WorldCat Identities

Jost, Kenneth

Works: 224 works in 413 publications in 1 language and 9,639 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Encyclopedias  History  Newspapers 
Roles: Editor
Classifications: KF8742.A35, 347.732603
Publication Timeline
Publications about  Kenneth Jost Publications about Kenneth Jost
Publications by  Kenneth Jost Publications by Kenneth Jost
Most widely held works by Kenneth Jost
The Supreme Court, A to Z by Kenneth Jost ( Book )
24 editions published between 1998 and 2013 in English and held by 2,583 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This comprehensive, alphabetical encyclopedia of more than 300 easy-to-read entries is the first resource for anyone who wants reliable information or background material on the significant decisions of the Supreme Court, the history of the Court, the justices (every justice is profiled), the powers of the Court, and how the institution has evolved from its origins to the present. Outstanding Academic Book
The New York Times on the Supreme Court, 1857-2008 by Kenneth Jost ( Book )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Explores the history and opinions of the United States' highest court and the Court's influence on the country's legal, political, and social history
Property rights by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published between 1995 and 2005 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
State and local governments are under increasing criticism for using the long-established power of eminent domain to acquire private property not only for highways and other government projects but also for private developments. Financially strapped cities say eminent domain, or condemnation, is sometimes the only way to assemble large tracts of land for upscale residential and commercial development that will enhance urban life and bring in needed tax revenue. Property-rights advocates and other critics say the government should not force home and business owners to turn over their property to other private parties. The Supreme Court is considering the issue in a case pitting the distressed city of New London, Conn., against a group of homeowners who refuse to make way for a private development. The justices seemed skeptical of the homeowners' position during oral arguments in February. But some experts say property-rights advocates are causing municipalities to be more careful about using eminent domain in residential areas
The states and federalism by Kenneth Jost ( )
4 editions published between 1996 and 2010 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The size and scope of the federal government has been a major issue throughout U.S. history. Now, after a century of steady growth, the federal government is being viewed by politicians in both parties and by many observers as too big and too powerful. Republicans took control of Congress in 1994 promising to shift power to the states. President Clinton supported some of their proposals, but opposed others. Meanwhile, the Supreme Court has tilted toward the states in some important federalism cases. Advocates of the so-called "devolution revolution" say state and local governments are more efficient and more politically accountable than the federal government. But supporters of an expansive federal role argue that many social and economic problems are best addressed at the national level
Civil liberties debates by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Bush administration is facing strong criticism from civil liberties advocates on both the left and the right for its legal tactics in the war on terrorism. Critics charge the administration with infringing on constitutional rights by holding two U.S. citizens as "enemy combatants" without access to lawyers. Hundreds of foreigners captured in Afghanistan are also being held at Guantánamo Naval Base for trial before military tribunals. Some members of Congress are rethinking provisions of the USA Patriot Act, the sweeping law passed after the 9/11 attacks that expanded the government's search-and-surveillance powers in terrorism cases. Attorney General John Ashcroft is vigorously defending the law as an essential counterterrorism tool. So far, courts have generally upheld the administration's actions, but several legal challenges are pending
Right to die by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Terri Schiavo lay in a "persistent vegetative state" for 15 years until she died on March 31 after hospice staff removed her life-sustaining feeding tube. Schiavo's case touched off a wrenching, nationwide debate that continues in political, legal and medical circles over when, if ever, to withdraw life support from patients unable to express their own wishes. Many advocates and experts used the case to emphasize the need to write a "living will" and designate a "health-care proxy" to help make such decisions, but only a small minority of Americans have taken either step. Some in Congress want to make it harder to remove life support. But others say that no legal changes are needed and the issue is, in any event, for the states, not the federal government. Meanwhile, the U.S. Supreme Court is preparing to hear the Bush administration's attempt to effectively thwart an Oregon law legalizing physician-assisted suicide -- a law twice approved by the state's voters but strongly opposed by right-to-life and disability-rights groups
Holocaust reparations by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
About 6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust, but Nazi Germany's war against European Jews also had a financial side. The Nazis confiscated homes and personal belongings of Jews, took over Jewish-owned businesses and looted artworks from Jewish collectors. Now, some Holocaust survivors and heirs are seeking restitution for financial losses. In one case, Swiss banks have agreed to pay $1.25 billion to heirs of Holocaust victims who opened accounts before their deaths. Other survivors are seeking payment on insurance policies, return of stolen art or compensation for forced labor in German factories. Some say the litigation will provide a measure of justice for Holocaust survivors, but others fear the efforts create a misleading picture about the nature of history's worst genocidal slaughter
