WorldCat Identities

National Academies Press (U.S.)

Overview
Works: 816 works in 1,417 publications in 1 language and 37,241 library holdings
Genres: Popular works  Conference papers and proceedings  Geographic information systems 
Roles: Author, Publisher, Other
Classifications: RJ399.C6, 660.6
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about National Academies Press (U.S.)
 
Most widely held works by National Academies Press (U.S.)
Progress in preventing childhood obesity : focus on communities( Book )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 1,215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biotechnology unzipped : promises & realities by Eric S Grace( Book )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 578 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Presents an introduction to the complex subject of biotechnology for general readers
Overcoming challenges to develop countermeasures against aerosolized bioterrorism agents : appropriate use of animal models by Committee on Animal Models for Testing Interventions Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents( Book )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 555 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) gives the highest priority to developing countermeasures against bioterrorism agents that are highly infective when dispersed in aerosol form. Developing drugs to prevent or treat illnesses caused by bioterrorism agents requires testing their effectiveness in animals since human clinical trials would be unethical. At the request of NIAID, the National Academies conducted a study to examine how such testing could be improved. Overcoming Challenges to Develop Countermeasures Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents provides recommendations to researchers on selecting the kinds of animal models, aerosol generators, and bioterrorism agent doses that would produce conditions that most closely mimic the disease process in humans. It also urges researchers to fully document experimental parameters in the literature so that studies can be reproduced and compared. The book recommends that all unclassified data on bioterrorism agent studies -- including unclassified, unpublished data from U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) -- be published in the open literature. The book also calls on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to improve the process by which bioterrorism countermeasures are approved based on the results of animal studies
The U.S. commitment to global health : recommendations for the public and private sectors by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 363 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

1 -- 1 Introduction 17 -- Defining Global Health and the Scope of This Report 18 -- Building on Prior Success and New Commitments to Strengthen Global Health Achievements 24 -- Future Commitments to Global Health 32 -- References 33 -- 2 Scale Up Existing Interventions To Achieve Significant Health Gains 39 -- Achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 39 -- Prepare for Emerging Global Challenges of the Twenty-First Century 52 -- Address Neglected Health Systems 62 -- References 68 -- 3 Generate and Share Knowledge To Address Health Problems Endemic To The Global Poor 79 -- Generate Knowledge to Benefit the Global Poor 79 -- Share Knowledge That Enables Local Problem Solvers 94 -- References 101 -- 4 Invest in People, Institutions, and Capacity Building With Global Partners 107 -- Long-Term Institutional Capacity Building 107 -- Rectify the Health Workforce Crisis 117 -- References 126 -- 5 Increase U.S. Financial Commitments To Global Health 131 -- Finance the Global Health Funding Gap 131 -- Address the Global Health Research Funding Gap 144 -- References 149 -- 6 Set The Example of Engaging In Respectful Partnerships 153 -- Global Health Governance 153 -- Global Partnership 155 -- Local Partnership 160 -- References 166 -- 7 Call To Action 169 -- A Prominent Role for Health in U.S. Foreign Policy 169 -- Increase Coordination and Coherence Within the U.S. Government 173 -- Call for Summit to Highlight U.S. Commitment to Global Health 179 -- References 180
Learning to think spatially by National Academies Press (U.S.)( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 324 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Examines how spatial thinking might be incorporated into existing standards-based instruction across the school curriculum. Spatial thinking must be recognized as a fundamental part of K 12 education and as an integrator and a facilitator for problem solving across the curriculum. With advances in computing technologies and the increasing availability of geospatial data, spatial thinking will play a significant role in the information-based economy of the twenty-first century. Using appropriately designed support systems tailored to the K 12 context, spatial thinking can be taught formally to all students. A geographic information system (GIS) offers one example of a high-technology support system that can enable students and teachers to practice and apply spatial thinking in many areas of the curriculum
Environmental impacts of wind-energy projects by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

