WorldCat Identities

Efrati, Noga

Works: 6 works in 23 publications in 2 languages and 1,959 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Creator, Editor
Classifications: HQ1735, 305.4209567
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Noga Efrati
Women in Iraq : past meets present by Noga Efrati( )

11 editions published between 2012 and 2015 in English and held by 1,327 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Noga Efrati outlines the first social and political history of women in Iraq during the periods of British occupation and the British-backed Hashimite monarchy (1917--1958). She traces the harsh and long-lasting implications of British state building on Iraqi women, particularly their legal and political enshrinement as second-class citizens, and the struggle by women's rights activists to counter this precedent. Efrati concludes with a discussion of post-Saddam Iraq and the women's associations now claiming their place in government. Finding common threads between these two generations of women, Efrati underscores the organic roots of the current fight for gender equality shaped by a memory of oppression under the monarchy. Efrati revisits the British strategy of efficient rule, largely adopted by the Iraqi government they erected and the consequent gender policy that emerged. The attempt to control Iraq through "authentic leaders"--Giving them legal and political powers -- marginalized the interests of women and virtually sacrificed their well-being altogether. Iraqi women refused to resign themselves to this fate. From the state's early days, they drew attention to the biases of the Tribal Criminal and Civil Disputes Regulation (TCCDR) and the absence of state intervention in matters of personal status and resisted women's disenfranchisement. Following the coup of 1958, their criticism helped precipitate the dissolution of the TCCDR and the ratification of the Personal Status Law. A new government gender discourse shaped by these past battles arose, yet the U.S.-led invasion of 2003, rather than helping cement women's rights into law, reinstated the British approach. Pressured to secure order and reestablish a pro-Western Iraq, the Americans increasingly turned to the country's "authentic leaders" to maintain control while continuing to marginalize women. Efrati considers Iraqi women's efforts to preserve the progress they have made, utterly defeating the notion that they have been passive witnesses to history
Nashim u-migdar ba-Mizraḥ ha-Tikhon ba-meʼah ha-ʻeśrim( )

3 editions published in 2008 in Hebrew and held by 484 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Post-Saddam Iraq : new realities, old identities, changing patterns by Amnon Cohen( Book )

5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Post-Saddam Iraq comprehensively describes and analyzes the major developments in Iraq, from the US-led invasion up to 2010. The internal political scene - developing along ethnic-sectarian and religious lines (Shi'is and Sunnis, Kurds and Arabs) - is discussed in the context of a reemerging Iraqi national identity. Findings and analyses are based on a systematic study of the Iraqi and Middle Eastern local media, which provides the perspective as to what is taking place in the internal political and social dialogue. Other major developments are also addressed, including women's rights and economic trends. Post-Saddam Iraq offers an important, international dimension to Iraq's post-war development through discussion of: a) the central role played by the Iranian regime and its deep and multi-faceted involvement in the Iraqi internal scene; b) the ambivalent relations with Turkey, which concurrently serves as the main terrestrial channel of trade and economic ties with the world (oil, financial investments); and c) Iraq's marginal position in the affairs of the Arab world. The political and constitutional developments within Iraq are discussed up to the most recent events in late 2010. Nine months after the general elections, a political tug-of-war between the major protagonists has not reached a conclusion, with the intensive involvement of the US behind the scenes attempting to reach an "inclusive" solution. It remains to be seen whether the former centralist policies of the prime minister-to-be will prevail in a state which is gradually disposing of the US military presence, assuming command over its unsolved problems of security and daily life, as well as of its future stability
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1 edition published in 2001 in Hebrew and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Productive or reproductive? The roles of Iraqi women during the Iraq-Iran war by Noga Efrati( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nashim u-migdar ba-Mizraḥ ha-Tikhon ba-meʼah ha-ʻeśrim( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in Hebrew and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.16 (from 0.08 for Nashim u-m ... to 0.97 for Productive ...)

Post-Saddam Iraq : new realities, old identities, changing patterns
Alternative Names
Efrati Nogah

ʾEpratiy Nogah

ʾEpratiy Nwgah

אפרתי נגה

אפרתי נוגה

English (18)

Hebrew (5)