WorldCat Identities

National Research Council (U.S.). Policy and Global Affairs

Overview
Works: 85 works in 233 publications in 1 language and 56,980 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Cross-cultural studies 
Roles: isb, Other
Classifications: HC79.T4, 378.73
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by National Research Council (U.S.).
Preparing for the revolution : information technology and the future of the research university by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Monitoring international labor standards : techniques and sources of information by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Increased attention to the role of labor standards in a more integrated global economy has led to a growing demand for information on compliance with core labor standards. Both traditional national and international agencies and a growing number of voluntary monitoring and reporting procedures in the private sector have acquired new vigor. The result has been a proliferation of sources of information." "This new book - which includes a comprehensive database structure - provides a framework within which to assess those data and compliance with core international labor standards. It represents progress toward having and interpreting all relevant information in one overall framework, including the integration of qualitative and quantitative information." "The book offers a first step toward the goal of providing an empirical foundation to monitor compliance with core labor standards. It provides a roadmap to existing data sources, their relevance to defined labor standards, their utility to decision makers in charge of assessing or monitoring compliance, and the cautions necessary to understand and use the information. It is resource for anyone working on international labor issues." --Book Jacket
Energy futures and urban air pollution : challenges for China and the United States by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

7 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States and China are the top two energy consumers in the world. As a consequence, they are also the top two emitters of numerous air pollutants which have local, regional, and global impacts. Urbanization has led to serious air pollution problems in U.S. and Chinese cities; although U.S. cities continues to face challenges, the lessons they have learned in managing energy use and air quality are relevant to the Chinese experience. This report summarizes current trends, profiles two U.S. and two Chinese cities, and recommends key actions to enable each country to continue to improve urban air quality
The Dragon and the Elephant : Understanding the Development of Innovation Capacity in China and India : summary of a conference by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The return of the once-dormant economies of China and India to dynamism and growth is one of the most remarkable stories in recent history. The two countries are home to nearly 40 percent of the world's population, but until recently neither had played an influential role in the contemporary global economy. <br /> <br /> In the past two decades, China and India have liberalized internal economic policy, treatment of foreign investment, and trade, and have experienced economic growth at sustained high rates. From the point of view of the United States, however, the most important development in the Chinese and Indian economies in the long term may be the strides they are making in developing their own domestic innovation capacities. After a long period of underinvestment, both countries have committed to growing their science and education systems to bolster research and further economic expansion. <br /> <br /> Some observers of the recent growth have said that both countries are surging in their efforts to spur innovation; others have emphasized the potential of one country over the other; and still others have suggested that both China and India have a long way to go before achieving innovation-driven growth. With such a range of views, The National Academies set out to describe developments in both countries, in relation to each other and the rest of the world, by organizing a conference in Washington, D.C. The conference, summarized in this volume, discussed recent changes at both the macroeconomic level and also in selected industries, and explored the causes and implications of those changes
Monitoring International Labor Standards : summary of domestic forums by National Research Council( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 117 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

India's changing innovation system : achievements, challenges, and opportunities for cooperation : report of a symposium by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of its review of Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) convened a symposium in 2006 to examine the policy changes that have contributed to India's enhanced innovative capacity. Convening leaders from the public and private sectors in India and the U.S., the symposium identified accomplishments and existing challenges in the Indian innovation system and reviewed opportunities for enhanced cooperation between the two countries. This report summarizes the symposium presentations, along with an introductory analysis of policy issues raised at the symposium and a research paper examining India's knowledge economy
Overcoming impediments to U.S.-Russian cooperation on nuclear nonproliferation : report of a joint workshop by National Research Council( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 112 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings of a workshop on deterring cyberattacks : informing strategies and developing options for U.S. policy by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Examines governmental, economical, technical, legal, and psychological challenges involved in deterring cyber attacks."--Publisher's website
Enhancing the effectiveness of sustainability partnerships : summary of a workshop by Derek Vollmer( Book )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sustainable development--meeting human needs while nurturing and restoring the planet's life support systems--requires a continuous process of scientific innovation, new knowledge and learning, and collaborative approaches to implementing technologies and policies. To address these challenges, different stakeholder groups are increasingly seeking to ally themselves through partnership, in order to implement projects, deliver services, establish secure funding mechanisms, and achieve on the ground results. Advocates of this collaborative approach point to the failure of governmental regulations, international commitments, or business as usual. However, skeptics often question the effectiveness of partnerships at achieving sustainable development goals and, in the absence of demonstrated results, wonder where partnerships are adding value. A symposium held in June 2008 and summarized in this volume, attempted to advance the dialogue on partnerships for sustainability in order to catalyze existing knowledge and inform future efforts. Ideas that came out of discussions at the symposium will help leaders in government, the private sector, foundations and NGOs, and universities, both in the United States and internationally, as they develop and participate in new partnerships for sustainability
Science and technology and the future development of societies : international workshop proceedings by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

