WorldCat Identities

Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (Michael)

Overview
Works: 58 works in 111 publications in 2 languages and 1,237 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Textbooks 
Roles: Editor, Author, dgs, Other, htt, Contributor, Thesis advisor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by M Scherer-Lorenzen
Forest diversity and function : temperate and boreal systems by M Scherer-Lorenzen( )

22 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 711 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Summaries from a LINKECOL workshop held in Weimar, Germany, 13-15 June 2002
Plant ecology by E.-D Schulze( )

12 editions published between 2018 and 2019 in English and held by 253 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This completely updated and revised second edition provides a unique and up-to-date treatment of all aspects of plant ecology, making it an ideal textbook and reference work for students, researchers and practitioners. More than 500 high-quality images and drawings, mostly in colour, aid readers' understanding of various key topics, while the clear structure and straightforward style make it user friendly and particularly useful for students. Written by leading experts, it offers authoritative information, including relevant references. While Plant Ecology primarily addresses graduate students in biology and ecology, it is also a valuable resource for post-graduate students and researchers in botany, environmental sciences and landscape ecology, as well as all those whose study or work touches on agriculture, forestry, land use, and landscape management. Key Topics: - Molecular ecophysiology (molecular stress physiology: light, temperature, oxygen deficiency, water deficit (drought), unfavorable soil mineral conditions, biotic stress) - Physiological and biophysical plant ecology (ecophysiology of plants: thermal balance, water, nutrient, carbon relations) - Ecosystem ecology (characteristics of ecosystems, approaches how to study and how to model terrestrial ecosystems, biogeochemical fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems) - Community ecology and biological diversity (development of plant communities in time and space, interactions between plants and plant communities with the abiotic and the biotic environment, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning) - Global ecology (global biogeochemical cycles, Dynamic Global Vegetation Models, global change and terrestrial ecosystems)."--Back cover
Analyse der Artenschutzprogramme für Pflanzen in Deutschland : Referate und Ergebnisse der gleichnamigen Tagung vom 3. - 5. Dezember 2001 im Bayerischen Landesamt für Umweltschutz Augsburg by Analyse der Artenschutzprogramme für Pflanzen in Deutschland( Book )

8 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in German and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Effects of plant diversity on ecosystem processes in experimental grassland communities by M Scherer-Lorenzen( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sustainable forest management in Germany: the ecosystem approach of the biodiversity convention reconsidered results of the R+D-project 80083001 by Andreas Häusler( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nachhaltige Forstwirtschaft in Deutschland im Spiegel des ganzheitlichen Ansatzes der Biodiversitätskonvention by Andreas Häusler( Book )

