WorldCat Identities

Jost, Kenneth

Works: 265 works in 421 publications in 1 language and 9,723 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Encyclopedias  History 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: KF8742.A35, 347.732603
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Kenneth Jost
The Supreme Court, A to Z by Kenneth Jost( Book )

25 editions published between 1998 and 2013 in English and held by 2,467 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This comprehensive, alphabetical encyclopedia of 300+ easy-to-read essays is the perfect first resource for anyone who wants reliable information or background material on the significant decisions of the Supreme Court, the history of the Court, the justices, the powers of the Court, and how the institution has evolved from its origins to the present
The New York Times on the Supreme Court, 1857-2008 by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 160 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Explores the history and opinions of the United States' highest court and the Court's influence on the country's legal, political, and social history
Obama's agenda : the challenges of a second term by Kenneth Jost( Book )

6 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Holocaust reparations : should survivors seek compensation for Nazi crimes? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

About 6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust, but Nazi Germany's war against European Jews also had a financial side. The Nazis confiscated homes and personal belongings of Jews, took over Jewish-owned businesses and looted artworks from Jewish collectors. Now, some Holocaust survivors and heirs are seeking restitution for financial losses. In one case, Swiss banks have agreed to pay $1.25 billion to heirs of Holocaust victims who opened accounts before their deaths. Other survivors are seeking payment on insurance policies, return of stolen art or compensation for forced labor in German factories. Some say the litigation will provide a measure of justice for Holocaust survivors, but others fear the efforts create a misleading picture about the nature of history's worst genocidal slaughter
Future of Korea : will the North-South summit ease tensions? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As the United States and South Korea prepare to mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the Korean War, the leaders of North and South Korea are scheduled to hold the first summit meeting between the two countries. The June 12-14 meeting in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang will bring together South Korean President Kim Dae Jung and North Korea's Kim Jong Il. Most experts forecast modest agreements -- at most -- on family reunification and economic ties. But some say the meeting could begin a process of reducing tension and perhaps even move the two countries a step closer to reunification. Meanwhile, U.S. economic sanctions remain in place against North Korea. And some observers continue to see the isolationist North as a military threat to the region
Right to die : is it too easy to remove life support? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Terri Schiavo lay in a "persistent vegetative state" for 15 years until she died on March 31 after hospice staff removed her life-sustaining feeding tube. Schiavo's case touched off a wrenching, nationwide debate that continues in political, legal and medical circles over when, if ever, to withdraw life support from patients unable to express their own wishes. Many advocates and experts used the case to emphasize the need to write a "living will" and designate a "health-care proxy" to help make such decisions, but only a small minority of Americans have taken either step. Some in Congress want to make it harder to remove life support. But others say that no legal changes are needed and the issue is, in any event, for the states, not the federal government. Meanwhile, the U.S. Supreme Court is preparing to hear the Bush administration's attempt to effectively thwart an Oregon law legalizing physician-assisted suicide -- a law twice approved by the state's voters but strongly opposed by right-to-life and disability-rights groups
Sports and drugs : are stronger anti-doping policies needed? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With the Summer Olympic Games about to get under way, some of the best-known U.S. track and field stars are being investigated for allegedly using illegal performance-enhancing drugs. If the charges are proven, some could be banned from competition for life. The growing scandal over pharmaceutically pumped-up athletes also embraces other professional and collegiate athletes. Major League Baseball is under pressure to crack down on players who use steroids or other banned substances. Anti-doping advocates say the drugs hurt sports and risk players' health. A handful of dissidents disagree and call for lifting the anti-doping bans. A new international anti-doping code prescribes a two-year ban for a first offense, but drug testing is often circumvented, and some newly designed drugs cannot be detected. Meanwhile, the baseball players' association is resisting more rigorous testing, even though dozens of players tested positive in 2003
Policing the police : how can abuses be prevented? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Police departments around the country are on the defensive because of accusations of abuse of authority. Los Angeles is being rocked by a corruption scandal involving planted evidence and shooting unarmed suspects. New York City officers have been convicted of torturing a suspect and covering up the crime but acquitted in the shooting death of an unarmed civilian. State and local law enforcement agencies are accused of using "racial profiling" in traffic stops. Critics say stronger controls are needed. Law enforcement groups say most police obey the law and that the abuses are being exaggerated. Meanwhile, the U.S. Supreme Court is set to consider a controversial law aimed at partly overturning the famous Miranda decision on police interrogation
DNA databases : does expanding them threaten civil liberties? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