6 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In June 2006, seventeen scientists and educators selected by the National Academies, the Academy of Sciences of Iran, and the Academie des Sciences of France held a workshop at the estate of the Fondation des Treilles in Toutour, France, to discuss issues concerning the role of science in the development of modern societies. "Science and Technology and the Future Development of Societies" includes the presentations made at the workshop and summarizes the discussions that followed the presentations. Topics of the workshop included science and society issues, the role of science and engineering in development; obstacles and opportunities in the application of science and technology to development; scientific thinking of decision makers; management and utilization of scientific knowledge; and science, society, and education. This book also provides useful background for the further development of interactions of Western scientists and educators with Iranian specialists
The age of expert testimony : science in the courtroom : report of a workshop by Technology, and Law Panel Science( Book )

4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

21st century innovation systems for Japan and the United States : lessons from a decade of change : report of a symposium by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation
Strategic management of information and communication technology : the United States Air Force experience with Y2K by Mark P Haselkorn( Book )

4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes lessons learned from the efforts of the United States Air Force (hereafter simply USAF, or Air Force) to address a widely dispersed threat to its information infrastructure. The Air Force's response to the Year 2000 (Y2K) evolved over more than five years and involved thousands of people throughout the 108 USAF bases, interacting in varying, often nontraditional ways to address perceived threats. In addition, hundreds more people at numerous major Air Force units were active in developing guidance and support packages and in monitoring their implementation. This report is perhaps the most detailed publicly available case study of the Y2K response in a single organization and the lessons learned from that response. Although a great deal was written about Y2K before the event, surprisingly little analysis was conducted after January 1, 2000. The fact that Y2K did not result in widespread catastrophic failures has led many people, particularly those outside the information and communications technology (ICT) field, to label it a nonevent or even a hoax - and doubtless discouraged extensive analysis after the fact. However, as this report makes clear, the experience serves as a source of critical lessons for strategic management of ICT and echoes earlier findings of analysts in the field of information systems management. In addition, other sources make it clear that enough problems were experienced in the course of the Y2K rollover to demonstrate the reality of the problem and the importance of remediation efforts (GAO 2000). Serious known disruptions were avoided in the banking and insurance sectors, two NATO nation spy satellites went down for two days, and numerous other documented failures were either avoided or responded to in real time during rollover. These lessons and related recommendations are described in Chapters 2, 3, and 4, and they cover the management of ICT complexity, aligning organizational and ICT strategies, and minimizing and mitigating ICT risk. A final brief concluding chapter focuses on the general lesson of viewing technology risk within its social and organizational context. Together, these chapters present general implications for large, complex organizations that rely on ICT to achieve their mission in the face of risks in such areas as information assurance, information security, and critical infrastructure protection (CIP). The recommendations, naturally, focus on the Air Force and its context, but they are applicable to other large, complex, ICT-dependent organizations as well. The fact that Y2K did not produce major sustained disruption for the Air Force or other organizations makes it a more valuable source for long-term lessons for operational and strategic management of ICT systems. Rather than focusing on fundamental flaws and cascading effects, the bulk of this analysis is relevant to the overall strategic management of ICT, including maintenance and modernization, life-cycle management of systems and software, functional interdependency and continuity, guidance policies and certification, system ownership and responsibility, training and organizational roles, and security and information assurance
Monitoring international labor standards : human capital investmen : summary of a workshop by National Research Council( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program : project methodology by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document provides an initial version of the methodological approaches to be taken in the Congressionally-mandated study of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program at the five agencies accounting for 96 percent of the SBIR program expenditures. The proposed methodology draws extensively on the methodologies developed for the review of the previous National Research Council (NRC) assessment of the SBIR at the Department of Defense, SBIR: An Assessment of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative
Innovation policies for the 21st century : report of a symposium by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Expanding biofuel production and the transition to advanced biofuels : lessons for sustainability from the upper Midwest : summary of a workshop( Book )

