United States Office of Aerospace Medicine
Most widely held works about United States
Most widely held works by United States
Index of international publications in aerospace medicine by Melchor J Antuñano ( Book )
6 editions published between 2001 and 2010 in English and held by 175 libraries worldwide
Reliability of the gas supply in the Air Force Emergency Passenger Oxygen System final report by Robert P Garner ( Book )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 170 libraries worldwide
Fatality and injury rates for two types of rotorcraft accidents final report by David Palmerton ( Book )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 168 libraries worldwide
This study analyzes the frequency of rotorcraft accidents involving fatalities and injuries to determine if certain types of accidents are inherently more dangerous in relation to rapid evacuation capability. Four categories of accidents were analyzed: those involving a fire, those without a fire, those in which the rotorcraft rolled over, and those without a rollover. It was hypothesized that rollover accidents create evacuation delays that produce more fatalities, particularly in situations involving a rollover and post-crash fire, where evacuation delays may expose occupants to toxic fumes longer than they would be if the rotorcraft remained upright and the evacuation only required occupants to quickly step out of the rotorcraft.
Index to FAA Office of Aerospace Medicine reports by United States ( Serial )
in English and held by 162 libraries worldwide
Isolation of RNA from peripheral blood cells a validation study for molecular diagnostics by microarray and kinetic RT-PCR assays -- application in aerospace medicine ( Book )
2 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 157 libraries worldwide
Solar radiation alert system by Kyle Copeland ( Book )
5 editions published between 2005 and 2009 in English and held by 153 libraries worldwide
The Solar Radiation Alert (SRA) system continuously evaluates measurements of high-energy protons made by instruments on GOES satellites. If the measurements indicate a substantial elevation of effective dose rates at aircraft flight altitudes, the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute issues an SRA via the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Wire Service. This report describes a revised SRA system. SRA issue-criteria remain the same but significant improvements have been made in the calculations. The solar proton fluence to effective dose conversion coefficients have been recalculated using 2007 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection and the latest release of the Monte Carlo transport code, MCNPX 2.6.0. The shape of the <10 MeV secondary neutron spectrum is now accounted for down to 100 eV. The flux correction based on spectral index has been revised to smooth the flux spectrum of solar protons. Estimates of the >605 MeV spectral shape have been improved by the addition of correction factors for the differential interpretation of the >700 MeV integral flux channel. Estimates of galactic cosmic radiation background count rates in the GOES data are now median rather than mean values. Estimated solar cosmic radiation dose rates are about 10 times higher than those made using the previous version of the SRA system.
The effects of NEXRAD graphical data resolution and direct weather viewing on pilots' judgments of weather severity and their willingness to continue a flight by Dennis B Beringer ( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 153 libraries worldwide
Performance criteria for development of extended use protective breathing equipment by Robert P Garner ( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 152 libraries worldwide
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast/cockpit display of traffic information innovations in pilot-managed departures by O. Veronika Prinzo ( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 149 libraries worldwide
Understanding the human factors associated with visual flight rules flight into instrumental meteorological conditions ( Book )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 146 libraries worldwide
"Visual Flight Rules (VFR) into Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) accidents are a major concern in the aviation industry. More than 70% of the fatal weather-related accidents involved General Aviation (GA) pilots operating under visual flight rules (VFR) that continued into IMC. The purpose of this study was to pair GA accident causal factors that had been classified with the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) categories and traditional demographic data in an effort to present a more complete picture of VFR flight into IMC accidents."--P. i.
General aviation maintenance-related accidents a review of ten years of NTSB data by Scott M Goldman ( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 146 libraries worldwide
The effects of workload and decision support automation on enroute R-side and D-side communication exchanges by Larry L Bailey ( Book )
3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 146 libraries worldwide
An information tool for planning in air traffic control ( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 145 libraries worldwide
Relationship of employee attitudes and supervisor-controller ratio to en route operational error rates by Dana Broach ( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 144 libraries worldwide
Access-to-egress. III, Repeated measurement of factors that control the emergency evacuation of passengers through the transport airplane Type-III overwing exit by Garnet A McLean ( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 144 libraries worldwide
Vitreous fluid and/or urine glucose concentrations in 1, 335 civil aviation accident pilot fatalities ( Book )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 142 libraries worldwide
For aviation accident investigations at the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute (CAMI), vitreous fluid and urine samples from pilot fatalities are analyzed for glucose, and in those cases wherein glucose levels are elevated, blood hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is measured. These analyses are conducted to monitor diabetic pilots to ensure that their disease was in control at the time of accidents and to discover other pilots with undiagnosed and unreported diabetes.--P. i.