1 edition published in 2002 in German and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Plant Ecology by E.-D Schulze( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Environmental drivers of Ixodes ricinus abundance in forest fragments of rural European landscapes by Steffen Ehrmann( )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Background: The castor bean tick (Ixodes ricinus) transmits infectious diseases such as Lyme borreliosis, which constitutes an important ecosystem disservice. Despite many local studies, a comprehensive understanding of the key drivers of tick abundance at the continental scale is still lacking. We analyze a large set of environmental factors as potential drivers of I. ricinus abundance. Our multi-scale study was carried out in deciduous forest fragments dispersed within two contrasting rural landscapes of eight regions, along a macroclimatic gradient stretching from southern France to central Sweden and Estonia. We surveyed the abundance of I. ricinus, plant community composition, forest structure and soil properties and compiled data on landscape structure, macroclimate and habitat properties. We used linear mixed models to analyze patterns and derived the relative importance of the significant drivers.<br><br>Results: Many drivers had, on their own, either a moderate or small explanatory value for the abundance of I. ricinus, but combined they explained a substantial part of variation. This emphasizes the complex ecology of I. ricinus and the relevance of environmental factors for tick abundance. Macroclimate only explained a small fraction of variation, while properties of macro- and microhabitat, which buffer macroclimate, had a considerable impact on tick abundance. The amount of forest and the composition of the surrounding rural landscape were additionally important drivers of tick abundance. Functional (dispersules) and structural (density of tree and shrub layers) properties of the habitat patch played an important role. Various diversity metrics had only a small relative importance. Ontogenetic tick stages showed pronounced differences in their response. The abundance of nymphs and adults is explained by the preceding stage with a positive relationship, indicating a cumulative effect of drivers.<br><br>Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the ecosystem disservices of tick-borne diseases, via the abundance of ticks, strongly depends on habitat properties and thus on how humans manage ecosystems from the scale of the microhabitat to the landscape. This study stresses the need to further evaluate the interaction between climate change and ecosystem management on I. ricinus abundance
Effects of biodiversity strengthen over time as ecosystem functioning declines at low and increases at high biodiversity by Sebastian Tobias Meyer( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Human-caused declines in biodiversity have stimulated intensive research on the consequences of biodiversity loss for ecosystem services and policy initiatives to preserve the functioning of ecosystems. Short-term biodiversity experiments have documented positive effects of plant species richness on many ecosystem functions, and longer-term studies indicate, for some ecosystem functions, that biodiversity effects can become stronger over time. Theoretically, a biodiversity effect can strengthen over time by an increasing performance of high-diversity communities, by a decreasing performance of low-diversity communities, or a combination of both processes. Which of these two mechanisms prevail, and whether the increase in the biodiversity effect over time is a general property of many functions remains currently unclear. These questions are an important knowledge gap as a continuing decline in the performance of low-diversity communities would indicate an ecosystem-service debt resulting from delayed effects of species loss on ecosystem functioning. Conversely, an increased performance of high-diversity communities over time would indicate that the benefits of biodiversity are generally underestimated in short-term studies. Analyzing 50 ecosystem variables over 11years in the world's largest grassland biodiversity experiment, we show that overall plant diversity effects strengthened over time. Strengthening biodiversity effects were independent of the considered compartment (above- or belowground), organizational level (ecosystem variables associated with the abiotic habitat, primary producers, or higher trophic levels such as herbivores and pollinators), and variable type (measurements of pools or rates). We found evidence that biodiversity effects strengthened because of both a progressive decrease in functioning in species-poor and a progressive increase in functioning in species-rich communities. Our findings provide evidence that negative feedback effects at low biodiversity are as important for biodiversity effects as complementarity among species at high biodiversity. Finally, our results indicate that a current loss of species will result in a future impairment of ecosystem functioning, potentially decades beyond the moment of species extinction
Globale Biodiversität in der Krise was können Deutschland und die EU dagegen tun? = Global biodiversity in crisis : what can Germany and the EU do about it? by Detlev Drenckhahn( Book )

