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Smith Richardson Foundation

Works: 45 works in 67 publications in 2 languages and 8,550 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
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Most widely held works about Smith Richardson Foundation
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Most widely held works by Smith Richardson Foundation
Civilians and soldiers : achieving better coordination by Bruce Pirnie( )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,641 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since 1989, the United States has embarked on numerous complex contingency operations overseas--especially in Somalia, Haiti, and Bosnia--requiring a high degree of coordination between the civilian and military sides of the operations. What has the U.S. government learned and failed to learn from its experience? The author examines the erratic performance of the U.S. in these contingencies and looks at several working models of the interagency process and ways to improve communication between civilian and military communities. After analyzing the problems of the past, the report offers recommendations to decisionmakers in the Executive Branch to improve chances of success in future complex contingency operations through more coherent U.S. policy and strategy
Fault lines in China's economic terrain by Charles Wolf( )

3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1,631 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What are the major challenges, fault lines, and potential adversities (these terms are used synonymously), that China's economic development will encounter over the next decade? How severely will China's overall economic performance be affected if these adversities occur separately or in clusters? This book addresses these key questions. China has confronted in the past two decades five of the eight fault lines that the authors consider (unemployment, corruption, water resources, HIV/AIDS, and financial fragility), and, nonetheless, it has sustained high rates of economic growth. Therefore, in assessing the potential effects of these fault lines on China's future economic performance, the authors focus on whether, why, and by how much their intensities may increase--that is, on changes, rather than on the prevailing levels of each fault line. For the other three fault lines examined, which have not previously occurred or recurred--oil price shocks, foreign-direct-investment shrinkage, and serious military conflicts--the authors consider the circumstances under which they might arise and their resulting economic effects. For each of the eight fault lines, the authors estimate a "bottom-line" in terms of expected effects on China's annual growth rate over the next decade, drawing on a variety of methods, models, and judgments to make these estimates. The authors suggest that the probability that none of these individual setbacks will occur is low, while the probability that all will occur is still lower. Because of interdependencies among the fault lines, it is highly likely that several separate adversities will cluster if any one of them occurs. For examples: an internal financial crisis would have serious negative effects on the relative attractiveness of foreign investment in China, contributing to shrinkage of foreign direct investment; epidemic disease would intensify water pollution problems and would discourage foreign investment
Saudi-Iranian relations since the fall of Saddam : rivalry, cooperation, and implications for U.S. policy by Frederic M Wehrey( )

4 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,509 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The often tense relationship between Saudi Arabia and Iran has been at the center of many of the major political shifts that have occurred in the Middle East since the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003. This volume documents a study of how relations between the two powers have unfolded in the Persian Gulf, Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine from 2003 through January 2009. Wehrey et al. detail the complex and multidimensional relationship between Saudi Arabia and Iran and its implications for regional stability and U.S. interests. In doing so, the authors challenge conventional thinking about Saudi-Iranian relations, arguing, for example, that Sunni-Shi'a distinctions are not the key driver in dealings between the two nations, that the two states have a tendency to engage on areas of common interest, and that the notion of a watertight bloc of Gulf Arab states opposing Iran is increasingly unrealistic. The study concludes with U.S. policy recommendations for leveraging the Saudi-Iranian relationship, particularly in the context of a U.S. drawdown in Iraq, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and the Iranian nuclear issue
Preparing for the possibility of a North Korean collapse by Bruce W Bennett( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1,155 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A North Korean government collapse would have serious consequences in North Korea and beyond. At the very least, a collapse would reduce the already scarce food and essential goods available to the population, in part due to hoarding and increasing costs. This could lead to a humanitarian disaster. Factions emerging after a collapse could plunge the country into civil war that spills over into neighboring countries. Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) could be used and even proliferated. This report examines ways of controlling and mitigating the consequences, recognizing that the Republic of Korea (ROK) and its U.S. ally will almost certainly need to intervene militarily in the North, likely seeking Korean unification as the ultimate outcome. But such an intervention requires serious preparation. North Koreans must be convinced that they will be treated well and could actually have better lives after unification. The allies need to prepare to deliver humanitarian aid in the North, stop conflict, demilitarize the North Korean military and security services over time, and secure and eventually eliminate North Korean WMD. Potential Chinese intervention must be addressed, ideally leading to cooperation with ROK and U.S. forces. Plans are needed for liberating North Korean political prisons before the guards execute the prisoners. Property rights need to be addressed. The ROK must sustain its military capabilities despite major reductions in force size due to very low birthrates. And ROK reluctance to broadly address North Korean collapse must be overcome so that plans in these areas can move forward
Libya after Qaddafi : lessons and implications for the future by Christopher S Chivvis( )

