WorldCat Identities

Kilmer, Beau

Works: 40 works in 129 publications in 1 language and 9,560 library holdings
Genres: Cross-cultural studies  Periodicals 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor
Classifications: HV5822.M3, 362.2950973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Beau Kilmer
Reducing drug trafficking revenues and violence in Mexico : would legalizing marijuana in California help? by Beau Kilmer( )

14 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 2,043 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S. demand for illicit drugs creates markets for Mexican drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) and helps foster violence in Mexico. This paper examines how marijuana legalization in California might influence DTO revenues and the violence in Mexico. Key findings include: 1) Mexican DTOs' gross revenues from illegally exporting marijuana to wholesalers in the United States is likely less than $2 billion; 2) The claim that 60 percent of Mexican DTO gross drug export revenues come from marijuana should not be taken seriously; 3) If legalization only affects revenues from supplying marijuana to California, DTO drug export revenue losses would be very small, perhaps 2-4 percent; 4) The only way legalizing marijuana in California would significantly influence DTO revenues and the related violence is if California-produced marijuana is smuggled to other states at prices that outcompete current Mexican supplies. The extent of such smuggling will depend on a number of factors, including the response of the U.S. federal government. 5) If marijuana is smuggled from California to other states, it could undercut sales of Mexican marijuana in much of the U.S., cutting DTOs' marijuana export revenues by more than 65 percent and probably by 85 percent or more. In this scenario, the DTOs would lose approximately 20% of their total drug export revenues
The U.S. drug policy landscape : insights and opportunities for improving the view by Rand Corporation( )

9 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 1,486 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Discussions about reducing the harms associated with drug use and antidrug policies are often politicized, infused with questionable data, and unproductive. This paper provides a nonpartisan primer that should be of interest to those who are new to the field of drug policy, as well as those who have been working in the trenches. It begins with an overview of problems and policies related to illegal drugs in the United States, including the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. It then discusses the efficacy of U.S. drug policies and programs, including long-standing issues that deserve additional attention. Next, the paper lists the major funders of research and analysis in the area and describes their priorities. By highlighting the issues that receive most of the funding, this discussion identifies where gaps remain. Comparing these needs, old and new, to the current funding patterns suggests eight opportunities to improve understanding of drug problems and drug policies in the United States: (1) sponsor young scholars and strengthen the infrastructure of the field, (2) accelerate the diffusion of good ideas and reliable information to decision-makers, (3) replicate and evaluate cutting-edge programs in an expedited fashion, (4) support nonpartisan research on marijuana policy, (5) investigate ways to reduce drug-related violence in Mexico and Central America, (6) improve understanding of the markets for diverted pharmaceuticals, (7) help build and sustain comprehensive community prevention efforts, and (8) develop more sensible sentencing policies that reduce the excessive levels of incarceration for drug offenses and address the extreme racial disparities. The document offers some specific suggestions for researchers and potential research funders in each of the eight areas
Before the grand opening : measuring Washington state's marijuana market in the last year before legalized commercial sales by Beau Kilmer( )

9 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 1,463 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The 2012 passage of Initiative 502 in Washington state removed the prohibition on the production, distribution, and possession of marijuana for nonmedical purposes and required the state to regulate and tax a new marijuana industry. This report uses data from multiple sources to estimate the total weight of marijuana consumed in the state in 2013 to provide decisionmakers with baseline information about the size of the state's market
Marijuana legalization : what everyone needs to know by Jonathan P Caulkins( Book )