Field evaluation of whole airliner decontamination technologies wide-body aircraft with dual-use application for railcars by W. F Gale ( Book )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 142 libraries worldwide
"The outcome of a field evaluation of decontamination of a wide-body aircraft using AeroClave's thermal decontamination system both as a stand-alone technology and as a means of delivering STERIS vaporized hydrogen peroxide (VHP®) is discussed. The report is submitted in the context of a decontamination technology selection exercise, laboratory work conducted on the efficacy of thermal decontamination, and as a follow-on to a field evaluation performed previously on a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 aircraft. The thermal decontamination system appears to be capable of reproducing temperatures needed for an efficacious antiviral process. However, work will be required to improve the temperature control and humidity levels attainable. The thermal decontamination + VHP add-in combination was found to be sporicidal at numerous locations within the cabin. The impact of issues relating to the failure to deactivate Biological Indicators (BIs) in certain locations with limited peroxide penetration, condensation of peroxide within the cabin, and more generally, issues related to the presence of residual peroxide in the cabin after aeration need to be addressed. Serious weather-related disruptions and a limited budget, coupled with a tight schedule, precluded these concerns being addressed on this occasion. Overall, the field evaluation of both the stand-alone thermal decontamination system and the VHP add-in can be described as successful."--P.i.
Use of traffic displays for general aviation approach spacing a human factors study by Eric D Nadler ( Book )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 142 libraries worldwide
A flight experiment was conducted to assess human factors issues associated with pilot use of traffic displays for approach spacing. [snip] Pilots successfully used the displays to maintain the assigned spacing on visual and instrument approaches. The spacing deviations were significantly lower when using the displays during visual approaches than when attempting to maintain spacing without a traffic display. [snip] While the traffic display reduced visual reacquisition times, this effect was only found with pilots whose displays showed additional traffic (not only the traffic-to-follow). In general, however, the additional traffic was associated with less time between fixations on the display and higher workload. Subjects appeared to have had difficulty identifying an optimal display range that would simultaneously provide traffic awareness and spacing task performance. The traffic display necessarily requires visual attention and reduces the attention available for scanning the instrument panel and on visual approaches, the outside world. --P. iii.
Laser illumination of aircraft by geographic location for a 3-year period (2004-2006) by Van B Nakagawara ( Book )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 141 libraries worldwide
Incident reports of civilian aircraft illuminated by high-intensity lights have been collected from various sources and entered into a database maintained by the Vision Research Team at the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute. Reported incidents of laser exposure of civilian aircraft in the United States for a 3-year period (January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2006) were collated and analyzed. A total of 832 incidents during the study period took place within the United States in the nine Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-designated regions. For the period, total laser incident rates per 100,000 flight operations ranged from zero in the Alaskan region to 0.86 in the Western Pacific Region. Of the 202 airports where laser incidents occurred, there were 20 (9.9%) that reported 10 or more laser incidents during the study period. The majority of airports (52.6%) with 10 or more laser incidents reported a higher number of incidents in 2005 than in 2006. Laser illumination incidents that could compromise aviation safety and threaten flight crew vision performance occur with some regularity within the contiguous United States.--P. i.
Field evaluation of whole airliner decontamination technologies for narrow-body aircraft by W. F Gale ( Book )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 140 libraries worldwide
"The outcome of a field evaluation of AeroClave's thermal decontamination system is discussed. This exercise evaluated the system both as a stand-alone technology and as a means of delivering STERIS vaporized hydrogen peroxide (VHP®). The report is submitted in the context of a decontamination technology selection exercise and work conducted on the efficacy of thermal decontamination. The field evaluation, performed on a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 aircraft, determined that the stand-alone thermal decontamination system exhibited reasonable temperature and relative humidity control capabilities. Indeed, the system reproduced the environmental conditions needed to be efficacious as an antiviral process, based on an earlier study. The thermal decontamination system also provided an effective means of providing environmental preconditioning for the use of VHP and for aeration after VHP exposure. The field evaluation did leave a number of unanswered issues which are discussed in the report. Overall, the field evaluation of both the stand-alone thermal decontamination system and the VHP add-in can be described as successful."--P. i.
Aeronautical instruments--Display systems Aeronautics--Communication systems Aeronautics--Human factors Aeronautics--Safety measures Aircraft accidents Aircraft accidents--Human factors Aircraft accidents--Investigation Aircraft accidents--Prevention Aircraft cabins--Design and construction Aircraft cabins--Safety measures Aircraft survival equipment Air pilots--Decision making Air pilots--Drug use Air pilots--Health and hygiene Air pilots--Medical examinations Air pilots--Psychology Airplanes--Cockpits Airplanes--Disinfection Airplanes--Piloting--Human factors Airports--Traffic control--Display systems Air traffic control Air traffic control--Communication systems Air traffic controllers Air traffic controllers--Language Air traffic controllers--Psychology Air traffic controllers--Selection and appointment Air traffic controllers--Workload Air traffic control--Safety measures Air traffic control--Technological innovations Aviation medicine Aviation toxicology Bibliography Biological decontamination Color vision--Testing Employees--Attitudes English language--Pronunciation Forensic toxicology Hydrogen peroxide Information display systems Listening comprehension Mental fatigue Meteorology in aeronautics Sleep deprivation Space medicine Survival United States United States.--Federal Aviation Administration United States.--Office of Aerospace Medicine Urine--Analysis Weather forecasting--Study and teaching
United States. Aerospace Medicine, Office of
United States. Federal Aviation Administration. Office of Aerospace Medicine