Sports and drugs by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
With the Summer Olympic Games about to get under way, some of the best-known U.S. track and field stars are being investigated for allegedly using illegal performance-enhancing drugs. If the charges are proven, some could be banned from competition for life. The growing scandal over pharmaceutically pumped-up athletes also embraces other professional and collegiate athletes. Major League Baseball is under pressure to crack down on players who use steroids or other banned substances. Anti-doping advocates say the drugs hurt sports and risk players' health. A handful of dissidents disagree and call for lifting the anti-doping bans. A new international anti-doping code prescribes a two-year ban for a first offense, but drug testing is often circumvented, and some newly designed drugs cannot be detected. Meanwhile, the baseball players' association is resisting more rigorous testing, even though dozens of players tested positive in 2003
Future of Korea by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
As the United States and South Korea prepare to mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the Korean War, the leaders of North and South Korea are scheduled to hold the first summit meeting between the two countries. The June 12-14 meeting in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang will bring together South Korean President Kim Dae Jung and North Korea's Kim Jong Il. Most experts forecast modest agreements -- at most -- on family reunification and economic ties. But some say the meeting could begin a process of reducing tension and perhaps even move the two countries a step closer to reunification. Meanwhile, U.S. economic sanctions remain in place against North Korea. And some observers continue to see the isolationist North as a military threat to the region
Future of newspapers by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The nation's $59 billion newspaper industry is facing an uncertain future even while its biggest companies are enjoying enviable profits averaging around 20 percent. Newspaper circulation has been declining for many years, especially among young adults. Now, newspapers are losing readers and some advertising to the Internet. In fact, only 52 percent of adults read the paper on a typical weekday. Many newspapers are working on redesigns aimed at making their print editions more readable. Most also have created Web sites to deliver news and information, including special features and interactive options not included in the print product. But newspaper executives are struggling to incorporate their online editions into viable business plans. Meanwhile, slipping profit margins are resulting in layoffs at several of the major newspaper companies and opening up the country's second-largest -- Knight Ridder -- to a possible takeover
Libraries and the internet by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
People of all ages -- from school kids to senior citizens -- are going to public libraries to use the Internet. But along with vast sources of valuable information, the Web also provides access to X-rated material regarded as unsuitable for youngsters. A new federal law seeks to limit minors' access to pornography on the Internet by requiring federally subsidized libraries to install software filters to block Web sites with objectionable material. But the American Library Association and the American Civil Liberties Union say the law violates freedom of speech. Supporters and opponents of the law disagree about whether filters work in blocking pornography. They also disagree about whether using library computers to view X-rated sites is widespread or rare
Diabetes epidemic by Kenneth Jost ( )
3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Diabetes is widely misunderstood as a mild, manageable disease. In fact, the metabolic disorder is a deadly and costly disease that is rapidly increasing in the United States and around the world. At least 16 million Americans have the disease, caused by a lack or shortage of insulin. The incidence of diabetes in the U.S. has increased by 41 percent over the past decade. Experts say diabetes is partly genetic and at least partly behavioral. Obesity and lack of exercise are key risk factors for the most common form. Public health officials are spreading the word about the epidemic, while doctors and scientists are trying to develop better ways of treating it, and someday a way of preventing it
DNA databases by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
DNA identification has moved from an experimental technique to an established crime-solving tool for police and prosecutors in the United States, as well as other nations. Now, law enforcement agencies are creating DNA databases of criminal offenders that can be used to link criminals or suspects to unsolved crimes. All 50 states have laws requiring DNA profiling of some offenders, and some law enforcement officials want to compile DNA profiles of arrestees as well. Defense lawyers are also using DNA analysis to challenge old convictions; more than 60 prisoners -- some on death row -- have been exonerated by DNA testing. But civil liberties and privacy advocates say expanding government DNA databases will lead to misuse of sensitive personal information that can be gleaned from DNA analysis
Treatment of detainees by Peter Katel ( )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Supreme Court recently struck down the Bush administration's system for holding and trying detainees at the U.S. Naval base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. The administration had maintained that the Geneva Conventions did not protect alleged terrorists captured in Afghanistan and other battlefields in the five-year-old war on terror, and critics say that policy led to the use of abusive interrogation methods, such as "water-boarding" and sleep deprivation. The critics, including top military lawyers, successfully argued that the United States was violating the laws of warfare. They also opposed military commissions the administration has proposed for conducting detainee trials. Bush said the war on terrorism required the commissions' streamlined procedures, which deny some rights guaranteed by the conventions. The court's decision leaves Congress with two options: require detainees to be tried under the military's existing court-martial system or create a new, legal version of the administration's commissions
