WorldCat Identities

Clark, Andrew E.

Overview
Works: 166 works in 354 publications in 3 languages and 1,896 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor, Thesis advisor, Translator, Opponent, Other, Redactor, Author of introduction
Classifications: BF575.H27, 152.42
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Andrew E Clark
The origins of happiness : the science of well-being over the life course by Andrew E Clark( )

24 editions published between 2017 and 2020 in English and Undetermined and held by 646 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"What makes people happy? Why should governments care about people's well-being? How would policy change if well-being was the main objective? The Origins of Happiness seeks to revolutionize how we think about human priorities and to promote public policy changes that are based on what really matters to people. Drawing on a uniquely comprehensive range of evidence from longitudinal data on over one hundred thousand individuals in Britain, the United States, Australia, and Germany, the authors consider the key factors that affect human well-being. The authors explore factors such as income, education, employment, family conflict, health, childcare, and crime -- and their findings are not what we might expect. Contrary to received wisdom, income inequality accounts for only two percent or less of the variance in happiness across the population; the critical factors affecting a person's happiness are their relationships and their mental and physical health. More people are in misery due to mental illness than to poverty, unemployment, or physical illness. Examining how childhood influences happiness in adulthood, the authors show that academic performance is a less important predictor than emotional health and behavior, which is shaped tremendously by schools, individual teachers, and parents. For policymakers, the authors propose new forms of cost-effectiveness analysis that places well-being at center stage. Groundbreaking in its scope and results, The Origins of Happiness offers all of us a new vision for how we might become more healthy, happy, and whole. "--
Happiness and economic growth : lessons from developing countries by Andrew E Clark( Book )

15 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 292 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume, arising from a PSE-CEPREMAP-DIMeco conference, includes contributions by the some of the best-known researchers in happiness economics and development economics, including Richard Easterlin, who gave his name to the 'Easterlin paradox' that GDP growth does not improve happiness over the long run. Many chapters underline the difficulty of increasing well-being in developing countries, including China, even in the presence of sustained income growth. This is notably due to the importance of income comparisons to others, adaptation (so that we get used to higher income), and the growing inequality of income. In particular, rank in the local income distribution is shown to be important, creating a beggar-thy-neighbour effect in happiness. Wealth comparisons in China are exacerbated by the gender imbalance, as the competition for brides creates a striking phenomenon of conspicuous consumption on the housing market. Policy has to be aware of these effects. This applies in particular to those who try to use self-reported subjective well-being in order to generate a 'social subjective poverty line', which is a key issue in developing countries. However, the news is not only bad from the point of view of developing countries. One piece of good news is that GDP growth often seems to go hand-in-hand with lower happiness inequality, and thereby reduces the risk of extreme unhappiness
Measures of job satisfaction : what makes a good job? : evidence from OECD countries by Andrew E Clark( Book )

10 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 160 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Most taxonomies of "good jobs" and "bad jobs" are centred around pay and hours of work. This paper uses uses information on 7 000 workers in OECD countries (emanating from the 1989 wave of the International Social Survey Programme) to complement traditional measures of job quality with workersupplied information regarding a wide variety of characteristics of the current job. The responses to twenty different questions are collapsed into six summary variables measuring workers' evaluations of: Pay; Hours of work; Future Prospects (promotion and job security); How hard or difficult the job is; Job content: interest, prestige and independence; and Interpersonal relationships (with co-workers and with management). An advantage of asking workers about these job attributes is that many of them, such as interpersonal relationships, job interest and job difficulty, are not measurable in the way that income and hours are. Another is that items may not have a linear relationship
Work, Jobs and Well-Being across the Millennium by Andrew E Clark( )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses repeated cross-section data ISSP data from 1989, 1997 and 2005 to consider movements in job quality. It is first underlined that not having a job when you want one is a major source of low well-being. Second, job values have remained fairly stable over time, although workers seem to give increasing importance to the more "social" aspects of jobs: useful and helpful jobs. The central finding of the paper is that, following a substantial fall between 1989 and 1997, subjective measures of job quality have mostly bounced back between 1997 and 2005. Overall job satisfaction is higher in 2005 than it was in 1989. Last, the rate of self-employment has been falling gently in ISSP data; even so three to four times as many people say they would prefer to be self-employed than are actually self-employed. As the self-employed are more satisfied than are employees, one consistent interpretation of the above is that the barriers to self-employment have grown in recent years
Les indicateurs de la satisfaction au travail : Quelles sont les caractéristiques d'un bon emploi? Observations recueillies dans certains pays de l'OCDE by Andrew E Clark( )