DNA identification has moved from an experimental technique to an established crime-solving tool for police and prosecutors in the United States, as well as other nations. Now, law enforcement agencies are creating DNA databases of criminal offenders that can be used to link criminals or suspects to unsolved crimes. All 50 states have laws requiring DNA profiling of some offenders, and some law enforcement officials want to compile DNA profiles of arrestees as well. Defense lawyers are also using DNA analysis to challenge old convictions; more than 60 prisoners -- some on death row -- have been exonerated by DNA testing. But civil liberties and privacy advocates say expanding government DNA databases will lead to misuse of sensitive personal information that can be gleaned from DNA analysis
Treatment of detainees : are suspected terrorists being treated unfairly? by Peter Katel( Book )

3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Supreme Court recently struck down the Bush administration's system for holding and trying detainees at the U.S. Naval base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. The administration had maintained that the Geneva Conventions did not protect alleged terrorists captured in Afghanistan and other battlefields in the five-year-old war on terror, and critics say that policy led to the use of abusive interrogation methods, such as "water-boarding" and sleep deprivation. The critics, including top military lawyers, successfully argued that the United States was violating the laws of warfare. They also opposed military commissions the administration has proposed for conducting detainee trials. Bush said the war on terrorism required the commissions' streamlined procedures, which deny some rights guaranteed by the conventions. The court's decision leaves Congress with two options: require detainees to be tried under the military's existing court-martial system or create a new, legal version of the administration's commissions
Free-press disputes : are courts blocking the public's right to know? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two nationally known reporters face possible jail sentences for refusing to answer grand jury questions about their confidential sources in the criminal probe of the leak of the name of a U.S. intelligence agent. The contempt of court case against Matthew Cooper of Time and Judith Miller of The New York Times is one of several similar conflicts between journalists and prosecutors and private lawyers viewed as less favorable to freedom of the press. Prosecutors say journalists have the same obligation as anyone else to give evidence in legal proceedings. But journalists say that offering confidentiality to sources wishing to remain anonymous is sometimes necessary to get information about government and corporate wrongdoing, such as the Abu Ghraib prison abuses and the Enron accounting-fraud scandal. Meanwhile, media groups are clashing with the Bush administration over restrictions on government information imposed since the 9/11 terrorist attacks
Asthma epidemic : why is it happening? What's to be done? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Asthma, a chronic breathing disorder, is rapidly increasing in the United States and many other industrialized countries. Asthma affects more than 17 million Americans, including more than 5.3 million youngsters, and the incidence rate has nearly doubled since 1982. Experts disagree about the causes of the epidemic-like increase, but many now believe the most important factors are indoor air contaminants that trigger the allergic reaction associated with asthma attacks. Medications can relieve asthma symptoms and control the inflammation of the airways that causes asthma, but asthma advocates say some doctors are not aggressive enough in prescribing treatments. Meanwhile, researchers are looking for more effective treatments and trying to determine the origins of the disease in hope of finding a cure
Diabetes epidemic : why is this serious disease on the increase? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Diabetes is widely misunderstood as a mild, manageable disease. In fact, the metabolic disorder is a deadly and costly disease that is rapidly increasing in the United States and around the world. At least 16 million Americans have the disease, caused by a lack or shortage of insulin. The incidence of diabetes in the U.S. has increased by 41 percent over the past decade. Experts say diabetes is partly genetic and at least partly behavioral. Obesity and lack of exercise are key risk factors for the most common form. Public health officials are spreading the word about the epidemic, while doctors and scientists are trying to develop better ways of treating it, and someday a way of preventing it
Re-examining 9/11 : could the terrorist attacks have been prevented? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After nearly three years, haunting questions remain unanswered about the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the United States: How did the 19 hijackers elude detection to carry out their deadly plot? And why did the government fail to take stronger action against al Qaeda earlier? An independent commission is preparing a long-awaited report on what went wrong on 9/11 and what can be done to prevent future catastrophes. Due in late July, the bipartisan panel's report is expected to fault both the Clinton and Bush administrations for failing to recognize the dangers posed by Osama bin Laden and to call for significant changes in U.S. intelligence agencies. But some experts say even major reforms cannot eliminate the danger of future attacks by determined enemies. Indeed, the government is warning that major terrorist attacks are possible in the United States this summer
Children's television : will the new regulations make it better? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Children's advocates have won two hard battles in recent years to improve what kids watch on TV. A Federal Communications Commission rule taking effect this fall requires broadcasters to air at least three hours of educational programming each week. And most of the television industry agreed last month to include content advisories on TV programs for possibly objectionable material, such as sex or violence. The educational-programming rule is spawning new shows. And the ratings system -- to be used with the mandatory "V-chip" on new TV sets -- promises to help parents monitor their children's viewing. But one network, NBC, is refusing to participate in the ratings system, calling it unworkable. And advocacy groups acknowledge uncertainty about how parents will use the new system
Single-sex education : do all-boy and all-girl schools enhance learning? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bush administration wants to make it easier to establish all-boy or all-girl public schools. While there is a long tradition of private single-sex schools in the United States, there are probably fewer than two dozen single-sex public schools. Advocates of single-sex education believe it represents a valuable educational option, especially for girls, who they say flourish away from boys' teasing. But critics say the approach offers no real social or educational benefits for girls or for boys. Federal law currently casts doubt on the legality of single-sex public schools. The law bars single-sex programs unless comparable services are available to boys and girls alike. The Department of Education is considering revising its regulations to soften that provision, reversing three decades of federal policy
Talk show democracy : are call-in programs good for the political system? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The proliferation of talk shows on radio and television has given politicians a new way to talk to their constituents. The public also gets a new way to make its views known and even sometimes to talk directly to its leaders -- from President Clinton on down. But some critics view talk show democracy with concern, if not alarm. They fear that talk show hosts entertain more than they inform. They also complain that talk hosts like Rush Limbaugh and fellow conservatives are unfairly demonizing Clinton, Congress and all levels of government. But other political observers say talk shows are providing a valuable alternative to traditional news media and creating a new, interactive forum that will become more and more important in the years to come
Religious persecution : is the global persecution of Christians increasing? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Christianity is the world's largest and richest religion. But Christians in many countries say they face discrimination or repression because of their faith, particularly in Islamic and communist nations. Now, activists are waging a worldwide campaign on behalf of persecuted Christians. In the United States, Christian groups are lobbying Congress to pass legislation cutting off non-humanitarian aid to countries responsible for religious persecution. But leaders of the campaign have touched off a bitter debate by accusing liberal human rights and religious groups of ignoring the mistreatment of Christians -- accusations that those organizations vigorously reject. Some religious experts also dispute the claim that persecution of Christians is on the rise and complain that the campaign is ignoring mistreatment of people of other faiths
Gay marriage : will the Supreme Court end curbs on same-sex unions? by Kenneth Jost( Book )