9 editions published between 2012 and 2016 in English and held by 1,371 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Should marijuana be legalized? The latest Gallup poll reports that exactly half of Americans say "yes"; opinion could not be more evenly divided. Marijuana is forbidden by international treaties and by national and local laws across the globe. But those laws are under challenge in several countries. In the U.S., there is no short-term prospect for changes in federal law, but sixteen states allow medical use and recent initiatives to legalize production and non-medical use garnered more than 40% support in four states. California's Proposition 19 nearly passed in 2010, and multiple states are expected to consider similar measures in the years to come. The debate and media coverage surrounding Proposition 19 reflected profound confusion, both about the current state of the world and about the likely effects of changes in the law. In addition, not all supporters of "legalization" agree on what it is they want to legalize: Just using marijuana? Growing it? Selling it? Advertising it? If sales are to be legal, what regulations and taxes should apply? Different forms of legalization might have very different results. This book is a primer about the topic, covering everything from the risks and benefits of using marijuana, to describing the current laws around the drug in the U.S. and abroad. The authors discuss the likely costs and benefits of legalization at the state and national levels and walk readers through the "middle ground" of policy options between prohibition and commercialized production. The authors also consider how marijuana legalization could personally impact parents, heavy users, medical users, drug traffickers, and employers
Considering Marijuana Legalization : Insights for Vermont and Other Jurisdictions by Jonathan P Caulkins( )

4 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 1,176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Marijuana legalization is a controversial and multifaceted issue that is now the subject of serious debate. In May 2014, Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin signed a bill requiring the Secretary of Administration to produce a report about various consequences of legalizing marijuana. This resulting report provides a foundation for thinking about the various consequences of different policy options while being explicit about the uncertainties involved
What America's users spend on illegal drugs, 2000-2010 : technical report by Beau Kilmer( )

11 editions published in 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,088 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Drug users in the United States spend on the order of $100 billion annually on these drugs (in 2010 dollars). While this total figure has been stable over the decade, there have been important compositional shifts. From 2006 to 2010, the amount of marijuana consumed in the United States likely increased more than 30 percent, while the amount of cocaine consumed in the United States decreased by approximately 50 percent. These figures are consistent with supply-side indicators, such as seizures and production estimates. Methamphetamine consumption rose sharply from 2000 through the middle of the decade, and this was followed by a large decline through 2008. Heroin consumption remained fairly stable throughout the decade, although there is some evidence of an increase in the later years. For all of the drugs, total consumption and expenditures are driven by the minority of users who consume on 21 or more days each month
Does San Francisco's Community Justice Center reduce criminal recidivism? by Beau Kilmer( )

4 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 531 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Altered state? : assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgets by Beau Kilmer( Book )

8 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 164 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To learn more about the possible outcomes of marijuana legalization in California, RAND researchers constructed a model based on a series of estimates of current consumption, current and future prices, how responsive use is to price changes, taxes levied and possibly evaded, and the aggregation of nonprice effects (such as a change in stigma). Key findings include the following: (1) The pretax retail price of marijuana will substantially decline, likely by more than 80 percent. The price the consumers face will depend heavily on taxes, the structure of the regulatory regime, and how taxes and regulations are enforced. (2) Consumption will increase, but it is unclear how much because we know neither the shape of the demand curve nor the level of tax evasion (which reduces revenues and prices that consumers face). (3) Tax revenues could be dramatically lower or higher than $1.4 billion; for example, uncertainty surrounds potential tax revenues California might derive from taxing marijuana used by residents of other states (e.g., from "drug tourism"). (4) Previous studies find that the annual costs of enforcing marijuana laws in California range from around $200 million to nearly $1.9 billion; our estimates show that the costs are probably less than $300 million. (5) There is considerable uncertainty about the impact of legalizing marijuana in California on public budgets and consumption, with even minor changes in assumptions leading to major differences in outcomes
Marijuana and crime : is there a connection beyond prohibition? by Rosalie Liccardo Pacula( )

12 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We examine the relationship between marijuana use and non-drug related crime using data on arrests from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program and Uniform Crime Reports. There is a positive association between self-reported use at the time of the offence and non-drug related violent, property and income-producing crime even after accounting for other substance use in the ADAM data. Reduced form equations using both data sets only provide evidence supporting a causal mechanism for property and income-producing crime. In the case of violent crime, we find a statistically significant association with arrests but not reported crime, suggesting that marijuana use may just influence the likelihood of getting caught committing these crimes
Risks and prices : the role of user sanctions in marijuana markets by Rosalie Liccardo Pacula( )

