WorldCat Identities

Jost, Kenneth

Works: 265 works in 417 publications in 1 language and 9,663 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Encyclopedias  History  Census 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: KF8742.A35, 347.732603
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Kenneth Jost
The Supreme Court, A to Z by Kenneth Jost( Book )
25 editions published between 1998 and 2013 in English and held by 2,598 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This comprehensive, alphabetical encyclopedia of more than 300 easy-to-read entries is the first resource for anyone who wants reliable information or background material on the significant decisions of the Supreme Court, the history of the Court, the justices (every justice is profiled), the powers of the Court, and how the institution has evolved from its origins to the present. Outstanding Academic Book
The New York Times on the Supreme Court, 1857-2008 by Kenneth Jost( Book )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 223 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Explores the history and opinions of the United States' highest court and the Court's influence on the country's legal, political, and social history
Property rights by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published between 1995 and 2005 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
State and local governments are under increasing criticism for using the long-established power of eminent domain to acquire private property not only for highways and other government projects but also for private developments. Financially strapped cities say eminent domain, or condemnation, is sometimes the only way to assemble large tracts of land for upscale residential and commercial development that will enhance urban life and bring in needed tax revenue. Property-rights advocates and other critics say the government should not force home and business owners to turn over their property to other private parties. The Supreme Court is considering the issue in a case pitting the distressed city of New London, Conn., against a group of homeowners who refuse to make way for a private development. The justices seemed skeptical of the homeowners' position during oral arguments in February. But some experts say property-rights advocates are causing municipalities to be more careful about using eminent domain in residential areas
Right to die by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Terri Schiavo lay in a "persistent vegetative state" for 15 years until she died on March 31 after hospice staff removed her life-sustaining feeding tube. Schiavo's case touched off a wrenching, nationwide debate that continues in political, legal and medical circles over when, if ever, to withdraw life support from patients unable to express their own wishes. Many advocates and experts used the case to emphasize the need to write a "living will" and designate a "health-care proxy" to help make such decisions, but only a small minority of Americans have taken either step. Some in Congress want to make it harder to remove life support. But others say that no legal changes are needed and the issue is, in any event, for the states, not the federal government. Meanwhile, the U.S. Supreme Court is preparing to hear the Bush administration's attempt to effectively thwart an Oregon law legalizing physician-assisted suicide -- a law twice approved by the state's voters but strongly opposed by right-to-life and disability-rights groups
Holocaust reparations by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
About 6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust, but Nazi Germany's war against European Jews also had a financial side. The Nazis confiscated homes and personal belongings of Jews, took over Jewish-owned businesses and looted artworks from Jewish collectors. Now, some Holocaust survivors and heirs are seeking restitution for financial losses. In one case, Swiss banks have agreed to pay $1.25 billion to heirs of Holocaust victims who opened accounts before their deaths. Other survivors are seeking payment on insurance policies, return of stolen art or compensation for forced labor in German factories. Some say the litigation will provide a measure of justice for Holocaust survivors, but others fear the efforts create a misleading picture about the nature of history's worst genocidal slaughter
Sports and drugs by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
With the Summer Olympic Games about to get under way, some of the best-known U.S. track and field stars are being investigated for allegedly using illegal performance-enhancing drugs. If the charges are proven, some could be banned from competition for life. The growing scandal over pharmaceutically pumped-up athletes also embraces other professional and collegiate athletes. Major League Baseball is under pressure to crack down on players who use steroids or other banned substances. Anti-doping advocates say the drugs hurt sports and risk players' health. A handful of dissidents disagree and call for lifting the anti-doping bans. A new international anti-doping code prescribes a two-year ban for a first offense, but drug testing is often circumvented, and some newly designed drugs cannot be detected. Meanwhile, the baseball players' association is resisting more rigorous testing, even though dozens of players tested positive in 2003
Future of Korea by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