2 editions published in 2020 in German and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus verschiedenen Disziplinen der Biodiversität, Ökologie, Ökonomie, Anthropologie und integrierten Landsystem-Forschung haben sich mit Fragen der globalen Krise der biologischen Vielfalt befasst. In dem daraus resultierenden Diskussionspapier "Globale Biodiversität in der Krise - Was können Deutschland und die EU dagegen tun?“ und in dem dazugehörenden Dokumentationsband zeigen die Autorinnen und Autoren auf, wie Deutschland und Europa reagieren sollten, um das gemeinsame Ziel zu erreichen, den Verlust an Biodiversität zu stoppen. Die Vielfalt von Pflanzen und Tieren ist eine unserer wichtigsten Lebensgrundlagen. Teil der Evolution war und ist immer auch das Aussterben und die Neuentstehung von Arten. In den letzten Jahrzehnten ist jedoch ein in der Geschichte der Erde bisher nie erreichtes Massenaussterben von Pflanzen- und Tierarten zu beobachten. Der Einfluss des Menschen auf alle Bereiche unserer Umwelt hat so nicht nur zu Klimawandel geführt, sondern auch dazu, dass ein großer Teil der biologischen Vielfalt unwiederbringlich verloren gegangen ist. Was dies für das langfristige Überleben der Menschheit bedeutet, ist aktuell kaum abschätzbar. Wichtig ist jedoch, dass sowohl der Schutz des Klimas als auch der Schutz der Biodiversität untrennbar miteinander verbundene Herausforderungen für die Menschheit sind. Die Weltgemeinschaft hat bereits bei der Konvention von Rio 1992 die Dringlichkeit anerkannt, die dem Biodiversitätsschutz zukommt. In den letzten fast 30 Jahren verpflichteten sich die Vertragsstaaten zu verschiedenen Zielen, die dem Schutz der Biodiversität dienen sollen und den Verlust der Vielfalt möglichst stoppen sollten. Vieles wurde erreicht, aber der Verlust der Vielfalt geht kaum gebremst weiter. Publikationen in der Reihe "Leopoldina Diskussion“ sind Beiträge der genannten Autorinnen und Autoren. Mit den Diskussionspapieren bietet die Akademie Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern die Möglichkeit, flexibel und ohne einen formellen Arbeitsgruppen-Prozess Denkanstöße zu geben oder Diskurse anzuregen und hierfür auch Empfehlungen zu formulieren
Contributions of a global network of tree diversity experiments to sustainable forest plantations by Kris Verheyen( )

2 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The area of forest plantations is increasing worldwide helping to meet timber demand and protect natural forests. However, with global change, monospecific plantations are increasingly vulnerable to abiotic and biotic disturbances. As an adaption measure we need to move to plantations that are more diverse in genotypes, species, and structure, with a design underpinned by science. TreeDivNet, a global network oftree diversity experiments, respondsto this need by assessing the advantages and disadvantages of mixed species plantations. The network currently consists of 18 experiments, distributed over 36 sites and five ecoregions. With plantations 1-15 years old, TreeDivNet can already provide relevant data for forest policy and management. In this paper, we highlight some early results on the carbon sequestration and pest resistance potential of more diverse plantations. Finally, suggestions are made for new, innovative experiments in understudied regions to complement the existing network
Forest Diversity and Function Temperate and Boreal Systems by M Scherer-Lorenzen( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Habitat properties are key drivers of Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) prevalence in Ixodes ricinus populations of deciduous forest fragments by Steffen Ehrmann( )

2 editions published between 2017 and 2018 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evaluating the effectiveness of retention forestry to enhance biodiversity in production forests of Central Europe using an interdisciplinary, multi-scale approach by Ilse Storch( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Retention forestry, which retains a portion of the original stand at the time of harvesting to maintain continuity of structural and compositional diversity, has been originally developed to mitigate the impacts of clear-cutting. Retention of habitat trees and deadwood has since become common practice also in continuous-cover forests of Central Europe. While the use of retention in these forests is plausible, the evidence base for its application is lacking, trade-offs have not been quantified, it is not clear what support it receives from forest owners and other stakeholders and how it is best integrated into forest management practices. The Research Training Group ConFoBi (Conservation of Forest Biodiversity in Multiple-use Landscapes of Central Europe) focusses on the effectiveness of retention forestry, combining ecological studies on forest biodiversity with social and economic studies of biodiversity conservation across multiple spatial scales. The aim of ConFoBi is to assess whether and how structural retention measures are appropriate for the conservation of forest biodiversity in uneven-aged and selectively harvested continuous-cover forests of temperate Europe. The study design is based on a pool of 135 plots (1 ha) distributed along gradients of forest connectivity and structure. The main objectives are (a) to investigate the effects of structural elements and landscape context on multiple taxa, including different trophic and functional groups, to evaluate the effectiveness of retention practices for biodiversity conservation; (b) to analyze how forest biodiversity conservation is perceived and practiced, and what costs and benefits it creates; and (c) to identify how biodiversity conservation can be effectively integrated in multi-functional forest management. ConFoBi will quantify retention levels required across the landscape, as well as the socio-economic prerequisites for their implementation by forest owners and managers. ConFoBi's research results will provide an evidence base for integrating biodiversity conservation into forest management in temperate forests
Vertical root distribution and biomass allocation along proglacial chronosequences in Central Switzerland by Konrad Greinwald( )

