WorldCat Identities

Zwolinski, Peggy

Overview
Works: 43 works in 67 publications in 2 languages and 576 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Other, Thesis advisor, Editor, Opponent, Author, htt
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Peggy Zwolinski
Innovation in life cycle engineering and sustainable development by Daniel Brissaud( )

22 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 499 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Business models, which aims at determining how efficient can be a life cycle strategy from different point of view (customer, policy, environment, economics,...). End of life strategies, presenting recent approaches and technological solutions for end-of life treatments. Product development for sustainability, which aims at showing how designers integrate environmental conside- tions to improve their solutions. Product life cycle management, dealing with methods and tools to support life cycle considerations. This book is divided into four sections reflecting the above themes and will be of interest to academics, students and practitioners, specializing in environmental issues in mechanical engineering. We hope that you will find it of the greatest interest to compare your various points of view within the field broached throughout the conference. We hope you all - joy reading this book, which aims to be a reference textbook for all - searchers in this particular field and for the teaching staff confronted with training methodologies in integrated design and environment. It will allow you to assess the scope of the development prospects in an extremely wide ranging field. Finally, we would like to highlight the very significant input of the m- bers of the organizing committee for the success of the conference and to express our sincere appreciation to all the authors and to the members of the international program committee
Guidelines for the implementation of Lean and MTM techniques in remanufacturing factory planning by Thomas Guidat( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La simulation de l'activité comme outil d'aide à la conception et à l'innovation : application à la conception du poste de conduite des TGV futurs by Peggy Zwolinski( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nos travaux de recherche nous ont conduits à proposer une démarche favorisant la prise en compte de la fonction d'usage des produits au cours du processus de conception, en employant des techniques de simulation de l'activité d'utilisation de ces produits. C'est cette démarche que nous avons appliquée au projet de conception du poste de conduite des TGV futurs. La première étape de la démarche a consisté à définir en groupe projet, quel sera le futur métier des conducteurs. A partir de cette définition, nous avons développé des préconcepts de dispositifs en cabine sous forme de maquettes, et évalué l'activité qui peut découler de leur utilisation. Dès lors, nous avons mis en place, avec des conducteurs, des simulations partielles de l'activité sur bancs d'essai afin d'effectuer des évaluations fonctionnelles et opérationnelles des préconcepts au cours de leur définition. Cette étape nous a conduits à retenir un concept global lié aux futurs dispositifs en cabine de conduite. Nous avons alors mis en place un simulateur d'étude et de conception, qui nous a permis d'effectuer différentes expérimentations. Nous avons ainsi pu optimiser le système global et évaluer la performance du système conducteur / poste de conduite retenu, afin de valider les différents choix du groupe projet. Une dernière validation des dispositifs sera prochainement réalisée sur une rame prototype de TGV. La simulation de l'activité constitue un réel moyen d'action dans la conception si elle est intégrée tout au long du processus de conception de systèmes complexes où intervient l'homme. Elle permet une mise en évidence de l'usage dès les premières phases du projet et constitue alors une véritable aide dans la conduite du projet en favorisant la démarche participative des groupes projet ainsi que l'innovation
Proposition d'un modèle produit agile pour l'écoconception : application aux batteries Li-ion by Daniel Belchi Lorente( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

High-tech products are widely used in many industrial sectors as well as in our everyday lives. They improve our quality of life, but with a high price to pay? The manufacture, use and end-of-life of these products cause strong environmental, economic and social impacts. These impacts are mainly due to the materials and to the energy used for the manufacturing, to their use, but also to bad working conditions to obtain raw materials. The end-of-life stage for high-tech products is a huge source of impacts because not considered during the design.Some researches have been conducted to reduce the environmental impact of high-tech products, but they only consider partially the life cycle stages (eg. The manufacturing phases) and exclude other stages, such as the end-de- life. Further studies are trying to integrate all the life cycle constraints but neglect the integration of environmental issues and they only consider the classical design constraints (cost, quality, performance, etc.). Other studies aimed at integrating the al the life cycle constraints and the environmental issues, but they are not adapted to quick features evolutions during the design process of high-tech product (new technologies, new materials, etc.We therefore propose a tool to guide the design of high-tech products, which aims to integrate all life-cycle stages including the end-of-life and environmental issues in addition to classic design issues. This is an agile product model for eco-design (APME), which considers the rapid evolution of the solutions during the development of high-tech products.In this thesis, the model is theoretically applied in a case study related to Li-ion batteries for electric automotive applications. The developed model is able to highlight the main design parameters and the main actors of the product life cycle which induce high environmental impacts to try to reduce them.This thesis considers the use of the product model concept when taking into account environmental impacts during the design process, for their efficient integration