As the United States and South Korea prepare to mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the Korean War, the leaders of North and South Korea are scheduled to hold the first summit meeting between the two countries. The June 12-14 meeting in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang will bring together South Korean President Kim Dae Jung and North Korea's Kim Jong Il. Most experts forecast modest agreements -- at most -- on family reunification and economic ties. But some say the meeting could begin a process of reducing tension and perhaps even move the two countries a step closer to reunification. Meanwhile, U.S. economic sanctions remain in place against North Korea. And some observers continue to see the isolationist North as a military threat to the region
Diabetes epidemic by Kenneth Jost( )
3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Diabetes is widely misunderstood as a mild, manageable disease. In fact, the metabolic disorder is a deadly and costly disease that is rapidly increasing in the United States and around the world. At least 16 million Americans have the disease, caused by a lack or shortage of insulin. The incidence of diabetes in the U.S. has increased by 41 percent over the past decade. Experts say diabetes is partly genetic and at least partly behavioral. Obesity and lack of exercise are key risk factors for the most common form. Public health officials are spreading the word about the epidemic, while doctors and scientists are trying to develop better ways of treating it, and someday a way of preventing it
Children's television by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Children's advocates have won two hard battles in recent years to improve what kids watch on TV. A Federal Communications Commission rule taking effect this fall requires broadcasters to air at least three hours of educational programming each week. And most of the television industry agreed last month to include content advisories on TV programs for possibly objectionable material, such as sex or violence. The educational-programming rule is spawning new shows. And the ratings system -- to be used with the mandatory "V-chip" on new TV sets -- promises to help parents monitor their children's viewing. But one network, NBC, is refusing to participate in the ratings system, calling it unworkable. And advocacy groups acknowledge uncertainty about how parents will use the new system
Obama's agenda : the challenges of a second term by Kenneth Jost( Book )
3 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
DNA databases by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
DNA identification has moved from an experimental technique to an established crime-solving tool for police and prosecutors in the United States, as well as other nations. Now, law enforcement agencies are creating DNA databases of criminal offenders that can be used to link criminals or suspects to unsolved crimes. All 50 states have laws requiring DNA profiling of some offenders, and some law enforcement officials want to compile DNA profiles of arrestees as well. Defense lawyers are also using DNA analysis to challenge old convictions; more than 60 prisoners -- some on death row -- have been exonerated by DNA testing. But civil liberties and privacy advocates say expanding government DNA databases will lead to misuse of sensitive personal information that can be gleaned from DNA analysis
Policing the police by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Police departments around the country are on the defensive because of accusations of abuse of authority. Los Angeles is being rocked by a corruption scandal involving planted evidence and shooting unarmed suspects. New York City officers have been convicted of torturing a suspect and covering up the crime but acquitted in the shooting death of an unarmed civilian. State and local law enforcement agencies are accused of using "racial profiling" in traffic stops. Critics say stronger controls are needed. Law enforcement groups say most police obey the law and that the abuses are being exaggerated. Meanwhile, the U.S. Supreme Court is set to consider a controversial law aimed at partly overturning the famous Miranda decision on police interrogation
Testing in schools by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
President Bush wants to require public schools to test all students in grades 3-8 in reading and math every year. Bush says testing will help teachers to improve student achievement and allow parents and public officials to hold schools and school districts accountable for their performance. The proposal has bipartisan support in Congress and seemingly broad approval from the public. But many educators say the emphasis on testing forces them to spend too much time on test preparation at the expense of more important learning. Some advocacy groups also say that standardized testing has a built-in bias against minority youngsters. And Democratic lawmakers oppose Bush's voucher-type plan to allow students at "failing schools" to use federal aid to attend private schools
Asthma epidemic by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Asthma, a chronic breathing disorder, is rapidly increasing in the United States and many other industrialized countries. Asthma affects more than 17 million Americans, including more than 5.3 million youngsters, and the incidence rate has nearly doubled since 1982. Experts disagree about the causes of the epidemic-like increase, but many now believe the most important factors are indoor air contaminants that trigger the allergic reaction associated with asthma attacks. Medications can relieve asthma symptoms and control the inflammation of the airways that causes asthma, but asthma advocates say some doctors are not aggressive enough in prescribing treatments. Meanwhile, researchers are looking for more effective treatments and trying to determine the origins of the disease in hope of finding a cure
Single-sex education by Kenneth Jost( )