5 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 990 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2011, NATO and a number of Arab and other countries backed a rebel overthrow of longstanding Libyan dictator Muammar Qaddafi. When Qaddafi was killed in October, the intervening powers abruptly wrapped up military operations. A small United Nations mission was given responsibility for coordinating post-conflict stabilization support. The essential tasks of establishing security, building political and administrative institutions, and restarting the economy were left almost entirely up to Libya's new leaders. The results of this very limited international approach have been lackluster at best. Libya has fallen behind on a number of critical post-conflict fronts, jihadist groups have made inroads, and there is still a possibility that this newly freed nation could once again collapse into civil war. Although Libya's fate is ultimately in the hands of Libyans themselves, international actors could have done more to help and could still take steps to avert further deterioration of Libya itself as well as the broader region. This report is based on research and interviews with officials in Washington, London, Paris, Brussels, and Tripoli and draws on existing RAND work on post-conflict reconstruction. It explains the challenges that Libya faced after the war, assesses the steps taken to overcome them, draws implications for future post-conflict efforts, and sketches a way forward in Libya itself
China's foreign aid and government-sponsored investment : scale, content, destinations, and implications by Charles Wolf( )

3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 506 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With the world⁰́₉s second largest economy, China has the capacity to engage in substantial programs of economic assistance and government-sponsored investments in 93 emerging-market countries. In the first decade of the 21st century, China has expanded and directed this capacity in these countries for both their benefit and for China⁰́₉s own benefit. Using several data sources and aggregation methods, RAND researchers built a large database, expanding upon prior Congressional Research Service data and enabling the programs to be more fully described and analyzed. Access to the database is available to interested readers who wish to request it from RAND. The RAND research assessed the scale, trends, and composition of these programs in the emerging-market economies of six regions: Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, and East Asia. Finally, the research derived inferences and insights from the analysis that may enhance understanding of the programs and policies pertaining to them. In general, China⁰́₉s use of foreign aid and government-sponsored investment activities has burgeoned in recent years, with emphasis on building infrastructure and increasing supplies of natural resources (including energy resources and ferrous and nonferrous minerals). Loans that include substantial subsidies provide financing for many of these programs, but the loans are accompanied by rigorous debt-servicing conditions that distinguish China⁰́₉s foreign aid from the grant financing that characterizes development aid provided by the United States and other nations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
The beginner's guide to nation-building by James Dobbins( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 369 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This guidebook is designed as a contribution to future nation-building efforts. It is organized around the components that make up any nation-building mission: planning, military and police contingents, civil administrators, humanitarian and relief efforts, governance, economic stabilization, democratization, and infrastructure development
Police enforcement strategies to prevent crime in hot spot areas by Anthony Allan Braga( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 262 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group ( is an international network of researchers that prepares, updates, and rapidly disseminates systematic reviews of high-quality research conducted worldwide on effective methods to reduce crime and delinquency and improve the quality of justice.--inside cover
European military prospects, economic constraints, and the rapid reaction force by Charles Wolf( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"His report analyzes the recent record of economic growth, military spending, and military investments in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and Italy. The analysis provides a basis for estimating these countries' capacity to generate sufficient resources to enhance the military capabilities sought for the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) and its instrument, the Rapid Reaction Force (RRF). The study uses economic and military trends in these four countries over the 1985-1999 period to make corresponding forecasts for 2001 to 2010. It then compares these estimates with four independently derived estimates of the investment costs of the proposed ESDP/RRF force. The study formulates several options that would enable these countries, in conjunction with other non-NATO members of the European Union, to finance the investment costs associated with the ESDP/RRF. The authors conclude that the European Union, while it has the economic capacity to finance these costs, albeit with some delay in the original timetable, is less likely to acquire genuinely enhanced capabilities for the ESDP force than to continue to produce descriptive rhetoric about it."--Rand abstracts
Coping with a nuclearizing Iran by James Dobbins( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 128 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"It is not inevitable that Iran will acquire nuclear weapons or even that it will gain the capacity to quickly produce them. U.S. and even Israeli analysts continually push their estimates for such an event further into the future. Nevertheless, absent a change in Iranian policy, it is reasonable to assume that, some time in the coming decade, Iran will acquire such a capability. Most recent scholarly studies have also focused on how to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. Other, less voluminous writing looks at what to do after Iran becomes a nuclear power. What has so far been lacking is a policy framework for dealing with Iran before, after, and, indeed, during its crossing of the nuclear threshold. This monograph attempts to fill that gap by providing a midterm strategy for dealing with Iran that neither begins nor ends at the point at which Tehran acquires a nuclear weapon capability. It proposes an approach that neither acquiesces to a nuclear-armed Iran nor refuses to admit the possibility -- indeed, the likelihood -- of this occurring."--Publisher's website
Making sense of charter schools : evidence from California by Ron W Zimmer( Book )

