WorldCat Identities

Lin, Mike C. J.

Overview
Works: 36 works in 92 publications in 1 language and 1,186 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: TH223,
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Mike C. J Lin
Process optimization guide for military manufacturing and maintenance facilities by Mike C. J Lin( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Industrial facilities operated by the Department of Defense (DOD) consume significant amounts of energy and emit large quantities of pollutants. Recent Executive Orders issued by the President set goals for increased energy efficiency and reduced emissions for these industrial facilities. Cost-effective compliance with these directives and more stringent environmental regulations in the existing DOD industrial bases will require a thorough evaluation of the industrial activities and their potential for improvements. Through process optimization (PO), energy and environmental performance can be improved by analyzing and changing the manufacturing and maintenance processes themselves to increase productivity. Significant energy and environmental improvements are by-products of optimizing capacity utilization, and reducing rework, scrap, and off-specification product. From a cost perspective, process capacity, materials, and labor utilization are far more significant than energy and environmental concerns. However, all of these issues must be considered together to achieve DOD's mission of military readiness for manufacturing and maintenance facilities in the most efficient, cost-effective way. This report provides a PO guide that shows the methodology and technique in conducting PO audits, presenting results, preparing reports, and implementing recommended projects. PO guidelines and expert advice for DOD manufacturing and maintenance facilities are also listed
Development of the process energy and pollution reduction (PEPR) analysis tool by Mike C. J Lin( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Department of Defense (DOD) industrial facilities consume large amounts of energy and emit significant quantities of air pollutants. Recent Executive Orders issued by the President set goals for increased energy efficiency and reduced emissions that must be met by these industrial facilities. To help address these needs, the U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL) has initiated programs to: (1) develop a Process Energy and Pollution Reduction (PEPR) screening tool that can provide energy and emissions evaluations, and (2) identify conservation opportunities for reduced energy consumption and toxic air emissions, via energy efficiency and operational improvements. An evaluation of the industrial operations at Army Materiel Command (AMC) installations identified five energy-intensive industrial processes for further analysis. Energy conservation and emission reduction opportunities were identified. Energy requirements and emissions were quantified for the alternate technologies and used to estimate total energy usage and emissions for the revised processes. As an aid for rapidly screening these energy conservation opportunities (ECOs) throughout the DOD industrial facilities, a general-purpose PEPR software tool was developed to link the energy/emissions evaluation routines for the selected processes with the ECOs
Energy conservation and air toxic compliance plan for Department of Defense industrial facilities( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Enhancement of the Central Heating Plant Economic Evaluation Program (CHPECON) by Mike C. J Lin( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fiscal year 1986 Defense Appropriations Act (PL-99-190) Section 8110 directs the Department of Defense (DOD) to implement the rehabilitation and conversion of central heating plants to coal firing, where a cost benefit can be realized. To help Army installations comply with this law, the U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL) has developed the Central Heating Plant Economic Evaluation Program (CHPECON), a PC-based software program that includes a series of screening and life cycle cost estimating models to determine when and where specific coal combustion technologies could be implemented in DOD central heating plants using coal, gas, or oil. This study incorporated several new heating plant options to enhance CHPECON's current retrofit screening and life cycle cost models with a sensitivity analysis capability that may relate to changes in boiler load, fuel price, escalation factors, discount rate, operations and maintenance (O & M) costs, plant life, etc., and also to resolve issues raised during beta testing. An addendum to the User Manual was written to describe the use of enhancements to the program, and recommendations for further program improvement were made
Review of Department of Defense industrial processes and process energy by Mike C. J Lin( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Defense Energy Program Memorandum (DEPPM) 91-2 and Executive Order 12759 assign energy efficiency goals for Federal facilities for Fiscal Year 2000 (FYOO) as compared to base year FY85. Each Depanment of Defense (DOD) component is directed to prescribe policies and establish appropriate measures to improve energy efficiency of the aggregate of its industrial energy-consuming facilities by at least 20 percent in FYOO in comparison to FY85. In most instances, these new energy and environmental directives exceed the performance capabilities of DOD's installed industrial technologies. (The vast majority of DOD industrial activities use technologies that are over 40 years old.) Cost-effective compliance with these directives in the existing DOD industrial base requires a thorough evaluation of DOD industrial activities and their potential for improvements. This project began that evaluation and identified a wide range of low-cost energy and pollution reduction opportunities and energy conservation opportunities (ECOs) at DOD industrial facilities in which reduced energy consumption can, via energy efficiency and operational improvements, simultaneously and significantly reduce pollutant emissions at DOD industrial facilities within the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force
