WorldCat Identities

Criminal Justice Program (Rand Corporation)

Works: 27 works in 51 publications in 1 language and 4,897 library holdings
Genres: Abstracts  Case studies 
Classifications: HV741, 362.70973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Criminal Justice Program (Rand Corporation)
Investing in our children : what we know and don't know about the costs and benefits of early childhood interventions by Lynn A Karoly( )

6 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2,402 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Investing in Our Children: What We Know and Don't Know About the Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Interventions, the authors find that well-targeted early intervention programs for at-risk children, such as nurse home visits to first-time mothers and high-quality preschool education, can yield substantial advantages to participants in terms of emotional and cognitive development, education, economic well-being, and health. This unbiased study details the benefits and savings generated by documented intervention programs and finds that, if the successes of these programs can be duplicated on a large scale, public investment in such programs will benefit not only the children and their families, but also the taxpayers who fund them. As more children reach their full potential as active contributors to the economy, the government will see long-term savings in the form of lower welfare payments, higher tax revenues, and lower criminal justice system costs. The authors, however, highlight that these conclusions rest primarily on smaller-scale model programs and call for broader demonstrations and rigorous evaluations of future large-scale programs
Diverting children from a life of crime : measuring costs and benefits by Peter W Greenwood( )

7 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 1,757 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In combating crime in America, little attention has been paid to keeping children from becoming criminals. What benefit might be realized from such an approach, and at what cost? Working from limited data on program efficacy and on criminal careers, the authors of this report made rough estimates of the costs and benefits of four early interventions--prenatal home visits by child care professionals, followed by four years of day care; training for parents with young children who have shown aggressive behavior; incentives to induce disadvantaged high-school students to graduate; and monitoring and supervising young delinquents. All except the first appeared to be at least as cost-effective as a popular but very different approach to crime reduction--California's "three-strikes" law. The advantages of parent training and graduation incentives in particular are so large that some advantage is likely to be found even under assumptions differing substantially from those made here. This report updates information contained in MR-699-UCB/RC/IF, published in 1996
Evaluation of the South Oxnard Challenge Project, 1997-2001( Book )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 164 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

RAND Criminal Justice conducted a randomized experimental evaluation of the South Oxnard Challenge Project (SOCP), a collaborative project between county, city and private non-profit agencies based on the "Corrections of Place" (COP) model. The project targets youth who live in South Oxnard or Port Hueneme, are between 12 and 18 years old, have a citation or violation of probation, and score at least 12 points on a risk assessment instrument. Although SOCP staff had more contacts with youth and offered more services to youth and families, SOCP and comparison youth showed similar outcomes on alcohol and drug use, restitution payments, community service, school, and recidivism. Approximately half of study youth had no new arrests leading to a referral. SOCP and comparison youth were similar during the intervention in terms of the percent of referrals/arrests, sustained petitions/convictions (adult), and juvenile and adult commitments
The coming wave of violence in California by Allan F Abrahamse( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This documented briefing, originally given at the June 1996 meeting of the Homicide Research Working Group, explores the question of whether California faces an impending wave of violence from its increasing number of young people. The future depends on a key uncertainty: will children of coming generations be more violent than today's adolescents? A pessimistic assumption is that children born from 1977 on will face age-specific homicide arrest rates 3 percent higher than the preceding year's birth cohort. A more optimistic future assumes arrest rates will decline by 1 percent in each successive birth cohort, so that the year 2021 will have a 14 percent decrease in homicide arrest rate. A nominal assumption is that each cohort will have an age-specific arrest rate that is about 1 percent higher than the preceding cohort. In the latter case, California's homicide arrest rate in 2021 will be about 28 percent higher than it is today. The key finding is that what lies in store of California depends on the upbringing of young Californians today and tomorrow
South Oxnard Challenge Project : report of what works by Jodi Lane( Book )

3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 148 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