7 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 315 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There has been rapid growth in the construction of wind-powered electricity generating facilities over the past 25 years in the United States. Wind-energy facilities emit no atmospheric pollutants and are driven by a renewable source, addressing multiple environmental concerns such as air quality and climate change. But the expansion of such facilities can carry adverse environmental impacts. As wind energy development continues to expand, federal, state and local agencies should adopt a coordinated approach to evaluating the planning, regulation, and location of wind-energy projects. This National Research Council report provides a framework that can help in evaluating tradeoffs between the benefits of new wind-energy projects and risks of adverse environmental impacts before projects begin
Drawing Louisiana's new map : addressing land loss in coastal Louisiana by National Research Council( Book )

8 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 314 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

1. Introduction -- History and causes of land loss in Louisiana -- History of coastal protection in Louisiana -- LCA study -- Origin and scope of the current study -- 2. The historic and existing Louisiana coastal systems -- The modern, anthropogenically modified river and delta -- The future Louisiana coastal system -- 3. Conflicts and limitations to achieving goals -- Land loss patterns and proposed sediment distribution -- Stakeholders with conflicting interests -- Increasing the success of the LCA study's implementation -- 4. Plans and efforts at restoring coastal Louisiana -- Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act -- Coast 2050 -- Reconnaissance-level report -- Draft LCA comprehensive study -- LCA study -- Implementation of the LCA study : organization, duration, and funding -- Relationship of Coast 2050 and the LCA study to CWPPRA projects and experiences -- Improving ongoing restoration efforts
Frontiers of engineering : reports on leading-edge engineering from the 2006 symposium by National Academy of Engineering( Book )