3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The debate over charter schools often appears to be driven by theory and ideology, with little information on how the reform itself is affecting students. This occasional paper adds clarity to the debate by consolidating the results from the RAND Corporation₂s comprehensive assessment of charter schools. A key feature of this assessment has been the use of individual student-level data to track students from school to school over time and to measure their test scores in traditional and charter schools. The analysis dispels many of the arguments from charter proponents or critics. The results show that test scores for charter school students are keeping pace with comparable students in traditional public schools. Similarly, minority students are performing no better in charter than in traditional classrooms, so charters are not affecting the achievement gap for these students. Charter proponents have also expected that competition from charters would improve the performance of traditional public schools, but the evidence does not support this contention. On a more positive note, charter schools have achieved comparable test score results with fewer public resources and have emphasized non-core subjects more than have traditional schools. In addition, the evidence shows that charter schools have not created ₃white enclaves₄ or ₃skimmed₄ high-quality students from traditional public schools, as critics feared. Finally, we discovered that school level operations varied considerably between charter and traditional schools, but these operational differences had little effect on student achievement
Rolling Back the Islamic State by Seth G Jones( Book )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Islamic State is a byproduct of the 2003 American intervention in Iraq and the subsequent American departure in 2011. At its peak in late 2014, the group held more than 100,000 square kilometers of territory with a population of nearly 12 million, mostly in Iraq and Syria. Beginning in 2015, the Islamic State began to lose territory as it faced increasingly effective resistance. Still, the Islamic State continues to conduct and inspire attacks around the world. This report assesses the threat the Islamic State poses to the United States and examines four possible strategies to counter the group: disengagement, containment, rollback "light" (with a reliance on local forces backed by U.S. special operations forces, Central Intelligence Agency and other intelligence assets, and airpower), and rollback "heavy" (adding the employment of American conventional forces in ground combat). The authors conclude that the United States should pursue a light rollback strategy. They also recommend additional steps, such as rebalancing counterterrorism efforts to address grievances, loosening restrictions on U.S. military operations, increasing U.S. military posture in Africa, and tightening restrictions in the Islamic State's internet access
A question of balance : political context and military aspects of the China-Taiwan dispute by David A Shlapak( )