1 edition published in 2021 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Investigating changes in belowground functional plant traits is an important step toward a better understanding of vegetation dynamics during primary succession. However, in alpine glacier forelands, we still lack an accurate assessment of plant rooting patterns. In this study, we established two proglacial chronosequences with contrasting bedrocks to investigate changes in rooting patterns and biomass allocation with terrain age. We extracted soil cores up to 1 m depth and measured root traits every 10 cm of each drilled core. Furthermore, we sampled aboveground biomass determining the contributions of functional groups to total aboveground biomass. We found that root traits associated with the root economics spectrum varied significantly along the chronosequences. Vertical root distribution coefficients revealed that early successional communities had more evenly distributed root systems compared to late successional communities. Biomass allocation showed diverging patterns. We found evidence for both the isometric allocation and optimal partitioning hypotheses. In addition, we observed a significant correlation between rooting parameters and plant community composition, suggesting that the dominance of distinct plant functional groups was one important factor explaining the observed rooting patterns. Our results shed light on the often neglected belowground compartments during plant succession and contribute to a better understanding of hillslope functioning
Similar successional development of functional community structure in glacier forelands despite contrasting bedrocks by Konrad Greinwald( )

1 edition published in 2021 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Questions<br>Primary plant succession is expected to be driven by habitat filtering and competitive exclusion. However, such findings typically come from experimental or single-site case studies. As a result, we lack field studies that investigate the functional community structures across successional series with differing site conditions. Here, we address the following question: how do plant trait patterns and functional diversity change along two chronosequences with distinct bedrocks?<br><br>Methods<br>We established two soil chronosequences with contrasting bedrock types (siliceous vs calcareous) in the Swiss Alps spanning a terrain age gradient of 13,500 years. We analysed plant ecological strategies at 40 plots per glacier foreland relating six functional traits to terrain age using RLQ analysis. We used the variation in plant ecological strategies revealed by RLQ analysis to calculate indices of functional diversity and analysed their temporal development with terrain age.<br><br>Results<br>The RLQ analysis revealed that canopy height and dispersal type were significantly associated with terrain age. In both glacier forelands, functional richness (FRic) increased with terrain age, suggesting similar development of niche differentiation along the chronosequences, irrespective of bedrock types. In addition, we observed a decrease of functional evenness (FEve) and functional divergence (FDiv) in both sites, indicating an overall trend to habitat filtering.<br><br>Conclusions<br>The results support the idea of a similar development of functional community structure along the two chronosequences, underlining the deterministic model of functional structure during succession. The functional approach of this study improves knowledge of the adaptive strategies of plant communities colonising glacier forefields and highlights the potential of comparing successional series with differing site conditions to gain a deeper understanding of successional drivers and underlying mechanisms
Tree species richness promotes invertebrate herbivory on congeneric native and exotic tree saplings in a young diversity experiment by Annika Wein( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Tree diversity in forests is an important driver of ecological processes including herbivory. Empirical evidence suggests both negative and positive effects of tree diversity on herbivory, which can be, respectively, attributed to associational resistance or associational susceptibility. Tree diversity experiments allow testing for associational effects, but evidence regarding which pattern predominates is mixed. Furthermore, it is unknown if herbivory on tree species of native vs. exotic origin is influenced by changing tree diversity in a similar way, or if exotic tree species escape natural enemies, resulting in lower damage that is unrelated to tree diversity. To address these questions, we established a young tree diversity experiment in temperate southwestern Germany that uses high planting density (49 trees per plot; plot size 13 m2 ). The species pool consists of six congeneric species pairs of European and North American origin (12 species in total) planted in monocultures and mixtures (1, 2, 4, 6 