WorldCat Identities

Prados, Alfred B.

Overview
Works: 65 works in 321 publications in 1 language and 3,667 library holdings
Genres: History  Bibliography 
Roles: Author, Honoree
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Alfred B Prados
Jordan : U.S. relations and bilateral issues by Alfred B Prados( Book )

43 editions published between 1997 and 2007 in English and held by 322 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report provides an overview of Jordanian politics and current issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. It provides a brief overview of Jordan's government and economy and of its cooperation in promoting Arab-Israeli peace and other U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East. This report will be updated regularly. Several issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations are likely to figure in decisions by Congress and the Administration on future aid to and cooperation with Jordan. These include the stability of the Jordanian regime, democratic reform under way in Jordan, the role of Jordan in the Arab-Israeli peace process, Jordan's concerns over the U.S.-led campaign against Iraq in 2003, and its relations with other regional states. Following the 9/11 attacks, Jordan issued bans on banking operations linked to terrorist activities and pursued individuals linked to Osama bin Laden's Al Qaeda organization
Syria : U.S. relations and bilateral issues by Alfred B Prados( Book )

42 editions published between 2001 and 2007 in English and held by 322 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Syria, governed by President Hafiz al-Asad from 1970 until his death in June 2000, is a prominent player in the Middle East scene. Within the region, a number of border disputes, problems of resource allocation, and political rivalries have caused frequent tensions between Syria and its neighbors. In particular, disposition of the Syrian Golan Heights territory, which Israel has occupied since 1967, has been one of the most intractable issues in the Arab-Israeli dispute. This report supercedes Issue Brief IB92075, Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues, and will be updated as significant developments occur
Saudi Arabia : post-war issues and U.S. relations by Alfred B Prados( Book )

19 editions published between 1994 and 2005 in English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Saudi Arabia, a monarchy ruled by the Saudi dynasty, enjoys special importance in the international community because of its unique association with the Islamic religion and its oil wealth. Since the establishment of the modern Saudi kingdom in 1932, it has benefited from a stable political system based on a smooth process of succession to the throne and an increasingly prosperous economy dominated by the oil sector. The upsurge in oil prices that began in 1999 has relieved pressure on Saudi budgets but has created concern in the U.S. Administration and Congress. In March 2000, Members of Congress introduced legislation to reduce or end U.S. assistance or arms sales to countries engaged in oil price fixing. The United States and Saudi Arabia have long-standing economic and defense ties. Between World War II and 1975, the United States provided a total of $328.4 million in economic and military aid to Saudi Arabia, reducing and ultimately terminating these programs as Saudi oil-derived income burgeoned in the 1960s and 1970s. A series of informal agreements and military deployments have demonstrated a strong U.S. security commitment to Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia was a key member of the allied coalition that expelled Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991, and approximately 5,000 U.S. troops remain in the country. Saudi Arabia continues to host U.S. aircraft enforcing the no-fly zone over southern Iraq; however, Saudi Arabia has not offered the use of its territory for major air strikes against Iraq. Bombing attacks against a U.S. operated training facility and a U.S. military apartment in 1995 and 1996 have raised concerns about the security of U.S. personnel there. Principal issues of bilateral interest include the Saudi position on the Arab-Israeli conflict, security in the post-war Gulf region, arms transfers to Saudi Arabia, Saudi external aid programs, bilateral trade relationships, and Saudi policies involving human rights and democracy
Saudi Arabia : current issues and U.S. relations by Alfred B Prados( Book )

