WorldCat Identities

Ishikawa, T. (Toshiharu)

Overview
Works: 17 works in 60 publications in 3 languages and 1,328 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Editor, Author, htt
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by T Ishikawa
Time and space in economics by Toichiro Asada( )

12 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 521 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation In August 2005, a small but important conference took place at Chuo University in Tokyo, Japan. The Chuo Meeting on Economics of Time and Space 2005 (Chuo METS 05) aimed to enrich the respective disciplines of the economics of time (dynamic economics) and the economics of space (spatial economics) and to expand their applicability in the real world. The chapters contained herein are based on the papers presented at that conference
Dynamic locational phases of economic activity in the globalized world by T Ishikawa( )

13 editions published between 2016 and 2018 in English and German and held by 300 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book clarifies the mechanisms of economic globalization in changing industries’ locations and shows how industries’ locations have changed through those mechanisms. First, the book deals with the retailing industry. Introducing the concept of a contact price into the market area analysis, it is shown in Part I that retailers’ market areas and prices are changed in different ways by a reduction of transportation costs. The mechanism of these changes is explained by checking the contact prices at apexes of the retailers’ market areas. Then the book moves to the manufacturing industry and deals with a firm’s production process. Part II of the book shows the manner in which the production volume of factories within an agglomeration is decreased as the number of factories within the agglomeration increases. Subsequently, considering the fact that many production factories depart from agglomerations to other sites to reduce production costs, a method of searching for a factory’s new site is proposed in which a firm can seek out an optimal location of a factory in a short period of time. By referring to a chaotic phenomenon, a firm sets a location prospective area in a large geographical area and selects an optimal location within that area. In the third part of the book the city system is the focus. Part III elucidates the theoretical formation of a city system and analyzes structural changes of a city system due to a reduction of transportation costs. The mechanism of the change is explained by a flexible market area theory which studies a city system by using the market areas established in the free-entry equilibrium. Then, the economic relationships between the cities within a city system are examined from the point of view of the land rent in the cities’ areas. This analysis shows the influences of a change in the largest city on other cities. Finally, the relationships between a city system and regional performance are examined using real data. The examination shows that the city system reveals the regional performance
Firms’ location selections and regional policy in the global economy( )

13 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 291 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book offers a new understanding of how firms determine their location and what kinds of regional economic policies are needed to attract factories to a country and a region in a highly globalized economic setting. The theoretical and empirical analyses examine the influence of the transfer pricing system, corporate tax rates, and a country's industrial structure on a firm's decision to locate and the impact of firms' location on regional economic activities. The theoretical analysis elucidates the importance of the above-mentioned factors in the firm's selection of possible location. The empirical analysis uses as an example the case of a supply chain in East Asia. The empirical analysis is illustrated with the regional/spatial development experiences at the country level and city level of selected countries and cities. The analysis offers a perspective for understanding the spatial patterns of a cross-border production system
Locational Analysis of Firms’ Activities from a Strategic Perspective( )