9 editions published between 2007 and 2013 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In 1995, the National Academy of Engineering initiated the Frontiers of Engineering Program, which brings together about 100 young engineering leaders at annual symposia to learn about cutting-edge research and technical work in a variety of engineering fields. The 2009 U.S. Frontiers of Engineering Symposium was held at The National Academies' Arnold O. and Mabel Beckman Center on September 10-12. Speakers were asked to prepare extended summaries of their presentations, which are reprinted in this volume. The intent of this book is to convey the excitement of this unique meeting and to highlight cutting-edge developments in engineering research and technical work."--Publisher's description
Treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in military and veteran populations : final assessment by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations Final Assessment considers what a successful PTSD management system is and whether and how such a system is being implemented by DoD and VA. This includes an assessment of what care is given and to whom, how effectiveness is measured, what types of mental health care providers are available, what influences whether a service member or veteran seeks care, and what are the costs associated with that care. This report focuses on the opportunities and challenges that DoD and VA face in developing, implementing, and evaluating services and programs in the context of achieving a high-performing system to care for service members and veterans who have PTSD. The report also identifies where gaps or new emphases might be addressed to improve prevention of, screening for, diagnosis of, and treatment and rehabilitation for the disorder. The findings and recommendations of Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Final Assessment will encourage DoD and VA to increase their efforts in moving toward a high-performing, comprehensive, integrated PTSD management strategy that addresses the needs of current and future service members, veterans, and their families."--Publisher's description
Sea change : 2015-2025 decadal survey of ocean sciences by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Ocean science connects a global community of scientists in many disciplines - physics, chemistry, biology, geology and geophysics. New observational and computational technologies are transforming the ability of scientists to study the global ocean with a more integrated and dynamic approach. This enhanced understanding of the ocean is becoming ever more important in an economically and geopolitically connected world, and contributes vital information to policy and decision makers charged with addressing societal interests in the ocean. Science provides the knowledge necessary to realize the benefits and manage the risks of the ocean. Comprehensive understanding of the global ocean is fundamental to forecasting and managing risks from severe storms, adapting to the impacts of climate change, and managing ocean resources. In the United States, the National Science Foundation (NSF) is the primary funder of the basic research which underlies advances in our understanding of the ocean. Sea Change addresses the strategic investments necessary at NSF to ensure a robust ocean scientific enterprise over the next decade. This survey provides guidance from the ocean sciences community on research and facilities priorities for the coming decade and makes recommendations for funding priorities." --
A framework to guide selection of chemical alternatives by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in Undetermined and English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Historically, regulations governing chemical use have often focused on widely used chemicals and acute human health effects of exposure to them, as well as their potential to cause cancer and other adverse health effects. As scientific knowledge has expanded there has been an increased awareness of the mechanisms through which chemicals may exert harmful effects on human health, as well as their effects on other species and ecosystems. Identification of high-priority chemicals and other chemicals of concern has prompted a growing number of state and local governments, as well as major companies, to take steps beyond existing hazardous chemical federal legislation. Interest in approaches and policies that ensure that any new substances substituted for chemicals of concern are assessed as carefully and thoroughly as possible has also burgeoned. The overarching goal of these approaches is to avoid regrettable substitutions, which occur when a toxic chemical is replaced by another chemical that later proved unsuitable because of persistence, bioaccumulation, toxicity, or other concerns. Chemical alternative assessments are tools designed to facilitate consideration of these factors to assist stakeholders in identifying chemicals that may have the greatest likelihood of harm to human and ecological health, and to provide guidance on how the industry may develop and adopt safer alternatives. A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives develops and demonstrates a decision framework for evaluating potentially safer substitute chemicals as primarily determined by human health and ecological risks. This new framework is informed by previous efforts by regulatory agencies, academic institutions, and others to develop alternative assessment frameworks that could be operationalized. In addition to hazard assessments, the framework incorporates steps for life-cycle thinking - which considers possible impacts of a chemical at all stages including production, use, and disposal - as well as steps for performance and economic assessments. The report also highlights how modern information sources such as computational modeling can supplement traditional toxicology data in the assessment process. This new framework allows the evaluation of the full range of benefits and shortcomings of substitutes, and examination of tradeoffs between these risks and factors such as product functionality, product efficacy, process safety, and resource use. Through case studies, this report demonstrates how different users in contrasting decision contexts with diverse priorities can apply the framework. This report will be an essential resource to the chemical industry, environmentalists, ecologists, and state and local governments
