WorldCat Identities

Prados, Alfred B.

Overview
Works: 62 works in 316 publications in 1 language and 3,377 library holdings
Genres: History  Bibliography  Resolutions (Law) 
Roles: Author, Honoree
Classifications: JK1108, 327.567009049
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Alfred B Prados
Saudi Arabia : post-war issues and U.S. relations by Alfred B Prados( Book )

42 editions published between 1994 and 2007 in English and held by 409 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Saudi Arabia, a monarchy ruled by the Saud dynasty, enjoys special importance in much of the international community because of its unique association with the Islamic religion and its oil wealth. The United States and Saudi Arabia have longstanding economic and defense ties. A series of informal agreements, statements by successive U.S. administrations, and military deployments have demonstrated a strong U.S. security commitment to Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia was a key member of the allied coalition that expelled Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991, and it subsequently hosted U.S. aircraft enforcing the no-fly zone over southern Iraq. However, Saudi officials expressed opposition to the U.S.-led military campaign launched against Iraq in March 2003 (Operation Iraqi Freedom), although they reportedly permitted certain support operations by U.S. and British military forces. By mutual agreement, the United States withdrew virtually all its forces from Saudi Arabia at the end of August 2003. Bombing attacks against several U.S.- and foreign-operated installations in Saudi Arabia have raised some concerns about the security of U.S. citizens there and what appears to be growing anti-Americanism in some segments of the Saudi population. Since the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, some commentators have maintained that Saudi domestic and foreign policies have created a climate that may have contributed to terrorist acts by Islamic radicals. On June 9, 2006, the House adopted H. Amdt. 997 to H.R. 5522 (Foreign Operations Appropriations, FY2007) by 312-97 (Roll no. 244); this amendment (Section 589 of the House version of H.R. 5522) prohibits U.S. assistance to Saudi Arabia and contained no Presidential waiver provision. The FY2006 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act (P.L. 109-102) contained an identical ban but provided waiver authority to the President. This CRS report replaces CRS Issue Brief IB93113, "Saudi Arabia: Current Issues and U.S. Relations."
Jordan : U.S. relations and bilateral issues by Alfred B Prados( Book )

43 editions published between 1997 and 2007 in English and held by 341 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The death of King Hussein on February 7, 1999, removed a strong U.S. ally and force for stability; however, his son and successor, King Abdullah, has continued to follow the late King's moderate and pro-western policies. In recent years, Jordan has taken significant steps toward building democratic life, including a return to limited parliamentary democracy. Parliament has eased restrictions in laws affecting the press, but some remain. Several issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations are likely to figure in decisions by Congress and the Administration on future aid to and cooperation with Jordan. These include the stability of the Jordanian regime, democratic reform under way in Jordan, the role of Jordan in the Arab-Israeli peace process, Jordan's concerns over the U.S.-led campaign against Iraq in 2003, and its relations with other regional states. King Abdullah expressed Jordan's "absolute condemnation" of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the U.S. and was the first Arab head of state to visit President Bush after the attacks. Jordan sent military medical and mine clearing units to Afghanistan in December 2001 to support the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism, and a field hospital to Iraq in April 2003 during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Jordan is also helping train Iraqi police and military personnel for the reconstituted Iraqi security forces
Syria : U.S. relations and bilateral issues by Alfred B Prados( Book )

41 editions published between 2001 and 2007 in English and held by 338 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Syria, governed by President Hafiz al-Asad from 1970 until his death in June 2000, is a prominent player in the Middle East scene. Within the region, a number of border disputes, problems of resource allocation, and political rivalries have caused frequent tensions between Syria and its neighbors. In particular, disposition of the Syrian Golan Heights territory, which Israel has occupied since 1967, has been one of the most intractable issues in the Arab-Israeli dispute. This report supercedes Issue Brief IB92075, Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues, and will be updated as significant developments occur
Iraq-U.S. confrontation by Alfred B Prados( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 168 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Efforts by Iraq to impede U.N. weapons inspections since late 1997 and to challenge the allied-imposed no-fly zones over northern and southern Iraq have resulted in further confrontations with the United States and its allies. In early 1998, U.S.-led retaliatory strikes against Iraq were averted by an agreement negotiated by the U.N. Secretary General on February 23, under which Iraq promised immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted access by U.N. inspectors throughout Iraq. On March 3, the U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 1154, which warned Iraq of the severest consequences for violating the agreement. A decision by Iraq to ban almost all U.N. inspections on October 31, 1998, precipitated a new phase of the confrontation. The Clinton Administration decided to abort air and missile strikes planned for November 14-15 after Iraq agreed at the last minute to resume cooperation with U.N. inspections. But, following a report on December 15 by the chief weapons inspector that Iraq was withholding cooperation, the United States and Britain conducted a 4-day operation against Iraq (Operation Desert Fox) including approximately 410 missiles and 600 bombs
Yemen : civil strife by Alfred B Prados( Book )