7 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 196 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book presents a variety of research papers on factories' locations, city systems, and regional development. Consisting of three parts, it provides insights into the locational aspects of firms' activities from a strategic perspective. Part 1 discusses decision-making in the context of location, specifying the motivation for firms to move their factories provided by the corporate tax system. It also presents a case study from East Asia to clarify a mechanism by which firms move factories. Part 2 addresses city systems, offering theoretical clues to understanding why city systems are important to regional economies. It also clarifies from the empirical analysis the relations between city systems and the performances of regional economies. Part 3 investigates the topic of industrial parks, demonstrating how they form a basis for establishing industrial clusters in regional economies. In addition, it examines the economic phases, such as economic disparity, generated in the process of development
Keizai kūkan no sosei riron by T Ishikawa( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in Japanese and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Kūkan keizaigaku no kiso riron( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in Japanese and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Firms' location selections and regional economic policy industrial location in the highly globalized economy( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book offers a new understanding of how firms determine their location and what kinds of regional economic policies are needed to attract factories to a country and a region in a highly globalized economic setting. The theoretical and empirical analyses examine the influence of the transfer pricing system, corporate tax rates, and a country's industrial structure on a firm's decision to locate and the impact of firms' location on regional economic activities. The theoretical analysis elucidates the importance of the above-mentioned factors in the firm's selection of possible location. The empirical analysis uses as an example the case of a supply chain in East Asia. The empirical analysis is illustrated with the regional/spatial development experiences at the country level and city level of selected countries and cities. The analysis offers a perspective for understanding the spatial patterns of a cross-border production system
Firms' location selections and regional economic policy in the global economy( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Firms{u2019} Location Selections and Regional Policy in the Global Economy( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book offers a new understanding of how firms determine their location and what kinds of regional economic policies are needed to attract factories to a country and a region in a highly globalized economic setting. The theoretical and empirical analyses examine the influence of the transfer pricing system, corporate tax rates, and a country{u2019}s industrial structure on a firm{u2019}s decision to locate and the impact of firms{u2019} location on regional economic activities. The theoretical analysis elucidates the importance of the above-mentioned factors in the firm{u2019}s selection of possible location. The empirical analysis uses as an example the case of a supply chain in East Asia. The empirical analysis is illustrated with the regional/spatial development experiences at the country level and city level of selected countries and cities. The analysis offers a perspective for understanding the spatial patterns of a cross-border production system
Effects of the corporation tax rates on firms' location selections through the trasfer pricing system by T Ishikawa( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper analyzes effects of the corporation tax rates of countries on firms f location selections using the transfer pricing system. Reduction of transportation costs makes firms f production activities expand to across international borders. This expansion incurs harsh price competition among firms. In order to cope with this competition, firms fragment a production line into small processes to reduce production costs. The fragmented processes tend to move across some countries and locate at some places which are suitable to their production characteristics. The factories must be internationally connected each other in terms of intermediate materials and the related financial treatments. As a result, these factories handle the costs and the revenues arising from the internationally transferred intermediate goods by using the transfer price system. Furthermore, the firms, checking the corporate tax rates of countries, manipulate the transfer prices between their factories which are located in different counties to maximize their profits. This paper shows how the corporate tax rates of countries influence to a firms f location selections through working of the transfer price. Diffusion of the fragmented production processes incurs an increase in the production costs since a firm loses agglomeration economies which it enjoys by consolidating production processes at the same site. Hence it is very important to compare the changes in the benefits and the costs due to the distributing production processes. Incorporating the freight rates of intermediate goods and agglomeration economy into framework of analysis, this paper examines effects of the corporate tax rates of two countries on a firm fs transfer price and factory es location. It is shown in this examination that change of the tax rate of a country clearly affects the transfer price but it does not alter factory fs location in a country where transportation costs of intermediate goods are low: The influence of agglomeration economy to a firm fs location selections varies according to a combination of the corporate tax rates between countries. Interestingly, there is a case that when the corporate tax rate in one country is raised, the tax revenue of the country increases, while the tax revenue of other country decreases by working of the transfer price
Location power of the corporation tax and the interest rate in the globalized eco by T Ishikawa( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

