WorldCat Identities

Rand Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (Organization)

Works: 209 works in 383 publications in 1 language and 16,648 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Safety, and Environment (Organization) Rand Infrastructure
Establishing law and order after conflict by Seth G Jones( )

10 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 2,054 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In a nation-building operation, outside states invest much of their resources in establishing and maintaining the host country's police, internal security forces, and justice system. This book examines post-Cold War reconstruction efforts, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan, and assesses the success of U.S. and allied efforts in reconstructing internal security institutions
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations by Brian A Jackson( )

6 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,908 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The ability to measure emergency preparedness - to predict the likely performance of emergency response systems in future events - is critical for policy analysis in homeland security. Yet it remains difficult to know how prepared a response system is to deal with large-scale incidents, whether it be a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or industrial or transportation accident. This research draws on the fields of systems analysis and engineering to apply the concept of system reliability to the evaluation of emergency response systems. The authors describe a method for modeling an emergency response system; identifying how individual parts of the system might fail; and assessing the likelihood of each failure and the severity of its effects on the overall response effort. The authors walk the reader through two applications of this method: a simplified example in which responders must deliver medical treatment to a certain number of people in a specified time window, and a more complex scenario involving the release of chlorine gas. The authors also describe an exploratory analysis in which they parsed a set of after-action reports describing real-world incidents, to demonstrate how this method can be used to quantitatively analyze data on past response performance. The authors conclude with a discussion of how this method of measuring emergency response system reliability could inform policy discussion of emergency preparedness, how system reliability might be improved, and the costs of doing so. --From publisher description
Today's police and sheriff recruits : insights from the newest members of America's law enforcement community by Laura Werber Castaneda( )

5 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,874 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction -- Perceived Pros and Cons of Law Enforcement Careers -- Who and What Influences Recruits' Career Decisions? -- Recruiting Strategies -- Conclusions and Recommendations -- Appendix A: Survey Instrument -- Appendix B: Description of Survey Responses
Securing rights for victims : a process evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute's victims' rights clinics by Robert C Davis( )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,819 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The development of crime victims' rights in the United States -- National Crime Victim Law Institute and clinic goals -- Victims' rights developments in clinic states -- Clinic operations -- Outreach and sources of clients -- Clinic work in trial courts -- Clinic work at the appellate level -- Implementation challenges -- Clinic successes and promising practices -- Conclusions and recommendations
An assessment of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Environmental Performance Track Program by Scott Hassell( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,777 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report addresses the conceptual basis of the National Environmental Performance Track program, a voluntary program run by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency between 2000 and 2009; its program design; and its implementation. Performance Track sought to improve the quality of the environment by encouraging facilities to recognize and improve all aspects of their environmental performance and by providing a range of benefits, including broad-based recognition, regulatory benefits, and a more open and collaborative relationship between facilities and their regulators. While Performance Track's concepts, design, and implementation had mixed success, the significant environmental challenges that the United States faces require that EPA continue to seek out new approaches that can complement and enhance traditional regulatory approaches. The authors recommend that EPA continue to experiment with voluntary programs, designing tightly focused ones; promote information sharing and networking among regulated entities; strive for complete, clear, and understandable program concepts, designs, and expectations; protect the EPA brand; independently evaluate key program elements; continue to try to change corporate culture to benefit the environment; and identify new ways to independently validate environmental performance
Imported oil and U.S. national security( )

5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,675 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In 2007, on a net basis, the United States imported 58 percent of the oil it consumed. This book critically evaluates commonly suggested links between these oil imports and U.S. national security. The major risk to the United States posed by reliance on oil is the economic costs of a major disruption in global oil supplies. On the other hand, the study found no evidence that oil exporters have been able to use embargoes or threats of embargoes to achieve key political and foreign policy goals. Oil revenues are irrelevant for terrorist groups' ability to launch attacks. The study also assesses the economic, political, and military costs and benefits of potential policies to alleviate challenges to U.S. national security linked to imported oil. Of these measures, the adoption of the following energy policies by the U.S. government would most effectively reduce the costs to U.S. national security of importing oil: (1) Support well-functioning oil markets and refrain from imposing price controls or rationing during times of severe disruptions in supply. (2) Initiate a high-level review of prohibitions on exploring and developing new oil fields in restricted areas in order to provide policymakers and stakeholders with up-to-date and unbiased information on both economic benefits and environmental risks from relaxing those restrictions. (3) Ensure that licensing and permitting procedures and environmental standards for developing and producing oil and oil substitutes are clear, efficient, balanced in addressing both costs and benefits, and transparent. (4) Impose an excise tax on oil to increase fuel economy and soften growth in demand for oil. (5) Provide more U.S. government funding for research on improving the efficiency with which the U.S. economy uses oil and competing forms of energy"--Page 4 of cover
Federal financial incentives to induce early experience producing unconventional liquid fuels by Frank A Camm( )