A steam load forecasting technique for central heating plants by Mike C. J Lin( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Because boilers generally are most efficient at full loads, the Army could achieve significant savings by running fewer boilers at high loads rather than more boilers at low loads. A reliable load prediction technique could help ensure that only those boilers required to meet demand are on line. This report presents the results of an investigation into the feasibility of forecasting heat plant steam loads from historical patterns and weather information. Using steam flow data collected at Fort Benjamin Harrison, IN, a Box-Jenkins transfer function model with an acceptably small prediction error was initially identified. Initial investigation of forecast model development appeared successful. Dynamic regression methods using actual ambient temperatures yielded the best results. Box-Jenkins univariate models' results appeared slightly less accurate. Since temperature information was not needed for model building and forecasting, however, it is recommended that Box-Jenkins models be considered prime candidates for load forecasting due to their simpler mathematics
Energy supply alternatives for the year 2002 at the U.S. Military Academy (USMA) by Mike C. J Lin( Book )

5 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. Military Academy (USMA) is concerned about how to meet present and future energy demands as the existing generating equipment and distribution facilities age. To help the installation develop an energy supply plan, the USMA asked the U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories to determine options for future energy supply, taking into consideration both the projected increases in energy demands and the Army's energy conservation goals. Researchers considered 68 separate plans based on plant location; type of distribution system; cogeneration; steam, hot water, and chilled water technologies; coal, gas, and fuel oils; and environmental constraints. Based on this study, the lowest cost plan is to refurbish the existing power plant with new high pressure gas/oil boilers and new steam turbine generators. If the USMA decides to build a new plant, non-cogeneration using gas/oil-fired boilers or cogeneration using gas turbine generators with heat recovery boilers should be used. The existing steam distribution system should be maintained with repairs as needed. A new central chiller plant is not recommended. The USMA should assess fuel costs, electrical energy costs, and capital costs for the top five economically ranked plans before proceeding with an energy construction project. (AN)
Development and field test of the Central Energy Plant Adaptive Control System (CEPACS)( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Spare parts for the outdated control systems at many Army central energy plants (CEPS) are difficult to acquire. This fact, combined with recent price reductions in modern control hardware and software, has made it practical to replace these old systems with controls that incorporate modern electronics and advanced boiler-control technologies to improve safety, reliability, and efficiency. This report documents the development of a prototype Central Energy Plant Adaptive Control System (CEPACS) and the results of a field test of the system in a gas/oil-fired boiler at the University of Illinois Abbott Power Plant in Champaign, IL. The prototype self-tuning adaptive system is a complete controller for a steam generation system that achieves a high degree of operational automation; the system significantly reduces the need for operator intervention into plant operation. The first set of field trials demonstrated excellent combustion control as well as improved drum pressure controls. The results indicate immediate payback in terms of fuel savings and enhanced safety
Steam dispatching control system demonstration at Fort Benjamin Harrison by Christopher L Dilks( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Currently most Army Central steam heating systems operate by maintaining a constant steam pressure regardless of actual steam demand. This method offers some operational convenience, but is often the cause of significant energy losses. Researchers at the U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL) have investigated the Steam Dispatching Control System (SDCS), a control system that lowers supply steam pressure-and therefore steam temperature-to slightly above the amount needed to meet the steam demand. The lower Steam temperature and reduction in steam loss (from leaks and faulty traps) result in lower heat losses and higher energy savings. Limiting steam pressure can diminish the amount of excess heat loss in the distribution system while still meeting the demand. The Army's Facilities Engineering Applications Program (FEAP) chose Fort Benjamin Harrison, IN, as the Army demonstration site for SDCS. Researchers found that use of SDCS is technically and economically viable improvement over current operating procedures. Analysis based on demonstration results show that the simple payback for SDCS is less than 1 year. The results of this demonstration are generally applicable to installations with a large central heating plant and a substantial steam distribution system. Findings, indicate that energy savings form SDCS are significant regardless of what type of fuel powers the boiler. The authors note that, during the initial evaluation of a potential SDCS application, attention must be paid to the condensate return to ensure that it will operate properly. Fort Benjamin Harrison, IN, Steam Dispatching Control System(SDCS), Central heating plants, energy conservation