3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Bush administration wants to make it easier to establish all-boy or all-girl public schools. While there is a long tradition of private single-sex schools in the United States, there are probably fewer than two dozen single-sex public schools. Advocates of single-sex education believe it represents a valuable educational option, especially for girls, who they say flourish away from boys' teasing. But critics say the approach offers no real social or educational benefits for girls or for boys. Federal law currently casts doubt on the legality of single-sex public schools. The law bars single-sex programs unless comparable services are available to boys and girls alike. The Department of Education is considering revising its regulations to soften that provision, reversing three decades of federal policy
Treatment of detainees by Peter Katel( )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Supreme Court recently struck down the Bush administration's system for holding and trying detainees at the U.S. Naval base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. The administration had maintained that the Geneva Conventions did not protect alleged terrorists captured in Afghanistan and other battlefields in the five-year-old war on terror, and critics say that policy led to the use of abusive interrogation methods, such as "water-boarding" and sleep deprivation. The critics, including top military lawyers, successfully argued that the United States was violating the laws of warfare. They also opposed military commissions the administration has proposed for conducting detainee trials. Bush said the war on terrorism required the commissions' streamlined procedures, which deny some rights guaranteed by the conventions. The court's decision leaves Congress with two options: require detainees to be tried under the military's existing court-martial system or create a new, legal version of the administration's commissions
Census 2000 by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The next national census is two years away, but it is already the subject of a fierce, partisan battle in Washington. The Census Bureau wants to use statistical sampling techniques to try to reduce the "undercount"--The difference between the number of people missed by the census and the number who were counted twice. Scientific experts generally favor this method. So do many big-city mayors and civil rights leaders, who believe that the people most likely to be missed are minorities and the poor, especially in urban centers. But Republicans in Congress say that sampling violates the Constitution's call for an "actual enumeration" of the population and invites political manipulation by the Clinton administration. The debate is expected to continue right up to Census Day -- April 1, 2000 -- and beyond
War crimes by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The wars in Bosnia and Rwanda have been waged with brutal, wide- scale attacks against civilians. Serbs have carried out their policy of "ethnic cleansing" in the former Yugoslavia by detaining thousands of Croats and Muslims in camps where murder, torture and rape have been common. In Rwanda, the majority Hutus killed hundreds of thousands of ethnic Tutsis in the now-ended civil war. Under pressure from international human rights groups and an outraged world community, the United Nations has convened the first international war crimes tribunal since the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials after World War II. Supporters hope that punishing individuals responsible for wartime atrocities will deter future abuses. But critics say the prosecutions are unworkable and may hamper peacemaking and reconciliation
Free-press disputes by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Two nationally known reporters face possible jail sentences for refusing to answer grand jury questions about their confidential sources in the criminal probe of the leak of the name of a U.S. intelligence agent. The contempt of court case against Matthew Cooper of Time and Judith Miller of The New York Times is one of several similar conflicts between journalists and prosecutors and private lawyers viewed as less favorable to freedom of the press. Prosecutors say journalists have the same obligation as anyone else to give evidence in legal proceedings. But journalists say that offering confidentiality to sources wishing to remain anonymous is sometimes necessary to get information about government and corporate wrongdoing, such as the Abu Ghraib prison abuses and the Enron accounting-fraud scandal. Meanwhile, media groups are clashing with the Bush administration over restrictions on government information imposed since the 9/11 terrorist attacks
Re-examining 9/11 by Kenneth Jost( )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
After nearly three years, haunting questions remain unanswered about the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the United States: How did the 19 hijackers elude detection to carry out their deadly plot? And why did the government fail to take stronger action against al Qaeda earlier? An independent commission is preparing a long-awaited report on what went wrong on 9/11 and what can be done to prevent future catastrophes. Due in late July, the bipartisan panel's report is expected to fault both the Clinton and Bush administrations for failing to recognize the dangers posed by Osama bin Laden and to call for significant changes in U.S. intelligence agencies. But some experts say even major reforms cannot eliminate the danger of future attacks by determined enemies. Indeed, the government is warning that major terrorist attacks are possible in the United States this summer
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English (67)