It would not take a long time for a firm to determine factory fs location when the firm fs production activity was almost confined in a country. While, in the globalized economy a firm takes a series of steps to decide factory fs location since spatial range of a firm fs production activity is expanded to a large geographical area in which several countries are contained. Nowadays, as a firm plans to establish a new factory, it faces the issue of country selection and site choices within the selected country. To decide factory fs location a firm proceeds location determination processes deliberating various location factors. Especially, the corporation tax and the interest rates of countries are important location factor in the early stage of the location determination process since they decisively affect the firm fs profits. In addition, in the globalized economy a new mechanism begins to work in firm fs production management, the function of the transfer price of intermediate goods: Many manufacturing firms fragment production process into several blocs and scatter the fragmented blocs across countries. Thus, intermediate goods produced by each factory are moved between the factories which are located in different countries. In the movement of these goods the transfer price is utilized. Because the firm can measure each factory fs profit by using the transfer price and estimate each factory fs profit contribution to the firm. While, the country in which factory locates can charge the corporation tax on the factory fs profit that is grasped by the transfer price. This paper analyzes the effects of the corporation tax rate and the interest rate on the firm fs location decision through the transfer price function. By using a numerical simulation method, this paper clearly shows that the corporation tax rate and the interest rate play decisive role in settling the spatial range in which the location of a factory is prospective, furthermore, these rates influence not only firm fs region selections but also site choices within the selected region. The corporation tax rate and the interest rate which are manipulated by the government and the central bank play the more important role in the determination of factory fs location. This paper suggests that when the government and the central bank settle the corporation tax rate and the interest rate, they should pay attention to these factors f location power
Firms location selections and regional policy in the global economy( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The role of the urban system in a regional government's location policy by T Ishikawa( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Regional governments carry out a series of plans to attract firms to the area to stimulate the economic activity. The firms which are enticed to locate at the area are selected according to the characteristics of the regional economy. These firms are expected to operate the production processes in harmony with the region fs characteristics and develop sustainably the region fs economy. While the firms that plan to build a new factory select a region in a large geographical area for the new establishment to maximize profits. They compare the regions f characteristics in terms of their own interests and determine the region for the factory. It is important for both regional governments and firms to understand the social and economic characteristics of regions and their comparative advantages. Present paper, first, examines the process of the location decision-making of a firm in these days in which economic globalization is common. It is theoretically elucidated in this examination why the characteristics of regional economy play an important role in a firm fs decision-making on the location of a factory. And then, using the empirical analysis of the relationships between Japanese regional economies and urban systems laid in the regions, the paper shows that the structure of urban system influences the region fs social and economic performances. It is concluded from the analysis that the urban systems laid on the regions should be paid more attention by both regional governments and firms because the urban system is related with social and economic achievements in a region and it influences the profit level of the firms and the region fs power to attract firms to the area
An analysis of the effects of the variety of items on the retailer's market areas and the urban system by T Ishikawa( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A hypothesis and an inspection on location polarization of economic activity and population due to economic globalization by T Ishikawa( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In response to economic globalization many manufacturing firms fragment their production processes into small blocs. The fragmented blocs are scattered to the sites suitable to their production characteristics. These location changes alter not only economic composition of individual cities but also spatial organization in urban systems. This paper, first, proposes a theoretical hypothesis that sheds light on the influence of the globalization on altering urban systems. This hypothesis explains a mechanism that a few major cities attract more workers and consumers; some medium cities from which production processes and large retail stores outflow decrease in volume of economic activity; and many small cities entering the fragmented processes are characterized by a single manufacturing industry and small retailers. As a result of the globalization, the distribution of economic activity has been changed among cities so that many urban systems become composed of a large and diversified city and many small and simplified cities. Secondly, the present paper tests the hypothesis above by analyzing the distributions of the employees of manufacturing, retailing, finance sectors, and population of all cities in Japan and Sweden in 1990s. It is shown in this inspection that medium scale cities lose their vitality in the production and retail activity; due to these cities' decay, location distributions of economic activities are divided into a large city and many small cities. It is also elucidated in this analysis that the distribution of production activity in the urban systems in existing industrial area has a tendency to be relatively leveled, while the distribution in the urban systems in local area is relatively converged toward a large city. T hese results from the inspection seem to be consistent with the essence of the theoretical hypothesis
Spatial configurations, competition and welfare by T Ishikawa( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

An application of the frontier price concept in spatial equilibrium analysis by T Ishikawa( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Time and space in economics
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Alternative Names
Ishikawa, T.

Ishikawa, Toshiharu

Ishikawa, Toshiharu 1949-

T. Ishikawa

석천리치 1949-

석천이치 1949-

이시카와 토시하루 1949-

イシカワ, トシハル

イシカワ, トシハル 1949-

石川 利治 1949-....

石川利治

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