WorldCat Identities

Smethurst, James Edward

Works: 33 works in 98 publications in 1 language and 8,118 library holdings
Genres: History  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Literature  Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by James Edward Smethurst
The new red Negro : the literary left and African American poetry, 1930-1946 by James Edward Smethurst( )

11 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 2,052 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The New Red Negro surveys African-American poetry from the onset of the Depression to the early days of the Cold War. It considers the relationship between the thematic and formal choices of African-American poets and organized ideology from the "proletarian" early 1930s to the "neo-modernist" late 1940s. This study examines poetry by writers across the spectrum: canonical, less well-known, and virtually unknown."--BOOK JACKET
The Black Arts Movement : literary nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s by James Edward Smethurst( )

11 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 1,826 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

James Smethurst examines the formation of the Black Arts Movement and demonstrates how it influenced the production and reception of literature and art in the US. The Movement, he argues, changed American attitudes to the relationship between popular culture and "high" art and transformed public funding for the arts
The African American roots of modernism : from Reconstruction to the Harlem Renaissance by James Edward Smethurst( )

12 editions published between 2008 and 2011 in English and held by 1,634 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In identifying the Jim Crow period with the coming of modernity, Smethurst upsets the customary assessment of the Harlem Renaissance as the first nationally significant black arts movement, showing how artists reacted to Jim Crow with migration narratives, poetry about the black experience, and more
SOS/Calling All Black People : a Black Arts Movement Reader by John H Bracey( )

8 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 1,163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume brings together a broad range of key writings from the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s and 1970s
Radicalism in the South since Reconstruction by Smethurst( )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2010 in English and held by 730 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Framing the scholarly conversation about southern radicalism, this book features essays covering a range of historical periods and topics in dialogue with each other so as to get a sense of the range of southern politics and history
Left of the color line : race, radicalism, and twentieth-century literature of the United States by Bill Mullen( Book )

11 editions published between 2003 and 2012 in English and held by 669 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This collection of fifteen new essays explores the impact of the organized Left and Leftist theory on American literature and culture from the 1920s to the present. In particular, the contributors explore the participation of writers and intellectuals on the Left in the development of African American, Chicano/Chicana, and Asian American literature and culture. By placing the Left at the center of their examination, the authors reposition the interpretive framework of American cultural studies. Tracing the development of the Left over the course of the last century, the essays connect the Old Left of the pre-World War II era to the New Left and Third World nationalist Left of the 1960s and 1970s, as well as to the multicultural Left that has emerged since the 1970s. Individual essays explore the Left in relation to the work of such key figures as Ralph Ellison, T. S. Eliot, Chester Himes, Harry Belafonte, Americo Paredes, and Alice Childress. The collection also reconsiders the role of the Left in such critical cultural and historical moments as the Harlem Renaissance, the Cold War, and the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s and 1970s. The contributors are Anthony Dawahare, Barbara Foley, Marcial Gonzalez, Fred Ho, William J. Maxwell, Bill V. Mullen, Cary Nelson, B. V. OlguÆn, Rachel Rubin, Eric Schocket, James Smethurst, Michelle Stephens, Alan Wald, and Mary Helen Washington."
The new red negro : African-American poetry of the 1930s and 1940s by James Edward Smethurst( )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A Prophecy. The effects of Britain's free trade and the free use of machinery. Observations on currency. Necessary alterations and real remedy suggested for the evils by James Edward Smethurst( Book )