6 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 1,472 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The government, as a principal, may seek to induce a private investor, as an agent, to build and operate an unconventional-oil production plant to promote early production experience with such plants. Given this goal, facing significant uncertainty about the future, the government wants to limit the cost to the public treasury of doing this. This report offers an analytic way to design and assess packages of policy instruments that the government can use to achieve its goal. It starts with general principles of the economic theories of contracting and agency. Looking across many alternative futures helps the authors design incentive packages that are robust from a private perspective and limit costs to the government. As these principles would predict, cash-flow analysis demonstrates the cost-effectiveness of using investment incentives rather than operating incentives and the powerful effect that a higher debt share has on the private rate of return. Cash-flow analysis also reveals specific opportunities that the government has to change course among policy alternatives as it seeks the lowest-cost way to increase the private rate of return associated with a project
Understanding the public health implications of prisoner reentry in California : phase I report by Lois M Davis( )

7 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and held by 1,342 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first phase of this study used a variety of approaches to assess the health care needs of California prisoners upon their release, the geographic distribution of state prisoners who return to local communities, and the health care services that are available in these communities to provide policymakers with a picture of communities' capacity to meet the needs of parolees and other underserved populations
Financing the operation and maintenance costs of hurricane protection infrastructure : options for the state of Louisiana by Trey Miller( )

3 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 522 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report analyzes the fiscal capacity of eight local levee districts in southern Louisiana to shoulder the burden of operating and maintaining the Hurricane and Storm Damage Risk Reduction System (HSDRRS) and other key hurricane protection infrastructure currently under construction by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. It specifically focuses on operation and maintenance (O & M) costs, assuming that costs associated with major repairs and levee lifts will not be borne by levee districts. It also discusses some innovative approaches that other government agencies responsible for operating and maintaining flood and hurricane protection infrastructure are using to generate revenue to cover those costs. The report discusses the methodology used to project the O & M costs associated with hurricane protection infrastructure. It provides O & M cost estimates for each newly constructed piece of the HSDRRS and estimates the total O & M costs to be borne by eight major levee districts within the HSDRRS. Some of these estimates differ from estimates based on cost-plus engineering estimates because they are based on historical expenditures by levee districts to maintain existing infrastructure. The report then discusses the author⁰́₉s methodology for projecting levee district budget revenues and budget balances through 2016. The report concludes with a discussion of some options that other states have used to generate revenue for the O & M of levees and hurricane protection infrastructure
RAND forum on hydrogen technology and policy : a conference report by Mark Bernstein( Book )

5 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 177 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hydrogen as an energy carrier has generated much attention in recent years due to its potential large-scale use in producing electrical energy through fuel-cell technologies and in replacing gasoline for use in transportation. On December 9, 2004, the RAND Corporation hosted a forum on hydrogen technology that drew 40 experts in various fields to discuss what needs to be done to better inform decisionmakers in the public and private sectors of the benefits and risks of various hydrogen-related programs and policies. The forum participants represented a number of public and private organizations and had varied interests in as well as varied perspectives on the future of hydrogen as an alternative energy carrier. The document summarizes the proceedings of that forum
Increasing the capacity of freight transportation : U.S. and Canadian perspectives( Book )

7 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Disruptions are increasing in North American supply chains. North American freight transport capacity is threatening economic competitiveness. Rising shipping costs, increasingly lengthy shipping times, increasingly variable transit times, and increasingly large inventories are all evidence of constraints in the freight transport system. As North American manufacturing and retail's reliance on imports has increased, highway and rail infrastructure has been neither maintained nor expanded in critical places. Other factors, such as increased fuel prices, security requirements, border delays, and a shortage of truck drivers are eroding the freight transport system's performance. Consequently, shippers are stocking more parts and supplies, resorting to expensive backup transportation, and revisiting facility location decisions to cope with disruptions. In February 2006, more than 30 U.S. and Canadian private- and public-sector stakeholders met to discuss the declining performance of the North American freight transport system and to determine strategies for increasing freight transportation capacity. Participants identified examples of current and expected economic effects of capacity constraints on the freight transport system. They also highlighted specific physical, contractual, and regulatory constraints to the free movement of freight and charted a path toward addressing the most pressing issues through public-sector, private-sector, and joint action. This document summarizes the workshop discussions and the participants' consensus
Measuring and understanding economic interdependence in Allegheny County( Book )