Contribution aux méthodes de conception pour la fin de vie : prise en compte des pratiques de prétraitement de la filière DEEE (Déchets d'Equipements Electriques et Electroniques) by Natalia Alonso movilla( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les filières de valorisation de déchets ont été mises en place au cours des dernières années pour répondre à des pressions économiques, sociétales, environnementales et réglementaires. Pour que les produits en fin de vie soient valorisés au mieux, il faut que leur conception soit adaptée aux spécificités des différents acteurs de la filière. L'étape de prétraitement consiste en la séparation des différents composants et matières des déchets. C'est une étape essentielle pour la valorisation de produits complexes comme les DEEE (déchets d'équipements électriques et électroniques), qui sont l'objet de ces travaux. Nos recherches bibliographiques montrent que les méthodes de conception existantes pour la valorisation ne prennent en compte ni la diversité et la nature des pratiques de prétraitement ni les raisons qui poussent à réaliser chacune d'elles. Afin de comprendre l'expertise liée à ces pratiques, nous avons réalisé deux modèles.En premier lieu, un modèle macroscopique nous a permis d'identifier les grands facteurs qui affectent le fonctionnement des opérateurs de prétraitement. Il a été établi en deux étapes : la première étape consiste en la caractérisation des opérateurs de traitement ; la deuxième étape s'attache à la classification des opérateurs de traitement. Afin de développer ce modèle nous nous sommes appuyés sur deux études descriptives de la filière DEEE française. Une étude descriptive qualitative nous a permis d'identifier les raisons qui poussent les opérateurs à réaliser les différentes stratégies de fin de vie et les processus de prétraitement. Une analyse statistique en composantes principales (ACP), a été réalisée afin de développer une classification des opérateurs de prétraitement.Dans un deuxième temps, dans le but d'identifier quels sont les conséquences de certains choix de conception pour la fin de vie, nous avons développé une méthode d'analyse systématique et détaillée du traitement réalisé par un type spécifique d'opérateur de DEEE. Celle-ci nous a permis d'obtenir un modèle microscopique des activités. Afin de développer et d'appliquer la méthode, nous nous sommes focalisés sur le désassemblage manuel d'écrans plats en vue de leur recyclage. Nous avons obtenu des données quantitatives qui constituent des preuves solides pour soutenir le développement de recommandations d'éco-conception. Avec ce modèle nous pouvons développer des indicateurs et des règles de conception quantitatives utilisables en conception de produit.Les modèles macro et microscopiques sont des instruments d'acquisition des connaissances sur l'expertise de centres de traitement qui peuvent être adaptés pour une utilisation dans d'autres filières de valorisation de déchets
Améliorer les démarches d'écoconception en prenant en compte les connaissances locales by Yacine Baouch( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'écoconception d'un produit vise à réduire, dès sa phase de conception, son futur impact environnemental. Dans un contexte fortement concurrentiel, ceci peut être vécu comme une nouvelle contrainte venant s'ajouter à des processus industriels déjà très entravés. Les entreprises souhaitant appliquer de telles démarches sont donc à la recherche de solutions pour faciliter et renforcer l'intégration de l'environnement en conception, mais aussi faire en sorte de la rendre pérenne. L'originalité de cette thèse est d'aborder cette question selon la place des connaissances, et donc des acteurs, en montrant que ces difficultés d'intégration résultent d'un manque de connaissances locales. Nous proposons une réponse selon trois niveaux d'intervention afin d'améliorer ces démarches : (1) la méthode K2stor met en évidence, dans les processus d'écoconception, les défaillances liées à un besoin de connaissances locales, (2) l'approche K2afé crée des situations d'interaction entre acteurs en entreprise afin de construire des connaissances locales cibles et (3) K2alligraphie est un formalisme pour faciliter le partage des raisonnements propres aux modélisations en Analyse de Cycle de Vie entre ses praticiens. Ces trois propositions ont été mises à l'épreuve en milieu industriel ou selon des contextes directement inspirés de données réelles. L'observation et l'analyse de l'usage de ces propositions démontrent leur opérationnalité et leur efficacité. Ceci nous amène finalement à dresser les contours d'une plateforme dédiée à la construction de connaissances locales en écoconception