THE SOUTH OXNARD CHALLENGE PROJECT (SOCP) The South Oxnard Challenge Project was developed as a demonstration project to test through a randomized experiment the practical applicability of Clear's restorative justice theory and to examine the results of the newly developed collaborative approach to juvenile justice in South Oxnard. The SOCP was a collaborative project between the County, City and private non-profit agencies. The major participants in the collaborative were the Ventura County Probation Agency, Ventura County Behavioral Health Department (Drug and Alcohol Programs, Mental Health Services), City Corps (Oxnard), City of Oxnard Recreation Department Oxnard Police Department, El Concilio De Condado De Ventura, Interface Children Family Services, and Palmer Drug Abuse Program (PDAP). Participants from these agencies jointly determined treatment approaches and delivered services using a team approach. Direct provision of services constituted one of the primary differences between SOCP and regular juvenile probation where youth are "referred out" for services with periodic follow-up
The implications of the September 11 terrorist attacks for California : a collection of issue papers( Book )

4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"RAND has been instrumental in developing a line of research regarding terrorism. This collection of issue papers extends that research. Although the issue papers focus on California, the lessons are drawn from experience in various parts of the United States and from other countries, and they clearly have national implications. Each issue paper focuses on a different policy aspect. Three focus on the economy, including the effects of September 11 on the travel and tourism industry in California, on the U.S. airline industry in relation to the California economy, and on the possible limited availability of insurance on California's economy. Others address California¹s preparedness for attacks by weapons of mass destruction, access and control of dangerous biological materials, and California's capabilities for coping with the psychological effects of terrorism. This collection of issue papers compellingly illustrates that there is work to be done to improve our understanding of terrorism¹s longer-term effects, but that some of the consequences feared in the initial days and weeks after the attacks of September 11, 2001, are not likely to materialize. In both these regards, research will continue to play a vital role in shaping the development of appropriate long-term policy responses."
Drug offenders and the criminal justice system : will Proposition 36 treat or create problems?( Book )

4 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proposition 36 is a post-conviction program in California that would divert eligible drug offenders from prison and jails to probation with terms of treatment
Targeting career criminals : a developing criminal justice strategy by Joan Petersilia( Book )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Three strikes and you're out : estimated benefits and costs of California's new mandatory-sentencing law( )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors report on the benefits and costs of California's new mandatory-sentencing law, which provides for progressively longer sentences with an increasing number of prior convictions for serious felonies. The authors find that the new law, if fully implemented, will decrease serious crime committed by adults by about 28 percent at a cost of an extra $5.5 billion a year. Alternatives that narrow the law's application result in a lower benefit but an even greater reduction in costs. The authors were also able to devise an alternative that resulted in the same crime-reduction benefit for lower cost. The authors conclude that the state budget cuts required to fund the new law will be so great that it is unlikely to be fully implemented
The prison experience of career criminals by Joan Petersilia( )

2 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Career criminals do not have greater treatment needs than the general prison population and do not participate less in relevant treatment programs. These findings are based on information from official corrections records and on a questionnaire administered to a sample of 1300 inmates in California, Michigan, and Texas. Career criminals were also not the greatest source of prison violence. Data are presented on the percentage of inmates who need education, vocational training, alcohol and drug counseling; the percentage who receive such treatment; inmates' motivations for and against program participation; their assessment of the effects of specific programs; and the extent and type of infractions by inmates with different characteristics. The study does not recommend expanding the Department of Justice's Career Criminal Program into the area of corrections
Domestic terrorism : a national assessment of state and local preparedness by Kevin Jack Riley( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study analyzes states' and municipalities' terrorism preparedness as a means of providing law enforcement with information about the prevention and control of terrorist activities in the United States. This document reports the results of a 24-month research effort to survey and analyze the key problems and issues confronting state and local law enforcement agencies in countering such threats. The study's three principal tasks were (1) to conduct a national survey of these agencies to assess how they perceive the threat of terrorism and to identify counterterrorism programs currently being used, (2) to select 10 jurisdictions to examine in detail how they have adapted to the threat of terrorism, and (3) to identify agencies' programs developed to counter potential future terrorist threats in conjunction with the development of a prospective future research agenda
How youthful offenders perceive gun violence by Julie H Goldberg( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study explores youthful offenders' perceptions of risks involved with carrying or using firearms. Based on interviews with 36 offenders at Los Angeles Juvenile Hall, the study considers ways youth gun violence might be deterred. Findings, though preliminary, may be useful in formulating strategies for violence reduction in urban settings
An experimental evaluation of drug testing and treatment interventions for probationers in Maricopa County, Arizona( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Operation drug TEST evaluation : final report( Book )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Private presentence reports for serious juvenile offenders : implementation issues and impacts by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A classic experimental design was used to determine the impact of a private agency's efforts to develop and present alternative sentencing recommendations for serious juvenile offenders whom the Los Angeles Probation Department had recommended for placement in California Youth Authority (CYA) institutions. Follow-up data showed that these efforts reduced the likelihood of CYA commitment by about half, and that many experimental subjects performed satisfactorily in less restrictive settings
Juvenile justice issues package( Book )

