Conference, held in May 2002, was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy as a step toward implementing a key recommendation of the Bush administration?s National Energy Policy. It gathered 150 of the nation?s leading energy experts to discuss ways of reducing the country?s energy intensity. This volume and the additional volume enclosed on CD-ROM contain the presentations and discussions that took place at the conference, including the identification of goals and the means to achieve them. It is a key work for those involved in implementing the National Energy Policy
Technology forces at work : profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox : executive summary by Susan A Resetar( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Not too long ago industry almost monolithically viewed environmental considerations as an expense--sometimes as a nuisance. That is beginning to change. Industry leaders now see the advantage of going beyond complying with environmental regulations, as had been their wont, and incorporating the search for environmentally sound business practices into their research and development. This report features case studies of four industry leaders--DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox--and discusses how these companies view environmental technology investments. The information is based on a series of interviews with senior R & D managers and environment, health, and safety personnel along with the relevant literature. At the request of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President, the authors have provided the views of a subset of one of the key stakeholders in environmental policy, industry, which have heretofore not received a lot of emphasis. The case studies and the findings are summarized here
Protecting emergency responders( Book )

3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This monograph serves as a technical source for National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) incident commander guidelines for emergency response immediately following large structural collapse events. It characterizes response activities and expected hazards, and develops guidelines for selecting appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). The partial or complete collapse of a multistory building creates an array of physical, chemical, and biological hazards. The most significant uncertainties are the composition and magnitude of the hazards present in the postcollapse environment. Although hazard monitoring can reduce these uncertainties, this type of monitoring will not be available during the first few postcollapse hours. The guidelines focus on three issues that present unique challenges in the response to a multistory-building collapse: (1) protection from biological hazards; (2) protection from inhalation of hazardous materials; and (3) required modifications to responders' typical PPE ensembles because of the duration and intensity of the response. However, selecting and purchasing appropriate PPE does not alone ensure safety; the guidelines also address the need to provide adequate supply of equipment and training so that it is used correctly
Protecting emergency responders : lessons learned from terrorist attacks by Brian A Jackson( Book )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents a summary of a December 2001 working conference, sponsored by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Attending were emergency workers who responded to the bombing of the Murrah Building in Oklahoma City, the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the anthrax incidents that occurred during autumn 2001. The report addresses the equipment, training and information required to protect emergency responders as they meet the challenge of protecting their communities
Protecting emergency responders by Tom LaTourrette( Book )

6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Firefighters, law enforcement officers, and emergency medical service responders play a critical role in protecting people and property in the event of fires, medical emergencies, terrorist acts, and numerous other emergencies. The authors examine the hazards that responders face and the personal protective technology needed to contend with those hazards. The findings are based on in-depth discussions with 190 members of the emergency responder community and are intended to help define the protective technology needs of responders and develop a comprehensive personal protective technology research agenda
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Reading for understanding : toward an R & D program in reading comprehension
Alternative Names

controlled identityCritical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation)

Critical technologies institute États-Unis

Critical technology institute États-Unis


Rand corporation Critical technologies institute

Rand Corporation. Science and Technology

Rand corporation Science and technology policy institute


RAND Science & Technology

RAND Science and Technology


English (85)

Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcementScaffolding the new Web : standards and standards policy for the digital economyThe future of genetically modified crops : lessons from the Green RevolutionMerging university students into K-12 science education reformNew forces at work in mining : industry views of critical technologiesLessons for the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure : international case study analysisStrengthening the grid : effect of high-temperature superconducting power technologies on reliability, power transfer capacity, and energy useAssessing natural gas and oil resources : an example of a new approach in the Greater Green River Basin