Identification of the environmental impacts contributors related to the use of Additive Manufacturing technologies by Kléber Da Silva Barros( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The subject of the environmental impacts related to Additive Manufacturing is evolving and far from being consolidated. This thesis tries to answer the following question: How to identify and control the environmental impacts associated to the use of Additive Manufacturing technologies? An approach centred on scenarios was applied. Three specific scenarios were identified and studied: 1) Personal Fabrication; 2) Business use of AM and 3) Industrial use of AM. Literature analysis and the use of the Life Cycle Assessment-LCA approach provided accurate data to identify the different hotspots of environmental impacts in each scenario.In the Personal Fabrication case, the study highlights the importance of placing a greater focus on the Human aspects. The way people use the technology often generates more impacts than the technology itself. In the 'Business' scenario the findings show that the energy consumed in Production phase is the most representative phase in terms of environmental impacts. Results from the 'Industrial' scenario using EBM technology suggests that the energy consumption of the Printing Process, the powder manufacturing, as well as the Post-treatment process are the main sources of the environmental impacts.The results of the three studies were analysed and gathered in such a way to design a systemic framework of impacts in the case of AM use. Four group of impacts drivers are recognised: The product and the Printing Process (Technical aspects) and the User's level of experience in CAD and Printing (Human Aspects). For each group, several impact contributors are identified (product height, CAD use time, etc.). From this framework, an adapted LCA model was designed and a software concept was created to estimate the environmental impacts related to use of AM technologies
2-DFR : un cadre conceptuel destiné aux concepteurs pour un remanufacturing durable by Nurul Hanna Ismail( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Remanufacturing is believed to be among the key strategies for sustainable development of industrial products. The aim of remanufacturing is to retrieve the product's inherent value when it no longer fulfils the user's needs. However, it is a non-linear process that poses many uncertainties. Therefore, integrating remanufacturing concerns during the early design phase is necessary to adapt products to the future remanufacturing processes and to the future remanufacturing system.Another crucial aspect in achievingsustainable remanufacturing activity is to plan and coordinate remanufacturing system in a sustainable way. The presence of various academic tools and methods to facilitate remanufacturing activities might overcome the challenges observed and enhance both the quality and quantity. Unfortunately, these tools/methods are rarely used by remanufacturing stakeholders, probably due to the lack of platform for them to facilitate the usage.The objective of this dissertation is to help the designers and remanufacturers to:• Characterize remanufactured products and processes in relation to sustainable development,• Classify and choose remanufacturing tools ormethods to improve sustainable remanufacturing.To achieve these objectives, a Two Dimensional Framework for Remanufacturing (2DFR) is proposed. It combines the sustainable development and remanufacturing system perspectives. A list of remanufacturing constraints from both perspectives is proposed in the first part of this dissertation. It was validated as a design for remanufacturing guideline during a remanufacturing workshop event in the framework of the European project ERN (H2020). The 2DFR is used again in the second part of this dissertation to develop a method to classify remanufacturing tools/methods. A method to guide and facilitate user in choosing remanufacturing tools/methods is proposed using the list of remanufacturing characteristics listed in the first proposition and the previous classification method. A configurator that functions as an interface for both the classification method and the choosing method is developed. Illustrated case studies are presented to validate its usage.The characteristics of sustainable remanufacturing products and processes defined in the first proposition offer to the users a comprehensive checklist when designing and making decisions. Meanwhile the second proposition encourages the usage by the industry of the existing academics tools/methods related to remanufacturing
L'intégration des données énergétiques dans la conception architecturale située by Laëtitia Arantes( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis analyses the energy performance of dense cities and residential towers. It focuses on the energy performance of the built environment at three different scales - the building, the façade and the city area. The details of the three “morpho-energetic” studies are as follows : 1 - the first one analyses the link between buildings' dimensions and their energy performance: it focuses on a simple calculation method to quickly approximate the whole energy balance of residential buildings. 2 - the second study analyses the morphology of energy and density reasoned city areas: the ultimate goal is to develop a tool helping to find the optimal form(s) of a low energy and dense city area. It is based on a genetic algorithm tool. 3 - the last one analyses the energy impact of a new design methodology for construction and refurbishment: the Core-Skin-Shell concept
Intégration systémique de l'éco-conception dès la phase de R&D des technologies photovoltaïques by Nouha Gazbour( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Face aux enjeux environnementaux actuels, s'investir dans les énergies renouvelables au nom de la « transition énergétique » est l'alternative la plus adoptée par de nombreux pays. Les énergies renouvelables, en particulier l'énergie photovoltaïque, sont ainsi devenues des secteurs concurrentiels innovants en pleine expansion. Dans ce contexte, il est donc nécessaire de s'assurer que les nouvelles technologies PV, qui sont complexes et issues de plusieurs étapes de fabrication, répondent aux critères d'un produit peu impactant pour l'environnement, dénommé ici éco-conçu. L'état de l'art sur l'éco-conception montre que la prise en compte des contraintes environnementales dans les projets de R&D à échelle TRL « Technology Readiness Level » bas est encore un phénomène émergent, pour les raisons suivantes : d'une part l'évaluation de l'impact environnemental est relativement complexe pour une technologie non mature en cours de