1 edition published in 1984 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The California Wellness Foundation's Violence Prevention Initiative: Findings from an Evaluation of the First Five Years( Book )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Violence has long been a major issue for citizens of the United States, who experience homicide and robbery rates that are several times higher than those reported in most other industrialized countries. Between the mid-l980s and mid-1990s this problem became particularly acute for persons under 21, whose homicide arrests doubled and whose violent-crime victimization rate went up by more than 50 percent. At the same time, the analogous numbers for older groups were stable or increasing only slightly. Despite the magnitude of the youth violence problem in this country, little is known about the potential success of various strategies for reducing it. All of the recent reviews that have attempted to identify promising intervention strategies have concluded that the knowledge base is still too thin to provide compelling evidence in support of any single approach, particularly those in which the community or neighborhood is the focus of the intervention, as opposed to interventions which target specific youth. It is now often suggested that youth violence will yield only to a multitude of approaches that can work on several aspects of the problem in unison. The California Wellness Foundation's Violence Prevention Initiative (VPI) represents one such effort. With funding in excess of $35 million for its first five years, the VPI represents an ambitious attempt to combine policy and media advocacy, community action, individual leadership, research, and evaluation in one integrated initiative. The evaluation of the first phase of the VPI was carried out by teams of researchers from RAND and from the Center for Research in Disease Prevention at Stanford University. This report presents findings from an evaluation of the VPI's first five years (1993-1998). It begins with the historical context of the Initiative, the goals and intent of the Initiative, its structure, and the design of the evaluation
Getting tough on crime : the history and content of sentencing reform developments leading to the passage of the 1994 Crime Act by Judith Greene( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Intensive probation and parole by Joan R Petersilia( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Intensive supervision programs (ISP) have proliferated in the past decade. They generally emphasize reduced caseloads, close surveillance, urinalysis, treatment, and employment. RAND, in a randomized field experiment, evaluated a national ISP demonstration project in fourteen jurisdictions in nine states. The programs were implemented well, particularly with respect to probation and parole officers' contacts and drug testing but were less successful at increasing treatment participation. Intensive supervision probation did not decrease the frequency or seriousness of new arrests but did increase the incidence of technical violations and jail terms. Stepped-up surveillance and frequent drug tests increased incarceration rates and drove up program and court costs compared with routine supervision. Development of an array of sentencing options to create a graduated sentencing system should justify continued development and testing of ISP programs
Security in the Nation's capital and the closure of Pennsylvania Avenue : an assessment by Bruce Hoffman( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An assessment of possible ways in which Pennsylvania Avenue could have been reopened without compromising the safety and security of the President prior to September 11. The context and circumstances that influenced the 1995 decision to close the section of Pennsylvania Avenue directly in front of the White House are examined, along with that decision's continued validity and appropriateness in light of developments, including trends in terrorism, since 1995
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Audience level: 0.13 (from 0.02 for Security i ... to 1.00 for Intensive ...)

Investing in our children : what we know and don't know about the costs and benefits of early childhood interventions
Diverting children from a life of crime : measuring costs and benefitsEvaluation of the South Oxnard Challenge Project, 1997-2001South Oxnard Challenge Project : report of what worksThree strikes and you're out : estimated benefits and costs of California's new mandatory-sentencing lawDomestic terrorism : a national assessment of state and local preparednessHow youthful offenders perceive gun violence
Alternative Names

controlled identityPublic Safety and Justice Program (Rand Corporation)

Criminal Justice Program

Rand Corporation. Criminal Justice Program

RAND Criminal Justice (Organization)

Rand's Criminal Justice Program

English (43)