21 editions published between 2002 and 2006 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Saudi Arabia, a monarchy ruled by the Saud dynasty, enjoys special importance in much of the international community because of its unique association with the Islamic region and its oil wealth. The United States and Saudi Arabia have long-standing economic and defense ties. A series of informal agreements, statements by successive U.S. administrations, and military deployments have demonstrated a strong U.S. security commitment to Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia was a key member of the allied coalition that expelled Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991. Saudi Arabia subsequently hosted U.S. aircraft enforcing the no-fly zone over southern Iraq. Saudi officials expressed opposition to the U.S.-led military campaign launched against Iraq in March 2003 (Operation Iraqi Freedom), although Saudi Arabia reportedly permitted certain support operations by U.S. and British military forces, in additional to making some facilities available to them. By mutual agreement, the United States withdrew virtually all its forces from Saudi Arabia at the end of August 2003. Bombing attacks against several U.S. and foreign operated installations in Saudi Arabia have raised some concerns about security of U.S. personnel and what appears to be growing anti-Americanism in some segments of the Saudi population. Since the attacks on the United States September 11, 2001, some commentators have maintained that Saudi domestic and foreign policies have created a climate that may have contributed to terrorist acts by Islamic radicals. U.S. officials have generally cited Saudi support in the aftermath of the attacks, including increased intelligence sharing, law enforcement activities, and tracking of terrorist financing. In its final report, released on July 23, 2004, the U.S. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (the 9/11 Commission) described Saudi Arabia as having been "a problematic ally in combating Islamic extremism," while noting that Saudi cooperation has improved, especially since further terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia beginning in May 2003. The National Intelligence Reform Act (P.L. 108-458, December 17, 2004) contains a requirement (Section 7120(b)) that the President submit to designated congressional committees a strategy for collaboration with Saudi Arabia, as part of a larger report on U.S. government activities to implement the provisions of this act. Other principle issues of bilateral interest include security in the post-war Gulf region, the Saudi position on the Arab-Israeli conflict, arms transfers to Saudi Arabia, Saudi external aid programs, bilateral trade relationships and oil production, and Saudi policies involving human rights and democracy
Iraq-U.S. confrontation by Alfred B Prados( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Efforts by Iraq to impede U.N. weapons inspections since late 1997 and to challenge the allied-imposed no-fly zones over northern and southern Iraq have resulted in further confrontations with the United States and its allies. In early 1998, U.S.-led retaliatory strikes against Iraq were averted by an agreement negotiated by the U.N. Secretary General on February 23, under which Iraq promised immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted access by U.N. inspectors throughout Iraq. On March 3, the U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 1154, which warned Iraq of the severest consequences for violating the agreement. A decision by Iraq to ban almost all U.N. inspections on October 31, 1998, precipitated a new phase of the confrontation. The Clinton Administration decided to abort air and missile strikes planned for November 14-15 after Iraq agreed at the last minute to resume cooperation with U.N. inspections. But, following a report on December 15 by the chief weapons inspector that Iraq was withholding cooperation, the United States and Britain conducted a 4-day operation against Iraq (Operation Desert Fox) including approximately 410 missiles and 600 bombs
Yemen : civil strife by Alfred B Prados( Book )

8 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 148 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 125 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lebanon by Alfred B Prados( Book )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States and Lebanon continue to enjoy good relations. Prominent current issues between the United States and Lebanon include progress toward a Lebanon-Israel peace treaty, U.S. aid to Lebanon, and Lebanon's capacity to stop Hezbollah militia attacks on Israel
Iraq : divergent views on military action by Alfred B Prados( Book )

8 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Officials of the Bush Administration believe military action against Iraq may be necessary to eliminate threats posed by the Iraqi regime to the U.S. and international communities. President Bush has asked Congress to pass a joint resolution giving the President authority to use force if necessary to eliminate threats posed by Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Some Members of Congress, commentators, and analysts question the Administration's rationale for such action and its feasibility. This report summarizes arguments advanced by the Administration and by critics of the Administration's position. It will be updated as the situation continues to develop. For further reading, see CRS Report RL31339, Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime, by Kenneth Katzman
Kurdish separatism in Iraq : developments and implications for the United States by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Middle East arms supply : recent control initiatives by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published between 1991 and 1996 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jordan : Persian Gulf crisis and U.S. aid by Alfred B Prados( Book )

3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iraq and Kuwait : conflicting historical claims by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Syria : background and status by Alfred B Prados( Book )

3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Saudi Arabia : terrorist financing issues by Alfred B Prados( Book )

9 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The September 11, 2001 attacks fueled criticisms within the United States of alleged Saudi involvement in terrorism or of Saudi laxity in acting against terrorist groups. Of particular concern have been reports that funds may be flowing from Saudi Arabia and other Middle East countries to terrorist groups, largely under the guise of charitable contributions. Critics of Saudi policies have cited a number of reports that the Saudi government has permitted or encouraged fund raising in Saudi Arabia by charitable Islamic groups and foundations linked to Osama bin Laden s Al Qaeda organization or like-minded entities. The final report released by the bipartisan National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (the 9/11 Commission) indicates that the Commission found no evidence that the Saudi government as an institution or senior Saudi officials individually funded [Al Qaeda]. The report also states, however, that Saudi Arabia was a place where Al Qaeda raised money directly from individuals and through charities, and indicates that charities with significant Saudi government sponsorship may have diverted funding to Al Qaeda
Iraq : former and recent military confrontations with the United States by Alfred B Prados( Book )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This issue brief covers the most recent U.S.-Iraqi confrontations, which began in the fall of 1998. It summarizes events that led to the crisis, the allied military build-up, military strikes against Iraq, international reactions, costs, and options for U.S. policy makers. It does not cover developments in the war in Afghanistan, except insofar as they may relate to the U.S.-Iraqi confrontation. For further information on previous U.S.-Iraqi confrontations, see CRS Report 98-386, Iraq: Post-War Challenges and U.S. Responses, 1991-1998
Yemen : current conditions and U.S. relations by Alfred B Prados( Book )