7 editions published in 1998 in French and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La plupart des taxinomies sur les "bons emplois" et les "mauvais emplois" sont fondées autour du salaire et des heures de travail. Ce document utilise des informations sur 7 000 travailleurs dans les pays de l'OCDE (données provenant du International Social Survey Programme, 1989) afin de compléter les mesures traditionnelles de la qualité de l'emploi par des informations recueillies directement auprès des travailleurs et concernant une large variété de caractéristiques de l'emploi actuel. Les réponses aux vingt questions sont contenues dans six composantes qui donnent une évaluation de la qualité de l'emploi. le salaire ; les heures de travail ; les perspectives d'avenir (promotion et sécurité d'emploi) ; le degré de difficulté du travail ; le contenu du travail : intérêt, prestige et indépendance ; et les relations interpersonnelles L'avantage de poser de telles questions au travailleur sur les caractéristiques de
Children, unhappiness and family finances evidence from one million Europeans by David G Blanchflower( )

6 editions published between 2019 and 2020 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The common finding of a zero or negative correlation between the presence of children and parental well-being continues to generate research interest. We here consider over one million observations on Europeans from ten years of Eurobarometer surveys, and in the first instance replicate this negative finding, both in the overall data and then for most different marital statuses. Children are expensive, and controlling for financial difficulties turns almost all of our estimated child coefficients positive. We argue that financial difficulties explain the pattern of existing results by parental education and income, and country income and social support. Marital status matters. Kids do not raise happiness for singles, the divorced, separated or widowed. Last, we underline that all children are not the same, with step-children commonly having a more negative correlation than children from the current relationship
Boon or bane? Others' unemployment, well-being and job insecurity by Andrew E Clark( )

7 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The social norm of unemployment suggests that aggregate unemployment reduces the well-being of the employed, but has a far smaller effect on the unemployed. We use German panel data to reproduce this standard result, but then suggest that the appropriate distinction may not be between employment and unemployment, but rather between higher and lower levels of labour-market security. Those with good job prospects, both employed and unemployed, are strongly negatively affected by regional unemployment. However, the insecure employed and the poor-prospect unemployed are less negatively, or even positively, affected. We use our results to analyse labour-market inequality and unemployment hysteresis
Trade union utility functions : a survey of union leaders' views by Andrew E Clark( Book )

13 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and Undetermined and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

COVID-19, Lockdowns and Well-Being : Evidence from Google Trends by Abel Brodeur( )

4 editions published in 2020 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The COVID-19 pandemic has led many governments to implement lockdowns. While lockdowns may help to contain the spread of the virus, they may result in substantial damage to population well-being. We use Google Trends data to test whether the lockdowns implemented in Europe and America led to changes in well-being related topic search terms. Using differences-in-differences and a regression discontinuity design to evaluate the causal effects of lockdown, we find a substantial increase in the search intensity for boredom in Europe and the US. We also found a significant increase in searches for loneliness, worry and sadness, while searches for stress, suicide and divorce on the contrary fell. Our resultssuggest that people's mental health may have been severely affected by the lockdown
Happiness, habits and high rank : comparisons in economic and social life by Andrew E Clark( )

5 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and German and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The role of money in producing sustained subjective well-being seems to be seriously compromised by social comparisons and habituation. But does that necessarily mean that we would be better off doing something else instead? This paper suggests that the phenomena of comparison and habituation are actually found in a considerable variety of economic and social activities, rendering conclusions regarding well-being policy less straightforward. -- comparison ; habituation ; income ; unemployment ; marriage ; divorce ; health ; religion ; policy
Job Satisfaction and Co-worker Wages: Status or Signal? by Andrew E Clark( )

3 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This paper uses matched employer-employee panel data to show that individual job satisfaction is higher when other workers in the same establishment are better-paid. This runs contrary to a large literature which has found evidence of income comparisons in subjective well-being. We argue that the difference hinges on the nature of the reference group. We here use co-workers. Their wages not only induce jealousy, but also provide a signal about the worker's own future earnings. Our positive estimated coefficient on others' wages shows that this positive future earnings signal outweighs any negative status effect. This phenomenon is stronger for men, and in the private sector"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Job security and job protection by Andrew E Clark( Book )