6 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"While energy prices, energy security, and climate change are front and center in the national media, these issues are often framed to the exclusion of the broader issue of sustainability--ensuring that the production and use of biofuels do not compromise the needs of future generations by recognizing the need to protect life-support systems, promote economic growth, and improve societal welfare. Thus, it is important to understand the effects of biofuel production and use on water quality and quantity, soils, wildlife habitat and biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, air quality, public health, and the economic viability of rural communities"--Publisher's description
Monitoring international labor standards quality of information : summary of a workshop by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The experiences and challenges of science and ethics : proceedings of an American-Iranian workshop by Committee on the experiences and challenges of science and ethics in the United States and Iran (Etats-Unis)( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In April 2002, the U.S. National Academies hosted an interacademy workshop involving participants from the United States and Iran on the topic of Science and Ethics. The explicit purposes of the workshop were (a) to engage important members of the American and Iranian scientific communities in meaningful discussions of the topic of science and ethics and particularly differences in the approaches in the west and in Islamic countries in general and Iran in particular, (b) to encourage greater participation by Iranian scientists in international scientific discussions by exposing them to seasoned veterans in international meetings, and (c) to identify specific topics and approaches that could be carried out by the Academies in the two countries to contribute to international understanding of the importance of considering the ethical dimensions of scientific research and related activities. This report includes documents prepared by four breakout groups and a statement on priority areas for future interacademy cooperation developed at the final plenary session. Also included are background papers prepared by some participants prior to the workshop that were not previously published
Monitoring international labor standards : international perspectives : summary of regional forums( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Preparing for the revolution : information technology and the future of the research university
Alternative Names

controlled identityNational Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.). Policy and Global Affairs

controlled identityNational Research Council (U.S.). Office of International Affairs

controlled identityNational Research Council (U.S.). Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel

controlled identityNational Research Council (U.S.). Policy Division

Division of Policy and Global Affairs.

National Academies (U.S.). Policy and Global Affairs Division

National Research Council Policy and Global Affairs

National Research Council Policy and Global Affairs Division

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké) Division of Policy and Global Affairs

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké) PGA

National Research Council (Spojené státy americké) Policy and Global Affairs Division

National Research Council (U.S.) Division of Policy and Global Affairs

National Research Council (U.S.). P.G.A.

National Research Council (U.S.) PGA

National Research Council (U.S.) Policy and Global Affairs Division

National Research Council (Waszyngton). Division of Policy and Global Affairs.

P.G.A. (National Research Council (U.S.). Policy and Global Affairs)

PGA

PGA (National Research Council (U.S.). Policy and Global Affairs)

Policy and Global Affairs

Policy and Global Affairs Division.

Languages
English (74)

Covers
Monitoring international labor standards : techniques and sources of informationEnergy futures and urban air pollution : challenges for China and the United StatesThe Dragon and the Elephant : Understanding the Development of Innovation Capacity in China and India : summary of a conferenceMonitoring International Labor Standards : summary of domestic forumsIndia's changing innovation system : achievements, challenges, and opportunities for cooperation : report of a symposiumOvercoming impediments to U.S.-Russian cooperation on nuclear nonproliferation : report of a joint workshopProceedings of a workshop on deterring cyberattacks : informing strategies and developing options for U.S. policyEnhancing the effectiveness of sustainability partnerships : summary of a workshop