WorldCat Identities

Jost, Kenneth

Overview
Works: 206 works in 436 publications in 1 language and 9,029 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Encyclopedias  History  Claims 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor
Classifications: KF8742.A35, 347.732603
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Kenneth Jost
The Supreme Court, A to Z by Kenneth Jost( Book )

29 editions published between 1998 and 2013 in English and held by 2,541 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This comprehensive, alphabetical encyclopedia of more than 300 easy-to-read entries is the first resource for anyone who wants reliable information or background material on the significant decisions of the Supreme Court, the history of the Court, the justices (every justice is profiled), the powers of the Court, and how the institution has evolved from its origins to the present. Outstanding Academic Book
The New York Times on the Supreme Court, 1857-2008 by Kenneth Jost( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 272 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Explores the history and opinions of the United States' highest court and the Court's influence on the country's legal, political, and social history
Obama's agenda : the challenges of a second term by Kenneth Jost( )

11 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This booklet alludes to the impact of the 2012 elections and to how Obama and members of Congress are anticipating the 2014 mid-term elections, but is more issues-focused, tying those issues to key content chapters in the intro American government course
Property rights : do government regulations infringe on landowners' rights? by Kenneth Jost( )

3 editions published between 1995 and 2005 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

State and local governments are under increasing criticism for using the long-established power of eminent domain to acquire private property not only for highways and other government projects but also for private developments. Financially strapped cities say eminent domain, or condemnation, is sometimes the only way to assemble large tracts of land for upscale residential and commercial development that will enhance urban life and bring in needed tax revenue. Property-rights advocates and other critics say the government should not force home and business owners to turn over their property to other private parties. The Supreme Court is considering the issue in a case pitting the distressed city of New London, Conn., against a group of homeowners who refuse to make way for a private development. The justices seemed skeptical of the homeowners' position during oral arguments in February. But some experts say property-rights advocates are causing municipalities to be more careful about using eminent domain in residential areas
Religious persecution : is the global persecution of Christians increasing? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Christianity is the world's largest and richest religion. But Christians in many countries say they face discrimination or repression because of their faith, particularly in Islamic and communist nations. Now, activists are waging a worldwide campaign on behalf of persecuted Christians. In the United States, Christian groups are lobbying Congress to pass legislation cutting off non-humanitarian aid to countries responsible for religious persecution. But leaders of the campaign have touched off a bitter debate by accusing liberal human rights and religious groups of ignoring the mistreatment of Christians -- accusations that those organizations vigorously reject. Some religious experts also dispute the claim that persecution of Christians is on the rise and complain that the campaign is ignoring mistreatment of people of other faiths
The Supreme Court yearbook, 1992-1993 by Kenneth Jost( Book )

6 editions published between 1994 and 2008 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Supreme Court Yearbook has provided valuable in-depth coverage of every decision of the nation's highest court since 1989. This annual reference lets users quickly and easily explore year-end overviews of Supreme Court terms from 1989-2008; case summaries of every opinion written during each court term; essays on the most significant cases from each year and the trends in each term; and useful tables and figures on voting patterns and constitutional law
Civil liberties debates : are rights being lost in the war on terrorism? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bush administration is facing strong criticism from civil liberties advocates on both the left and the right for its legal tactics in the war on terrorism. Critics charge the administration with infringing on constitutional rights by holding two U.S. citizens as "enemy combatants" without access to lawyers. Hundreds of foreigners captured in Afghanistan are also being held at Guantánamo Naval Base for trial before military tribunals. Some members of Congress are rethinking provisions of the USA Patriot Act, the sweeping law passed after the 9/11 attacks that expanded the government's search-and-surveillance powers in terrorism cases. Attorney General John Ashcroft is vigorously defending the law as an essential counterterrorism tool. So far, courts have generally upheld the administration's actions, but several legal challenges are pending
Holocaust reparations : should survivors seek compensation for Nazi crimes? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