Adaptive boiler controls : market survey and appraisal of a prototype system by Steven R Warner( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many of the Army's boilers have original, outmoded controls and problems associated with code compliance, efficiency, reliability, and availability of spare parts. With uncertain future base requirements, aging equipment, and constrained budgets, a strategic direction is evolving to selectively refurbish boilers that, meet minimum mechanical standards. The refurbishing of boilers will include installation of contemporary control systems. Because of the rapid advance in computer and electronic technologies accompanied by substantial reduction in manufacturing costs, retrofitting outdated control systems with state-of-the-art hardware and software could be cost effective. Adaptive controller technologies are suitable for application under a wide variety of operating conditions. This report documents the results of a market survey of adaptive controllers applied to boiler controls. Various adaptive controller technologies are briefly discussed. Costs and system application information were collected from widely recognized vendors. Boilers, Central heating plants, Energy efficient
Central heating plant economic evaluation program( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An economic analysis of converting large gas- and oil-fired heating plants to coal by Mike C. J Lin( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 75 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public Law 99-190 requires the Department of Defense to increase the use of coal at its facilities in the United States. This study investigated the cost effectiveness of burning coal (versus gas or oil) in 88 large heating plants located at 55 Army installations in the continental United States. Non- coal-fired plants with capacities greater than 50 MBtu/hr were selected, and the USACERL-developed Central Heating Plant Economic Evaluation (CHPECON) program was used to estimate the life-cycle costs (LCC) of new plants of equal capacity burning gas, No. 2 oil, No. 6 oil, or coal using the following technologies: stokers, coal water slurries, coal-oil mixture, micronized coal, and fluidized bed combustors. The study concluded that building new coal-fired plants to replace aging gas- or oil-fired plants would be cost effective in only one location, where coal was competitive with gas. However, retrofitting heavy oil plants for coal firing may increase coal consumption and provide potential cost savings for 38 heating plants. Calculated savings ranged between $8 million and $239 million over the 25-year plant life. More detailed engineering studies were recommended to confirm the projected savings at 15 of the Army heating plants studied. Economic analysis, Oil-fired heating plants, Central heating plants, Gas-fired heating plants, Central Heating Plant Economic Evaluation(CHPECON), Coal
Central heating plant economic evaluation program( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public Law has directed the Department of Defense (DOD) to rehabilitate and convert its existing domestic power plants to burn more coal. Other Federal legislation requires DOD to use the most economic fuel for any new heating system. This five-volume report discusses the Central Heating Plant Economic Evaluation Program (CHPECON), a computer program for screening potential new and retrofit steam/power generation facilities. Volume 1 is the Technical Reference. Volume 2 is the User's Manual. Volume 3 is the Military Base Weather Information Data Management Program. Volume 4 is the Coalfield Properties Information Data Management Program. Volume 5 is the Emission Regulations Data Management Program. CHPECON provides screening criteria to evaluate competing combustion technologies using coal, gas, or oil; detailed conceptual facility design information; budgetary facility costs; and economic measures of project acceptability including total life cycle costs and levelized cost of service. The program provides sufficient flexibility to vary critical design and operating parameters to determine project sensitivity and parametric evaluation
Energy and Process Optimization and Benchmarking of Army Industrial Processes( )

4 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Energy and process optimization studies were conducted at selected Army Arsenals and Depots (Rock Island Arsenals; Corpus Christi, Tobyhanna, and Sierra Army Depots) to compare/benchmark energy use among these facilities and against private sector manufacturing facilities; and to identify energy conservation, process, and environmental opportunities that can improve the installations competitive positions. The results were evaluated to determine which processes were efficient, and those that could improve. Four processes were identified as suitable for benchmarking: metal casting, metal finishing, painting, and heat treat. The metal casting operation at Rock Island Arsenal was found to be one of the most efficient of the 59 foundries surveyed. The remaining three Arsenal and Depot operations were found comparable with and in some areas more advanced than their private industry counterparts. By analyzing strengths and weakness, these benchmarks help installations to achieve greater energy efficiency by continuous process improvement. The report covers basic energy consuming systems at most facilities and details energy saving measures that can reduce energy use and increase operational performance. This work can be used by energy and production managers at other DOD installations to optimize production processes performance and reduce their energy use