8 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 151 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lebanon by Alfred B Prados( Book )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States and Lebanon continue to enjoy good relations. Prominent current issues between the United States and Lebanon include progress toward a Lebanon-Israel peace treaty, U.S. aid to Lebanon, and Lebanon's capacity to stop Hizballah militia attacks on Israel. The United States supports Lebanon's independence and favored the end of Israeli and Syrian occupation of parts of Lebanon. Israel withdrew from southern Lebanon on May 23, 2000, and Syria completed withdrawing its forces on April 26, 2005. A large Lebanese-American community follows U.S.-Lebanon relations closely. Presidents Eisenhower and Reagan said the United States had "vital" interests in Lebanon, but others might describe U.S. interests in Lebanon as less than vital. At the invitation of the Lebanese government, the United States intervened in Lebanon to defend Lebanese sovereignty in 1958 and 1982. In a Beirut terror bombing in October 1983, 241 U.S. armed forces personnel died. From 1987 until July 1997, the United States banned travel to Lebanon because of the threat of kidnapping and dangers from the ongoing civil war. Lebanon is rebuilding after the 1975-1990 civil war. Syrian armed forces, invited into Lebanon in 1976 to prevent a Muslim attack on the Christians, continued to occupy the northern and eastern parts of the country until April 2005. Israeli forces invaded souther Lebanon in 1982 and occupied a 9-mile-wide strip along the Israel-Lebanon border until May 2000. Lebanon's government is based in part on a 1943 agreement that called for a Maronite Christian President, a Sunni Muslim Prime Minister, and a Shi'ite Muslim Speaker of the National Assembly, and stipulated that the National Assembly seats and civil service jobs be distributed according to a ratio of 6 Christians to 5 Muslims. On August 21, 1990, the Lebanon National Assembly adopted the "Taif" reforms (named after the Saudi Arabian city where they were negotiated). The parliament was increased to 128 to be divided evenly between Christian and Muslim-Druze, presidential authority was decreased, and the Speaker's and the Prime Minister's authority was increased. President Ilyas Hirawi signed the constitutional amendment implementing the reforms on September 21, 1990. Since the civil war, Lebanon has held elections for the National Assembly in 1992, 1996, 2000, and, most recently, 2005. The National Assembly elected Emile Lahoud President on October 15, 1998, and extended his term for three years by a constitutional amendment in September 2004. The assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri, who opposed Lahoud's extension, sparked a political crisis, realignments in Lebanon's domestic politics, and withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon. Since June 2005, an independent UN commission has been investigating the circumstances of Hariri's assassination, amid allegations of Syrian involvement, directly or through pro-Syrian Lebanese officials
Iraq : divergent views on military action by Alfred B Prados( Book )

8 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Officials of the Bush Administration believe military action against Iraq may be necessary to eliminate threats posed by the Iraqi regime to the U.S. and international communities. President Bush has asked Congress to pass a joint resolution giving the President authority to use force if necessary to eliminate threats posed by Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Some Members of Congress, commentators, and analysts question the Administration's rationale for such action and its feasibility. This report summarizes arguments advanced by the Administration and by critics of the Administration's position. It will be updated as the situation continues to develop. For further reading, see CRS Report RL31339, Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime, by Kenneth Katzman
Middle East arms supply : recent control initiatives by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published between 1991 and 1996 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Kurdish separatism in Iraq : developments and implications for the United States by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jordan : Persian Gulf crisis and U.S. aid by Alfred B Prados( Book )

3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Syria : background and status by Alfred B Prados( Book )

3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq and Kuwait : conflicting historical claims by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraqi compliance with cease-fire agreements by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Saudi Arabia : U.S. defense and security commitments by Alfred B Prados( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S. policy toward Iraq : 1980-1990 by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Syrian-U.S. relations by Alfred B Prados( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Saudi Arabia : terrorist financing issues by Alfred B Prados( Book )

9 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The September 11, 2001 attacks fueled criticisms within the United States of alleged Saudi involvement in terrorism or of Saudi laxity in acting against terrorist groups. Of particular concern have been reports that funds may be flowing from Saudi Arabia and other Middle East countries to terrorist groups, largely under the guise of charitable contributions. Critics of Saudi policies have cited a number of reports that the Saudi government has permitted or encouraged fund raising in Saudi Arabia by charitable Islamic groups and foundations linked to Osama bin Laden s Al Qaeda organization or like-minded entities. The final report released by the bipartisan National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (the 9/11 Commission) indicates that the Commission found no evidence that the Saudi government as an institution or senior Saudi officials individually funded [Al Qaeda]. The report also states, however, that Saudi Arabia was a place where Al Qaeda raised money directly from individuals and through charities, and indicates that charities with significant Saudi government sponsorship may have diverted funding to Al Qaeda
Iraq : former and recent military confrontations with the United States by Alfred B Prados( Book )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This issue brief covers the most recent U.S.-Iraqi confrontations, which began in the fall of 1998. It summarizes events that led to the crisis, the allied military build-up, military strikes against Iraq, international reactions, costs, and options for U.S. policy makers. It does not cover developments in the war in Afghanistan, except insofar as they may relate to the U.S.-Iraqi confrontation. For further information on previous U.S.-Iraqi confrontations, see CRS Report 98-386, Iraq: Post-War Challenges and U.S. Responses, 1991-1998
Yemen : current conditions and U.S. relations by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Yemen, the only republic on the Arabian Peninsula, is the poorest country in that area. A presidential election deemed relatively fair was held in 2006 with President Ali Abdullah Salih winning reelection with 77% of the popular vote. Nevertheless, democratic institutions remain fragile. U.S.-Yemeni relations have generally been good, though marred occasionally by policy differences over Iraq and the Arab-Israeli conflict. Yemen has played a cooperative role in U.S. counter-terrorism efforts in the Red Sea and Arabian Peninsula, though overall U.S. economic and military assistance to Yemen remains modest. This report summarizes Yemen's domestic situation, foreign relations, and ties with the United States. It will be updated as significant developments occur
 
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Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography
Alternative Names
プラドス, アルフレッド

Languages
English (224)

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