WorldCat Identities

World Bank Development Research Group Growth and Macroeconomics Team

Overview
Works: 37 works in 45 publications in 1 language and 469 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Periodicals 
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by World Bank
Democratic jihad? : military intervention and democracy by Nils Petter Gleditsch( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Democracies rarely if ever fight one another, but they participate in wars as frequently as autocracies. They tend to win the wars in which they participate. Democracies frequently build large alliances in wartime, but not only with other democracies. From time to time democracies intervene militarily in ongoing conflicts. The democratic peace may contribute to a normative justification for such interventions, for the purpose of promoting democracy and eventually for the promotion of peace. This is reinforced by an emerging norm of humanitarian intervention. Democracies may have a motivation to intervene in non-democracies, even in the absence of ongoing conflict, for the purpose of regime change. The recent Iraq War may be interpreted in this perspective. A strong version of this type of foreign policy may be interpreted as a democratic crusade. The paper examines the normative and theoretical foundations of democratic interventionism. An empirical investigation of interventions in the period 1960-96 indicates that democracies intervene quite frequently, but rarely against other democracies. In the short term, democratic intervention appears to be successfully promoting democratization, but the target states tend to end up among the unstable semi-democracies. The most widely publicized recent interventions are targeted on poor or resource-dependent countries in non-democratic neighborhoods. Previous research has found these characteristics to reduce the prospects for stable democracy. Thus, forced democratization is unpredictable with regard to achieving long-term democracy and potentially harmful with regard to securing peace. But short-term military successes may stimulate more interventions until the negative consequences become more visible
Family altruism and incentives by Roberta Gatti( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the presence of imperfect information and uncertainty, altruistic parents might use intergenerational transfers strategically to elicit effort from their children. As a result, gift and bequests are less reactive to the income realizations of the children than the standard altruistic model of the family predicts. Ricardian equivalence holds in this setup whenever the non-negativity constraint on bequests is not binding
Disarming fears of diversity : ethnic heterogeneity and state militarization, 1988-2002 by Indra de Soysa( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors address the question of state militarization under conditions of ethnic and other diversity. "Primordialist" claims about ancient hatreds, fear, and insecurity in such societies would lead one to expect that fractionalization, polarization, and ethno-nationalist exclusion would prompt governments to militarize heavily. But contrary to such expectations, the authors find that higher levels of ethnic diversity predict lower levels of militarization, whereas higher polarization and ethno-nationalist exclusion trigger neither lower nor higher levels of militarization. If fractionalization lowers the hazard of civil war, as many find, then it does not happen by way of a "garrison state" effect. The authors discuss two potential explanations for their findings, one drawing from the empirical conflict literature, the other stemming from economists' study of public goods provision under conditions of diversity. They argue that their findings are best seen as consistent with and complementary to the empirical literature on conflict onset and duration
Civil war, crop failure, and child stunting in Rwanda by Richard Akresh( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic shocks at birth have lasting effects on children's health several years after the shock. The authors calculate height for age z-scores for children under age five using data from a Rwandan nationally representative household survey conducted in 1992. They exploit district and time variation in crop failure and civil conflict to measure the impact of exogenous shocks that children experience at birth on their height several years later. They find that boys and girls born after the shock in regions experiencing civil conflict are both negatively affected with height for age z-scores 0.30 and 0.72 standard deviations lower, respectively. Conversely, only girls are negatively affected by crop failure, with these girls exhibiting 0.41 standard deviation lower height for age z-scores and the impact is worse for girls in poor households. Results are robust to using sibling difference estimators, household level production, and rainfall shocks as alternative measures of crop failure
Governance matters VI : aggregate and individual governance indicators, 1996-2006 by Daniel Kaufmann( )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reports on the latest update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project covering 212 countries and territories and measuring six dimensions of governance between 1996 and 2006: voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and control of corruption. This latest set of aggregate indicators are based on hundreds of specific and disaggregated individual variables measuring various dimensions of governance taken from 33 data sources provided by 30 different organizations. The data reflect the views on governance of public sector, private sector, and nongovernmental organization experts, as well as thousands of citizen and firm survey respondents worldwide. The paper also explicitly reports the margins of error accompanying each country estimate. These reflect the inherent difficulties in measuring governance using any kind of data. It finds that even after taking margins of error into account, the WGI permit meaningful cross-country comparisons, as well as monitoring progress over time. In less than a decade, a substantial number of countries exhibit statistically significant improvements in at least one dimension of governance, while other countries exhibit deterioration in some dimensions. The decade-long aggregate indicators, together with the disaggregated individual indicators, are available in a newly-redesigned website at www.govindicators.org