About 6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust, but Nazi Germany's war against European Jews also had a financial side. The Nazis confiscated homes and personal belongings of Jews, took over Jewish-owned businesses and looted artworks from Jewish collectors. Now, some Holocaust survivors and heirs are seeking restitution for financial losses. In one case, Swiss banks have agreed to pay $1.25 billion to heirs of Holocaust victims who opened accounts before their deaths. Other survivors are seeking payment on insurance policies, return of stolen art or compensation for forced labor in German factories. Some say the litigation will provide a measure of justice for Holocaust survivors, but others fear the efforts create a misleading picture about the nature of history's worst genocidal slaughter
Future of Korea : will the North-South summit ease tensions? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As the United States and South Korea prepare to mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the Korean War, the leaders of North and South Korea are scheduled to hold the first summit meeting between the two countries. The June 12-14 meeting in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang will bring together South Korean President Kim Dae Jung and North Korea's Kim Jong Il. Most experts forecast modest agreements -- at most -- on family reunification and economic ties. But some say the meeting could begin a process of reducing tension and perhaps even move the two countries a step closer to reunification. Meanwhile, U.S. economic sanctions remain in place against North Korea. And some observers continue to see the isolationist North as a military threat to the region
Right to die : is it too easy to remove life support? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Terri Schiavo lay in a "persistent vegetative state" for 15 years until she died on March 31 after hospice staff removed her life-sustaining feeding tube. Schiavo's case touched off a wrenching, nationwide debate that continues in political, legal and medical circles over when, if ever, to withdraw life support from patients unable to express their own wishes. Many advocates and experts used the case to emphasize the need to write a "living will" and designate a "health-care proxy" to help make such decisions, but only a small minority of Americans have taken either step. Some in Congress want to make it harder to remove life support. But others say that no legal changes are needed and the issue is, in any event, for the states, not the federal government. Meanwhile, the U.S. Supreme Court is preparing to hear the Bush administration's attempt to effectively thwart an Oregon law legalizing physician-assisted suicide -- a law twice approved by the state's voters but strongly opposed by right-to-life and disability-rights groups
The jury system : are major changes needed? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public discontent with the jury system appears to be increasing. The O.J. Simpson murder trial dramatized concerns about jury selection, trial procedures and the possible influence of race on jury verdicts in criminal cases. Critics of the civil justice system continue to complain about punitive damage awards by some juries. Some prosecutors favor allowing non-unanimous verdicts in criminal cases, while business groups want to further limit jury discretion in civil suits. Many experts respond that the jury system is working well in both criminal and civil cases. Still, court officials in several states are looking at ideas to make jury service less burdensome and to give jurors a larger role during trials
Rethinking the death penalty : are the growing doubts justified? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Most Americans still favor the death penalty, but support has declined in the past five years. Critics point to documented attacks on the reliability and fairness of court procedures in capital cases. They claim too many death sentences are reversed on appeal and that flaws in the system, including inadequate defense counsels, create an unacceptable risk of executing an innocent person. Supporters of capital punishment say legal safeguards are adequate and that no innocent person has been put to death in recent years. The changing climate can be seen in the enactment of state laws to limit the death penalty and in cases before the Supreme Court, which is set to decide whether it is unconstitutional to execute mentally retarded offenders
Government secrecy : is too much information kept from the public? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Bush says he believes in open government, but critics say his administration has gone to unusual lengths to control and limit access to information. Government restrictions on information increased dramatically after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. The administration says homeland security concerns justify clamping down on public access to information, but open-government advocates say the policies dampen public debate, diminish government accountability and actually hamper efforts to protect the United States. Many of the secrecy disputes have spawned court fights, most of them won by the administration. Courts also have generally appeared uninterested in enforcing the federal Freedom of Information Act, prompting some in Congress to try to strengthen the 1966 law. Without it, they argue, such scandals as the abuse of detainees held by the United States at Baghdad's Abu Ghraib prison might never have come to light
Corporate crime : are tougher regulations and sentences needed? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After the collapse of corporate giants Enron and WorldCom, a federal crackdown on corporate fraud led to a steady parade of handcuffed, high-profile executives in front of TV cameras. In addition, executives once considered the darlings of Wall Street, including entertainment entrepreneur Martha Stewart, have been linked to possible insider trading or money-laundering. Despite the lurid headlines and dramatic "perp walks" on the nightly news, some experts question whether corporate crime is actually on the increase. Others say it is growing and that only stiffer penalties for white-collar crime, such as those contained in legislation passed in July, will halt the questionable practices. Still others suggest that civil litigation, regulatory reform and changes in corporate governance are the best ways to control wrongdoing