7 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

User sanctions influence the legal risk for participants in illegal drug markets. A change in user sanctions may change retail drug prices, depending on how it changes the legal risk to users, how it changes the legal risk to dealers, and the slope of the supply curve. Using a novel dataset with rich transaction-level information, this paper evaluates the impact of recent changes in user sanctions for marijuana on marijuana prices. The results suggest that lower legal risks for users are associated with higher marijuana prices in the short-run, which ceteris paribus, implies higher profits for drug dealers. Additionally, the findings have important implications for thinking about the slope of the supply curve and interpreting previous research on the effect of drug laws on demand for marijuana
Understanding illicit drug markets, supply reduction efforts, and drug-related crime in the European Union [electronic resource] by Beau Kilmer( )

4 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The European Drugs Strategy concentrates on demand reduction and supply reduction through international cooperation and research, information and evaluation. However, efforts to provide insight into the different aspects of Europe's illicit drug problems have largely focused on indicators developed to assess demand-side strategies. The development of measures capturing dimensions of the supply of different illicit substances is an emerging field in the EU. To advance these efforts, the European Commission DG Justice, Freedom and Security commissioned RAND Europe to recommend indicators for improving the understanding of illicit drug markets, supply-reduction efforts, and drug related crime in the EU. This document presents the results of this effort
Estimating the size of the global drug market : a demand-side approach by Beau Kilmer( )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document is the second of five reports published by RAND under this contract. It is accompanied by a main report which draws on the documents' findings to assess changes in global drug problems from 1998 to 2007 (Reuter and Trautmann, 2009). This second report looks specifically into the size of the global drug market, using a demand-side approach. RAND Europe and the Trimbos Institute anticipate that it will be of interest to policy-makers from the European Commission, as well as other governmental bodies which are concerned with drug markets. It is also believed to be of value to NGOs and private organisations which are involved in one way or another in tackling the drugs market and its impacts
A synthesis of literature on the effectiveness of community orders( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.K. National Audit Office (NAO) commissioned RAND Europe to conduct this review to identify and synthesize international research about the effectiveness of community orders in reducing re-offending. In this report, we review research on ten of the common requirements contained in community orders. Through examining reviews, systematic reviews and meta-analyses we draw conclusions about the state of research in the areas of unpaid work, mental health treatment, education/skills training, drug treatment, anger management, alcohol treatment, programmes for perpetrators of domestic abuse, regular probation, intensive probation and cognitive/behavioural programming. We also assess the strength of the evidence on whether each of these requirements affects the likelihood of re-offending. We find that the quality of research on the effectiveness of community-based interventions for offenders is extremely variable. However, in two areas-cognitive/behavioural programming and drug treatment-rigorous research exists which points to a reduction in the odds of re-offending. In four other areas-programmes for domestic abuse perpetrators, unpaid work, education and basic skills training and intensive probation-existing studies have not suggested that the programmes have a positive effect on recidivism. Finally, in four areas-anger management, probation, and alcohol and mental health treatment-the question of impact on re-offending remains unsettled. This review highlights the need for more rigorous research-especially randomized trials-into the requirements that constitute community orders
Tackling problem drug use( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Audit Office (NAO) is conducting a value-for-money study on the UK Government's 2008 drug strategy, Drugs: protecting families and communities ('the Strategy'). The NAO study, Tackling Problem Drug Use, focuses in particular on local delivery authorities' capacity and capability to effectively tackle problem drug use (PDU) through delivery of local services. To inform the NAO's value-for-money study, RAND Europe performed a literature review on problem drug use and reviewed the evidence base, both literature and data, underpinning the Strategy. One of the key findings is the narrower focus in the UK on most significant harms may be useful, but also carries risks and drawbacks discussed in detail in the report. In addition, we find the Strategy draws on robust evidence in the area of drug treatment and drug-related crime; however, other topics would benefit from further context or detail, and in places it is difficult to relate the evidence base to implications for intervention and delivery of services
Further insights into aspects of the illicit EU drugs market( )