Population size, concentration, and civil war : a geographically disaggregated analysis by Clionadh Raleigh( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why do larger countries have more armed conflict? This paper surveys three sets of hypotheses forwarded in the conflict literature regarding the relationship between the size and location of population groups: Hypotheses based on pure population mass, on distances, on population concentrations, and some residual state-level characteristics. The hypotheses are tested on a new dataset-ACLED (Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset)-which disaggregates internal conflicts into individual events. The analysis covers 14 countries in Central Africa. The conflict event data are juxtaposed with geographically disaggregated data on populations, distance to capitals, borders, and road networks. The paper develops a statistical method to analyze this type of data. The analysis confirms several of the hypotheses
Infrastructure in Latin America by Cesar Calderon( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An adequate supply of infrastructure services has long been viewed by both academics and policy makers as a key ingredient for economic development. Over the past quarter-century, the retrenchment of Latin America's public sector from its dominant position in the provision of infrastructure, and the opening up of these industries to private participation, have renewed the debate on the role of infrastructure in the region's development. The focus of this paper is three-fold. First, it documents, in a comparative cross-regional perspective, the trends in Latin America's infrastructure development, as reflected in the quantity and quality of infrastructure services and the universality of their access. Overall, this suggests the emergence of an infrastructure gap vis-à-vis other industrial and developing regions. Second, it provides an empirical assessment of the contribution of infrastructure development to growth across Latin America. Third, it examines the trends in the financing of infrastructure investment--documenting the changing roles of the public and private sectors--and analyzes how they have been shaped by macroeconomic policy constraints
Are all the sacred cows dead? : Implications of the financial crisis for macro and financial policies by Asli Demirgüç-Kunt( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The recent global financial crisis has shaken the confidence of developed and developing countries alike in the very blueprint of financial and macro policies that underlie the western capitalist systems. In an effort to contain the crisis from spreading, the authorities in the U.S. and many European governments have taken unprecedented steps of providing extensive liquidity, giving assurances to bank depositors and creditors that include blanket guarantees, and structuring bail-out programs that include taking large ownership stakes in financial institutions, in addition to establishing programs for direct provision of credit to non-financial institutions. Emphasizing the importance of incentives and tensions between short term and longer term policy responses to crisis management, this paper draws on a large body of research evidence and country experiences to discuss the implications of the current crisis for financial and macroeconomic policies going forward
Governance matters VII : aggregate and individual governance indicators, 1996-2007 by Daniel Kaufmann( )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reports on the latest update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project covering 212 countries and territories and measuring six dimensions of governance between 1996 and 2007: voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and control of corruption. This latest set of aggregate indicators are based on hundreds of specific and disaggregated individual variables measuring various dimensions of governance taken from 35 data sources provided by 32 different organizations. The data reflect the views on governance of public sector, private sector, and NGO experts, as well as thousands of citizen and firm survey respondents worldwide. The authors also explicitly report the margins of error accompanying each country estimate. These long aggregate indicators, together with the disaggregated individual indicators, are available at www.govindicators.org
Beyond legal origin and checks and balances : political credibility, citizen information, and financial sector development by Philip Keefer( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Weaponomics : the global market for assault rifles by Phillip Killicoat( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Insurgency and credible commitment in autocracies and democracies by Philip Keefer( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Political leadership, conflict, and the prospects for constitutional peace by Colin Jennings( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Oil and the propensity to armed struggle in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria by Aderoju Oyefusi( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Capital market development : whither Latin America? by Augusto de la Torre( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Walking up the down escalator : public investment and fiscal stability by William Russell Easterly( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Horizontal inequalities, political environment, and civil conflict : evidence from 55 developing countries, 1986-2003 by Gudrun Østby( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A kleptocrat's survival guide : autocratic longevity in the face of civil conflict by Gary John Milante( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Governance matters VI : aggregate and individual governance indicators, 1996-2006 by Daniel Kaufmann( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The worldwide governance indicators project : answering the critics by Daniel Kaufmann( Recording )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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