développement (TRL bas) ; ses caractéristiques et procédés de fabrication n'étant pas encore tous connus ; d'autre part les outils identifiés présentent plusieurs écueils qui limitent leur intégration dans les organismes PV de R&D.Ce travail de recherche vise donc à développer une méthodologie pour permettre l'intégration pérenne de l'éco-conception dans les organismes de R&D, pour accompagner leurs partenaires industriels dans leur effort d'innovation et de compétitivité.La méthode développée est ainsi basée sur le principe d'estimation des taux d'évolutions techniques, économiques et environnementales d'une nouvelle technologie (TRL bas) par l'intermédiaire d'une base de données de référence. La construction de cette dernière s'appuie sur l'Analyse du Cycle de Vie (ACV) comme outil de pilotage pour fournir des résultats fiables, malgré le faible niveau TRL.Pour intégrer de façon pérenne cette approche au sein des organismes de R&D, la méthode développée a été implémentée dans un outil informatique « ECO PV » dédié aux systèmes PV en silicium cristallin, qui constituent plus de 90% du marché PV actuel. Basé sur le principe de démocratisation des connaissances environnementales et de la capitalisation des informations, cet outil est accessible non seulement aux experts en ACV mais aussi à l'ensemble des ingénieurs du domaine PV.Ce travail de recherche a enfin permis d'une part de générer des premiers résultats à la fois fiables, simples et quantifiés, et de développer une méthodologie d'éco-conception pour orienter les choix technologiques des projets dans les phases amont de R&D, afin de développer des systèmes PV plus respectueux de l'environnement
A remanufacturing process library for environmental impact simulations by Nurul Hanna Ismail( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Méthodologie de conception pour les systèmes produits-services by Nicolas Maussang-Detaille( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The paradigm of mass production and consumption based on the sale of physical products is considered because of strong competition and environmental impacts caused by this paradigm. To tackle these considerations, a service-based economy has emerged. The customer does not buy anymore a physical product, but pays for the use or for results provided by a system composed of products and services. Therefore, engineering designers must now reconsider the way they design these new systems and in particular physical objects involved in these systems. This doctoral thesis proposes a design methodology for structuring the development of these PSS from the design of the system to the detailed design of physical objects involved in the final solutions. Representations derived from the functional analysis and the establishment of operational scenarios enable the designers to describe the overall organization of the elements included into the system. This organisation is represented through the design buckles of the functional bloc diagram. Finally, the evaluation of the system from the design buckles enables engineering designers to link the parameters of physical objects and service units in order to assess that the whole system fulfil the performance expected by the customer
Reconception de l'outil de production dans un contexte de minimisation de la consommation énergétique by Thi Ai Lanh Nguyen( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Face aux problématiques liées à la consommation énergétique, les industriels prennent conscience de réduire cette consommation. Une des pistes possibles est de repenser les moyens de production qui dans la plupart des cas ont été conçus pour répondre principalement à des performances de productivité. Les solutions retenus mettent en œuvre des technologiques énergivores. En mettant en avant les contraintes énergétiques lors de la reconception des moyens de production, il est possible de réduire de manière significative la consommation énergétique sans pour autant changer le procédé.Cette thèse propose une méthodologie pour reconcevoir les moyens de production. Celle -ci s'appuie sur une approche « design for x » où x est l'efficacité énergétique. Dans un premier temps, l'analyse du moyen de production est effectuée et un indicateur d'efficacité et de gain potentiel a été défini. Cet indicateur est alors interprété lors de la reconception des moyens de production tout en s'assurant de la dépendance des actions de conception, évitant ainsi les transferts d'impacts. Ces actions sont structurées en 4 pistes de reconception. Cette méthodologie est illustrée à l'aide d'un cas d'étude
Proposition d'un cadre méthodologique comme support aux approches d'écoconception en entreprise : exigences et conceptualisation pour une plateforme logicielle by Maud Dufrene( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Today the consideration of environmental issues is essential in relation to companies' sustainability policy. The literature review reveals that ecodesign is not an easy viewpoint to integrate due to its specificities. Despite the great number of existing tools and methods, companies still encounter difficulties for implementing ecodesign in their design process.This research work aims at providing a combined solution including a methodology supported by a software platform. The methodology guides the design team through a series of steps to realize in the design process. And, to manage ecodesign activities, we defined the structure of a software platform gathering the necessary tools for the design team: tools for the design of the product life cycle, an assessment tool for the cost and the environmental impacts, a guidance tool based on ecodesign rules and case studies, a monitoring tool for the project indicators, and databases in relation with the model of the product and its life cycle.The results of two industrial experiments demonstrate the validity of our proposition. However, a limit of the platform has been identified during the second case study. A third experiment has therefore been realised during a workshop in an international conference to tackle this point