4 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Supreme Court is set to confront the issue of gay marriage for the first time in 40 years in two cases set for argument in late March. Same-sex couples are asking the justices to strike down California's Proposition 8, which banned gay marriage in the state just six months after a court ruled that preventing gays and lesbians from marrying was unconstitutional. In a second case, a New York City widow is urging the court to strike down the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), which limits federal benefits for same-sex couples. Edith Windsor had to pay a $363,000 federal tax bill on her late wife's estate that would not have been levied on an opposite-sex spouse. The Obama administration says both laws are unconstitutional. House Republicans stepped into the Windsor case to defend DOMA. Court watchers say the justices are likely to be closely divided along conservative-liberal lines, with Justice Anthony M. Kennedy widely seen as having the pivotal vote on the nine-member bench
Property rights by Kenneth Jost( )

2 editions published between 1995 and 2005 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

State and local governments are under increasing criticism for using the long-established power of eminent domain to acquire private property not only for highways and other government projects but also for private developments. Financially strapped cities say eminent domain, or condemnation, is sometimes the only way to assemble large tracts of land for upscale residential and commercial development that will enhance urban life and bring in needed tax revenue. Property-rights advocates and other critics say the government should not force home and business owners to turn over their property to other private parties. The Supreme Court is considering the issue in a case pitting the distressed city of New London, Conn., against a group of homeowners who refuse to make way for a private development. The justices seemed skeptical of the homeowners' position during oral arguments in February. But some experts say property-rights advocates are causing municipalities to be more careful about using eminent domain in residential areas
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English (72)

The New York Times on the Supreme Court, 1857-2008