1 edition published in 1847 in Undetermined and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Race Patriots : Black Poets, Transnational Identity, and Diasporic Versification in the United States Before the New Negro by Jason T Hendrickson( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation explores the contributions of black poets in the United States before the New Negro / Harlem Renaissance Movement. Specifically, it focuses on their role in creating and maintaining a tradition of regional transnationalism in their verses that celebrates their African ancestry. I contend that these poets are best understood as "race patriots"; that is, they at once sought inclusion within the nation-state in the form of full citizenship, yet recognized allegiances beyond the nation-state on account of race through a recognition of shared African ancestry across borders. Their verses point to a shared kinship doubledash be it through common condition, culture, or politics doubledash present within black literary thought, and thus within black communities, long before the New Negro. By extension, I advocate for a reimagining of the significance of nineteenth and eighteenth century poets within African American literature. The dissertation challenges the accusation that black poetry in the United States was wholly assimilative or parroting, instead positing the strategic mimicry of neoclassicism and romanticism as subversive and in direct conversation (and contention) with racist Enlightenment discourses. The dissertation considers a range of poets of varying repute: George Moses Horton, Phillis Wheatley, James Madison Bell, Joshua McCarter Simpson, George Boyer Vashon, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, James Monroe Whitfield, T. Thomas Fortune, Henrietta Cordelia Ray, George Clinton Rowe, and Paul Laurence Dunbar. The poets considered challenge traditional notions of patriotism and allegiance by championing rights for those of like ancestry within and across national boundaries. In turn, the study is indicative of how a patriotic nationalism can coexist with a Pan-African sensibility through a sustained critique of (global) white hegemony. The study explores how these poets evince their race patriotism through a variety of means, including Ethiopianism, salvation-liberation ideology, and usage of tribute poems to honor figures, events, and places within the diaspora (e.g. Haiti, Jamaican Emancipation, Joseph Cinqué, Vincent Ogé). Through their content, I argue that the poets engage in a project of historical reclamation and history building that demonstrates their awareness of their distinct identities within and beyond the nation-state
Black Arts Movement: Literary Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s (John Hope Franklin series in African American history and culture) by James Edward Smethurst( Book )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Do not separate her from her garden : Anne Spencer's ecopoetics by Carlyn E Ferrari( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Though she is primarily associated with the New Negro Renaissance, Anne Spencer's writing career spanned over seventy years, and her archive consists of unpublished, undated poetry and prose about the natural world written on ephemera. This project centers Spencer's unusual archive and writing practice to demonstrate both the range of her artistry and the degree to which her relationship with the natural world informed both her poetics and sense of being. In this project, I employ "ecopoetics" as an analytical framework that both encourages exploring the place of nature in black women's writing and facilitates the method of close-reading and textual analysis of natural world imagery in black women's writing. My critical engagement with Spencer's poetry facilitates new readings of the natural world within black women's literature and also highlights ecocriticism's failure to take race, gender, and sexuality fully into account
A papered freedom : self-purchase and compensated manumission in the antebellum United States by Julia Bernier( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"A Papered Freedom" is a systematic study of how enslaved and self-emancipated African Americans engaged with compensated manumission to become legally free. To do this, I address fundamental issues related to compensated manumission within the United States from the founding era to the fugitive slave crisis of the 1850s. The project works to give voice to the concerns and problems that African Americans faced in their attempts to buy freedom by analyzing how they interacted with different kinds of networks, both social and economic, in the interest of liberation. By accruing different kinds of capital within these networks, African Americans who paid for freedom worked to reject the very economic and social thought that worked to keep them enslaved. The project also looks at how African Americans connected with the abolition movement worked to theorize compensated manumission and legal freedom within the broader movement
'Woman thou art loosed' : black female sexuality unhinged in the fiction of Frances Harper and Pauline Hopkins by Crystal Donkor( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Race-sex narratives that dominated in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries permeated the political, scientific, and social fabric of the nation, but did not solely center on black bodies. These narratives demeaned and degraded a race of black citizens, characterizing them as sexually deviant social pariahs. Consequently, these same notions elevated whites to the highest rungs of society, marking them as moral and desirable. This crafting of racial identity acted as just one way to justify racial subordination through the creation of notions that proved detrimental to black life and worthiness. Writer-activists penning their tales of fiction after the Civil War understood that presenting challenges to prevailing racial ideologies in their literature would be essential to advancing the cause of black equality in the post-bellum period. Thus, the import of these subjects into African American fiction became central to dismantling stereotypes and refiguring notions of black personhood. The challenge of (re)presenting the race was all the more fraught for black women writers and is the analytical focus of this study. 'Woman Thou Art Loosed' explores Frances Harper's and Pauline Hopkins's literary undertaking of the subjects of black female sexuality and desire amidst a culture that simultaneously hyper-exposed black women's sexuality and obscured black women's sexual autonomy. This project's explicit focus on the late nineteenth and early twentieth century literatures of African American women seeks to uncover how these literary artists rendered black women's sexual selves (and the layered significance of such rendering) despite the pressure and stigma of already codified cultural narratives of the period. Furthermore, this project analyzes where works such as Minnie's Sacrifice, Trial and Triumph, Hagar's Daughter, and Contending Forces fit in the matrix of racial uplift, prompting a re-evaluation of current understandings that reflect more masculine influenced uplift ideologies of the time. I further the notion of Hopkins and Harper as writer-activists, examining their political agendas which were made radical by their, at times, non-conformist sexual politics buried within the nuances of literary expression
The New Red Negro : the Literary Left and African American Poetry, 1930-1946. Race and American Culture by James Edward Smethurst( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Imagination and Construction of the Black Criminal in American Literature, 1741-1910 by Emahunn Campbell( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