Future of the European Union by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Some 50 years ago, six nations joined in the first European federation. Now, with the addition of 10 nations in 2004, the European Union (EU) comprises 25 countries with a combined economy nearly equal to that of the United States and a population half again as large. EU supporters claim the Union has brought peace to the continent and spread prosperity by eliminating trade barriers. But further integration suffered a setback last spring when French and Dutch voters rejected the EU's proposed constitution. Opponents used the vote to register concerns about high unemployment, slow growth and increased immigration. Supporters said the constitution would have made the EU a more workable federation. With the constitution shelved for now, the EU faces another controversy: whether to admit predominantly Muslim Turkey
Free-press disputes by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Two nationally known reporters face possible jail sentences for refusing to answer grand jury questions about their confidential sources in the criminal probe of the leak of the name of a U.S. intelligence agent. The contempt of court case against Matthew Cooper of Time and Judith Miller of The New York Times is one of several similar conflicts between journalists and prosecutors and private lawyers viewed as less favorable to freedom of the press. Prosecutors say journalists have the same obligation as anyone else to give evidence in legal proceedings. But journalists say that offering confidentiality to sources wishing to remain anonymous is sometimes necessary to get information about government and corporate wrongdoing, such as the Abu Ghraib prison abuses and the Enron accounting-fraud scandal. Meanwhile, media groups are clashing with the Bush administration over restrictions on government information imposed since the 9/11 terrorist attacks
Russia and the former Soviet Republics by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 fueled hopes that Russia and the 14 newly independent republics would set themselves on paths toward democracy. Fourteen years later, those hopes are largely unfulfilled. Russian President Vladimir Putin is centralizing power in the Kremlin, while former communists lead authoritarian regimes in several of the republics, including some in strategically important Central Asia. But popular protests in Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and, most dramatically, Ukraine have given new hope to democracy advocates. President Bush stressed U.S. support for democracy in his recent trip to the region, but critics say the administration is reducing funding for democracy projects. And many experts say the United States can exercise only limited influence on political events inside the former communist empire
Death penalty controversies by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Critics and opponents of the death penalty are warning that capital trials and sentencing hearings are so riddled with flaws that they risk resulting in the execution of innocent persons. Supporters of capital punishment discount the warnings, emphasizing that opponents cannot cite a single person in modern times who was executed and later proven to have been innocent. The debate over erroneous convictions has increased in recent years because DNA testing now allows inmates to prove their innocence years after their convictions. The Supreme Court opens its term on Oct. 3 with two closely watched cases pending on rules allowing state inmates to use newly discovered evidence to challenge their convictions in federal courts, based on "actual innocence" as well as constitutional violations. Meanwhile, death penalty critics want states to follow Illinois' example and impose moratoriums on executions
Closing in on tobacco by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The tobacco industry is facing a new round of legal and regulatory challenges in the protracted war over smoking and health. The Food and Drug Administration is asking the Supreme Court to let it regulate tobacco products, while the Justice Department is suing tobacco companies for the costs of treating smoking-related illnesses under Medicare and other federal health programs. These moves come in the wake of the tobacco industry's agreements to pay state governments $246 billion to settle similar reimbursement suits. For its part, the country's largest tobacco company, Philip Morris, is now acknowledging that smoking causes lung cancer and heart disease. But all the tobacco companies are resisting the latest govern-mental moves against the industry and defending their right to sell a "legal product" in a "responsible manner."
Children's television by Kenneth Jost ( )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Children's advocates have won two hard battles in recent years to improve what kids watch on TV. A Federal Communications Commission rule taking effect this fall requires broadcasters to air at least three hours of educational programming each week. And most of the television industry agreed last month to include content advisories on TV programs for possibly objectionable material, such as sex or violence. The educational-programming rule is spawning new shows. And the ratings system -- to be used with the mandatory "V-chip" on new TV sets -- promises to help parents monitor their children's viewing. But one network, NBC, is refusing to participate in the ratings system, calling it unworkable. And advocacy groups acknowledge uncertainty about how parents will use the new system
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English (66)