Intégration de règles "DfE" (Design for Environment) pour la conception de produits, process et cycles de vie propres by Hayder Alhomsi( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To help designers to consider the environmental issues for their product design project (green concepts and other sustainable and environmental strategies) and to minimize the time spent with this approach, a simplified environmental assessment usable during the preliminary design stage has been developed.The proposed approach aims to integrate the "Design for Environment" rules (DfE rules) early in the product design while proposing a method that translates these rules into DfE indicators (quantitative value).To carry out this work, we had to: firstly build a database of DfE rules, secondly establish a method to choose these rules in the context of the design project objectives, thirdly establish calculation formula for the indicators
Concevoir un produit pour plusieurs vies : Propositions pour la conception et l'évaluation environnementales de solutions en cascade by Tom Bauer( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD dissertation focuses on an innovative end-of-life strategy: repurposing. We define 'repurposing' as a manufacturing process through which products nearing their end-of-life are reused in different applications. At the end of their intended use, products are reintegrated into the manufacturing chain and adapted for their next application. We also refer to this strategy as cascading application reuse (CAR). The main purpose of CAR is the preservation of the added-value of such products. This strategy is in line with other reuse strategies such as direct reuse and remanufacturing.The central illustration in our case study addresses lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles, which are recycled when the battery's charging capacity falls below 80%. Extending the component lifespan with a second application, e.g. stationary application, postpones introduction into the waste stream, retaining the added-value from the original manufacturing process. Despite these advantages, examples of product adaptation for CAR remain at a proof-of-concept scale - currently these products and their value chains are not yet designed with strategies supporting reuse.The objective of this research is to provide a clear vision to design teams about repurposing strategies, how to integrate the strategies during the upstream stages of the design process and how to facilitate the corresponding lifecycle assessment. The objective is to support designers during the manufacturing of repurposed products. We make three proposals.The first consists of classifying the characteristics specific to the repurposing strategy according to three axes: the product, the (re)manufacturing process and the business model. Through this framework, we describe the dimensions and characteristics of what the repurposed product offers, which are integral during the design activity. These attributes are the result of a study of the relevant literature coupled with several field investigations.Our second proposal concerns the design process for such products. Indeed, several differences with classical design practices appear: the need for product recovery at the end of use, subsequent applications and needs not fully defined, which affect performance, etc. A design stage for repurposed products must therefore be integrated before subsequent applications in order to optimise redesign solutions. Integrated as early as possible, they aim to facilitate product reuse by taking into account stakeholders, life cycle phases, time aspects and better information management.Finally, a generic framework structuring the carrying out of life cycle analyses of repurposing is proposed. This will simplify the inclusion of their specificities for life cycle assessments (LCA) practitioners. Indeed, the complexity of LCA modelling for cascading applications products requires more rigour and precision than single application products. To support this framework, three recommendations for design teams are made, the objective of which is to better formalise the information from the design process. These recommendations support the formalisation of contextual elements to improve comparison with other studies and the organisation of information for sensitivity analyses.These three proposals are implemented on two battery case studies, during working sessions involving stakeholders representing the complete life cycle: sponsor, design teams, logisticians, recycler, etc
Intégration des contraintes de remanufacturabilité en conception de produits by Miguel Angel Lopez-Ontiveros( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The mass of products in end of life becomes a real problem for the environment. Thus, industrials carry their attention on the product end of life strategies. The remanufacturing is an end of life strategy that reduces the use of raw materials and saves energy while preserving the value added during the design and manufacturing processes. But, in most of the cases, remanufacturing processes must be adapted to existing products because products have not been designed to be remanufacturable. The aim of our research was to propose an approach for the designers to integrate remanufacturing constraints during the design process. The purpose of this study was to identify product profiles based on design criteria to structure rules and indicators that designers will use during the conceptual design phase.For the products profiles definition 8 categories of design criteria were identified based on a survey of about thirty products successfully remanufactured. Then, we have developed the tool REPROø (REmanufacturig with PROducts PROfiles) that should lead to a real integrated design of remanufacturable products. Indeed, with this tool, designers at the beginning of their design project can use products profiles. It gives specific information to improve the internal technical definition of the product under study from a remanufacturing point of view