Judges and politics : should the Senate confirm Bush's nominees? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Bush's initial choices for federal judgeships have been under fire since their nominations were first announced in May. Bush says his nominees are outstanding lawyers or judges who share his philosophy of judicial restraint. Liberal interest groups, however, say some of them are conservative judicial activists who want to limit the power of Congress in civil rights, environmental protection and other areas. Prospects for Senate confirmation of Bush's judges are uncertain now that the Democrats control the chamber. Democratic leaders on the Judiciary Committee say they will block the appointment of conservative "ideologues" to the bench. But GOP senators and conservative groups say Democrats are stalling and trying to impose a political "litmus test" on federal judges
Closing in on tobacco : can the industry survive the latest battles? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The tobacco industry is facing a new round of legal and regulatory challenges in the protracted war over smoking and health. The Food and Drug Administration is asking the Supreme Court to let it regulate tobacco products, while the Justice Department is suing tobacco companies for the costs of treating smoking-related illnesses under Medicare and other federal health programs. These moves come in the wake of the tobacco industry's agreements to pay state governments $246 billion to settle similar reimbursement suits. For its part, the country's largest tobacco company, Philip Morris, is now acknowledging that smoking causes lung cancer and heart disease. But all the tobacco companies are resisting the latest govern-mental moves against the industry and defending their right to sell a "legal product" in a "responsible manner."
Hate crimes by Kenneth Jost( )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Crimes committed against individuals because of their race, religion, ethnic origin or sexual orientation appear to be increasing in the United States. Whether the offenses are homophobic slurs, anti- Semitic vandalism or racially motivated assaults, experts say that bias-motivated crimes have an especially devastating effect on society at large, as well as on individual victims. To combat hate crimes, more than half the states have adopted laws providing longer sentences for certain offenses when they are motivated by specified types of prejudice. But some civil liberties advocates say the laws threaten freedom of speech. Two state supreme courts threw out such laws last summer. Now the U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to review one of those decisions, setting up a major legal test between civil rights and civil liberties
Copyright and the Internet : should consumers download music and movies for free? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Millions of Internet users are downloading the latest CDs onto their personal computers -- and the recording industry is up in arms. But the legal battle over Napster is just one of many new copyright disputes spawned by the digital revolution. Movie studios are trying to limit the availability of a software program that allows movie fans to copy encrypted digital videodisks. The film industry is also suing a California company that provides a Web-based video playback service -- what the founder calls a "virtual VCR." The recording and movie industries claim that the Internet-based services amount to "piracy." But computer and consumer groups say copyright law needs to adapt to new technologies that make it easier and less expensive to disseminate creative works
Death penalty controversies : should states impose moratoriums on executions? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Critics and opponents of the death penalty are warning that capital trials and sentencing hearings are so riddled with flaws that they risk resulting in the execution of innocent persons. Supporters of capital punishment discount the warnings, emphasizing that opponents cannot cite a single person in modern times who was executed and later proven to have been innocent. The debate over erroneous convictions has increased in recent years because DNA testing now allows inmates to prove their innocence years after their convictions. The Supreme Court opens its term on Oct. 3 with two closely watched cases pending on rules allowing state inmates to use newly discovered evidence to challenge their convictions in federal courts, based on "actual innocence" as well as constitutional violations. Meanwhile, death penalty critics want states to follow Illinois' example and impose moratoriums on executions
Medical malpractice : are lawsuits out of control? by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Doctors in some parts of the country are facing double-digit increases in their malpractice-insurance premiums and blaming the problem on runaway jury verdicts in malpractice suits. Many states already have limited damage awards in malpractice cases. President Bush is now asking Congress to set a $250,000 cap on non-economic or so-called pain-and-suffering damages. But trial lawyers and consumer groups say malpractice suits are not out of control. They claim that insurance companies are raising premiums because of poor underwriting decisions and low investment returns. They also warn that limiting lawsuits hurts victims of egregious medical mistakes and reduces incentives to protect patient safety. But doctors contend that high liability expenses drive up health-care costs, thus reducing access to treatment
 
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The Supreme Court, A to Z
Languages
English (83)

Covers
The New York Times on the Supreme Court, 1857-2008The Supreme Court yearbook, 1992-1993