Elder abuse and its prevention : workshop summary by Rachel M Taylor( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in Undetermined and English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Elder Abuse and Its Prevention is the summary of a workshop convened in April 2013 by the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Global Violence Prevention. Using an ecological framework, this workshop explored the burden of elder abuse around the world, focusing on its impacts on individuals, families, communities, and societies. Additionally, the workshop addressed occurrences and co-occurrences of different types of abuse, including physical, sexual, emotional, and financial, as well as neglect. The ultimate objective was to illuminate promising global and multisectoral evidence-based approaches to the prevention of elder maltreatment. While the workshop covered scope and prevalence and unique characteristics of abuse, the intention was to move beyond what is known about elder abuse to foster discussions about how to improve prevention, intervention, and mitigation of the victims' needs, particularly through collaborative efforts. The workshop discussions included innovative intervention models and opportunities for prevention across sectors and settings. Violence and related forms of abuse against elders is a global public health and human rights problem with far-reaching consequences, resulting in increased death, disability, and exploitation with collateral effects on well-being. Data suggest that at least 10 percent of elders in the United States are victims of elder maltreatment every year. In low- and middle-income countries, where the burden of violence is the greatest, the figure is likely even higher. In addition, elders experiencing risk factors such as diminishing cognitive function, caregiver dependence, and social isolation are more vulnerable to maltreatment and underreporting. As the world population of adults aged 65 and older continues to grow, the implications of elder maltreatment for health care, social welfare, justice, and financial systems are great. However, despite the magnitude of global elder maltreatment, it has been an underappreciated public health problem. Elder Abuse and Its Prevention discusses the prevalence and characteristics of elder abuse around the world, risk factors for abuse and potential adverse health outcomes, and contextually specific factors, such as culture and the role of the community
Research frontiers in bioinspired energy : molecular-level learning from natural systems, report of a workshop by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In May 2007, the National Academies Chemical Sciences Roundtable held a public workshop on the topic of Bioinspired Chemistry for Energy, where government, academic, and industry representatives discussed promising research developments in solar-generated fuels, hydrogen-processing enzymes, artificial photosynthetic systems, and biological-based fuel cells. Workshop participants identified the need for a follow-up activity that would explore bioinspired energy processes in more depth and involve a wider array of disciplines as speakers and participants. Particularly, workshop participants stressed the importance of holding a workshop that would include more researchers from the biological sciences and engineering, as well as those involved in technological advances that enable progress in understanding these systems. Building upon the 2007 workshop, the National Academies Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology convened the Committee on Research Frontiers in Bioinspired Energy to organize a second workshop in 2011 which, according to the statement of task, would explore the molecular-level frontiers of energy processes in nature through an interactive, multidisciplinary, and public format. Specifically, the committee was charged to feature invited presentations and include discussion of key biological energy capture, storage, and transformation processes; gaps in knowledge and barriers to transitioning the current state of knowledge into applications; and underdeveloped research opportunities that might exist beyond disciplinary boundaries. Research Frontiers in Bioinspired Energy is an account of what occurred at the 2011 workshop, and does not attempt to present any consensus findings or recommendations of the workshop participants. It summarizes the views expressed by workshop participants, and while the committee is responsible for the overall quality and accuracy of the report as a record of what transpired at the workshop, the views contained in the report are not necessarily those of the committee
New directions in the sociology of aging by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aging of the population of the United States is occurring at a time of major economic and social changes. These economic changes include consideration of increases in the age of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare and possible changes in benefit levels. Furthermore, changes in the social context in which older individuals and families function may well affect the nature of key social relationships and institutions that define the environment for older persons. Sociology offers a knowledge base, a number of useful analytic approaches and tools, and unique theoretical perspectives that can facilitate understanding of these demographic, economic, and social changes and, to the extent possible, their causes, consequences and implications. New Directions in the Sociology of Aging evaluates the recent contributions of social demography, social epidemiology and sociology to the study of aging and identifies promising new research directions in these sub-fields. Included in this study are nine papers prepared by experts in sociology, demography, social genomics, public health, and other fields, that highlight the broad array of tools and perspectives that can provide the basis for further advancing the understanding of aging processes in ways that can inform policy. This report discusses the role of sociology in what is a wide-ranging and diverse field of study; a proposed three-dimensional conceptual model for studying social processes in aging over the life cycle; a review of existing databases, data needs and opportunities, primarily in the area of measurement of interhousehold and intergenerational transmission of resources, biomarkers and biosocial interactions; and a summary of roadblocks and bridges to transdisciplinary research that will affect the future directions of the field of sociology of aging
Construction research at NIOSH : reviews of research programs of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health by Committee to Review the NIOSH Construction Research Program( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducts construction-relevant research activities. From 1996 through 2005, the program focused on four research goals: 1. reducing traumatic injuries and fatalities; 2. reducing exposure to health hazards; 3. reducing major risks associated with musculoskeletal disorders; 4. increasing the understanding of construction industry attributes and factors for improving health and safety outcomes.In this book, the National Research Council evaluates the relevance and impact of the NIOSH Construction Research Program in terms of its research priorities and its connection to improvements in the protection of workers in the workplace. It also assesses the program' s identification and targeting of new research areas, to identify emerging research issues, and to provide advice on ways that the program might be strengthened. The book finds that the efforts of the Construction Research Program have made meaningful contributions to improving construction worker safety and health, and provides overreaching and specific recommendations for continuing progress. While NIOSH cannot set and enforce research-based standards on its own, the program can be expected to help reduce construction workplace fatalities, injuries, and illnesses through its research, its research dissemination, and transfer into practice