Assessment of the environmental benefits provided by closed-loop strategies for industrial products by Jorge Luis Amaya Rivas( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Products with multiple use phases have to be considered regarding new economic and environmental pressures.Therefore, the related complex life cycles of (re)manufactured products have to be modeled and assessed by designteams for a better understanding of their performance. This thesis presents methodologies to represent, model andassess closed-loop product lifecycle (focused on remanufacturing strategies). The study shows how to establishenvironmental assessments for remanufactured products life cycles and how to compare them to environmentalassessments for classical life cycles.The present study shows how to establish the models and how to compare the environmental assessments ofremanufactured products life cycles vs. classical life cycle scenarios. The objective is to provide easy to use methodsand tools for designers to allow them quantifying the environmental benefits related to the use of a closed loopstrategy. In this project, a life cycle assessment, life cycle bricks, and a parametric model of the products are used toevaluate and compare the environmental benefits provided by the remanufacturing. The methodologies and modelshave been developed based on previous works, such as the the life cycle bricks concept developed by Gehin et al.[2007].On the other hand, the thesis proposes a model to assess the product-service systems elements and their respectivelife cycle from an environmental point of view. Here, the thesis focuses on the development of a model whichintegrates the product lifecycle within those parameters by a product-service system strategy, taking into accountphysical elements, as well as the infrastructures network, unit services design, supply chain actors and theirinteractions.Finally, a model has been developed to assess from an environmental point of view the data of the operations andactivities around product life cycle of the products with final non classic disposition scenarios (remanufacturing asend-of-life scenario and multiple uses by the disposition of the service offers system as a business strategy). Themethodologies and models proposed allow identifying and distinguishing impacts between the different product lifecycle stages and readjust the designers' decision at the product design stage. The results can be further used insimulation, to evaluate the environmental performance of different product life cycle end-of-life scenarios
Integration of material circularity in product design by Mauricio Dwek( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the last decades, many tools have been developed to understand and manage the anthropogenic cycles of materials, with different approaches. Each handles the material flows in society in different ways and each possesses its respective databases that fuel their uses. Yet there seems to be no common ground of communication between design activities and cycling activities, as well as their respective stakeholders, which hinders the information exchanges required for a proper management of discarded products (and their materials). This thesis provides two original contributions to circular product design: a tool for the integration of material circularity in product design and a framework to characterize material cycling networks. The tool is composed of a multi-criteria indicator for circular material value that is used in the Design for Material Circularity method. The framework is based on an extensive literature review enhanced by industry experts' interviews and provides a basis for data collection and knowledge capitalization on cycling activities. The open-loop recycling networks of eight materials, from the three main material classes, are characterized using this framework (steel, aluminium, copper, precious metals, specialty metals, rare earth elements, plastics and glass). Two case studies detail the deployment of these contributions. The first focuses on the optimal choice of material and end-of-life scenario for a 1,5-litre bottle container. The second is aimed at identifying material circularity hotspots and ideal end-of-life scenarios for a vehicular lithium-ion battery pack
Éco-conception par une Approche Multicritère d'un Système Polymère/Traceurs/Détecteur pour le tri automatisé par spectrométrie de fluorescence UV-VIS en vue d'augmenter la recyclabilité des produits by Elisabeth Maris( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The recycling of materials from end of life products is a important issue to preserve our resources of raw materials which are more and more rare and the extraction of which is more and more impactant for the environment. Nevertheless certain materials are little recycled. It is the case of dark colored polymers.The originality of this work is to have integrated into the process of design two strategies of ecodesign: the limits of current sorting processes and the limits on the resources. This approach succeeded to design a material and its process of recycling. This system brings potentially an environmental bonus by allowing producing more recycled materials on the market, satisfying the consumers by bringing a traceability of these materials and a new technology validated by the development of a demonstrator coupled with an industrial conveyor
 
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Innovation in life cycle engineering and sustainable development
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