My dissertation examines the origins of the perception of black people as criminally predisposed by arguing that during eighteenth and nineteenth-century America, crime committed by black people was used as a major trope in legal, literary, and scientific discourses, deeming them inherently criminal. Furthermore, I contend that enslaved and free black people often used criminal acts, including murder, theft, and literacy, as avenues toward freedom. However, their resistance was used as a justification for slavery in the South and discrimination in the North. By examining a diverse set of materials such as confessional literature, plantation management literature, (social) scientific studies, and literary works, I demonstrate how historical and cultural representations of crime became racialized. I begin by analyzing the New York Slave Conspiracy of 1741 and reading the legal testimonies produced by the event as literature. These testimonies contributed to the production of late eighteenth-century confessional narratives, in which there was a disproportionate representation of those from African descent. From here, I examine different institutions of confinement and mechanisms of torture used on enslaved and free black people, arguing that what emerges from their brutalization and confinement is the circulation of ideas about black people as subjects having a propensity for transgressive behavior. After investigating literary works by William Wells Brown and Mark Twain, among others, I conclude with an analysis of W.E.B. Du Bois's unpublished short stories. Written in the genres of crime and detective fiction during the first decade of the twentieth century, I argue that these little-known stories use, yet subvert ideas about criminality as inherent among black people and can be read against his sociological studies on urban crime in the same period. By focusing on literature and culture as ways of understanding perceptions and constructions of racial groups, my dissertation intervenes in legal studies scholarship and scholarship on the history of crime in America. More broadly, it builds upon the larger field of African American Studies by challenging the binary of agency and oppression through examining literary representations of contentious relationships between slaveholders and the enslaved. Through various literatures of the colonial, early national, antebellum, and post-Reconstruction periods, what is at stake in my project is how the criminalization of black people predates Reconstruction and convict leasing. In its attempts to reveal connections between criminality, race, and the judicial system in our contemporary moment, my work is especially timely in light of the recent deaths of Trayvon Martin, Oscar Grant, Rekia Boyd, Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, and many others
Beyond the boundaries of childhood : northern African American children's cultural and political resistance, 1780-1861 by Crystal L Webster( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Notions of childhood as a distinct developmental period of life were concretized during the nineteenth century. Features of children's lives including innocence, play, and exclusion from labor became markers of ideal childhoods as part of the racialized modernization of childhood. This dissertation uncovers the ways in which modern constructions of childhood attempted to subjugate northern African American children throughout the nineteenth century and highlights the means by which black children and conceptualizations of black childhood became agents and sites of resistance. In doing so, it demonstrates both how African American children experienced age-based forms of subjugation as well as their contribution to forms of activism that capitalized on the political power of black childhood. This dissertation focuses on constructions of black childhood in prominent anti-slavery texts as well as the daily lives of African American children living in Philadelphia, Boston, and New York from gradual emancipation to the Civil War. Through an interdisciplinary engagement with organizational documents, school records, and textual representations, this dissertation explores the ways in which black childhood was constructed, institutionalized, and made political. By examining expressions of black childhood and motherhood in black print culture, this study also demonstrates the connects the political discourse concerning black childhood with that of black womanhood and motherhood. As such, this study elucidates black children's role within abolitionism, women's rights, prison reform, and humanitarianism, thereby broadening the scope of relevant scholarship in African American history, the history of childhood and youth, and studies of political activism to include the oft-neglected subject of northern black children's experiences
Audience and identity : the Black artist in Melvin Tolson's Harlem gallery by James Edward Smethurst( )

1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Black Arts Movement and historically black colleges and universities by James Edward Smethurst( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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The Black Arts Movement : literary nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s
The Black Arts Movement : literary nationalism in the 1960s and 1970sThe African American roots of modernism : from Reconstruction to the Harlem RenaissanceRadicalism in the South since ReconstructionLeft of the color line : race, radicalism, and twentieth-century literature of the United States
Alternative Names
Smethurst James

English (84)