4 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The relationship between China and Taiwan is more stable in 2009 than it has been in years, but China has nonetheless not renounced its "right" to use force to forestall Taiwan's "independence." At the same time, the cross-strait military balance is shifting in ways that are problematic for Taiwan's defense: The growing size and quality of China's missile arsenal, along with other advances in Chinese military capabilities, call into question the United States' and Taiwan's ability to defend the island against a large-scale Chinese attack. In this volume, the authors employ a mix of theater-level combat modeling, simpler mathematical models, historical analysis, interviews with experts, and qualitative judgment to evaluate both the China-Taiwan political dynamic and the cross-strait military balance. Shlapak et al. conclude with a discussion of how Taiwan might be successfully defended against a Chinese invasion attempt
Taiwan's foreign and defense policies : features and determinants by Michael D Swaine( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Taiwan's foreign and defense policies have evolved greatly since the days of Chiang Kai-Shek. Its leaders have created a government based on popular sovereignty rather than Chinese nationalism; adopted pragmatic and creative approaches to expanding its international presence; and sought to make itself safe from attack or coercion by Mainland China through acquiring modern weapons, building a more efficient military, and developing closer military and political ties with the United States. China, in turn, has adopted a complex strategy of pressures and enticements to arrest Taiwan's moves toward greater independence. The United States and Japan also wield substantial influence over Taiwan's foreign and defense policies, but U.S. influence is clearly the dominant influence on Taiwan's decisions about theater ballistic missile defenses--providing information and advice that will strongly shape the course of Taiwan's planning, procurement, and deployment. The authors conclude that the United States should continue to maintain a public allegiance to the "One China" concept, combined with a posture of public ambiguity regarding the level of the U.S. defense commitment. Privately, the United States should make it clear to Beijing that it will respond militarily to a Chinese attack on Taiwan, and should state to Taipei that it will prevent a unilateral attempt to gain independence
Building moderate Muslim networks by Angel Rabasa( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Radical Islamists spread their message using extensive networks spanning the Muslim world, but moderates have not created similar networks. The authors derive lessons from U.S. and allied Cold War experience fostering democratic networks, determine their applicability to current conditions in the Muslim world, evaluate U.S. programs of engagement with the Muslim world, and develop a "road map" to foster the construction of moderate Muslim networks
Achievement and attainment in Chicago charter schools( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past decade, charter schools have been among the fastest-growing segments of the K-12 education sector in Chicago and across the country. This report addresses several key issues related to charter schools using student-level data provided by Chicago Public Schools. Students leaving traditional public schools for charter schools in Chicago tend to look much like the peers they left behind, in both demographic characteristics and student achievement. Transfers to charter schools tend to slightly reduce racial stratification across the schools. Achievement trajectories suggest that, on average, charter schools' performance in raising student achievement is approximately on par with traditional public schools -- except that charter schools do not do well in raising student achievement in their first year of operation. Chicago's charter high schools may produce substantial positive effects on ACT scores, the probability of graduating, and the probability of enrolling in college -- but these positive effects are solidly evident only in the multi-grade charter high schools (those that include middle-school grades). The large, positive attainment results in Chicago suggest remarkable promise for (at least) multi-grade charter high schools and demonstrate that evaluations limited to test scores may fail to capture important benefits of charter schools. If charter schools (or other multi-grade high schools) have positive effects on graduation and college entry, they may make a substantial, long-term difference in the life prospects of their students
Educating leaders in an age of uncertainty : the future of military war colleges( Book )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Deradicalizing Islamist extremists by Angel Rabasa( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Considerable effort has been devoted to understanding the process of violent Islamist radicalization, but far less research has explored the equally important process of deradicalization, or how individuals or groups abandon extremist groups and ideologies. Proactive measures to prevent vulnerable individuals from radicalizing and to rehabilitate those who have already embraced extremism have been implemented, to varying degrees, in several Middle Eastern, Southeast Asian, and European countries. A key question is whether the objective of these programs should be disengagement (a change in behavior) or deradicalization (a change in beliefs) of militants. Furthermore, a unique challenge posed by militant Islamist groups is that their ideology is rooted in a major world religion. An examination of deradicalization and counter-radicalization programs in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Europe assessed the strengths and weaknesses of each program, finding that the best-designed programs leverage local cultural patterns to achieve their objectives. Such programs cannot simply be transplanted from one country toanother. They need to develop organically in a specific country and culture
Bâtir un État Haïtien plus résistant( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'espoir d'un avenir plus prospère et plus pacifique pour le peuple haïtien réside dans la construction d'un État plus efficace et résilient. Les institutions haïtiennes sont minées par des faiblesses endémiques dans les domaines des ressources humaines, organisationnel, des procédures et des politiques publiques. La construction étatique devrait figurer au premier plan des efforts de redressement après le séisme de janvier 2010. Il est relativement aisé de dresser des listes de mesures requises pour remédier aux faiblesses de l'État, mais il l'est moins de formuler des stratégies destinées à lutter contre ces faiblesses et il est encore plus difficile de les mettre en æuvre. Ce rapport appuie le développement d'une stratégie de construction de l'État en Haïti en identifiant les principaux obstacles à une gouvernance efficace et en évaluant des projets existants, pour renforcer les institutions publiques et améliorer la fourniture de services publics, ainsi qu'en proposant un ensemble restreint d'actions critiques réalistes et soigneusement définies. Les priorités recommandées dans les domaines de l'administration publique, de la justice, de la sécurité, de la politique économique, des infrastructures, de l'éducation et de la santé requièrent la plus grande attention de la part des autorités haïtiennes et des donateurs internationaux, tant en ce qui concerne l'élaboration des politiques publiques que les engagements financiers
Jobs First : final report on Connecticut's welfare reform initiative : summary report by Dan Bloom( )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It summarizes the implementation of Jobs First started in January 1996 and presents information on the program's impacts measured over four years after sample members entered the study. It also uses data from a large scale survey to assess Jobs First's effects on such key outcomes as housing status and health insurance coverage as well as its effects on participants' children. Finally the report describes the results of a benefit-cost analysis, which compares Jobs First's financial benefits and costs for participants and for government budgets
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Civilians and soldiers : achieving better coordination
Fault lines in China's economic terrainSaudi-Iranian relations since the fall of Saddam : rivalry, cooperation, and implications for U.S. policyThe beginner's guide to nation-buildingEuropean military prospects, economic constraints, and the rapid reaction forceA question of balance : political context and military aspects of the China-Taiwan disputeBuilding moderate Muslim networksDeradicalizing Islamist extremists
Alternative Names
Richardson Foundation

Richardson Foundation (Smith Richardson Foundation)


English (47)

French (1)