Environmental decisions in the face of uncertainty by Institute of Medicine( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is one of several federal agencies responsible for protecting Americans against significant risks to human health and the environment. As part of that mission, EPA estimates the nature, magnitude, and likelihood of risks to human health and the environment; identifies the potential regulatory actions that will mitigate those risks and protect public health and the environment; and uses that information to decide on appropriate regulatory action. Uncertainties, both qualitative and quantitative, in the data and analyses on which these decisions are based enter into the process at each step. As a result, the informed identification and use of the uncertainties inherent in the process is an essential feature of environmental decision making. EPA requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convene a committee to provide guidance to its decision makers and their partners in states and localities on approaches to managing risk in different contexts when uncertainty is present. It also sought guidance on how information on uncertainty should be presented to help risk managers make sound decisions and to increase transparency in its communications with the public about those decisions. Given that its charge is not limited to human health risk assessment and includes broad questions about managing risks and decision making, in this report the committee examines the analysis of uncertainty in those other areas in addition to human health risks. Environmental Decisions in the Face of Uncertainty explains the statement of task and summarizes the findings of the committee
Preparing the next generation of earth scientists : an examination of federal education and training programs by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Earth science (defined here as excluding oceanic, atmospheric, and space science) plays a key role in the well-being of our nation, and many issues in its purview -including hydrocarbon, mineral, and water resources; the environment; and geological hazards such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions- are expected to grow in importance. Addressing these issues requires an earth science worforce that draws on the talents of all citizens, including women and minorities historically underrepresented in earth science."--Page 1
Sports-related concussions in youth : improving the science, changing the culture by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the past decade, few issues at the intersection of medicine and sports have had as high a profile or have generated as much public interest as sports-related concussions. In recent years there has been a growing awareness and understanding that all concussions involve some level of injury to the brain and that athletes suspected of having a concussion should be removed from play for further evaluation (CDC, 2013; Halstead et al., 2010). Despite the increased attention, however, confusion and controversy persist in many areas, from how to define a concussion and how multiple concussions affect the vulnerability of athletes to future injury, to when it is safe for a player to return to sports and the effectiveness of protective devices and other interventions in reducing the incidence and severity of concussive injuries (Wilde et al., 2012). Parents worry about choosing sports that are safe for their children to play, about finding the equipment that can best protect their children, and about when, if a child does receive a concussion, it will be safe for him or her to return to play or if it might be time to quit a much-loved sport entirely. It is within this context that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and National Research Council (NRC), in October 2012, convened the Committee on Sports-Related Concussions in Youth to review the science of sports-related concussions in youth from elementary school through young adulthood, including military personnel and their dependents, and to prepare a report on that topic based on that review. The committee was charged with reviewing the available literature on concussions within the context of developmental neurobiology, specifically relating to the causes of concussions, their relationship to impacts to the head or body during sports, the effectiveness of protective devices and equipment, screening for and diagnosis of concussions, their treatment and management, and their long-term consequences
Bioinspired chemistry for energy : a workshop summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Faced with the steady rise in energy costs, dwindling fossil fuel supplies, and the need to maintain a healthy environment - exploration of alternative energy sources is essential for meeting energy needs. Biological systems employ a variety of efficient ways to collect, store, use, and produce energy. By understanding the basic processes of biological models, scientists may be able to create systems that mimic biomolecules and produce energy in an efficient and cost effective manner. On May 14-15, 2007 a group of chemists, chemical engineers, and others from academia, government, and industry participated in a workshop sponsored by the Chemical Sciences Roundtable to explore how bioinspired chemistry can help solve some of the important energy issues the world faces today. The workshop featured presentations and discussions on the current energy challenges and how to address them, with emphasis on both the fundamental aspects and the robust implementation of bioinspired chemistry for energy
Overcoming barriers to electric-vehicle deployment : interim report by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Progress in preventing childhood obesity : focus on communities
Alternative Names

controlled identityNational Academy Press (U.S.)

NAP.

National Academies (Spojené státy americké). Press

National Academies (U.S.). Press

United States National Academies Press.

Languages
English (55)

Covers
Biotechnology unzipped : promises & realitiesOvercoming challenges to develop countermeasures against aerosolized bioterrorism agents : appropriate use of animal modelsThe U.S. commitment to global health : recommendations for the public and private sectorsLearning to think spatiallyEnvironmental impacts of wind-energy projectsDrawing Louisiana's new map : addressing land loss in coastal LouisianaFrontiers of engineering : reports on leading-edge engineering from the 2006 symposiumBioinspired chemistry for energy : a workshop summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable