WorldCat Identities

Armstrong, Robert E. 1948-2008

Works: 11 works in 33 publications in 1 language and 3,197 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Robert E Armstrong
Bio-inspired innovation and national security by Robert E Armstrong( )

7 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 999 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From the Introduction: This volume is designed as an overview of the many applications of biology to the military and national security writ large (with the exception of bioweapons and biomedicine). Policy issues are covered, and original research is presented. The diversity of the authors' backgrounds reflects the breadth of applications and opportunities of biology to modern problems. The read should walk away enlightened as to the many possible ways in which biology is influencing and will continue to influence national security. Authors were asked to provede foresight on trends and indicators in their areas of interest (but not forecasts, which would describe a single future state) in order to better understand their implications for the next 20 years or so
So many zebras, so little time : ecological models and counterinsurgency operations by Mark D Drapeau( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 264 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Force ratios are an important variable in warfare and in nature. On the Serengeti, large zebra herds are constantly hunted by small prides of lions. But with their overwhelming majority, why don't the zebras unite and attack the lions? Hooves can be as deadly as claws when used correctly. And conversely, if the lions are such effective predators, why are there so many zebras? Ecological interactions between predators and their prey are complex. Sometimes the few prey on the many; picture a whale devouring thousands of docile microorganisms. And sometimes the many prey on the few, as with killer bees attacking an unsuspecting person. During the past century, the mathematics underlying different types of survival strategies for attacker and evader have been worked out by ecologists, and we now have a fairly good understanding of such relationships. While not a perfect metaphor, it is striking that these quantitative ecology models greatly resemble behavioral interactions during counterinsurgency operations. While a predator-prey model alone may be too simplistic to fully describe counterinsurgency, there are more detailed ecological models of competition that better capture the essence of the problem. The purpose of this paper is not to provide definitive solutions, but to suggest a framework for other researchers to adapt and expand upon. Indeed, many of the models discussed are common to both ecologists and economists. The goals of both types of modeling are similar: maximizing profits in terms of food or money at the least risk death or bankruptcy. From our preliminary work on the possible applications of ecology to counterinsurgency, we hope that others more adept at the use of these quantitative models will make significant contributions to the area of predictive ability in combating terrorism and understanding unconventional warfare
Bird flu and you : a quick guide to protecting yourself and your family from bird (pandemic) flu by Robert E Armstrong( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 260 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Responding in the homeland : a snapshot of NATO's readiness for CBRN attacks by Michael Moodie( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 260 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Looking for trouble : a policymaker's guide to biosensing by Robert E Armstrong( )

4 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 259 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Protecting the population against the effects of a bioterrorism attack is one of the most daunting tasks facing government officials. Some of the information required to make informed decisions is highly technical, and even the technical experts do not agree about many of the details or issues involved. This primer is written for the non-technical policymaker and is designed to assist him or her in reaching important decisions regarding how best to help provide early warning of a biological attack. The authors also present the results of an extensive statistical study that examined the utility of a system-of-systems approach to identifying a bioattack. Using a hypothetical system-of-systems that obtains medically relevant data from 10 sources, the study reaches several conclusions. Among them, that policymakers: " Reassess efforts currently underway that attempt to capture data from absenteeism reporting, OTC pharmacy sales and medical claims reporting, because their value added may not be worth the cost." Increase efforts to collect medical data. These efforts would include, but not be limited to, capturing data from doctors offices and ER visits, as well as expanded veterinary and agricultural surveillance. Increase data collection from medical website visits and nurse helplines." Reassess current plans to significantly increase the number of biosensors deployed as part of both the BioWatch and Guardian programs. Finally, the authors propose testing an innovative approach to monitoring for the presence of biological pathogens. They recommend that the 23,500-strong workforce of law enforcement officers, firefighters and mail carriers in Washington, D.C., be monitored daily by thermal imagers for increases in body temperature. This workforce is uniformly distributed throughout the city and is both inside and outside of buildings, thus avoiding some of the problems cited with the current use of stationary sensor systems
To build resilience : leader influence on mental hardiness by Paul T Bartone( )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 257 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The military profession is inherently stressful and is getting more so for U.S. troops, who are deploying more often and for longer periods of time on missions that are multifaceted, changeable, and ambiguous. Such stressful conditions can lead to a range of health problems and performance decrements even among leaders. But not everyone reacts in negative ways to environmental stress. Most people remain healthy and continue to perform well even in the face of high stress levels. While much attention in recent years has focused on identifying and treating stress-related breakdowns such as post-traumatic stress disorder, scant investment has gone toward the study of healthy, resilient response patterns in people. This paper focuses attention on mental hardiness, an important pathway to resilience. Research over the past 25 years has confirmed that psychological hardiness is a key stress-resilience factor. People who show high levels of psychological hardiness exhibit greater commitment (the abiding sense that life is meaningful and worth living), control (the belief that one chooses and influences his or her own future), and acceptance of challenge (a perspective on change in life as something that is interesting and valuable). We begin with an essential first step: clarifying the major stress factors that are salient in modern military operations. Next, we give a brief summary of the theory and research behind the hardiness construct. Finally, we provide a number of suggestions for how to increase hardiness and stress resilience in organizations, primarily through leader actions and policies. By setting the conditions that increase mental hardiness, leaders at all levels can enhance human health and performance, while preventing many stress-related problems before they occur
Biology and the battlefield by Robert E Armstrong( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 257 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bayes, bugs, and bioterrorists : lessons learned from the anthrax attachks by Kimberly M Thompson( )

4 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 250 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. government continues to improve its plans for protecting civilians and soldiers from attacks with biological weapons. Part of this effort focuses on developing strategies that recognize the difficult choices to be made in using and deploying resources. This paper presents a risk- and decision-based framework derived from the field of Bayesian statistics for developing strategies that facilitate managing the risks of biological agents. The framework recognizes the significantly different attributes of potential biological weapons and offers a strategy for improving communication to effectively coordinate national biopreparedness efforts. The framework identifies generic decisions related to routine immunization, response planning, stockpiling vaccines and therapeutic agents, surveillance choices, containment, emergency response training, research, media and communications preparations, information management, and policy development. This paper provides a straw man to be used in wargames, exercises, practices, etc., at all levels of government. Given the attention on anthrax following the 2001 attacks, this paper applies the framework to managing the risks of anthrax to provide an illustrative example. The example demonstrates that by organizing information at this level, decisionmakers can quickly understand the critical connections between different options (e.g., vaccinating with a new vaccine requires an investment in research; research might increase the opportunities for breaches of containment). With respect to managing the risks of an attack with anthrax, this analysis suggests the need for creation of a comprehensive national management plan that includes quantitative evaluation of resource investments. The authors conclude that the government should adopt a process-based on decision science and using the power of decision trees as an analytical tool-to develop a strategy for managing the risks of bioterrorism
From petro to agro : seeds of a new economy by Robert E Armstrong( )

4 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 249 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Good bugs, bad bugs : a modern approach for detecting offensive biological weapons research by Michael Moodie( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Monitoring covert offensive biological weapons research from afar has always been a daunting task. The problems facing analysts today are even more difficult, as advances in life sciences and dual-use biotechnology are rapidly spreading the knowledge, equipment, and materials needed to produce crude and sophisticated biological weapons around the world. Unlike nuclear programs, a well-defined and limited set of equipment and material that can be controlled through various import/export controls does not exist. Future monitoring will become more challenging as the distinctions among military, civilian and dual-use research and applications continue to blur. Managing proliferation risks in this environment will constitute the greatest challenge to policymakers in the biological weapons arena over the next two decades. One of the factors that make this new type of analysis challenging is that nearly every nation-state in the world today has some level of biodefense and biotechnology capability. Most government decisionmakers and planners view the life sciences as promising drivers fueling future economic growth. These common trends serve to create a lot of noise that makes it much more difficult than even a few years ago to identify signs of covert biological weapons research and development. The major requirements for dealing successfully with biological challenges today, therefore, are to shape a new conceptual framework and analytical approach sophisticated and rich enough to capture current complexities and dynamics, and to create new policy tools that, taken together, improve the international community's ability to drive biological risks to the lowest possible levels. The search for good indicators of malicious intent, destructive capabilities, or a combination of the two, therefore, must continue. Such indicators need not provide evidence of a smoking gun
Bird Flu and you : a quick guide to protecting yourself and your family from bird (pandemic) flu by Robert E Armstrong( Visual )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Multicolor poster with white and black lettering. Poster is primarily text and consists of 4 sections: what you need to know, what you can do, frequently asked questions, and cleaning and sterilizing/personal protective equipment/social distancing and movement & activity restrictions (MAR). Title and author list at top of poster. Publisher information at bottom of poster
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Audience level: 0.41 (from 0.31 for Bio-inspir ... to 0.96 for Bird Flu a ...)

Bio-inspired innovation and national security
English (33)