Central heating plant economic evaluation program( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public Law has directed the Department of Defense (DOD) to rehabilitate and convert its existing domestic power plants to burn more coal. Other Federal legislation requires DOD to use the most economic fuel for any new heating system. This five-volume report discusses the Central Heating Plant Economic Evaluation Program (CHPECON), a computer program for screening potential new and retrofit steam/power generation facilities. Volume 1 is the Technical Reference. Volume 2 is the User's Manual. Volume 3 is the Military Base Weather Information Data Management Program. Volume 4 is the Coalfield Properties Information Data Management Program. Volume 5 is the Emission Regulations Data Management Program. CHPECON provides screening criteria to evaluate competing combustion technologies using coal, gas, or oil; detailed conceptual facility design information; budgetary facility costs; and economic measures of project acceptability including total life cycle costs and levelized cost of service. The program provides sufficient flexibility to vary critical design and operating parameters to determine project sensitivity and parametric evaluation. (MM)
Selection guidelines for central heat plant controls by Steven R Warner( Book )

2 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The operation and control of Central Heating Plants (CHPs) are important factors in maintaining the readiness of U.S. Army installations. Aging CHPs often experience increased interruptions, maintenance difficulties, and inefficient operation. As fuel costs increase, there is a growing need to take advantage of new, emerging control technologies. Microprocessor-based controls can provide opportunities for increased reliability, enhanced safety, better performance monitoring, and cost reduction. However, upgraded control systems cannot compensate for a boiler in poor mechanical condition. Any proposed control systems upgrade must be preceded by a mechanical assessment of the boiler. These CHP control guidelines can help installation personnel develop budgetary-cost proposals to upgrade gas/oil-fired boiler controls for gas/oil-fired steam or high temperature hot water (HTHW) systems. These general guidelines provide basic information to evaluate the feasibility of upgrading boiler control systems, and a methodology for developing budget proposals. Judgement is required to develop designs for specific unit and site characteristics, boiler safety codes, and local regulatory requirements. These guidelines do not eliminate the need for competent professional engineers to finalize assessments of existing conditions, to develop a plant control system design that meets existing and new requirements, and to evaluate alternative contractor proposals
Coal conversion at Picatinny Arsenal and Forts Campbell, Bragg, and Gordon : a feasibility study( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public Law 99-190 requires the Department of Defense to increase the use of coal at its facilities in the United States. This study investigated the feasibility of converting oil- and gas-fired heating plants to coal firing at four Army installations: Fort Bragg, NC; Fort Campbell, KY; Fort Gordon, GA; and Picatinny Arsenal, NJ. Information on the energy systems at the selected sites was gathered by site visit and survey, and project life cycle cost (LCC) was computationally estimated. The study concluded that, for the four installations, there would be a lower life-cycle cost (LCC) in maintaining the status quo than in building new plants. However, where new plant construction is planned, the larger the plants, the better its potential for cost-effectively using coal as a plant fuel. The use of coal at a new plant at Fort Bragg was found to be more cost effective than gas or oil, and may result in significant cost savings. For the other three installations studied, significant price increases in alternate fuels would be required before coal would become economically feasible (31 to 73 percent for gas, and 50 to 84 percent for 6 fuel oil). Ft. Bragg, NC, Army coal conversion program, Ft. Campbell, KY, Coal-fixed technologies, Ft. Gordon, GA, Cost-effectiveness
Central heating plant economic evaluation program( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public Law has directed the Department of Defense (DOD) to rehabilitate and convert its existing domestic power plants to burn more coal. Other Federal legislation requires DOD to use the most economic fuel for any new heating system. This five-volume report discusses the Central Heating Plant Economic Evaluation Program (CHPECON), a computer program for screening potential new and retrofit steam/power generation facilities. Volume 1 is the Technical Reference. Volume 2 is the User's Manual. Volume 3 is the Military Base Weather Information Data Management Program. Volume 4 is the Coalfield Properties Information Data Management Program. Volume 5 is the Emission Regulations Data Management Program. CHPECON provides screening criteria to evaluate competing combustion technologies using coal, gas, or oil; detailed conceptual facility design information; budgetary facility costs; and economic measures of project acceptability including total life cycle costs and levelized cost of service. The program provides sufficient flexibility to vary critical design and operating parameters to determine project sensitivity and parametric evaluation. (AN)
Central heating plant economic evaluation program( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Central heating plant economic evaluation program( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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English (55)