3 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A powerful descriptive analysis of the wealth flows in Allegheny County, this report provides timely and critical information regarding public policy issues affecting a region that includes the City of Pittsburgh. Understanding the wealth flows and economic interdependencies of the municipalities of this region is essential to making effective public policy choices about how to align municipal tax bases and state and local fiscal policies. This report provides evidence on how Allegheny County's 130 municipalities are interconnected, as people commute across municipal borders to work, creating interregional economic flows. This report is useful to community and business leaders who are engaged in meaningful discussions about what it means to be a region. The methodology and measures--the imported and exported earnings dependency ratios--contribute to the broader field of economics
Improving contracting at the city of Los Angeles airports, port, and Department of Water and Power by Mark Wang( Book )

4 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The three proprietary departments of the City of Los Angeles-the Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), the Port of Los Angeles (Port), and the Department of Water and Power (DWP)-together contract for more than a billion dollars worth of goods and services and receive several hundred millions of dollars in lease revenue annually. In 2003 and 2004, the City of Los Angeles Controller issued audit reports on the contracting and leasing practices of all three departments, and in those reports cited a lack of both transparency and documentation in the departments' contracting processes. This documented briefing presents analysis from a 90-day study to find ways to make the purchasing, contracting, and leasing activities of LAWA, Port, and DWP more transparent and efficient while gaining the public trust. The authors analyze the best government and commercial practices for contracting and make a number of recommendations for improving the City of Los Angeles proprietary departments
Nanomaterials in the workplace : policy and planning workshop on occupational safety and health by James T Bartis( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What are the challenges the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and related federal agencies face when allocating limited resources so that worker health and safety go hand in hand with innovation and technical progress? This was the central issue addressed at a workshop on nanotechnology and occupational safety and health hosted by the RAND Corporation on October 17, 2005. The workshop focused on policy and planning issues (as opposed to scientific issues) that are key to understanding the options available to NIOSH in formulating and implementing its strategic objectives to protect the safety and health of workers exposed to nanoscale materials. This document of the conference proceedings draws on discussions during the workshop and places the discussions within a policy framework for further consideration by NIOSH
The impact of extended vehicle emission warranties on California's independent repair shops by Lloyd S Dixon( Book )

3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To satisfy part of California's Zero Emission Vehicle Program, automobile manufacturers will likely be producing large numbers of partial-zero emission vehicles. The emission-control systems of these vehicles must be covered under warranty for 15 years or 150,000 miles, far longer than current warranty requirements. When the California Air Resources Board adopted the extended warranty requirement, it expressed concern that extended warranties might adversely affect the independent vehicle-repair industry because repairs usually must be done at dealer repair shops to be covered under warranty. This report examines and quantifies the possible effects of extended vehicle warranties on the independent repair industry, estimating those effects out to 2020. It also identifies options for reducing or mitigating adverse effects from extended warranties on independent repair shop owners and workers, and the general public
The problem of measuring emergency preparedness : the need for assessing "response reliability" as part of homeland security planning by Brian A Jackson( Book )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 119 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Decisionmakers today largely assess emergency preparedness and homeland security "in the rear view mirror," looking at performance in actual events and responding to perceived failures. While learning from real-world experience is important, better ways to assess preparedness prospectively will lead to better choices as to how and where to strengthen it. This paper frames a broad set of questions about how preparedness can be meaningfully measured and lays out some of the ingredients needed to answer them. To simplify the discussion, it focuses on response activities--the near-term actions taken by responder organizations when a disaster or terrorist incident is occurring or in its immediate aftermath that are intended to limit its consequences. It also provides some background on the national preparedness system and on current approaches for assessing emergency preparedness, and it introduces the concept of response reliability, an alternative way of thinking about measuring preparedness that can answer the public's and policy makers' fundamental question: How certain should we as a nation be that the systems we have put in place to respond to damaging events will be able to deliver when called upon?
Coastal Louisiana risk assessment model : technical description and 2012 coastal master plan analysis results( Book )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Motivated by the devastating effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 and Gustav and Ike in 2008, planners and policymakers in the State of Louisiana have updated the state's Comprehensive Master Plan for a Sustainable Coast (the "Master Plan"). The resulting Master Plan proposes a range of risk reduction and coastal restoration projects to reduce storm surge flood risks to coastal communities and address other objectives to help create a more sustainable coast over the next 50 years. To support this process, the Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana asked RAND to create an analytical model, the Coastal Louisiana Risk Assessment (CLARA) model, to estimate flood depths and damage that occurs as a result of major storms. CLARA made it possible to systematically evaluate potential projects for inclusion in the Master Plan on the basis of how well they reduce flood damage in Louisiana⁰́₉s coastal region. CLARA was also used to evaluate the flood damage reduction provided by the final Master Plan. Results from this analysis show that storm surge flood damage represents a major threat to coastal Louisiana and that, if no action is taken, this damage can be expected to grow substantially in the future. Implementing the Master Plan, however, could substantially reduce future damage. For instance, average annual damage is projected to increase to between $7 billion and $21 billion per year by 2061 in a future without action, but, with the Master Plan in place, this damage level is reduced to between $3 billion and $5 billion
Trade-offs among alternative government interventions in the market for terrorism insurance : interim results( Book )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This documented briefing presents interim findings from a RAND Center for Terrorism Risk Management Policy (CTRMP) project that aims to inform the debate over extending the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (TRIA), as modified in 2005. The study uses analytic tools for identifying and assessing key trade-offs among strategies under conditions with considerable uncertainty to assess three alternative government interventions in the market for terrorism insurance: TRIA; no government terrorism insurance program; and extending TRIA without other changes in the program to required insurers to offer coverage for chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) attacks. The results suggest that TRIA performs better on the outcome measures examined for conventional attacks than letting the program expire but does not effectively address the risks CBRN attacks present to either businesses or taxpayers. The research also shows that requiring insurers to offer CBRN coverage without other program changes has little upside for CBRN attacks and can have significant unintended consequences in dealing with conventional attacks
Enforcing immigration law at the state and local levels : a public policy dilemma by Jessica Saunders( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Almost 12 million out-of-status aliens currently reside in the United States, and it is estimated that it will take 15 years and more than $5 billion for the Department of Homeland Security's Immigration and Customs Enforcement to apprehend just the current backlog of absconders. One proposed solution to this enforcement problem is for federal agencies to partner with state and local law-enforcement agencies to apprehend and deport fugitive aliens. Currently, the federal government does not require state and local agencies to carry out specific immigration enforcement actions; however, comprehensive immigration reform may address this issue in the near future. Before such legislation is drafted and considered, it is important to understand all the potential impacts of a policy incorporating immigration enforcement by nonfederal entities. As there is very limited evidence about the effects of involving state and local law enforcement in immigration enforcement duties, the authors seek to clarify the needs and concerns of key stakeholders by describing variations in enforcement approaches and making their pros and cons more explicit. They also suggest areas for research to add empirical evidence to the largely anecdotal accounts that now characterize discussions of the involvement of state and local law enforcement in immigration enforcement efforts
Aptitude for destruction by Brian A Jackson( Book )

8 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Continuing conflicts between violent groups and states generate an ever-present demand for higher-quality and more timely information to support operations to combat terrorism. Better ways are needed to understand how terrorist and insurgent groups adapt over time into more-effective organizations and increasingly dangerous threats. Because learning is the link between what a group wants to do and its ability to gather the needed information and resources to actually do it, a better understanding of the group learning process could contribute to the design of more-effective measures for combating terrorism. This study collects and analyzes the available information on terrorist groups' learning behavior, combining input from the organizational learning literature, published literature on terrorist and insurgent groups, and insights drawn from case studies and workshop discussions. It describes a model of learning as a four-part process, comprising acquiring, interpreting, distributing, and storing information and knowledge. This analytical framework, by providing a fuller picture of how terrorist groups try to adapt and evolve over time, may help in understanding the behavior of individual groups and the level of threat they pose; in developing effective counterstrategies to detect and thwart their efforts; and in appropriately allocating resources to counter potential and proven adversaries. A companion report, Aptitude for Destruction, Volume 2: Case Studies of Learning in Five Terrorist Organizations, MG-332-NIJ, examines in detail the learning activities of five major terrorist organizations and develops a methodology for ascertaining what and why groups have learned
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Establishing law and order after conflict
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operationsToday's police and sheriff recruits : insights from the newest members of America's law enforcement communitySecuring rights for victims : a process evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute's victims' rights clinicsAn assessment of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Environmental Performance Track ProgramImported oil and U.S. national securityFederal financial incentives to induce early experience producing unconventional liquid fuelsUnderstanding the public health implications of prisoner reentry in California : phase I reportRAND forum on hydrogen technology and policy : a conference report
Alternative Names

ISE (Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment)

Rand Corporation Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment

Rand Corporation Rand Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment

English (90)