4 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Yemen, the only republic on the Arabian Peninsula, is the poorest country in that area. A presidential election deemed relatively fair was held in 2006 with President Ali Abdullah Salih winning reelection with 77% of the popular vote. Nevertheless, democratic institutions remain fragile. U.S.-Yemeni relations have generally been good, though marred occasionally by policy differences over Iraq and the Arab-Israeli conflict. Yemen has played a cooperative role in U.S. counter-terrorism efforts in the Red Sea and Arabian Peninsula, though overall U.S. economic and military assistance to Yemen remains modest. This report summarizes Yemen's domestic situation, foreign relations, and ties with the United States. It will be updated as significant developments occur
The Shib'a Farms dispute and its implications by Alfred B Prados( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Kurds in post-Saddam Iraq by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

7 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Kurdish-inhabited regions of northern Iraq are relatively peaceful, development is proceeding there, and long-repressed Kurdish leaders now occupy senior positions, including the presidency. However, there are concerns that the Kurds are using their political strength to serve their own interests at the expense of a unified Iraq, in the process inflaming long-standing Turkish concerns about Iraqi Kurdish autonomy. There are several major issues of concern to the Kurds -- almost all are interrelated. The Kurds' greatly enhanced political strength in post-Saddam Iraq also poses challenges for stability in Iraq and in the region. The major issues of concern are as follows: participation in the Central Government, autonomy and independence, Kirkuk, control over oil resources/oil laws, and safe haven in northern Iraq for fighters from the Turkish Kurdish opposition Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). This report will be updated. See also, CRS Report RL31339, "Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security," by Kenneth Katzman
Syria : political conditions and relations with the United States after the Iraq War by Alfred B Prados( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report focuses on Syria₂s internal politics and the impact of hostilities in Iraq on Syria₂s stability and U.S.-Syrian relations. It outlines the development of the regime currently headed by President Bashar al-Asad and its support base; describes potential challenges to the regime; examines the effect of the Iraq war on Syrian domestic politics and U.S.-Syrian relations; and reviews U.S. policy options toward Syria. It will be updated when significant changes take place and affect these relationships. For more information on Syrian foreign policy issues, see CRS Issue Brief IB92075, Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues, by Alfred B. Prados. For over three decades, the Asad family has controlled and ruled Syria. Although few observers believe that the Syrian political system faces an imminent rupture, Syria₂s precarious long-term economic outlook coupled with continued uncertainty over the future of neighboring Iraq could have a serious impact on Syrian politics. Economic pressures from the loss of oil revenues and population growth could push the question of reform to the forefront of Syrian politics. Many analysts believe that Syria₂s efforts to reform its economy and political system have stalled, and it remains unclear whether or not the Syrian government will be able to control the reform process indefinitely. Events in Iraq also may impact Syria₂s domestic stability. Some analysts believe that movement toward Iraqi Kurdish independence could embolden Syria₂s Kurdish population of an estimated two million to demand greater political participation in Syria. In addition, there is much concern that conflict in Iraq could radicalize homegrown Syrian Islamists, who potentially could target Syria₂s secular government or export radicalism to Iraq. Syria has been at the forefront of a number of important U.S. policy issues in the Middle East, including the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Syrian occupation of Lebanon, and the war on terror. Since the toppling of former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein₂s regime in April 2003, U.S.-Syrian relations have taken on a new dimension. The United States has taken a keen interest in the Syrian regime₂s behavior, in particular demanding Syrian cooperation in monitoring the Iraqi-Syrian border in order to curb the infiltration of foreign fighters into Iraq. In addition, following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and again prior to Operation Iraqi Freedom, the United States has spoken out against authoritarian regimes like Syria and promoted reform in the ₃broader Middle East.₄ Some U.S. officials have advocated stern policy measures toward Syria in order to demonstrate U.S. dissatisfaction with its perceived interference in Iraq, its support for Palestinian terrorist groups, and its violations of Lebanese sovereignty. On November 20, 2003, Congress passed the Syria Accountability Act (P.L. 108-175), which authorized the President to impose economic sanctions on Syria. Some Members also have proposed funding groups inside Syria to promote political reform and condemned human rights violations against reformists in Syria. Others have cautioned against isolating Syria and have advocated offering incentives to secure cooperation in stabilizing Iraq and fighting international terrorism
 
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Iraq : issues, historical background, bibliography
Alternative Names
プラドス, アルフレッド

Languages
English (221)

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