3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The economic crisis is expected to have a major impact on the drugs market, for example through an increase of demand for illicit drugs. This study reveals that more young people are expected to sell or even produce drugs - especially home grown cannabis - to make money. But the economic crisis is also expected to lead to cuts in budgets devoted to drug policy, in particular for treatment and harm reduction measures. This study offers insights into the impact of policies targeting drug use or drug supply and into the operations of the EU's illicit drugs market, revealing that the internet is becoming more and more important for distributing drugs. It also provides a detailed analysis of the size of the market for certain illicit drugs and evaluates the profit that they generate. The economic crisis is expected to have a major impact on the drugs market, for example through an increase of demand for illicit drugs, according to the findings of a study published today by the European Commission. While the use of 'traditional drugs' such as cocaine, heroin and ecstasy, is generally stable, new drugs are supplying the illicit drug market, as traders take advantage of internationally unregulated chemicals. These drugs are increasingly available over the internet and have rapidly spread in many Member States, which face difficulties in preventing their sale. More new drugs are entering the market. Over the past two years, one new substance has emerged every week. Member States cannot stop the spread of drugs alone: clampdowns at national level may simply force criminals to move drug production to neighbouring countries or to shift trafficking routes
Multinational overview of cannabis production regimes by Beau Kilmer( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In July 2013, the Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) of the Netherlands Ministry of Security and Justice asked RAND Europe to provide a multinational overview of cannabis production regimes, with a special focus on identifying and describing official statements and/or legal decisions made about production regimes for non-medical and non-scientific purposes (i.e. recreational use for adults). This research report describes the ways in which these policies developed in selected countries, and the legal, legislative and voters⁰́₉ decisions that shaped them. It pays attention to whether there have been formal statements from these countries about whether and how the new policies fit within the existing international legal framework. However, it does not make an assessment about whether these countries are compliant with the treaties. The report also does not take a position about whether changes in cannabis production policies would be good or bad for society
Altered state? Assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana and public budgets( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The costs of methamphetamine use : a national estimate by Paul S Steinberg( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: The economic cost of methamphetamine use reached more than an estimated $23.4 billion in 2005 - the true economic burden is somewhere between $16.2 billion and $48.3 billion. Most of the expense results from the intangible burden that addiction places on dependent users and their premature mortality and from crime and criminal justice costs. Although the cost estimates focus attention on the primary cost drivers, more work is needed to identify areas in which interventions to reduce meth-use harms could prove most cost-effective
RAND review( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The cover story describes the retirement patterns of the "baby boom" generation and the demographic, economic, cognitive, and health care implications. Other feature stories consider the potential effects of legalizing marijuana in California, the effectiveness of drug enforcement efforts in Europe, and modifications to the No Child Left Behind Act. News items discuss policy choices for the Gulf Coast region, food allergy diagnosis and treatment, the new U.S. health reform law, the benefits of investing in police, and the failure to halt Pakistani-based militants. Other stories commemorate the 40th Anniversary of the Pardee RAND Graduate School and describe RAND's emergence as an international organization
Better understanding efforts to reduce the supply of illicit drugs by Beau Kilmer( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"To better understand illegal drug markets and supply-reduction efforts in the European Union, data on purity-adjusted prices must be collected. Member states can learn more about supply reduction by changing how they report seizure data"--Website (as viewed on 12/22/2011)
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Altered state? : assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgets Altered state? Assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana and public budgets
Altered state? : assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgetsAltered state? Assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana and public budgets
Alternative Names
Kilmer, B. (Beau)

English (105)