species). We assessed leaf damage by leaf-chewing insects on more than 5,000 saplings of six broadleaved tree species. Plot-level tree species richness increased leaf damage, which more than doubled from monocultures to six-species mixtures, strongly supporting associational susceptibility. However, leaf damage among congeneric native and exotic species pairs was similar. There were marked differences in patterns of leaf damage across tree genera, and only the genera likely having a predominately generalist herbivore community showed associational susceptibility, irrespective of the geographical origin of a tree species. In conclusion, an increase in tree species richness in young temperate forests may result in associational susceptibility to feeding by generalist herbivores
Jack-of-all-trades effects drive biodiversity-ecosystemmultifunctionality relationships in European forests by Fons van der Plas( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: There is considerable evidence that biodiversity promotes multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality), thus ensuring the delivery of ecosystem services important for human well-being. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are poorly understood, especially in natural ecosystems. We develop a novel approach to partition biodiversity effects on multifunctionality into three mechanisms and apply this to European forest data. We show that throughout Europe, tree diversity is positively related with multifunctionality when moderate levels of functioning are required, but negatively when very high function levels are desired. For two well-known mechanisms, 'complementarity' and 'selection', we detect only minor effects on multifunctionality. Instead a third, so far overlooked mechanism, the 'jack-of-all-trades' effect, caused by the averaging of individual species effects on function, drives observed patterns. Simulations demonstrate that jack-of-all-trades effects occur whenever species effects on different functions are not perfectly correlated, meaning they may contribute to diversity-multifunctionality relationships in many of the world's ecosystems
Toward a methodical framework for comprehensively assessing forest multifunctionality by Stefan Trogisch( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) research has extended its scope from communities that are short-lived or reshape their structure annually to structurally complex forest ecosystems. The establishment of tree diversity experiments poses specific methodological challenges for assessing the multiple functions provided by forest ecosystems. In particular, methodological inconsistencies and nonstandardized protocols impede the analysis of multifunctionality within, and comparability across the increasing number of tree diversity experiments. By providing an overview on key methods currently applied in one of the largest forest biodiversity experiments, we show how methods differing in scale and simplicity can be combined to retrieve consistent data allowing novel insights into forest ecosystem functioning. Furthermore, we discuss and develop recommendations for the integration and transferability of diverse methodical approaches to present and future forest biodiversity experiments. We identified four principles that should guide basic decisions concerning method selection for tree diversity experiments and forest BEF research: (1) method selection should be directed toward maximizing data density to increase the number of measured variables in each plot. (2) Methods should cover all relevant scales of the experiment to consider scale dependencies of biodiversity effects. (3) The same variable should be evaluated with the same method across space and time for adequate larger-scale and longer-time data analysis and to reduce errors due to changing measurement protocols. (4) Standardized, practical and rapid methods for assessing biodiversity and ecosystem functions should be promoted to increase comparability among forest BEF experiments. We demonstrate that currently available methods provide us with a sophisticated toolbox to improve a synergistic understanding of forest multifunctionality. However, these methods require further adjustment to the specific requirements of structurally complex and long-lived forest ecosystems. By applying methods connecting relevant scales, trophic levels, and above- and belowground ecosystem compartments, knowledge gain from large tree diversity experiments can be optimized
 
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Forest diversity and function : temperate and boreal systems
Covers
Plant ecology
Alternative Names
Lorenzen, M. Scherer-.

Lorenzen, M. Scherer- (Michael Scherer-)

Lorenzen, Michael Scherer-.

Lorenzen, Michael Scherer- 1968-

Michael Scherer-Lorenzen bioloog

Michael Scherer-Lorenzen researcher

Scherer-Lorenzen, M.

Scherer-Lorenzen, M. 1968-

Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael

Languages
English (58)

German (11)