9 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We construct indicators of the perception of job security for various types of jobs in 12 European countries using individual data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). We then consider the relation between reported job security and OECD summary measures of Employment Protection Legislation (EPL) strictness on one hand, and Unemployment Insurance Benefit (UIB) generosity on the other. We find that, after controlling for selection into job types, workers feel most secure in permanent public sector jobs, least secure in temporary jobs, with permanent private sector jobs occupying an intermediate position. We also find that perceived job security in both permanent private and temporary jobs is positively correlated with UIB generosity, while the relationship with EPL strictness is negative: workers feel less secure in countries where jobs are more protected. These correlations are absent for permanent public jobs, suggesting that such jobs are perceived to be by and large insulated from labor market fluctuations"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Born to be mild? Cohort effects don't (fully) explain why well-being is u-shaped in age by Andrew E Clark( )

2 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in German and English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lags and leads in life satisfaction : a test of the baseline hypothesis by Andrew E Clark( )

4 editions published between 2003 and 2007 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We look for evidence of habituation in twenty waves of German panel data: do individuals, after life and labour market events, tend to return to some baseline level of well-being? Although the strongest life satisfaction effect is often at the time of the event, we find significant lag and lead effects. We cannot reject the hypothesis of complete adaptation to marriage, divorce, widowhood, birth of child, and layoff. However, there is little evidence of adaptation to unemployment. Men are somewhat more affected by labour market events (unemployment and layoffs) than are women, but in general the patterns of anticipation and adaptation are remarkably similar by sex
Satisfaction and comparison income by Andrew E Clark( Book )

9 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and French and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A Note on Unhappiness and Unemployment Duration by Andrew E Clark( )

2 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public employment and political pressure : the case of French hospitals by Andrew E Clark( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and German and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses an unusual administrative dataset covering the universe of French hospitals to consider hospital employment: this is consistently higher in public hospitals than in Not-For-Profit (NFP) or private hospitals, even controlling for a number of measures of hospital output. NFP hospitals serve as a benchmark, being very similar to Public hospitals, but without political influence on their hiring. Public-hospital employment is positively correlated with the local unemployment rate, whereas no such relationship is found in other hospitals. This is consistent with public hospitals providing employment in depressed areas. We appeal to the Political Science literature and calculate local political allegiance, using expert evaluations on various parties' political positions and local election results. The relationship between public-hospital employment and local unemployment is stronger the more left-wing the local municipality. This latter result holds especially when electoral races are tight, consistent with a concern for re-election. -- Hospitals ; public employment ; unemployment ; political preferences
Relative income, happiness and utility an explanation for the Easterlin paradox and other puzzles( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Who compares to whom? The anatomy of income comparisons in Europe by Andrew E Clark( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Winning big but feeling no better? : the effect of lottery prizes on physical and mental health by Bénédicte Apouey( )

2 editions published in 2010 in German and English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use British panel data to determine the exogenous impact of income on a number of individual health outcomes: general health status, mental health, physical health problems, and health behaviors (drinking and smoking). Lottery winnings allow us to make causal statements regarding the effect of income on health, as the amount won by winners is largely exogenous. Positive income shocks have no significant effect on general health, but a large positive effect on mental health. This result seems paradoxical on two levels. First, there is a well-known status gradient in health in cross-section data, and, second, general health should partly reflect mental health, so that we may expect both variables to move in the same direction. We propose a solution to the first apparent paradox by underlining the endogeneity of income. For the second, we show that lottery winnings are also associated with more smoking and social drinking. General health will reflect both mental health and the effect of these behaviors, and so may not improve following a positive income shock. This paper thus presents the first microeconomic analogue of previous work which has highlighted the negative health consequences of good macroeconomic conditions. -- Income ; self-assessed health ; mental health ; smoking ; drinking
 
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Alternative Names
Andrew E. Clark economist (Paris School of Economics)

Andrew E. Clark econoom

Andrew E. Clark Wirtschaftswissenschaftler (Tätig an der Paris School of Economics ; OECD, Paris ; LEO-CRESEP ; Univ. d'Orleans, France)

Clark, A. 1963-

Clark, A. E. 1963-

Clark, Andrew 1963-

Clark, Andrew 1963 February 21-

Clark, Andrew E.

Clark, Andrew Eric 1963-

Languages
English (119)

French (8)

German (4)