WorldCat Identities

Bohning, James J.

Works: 106 works in 107 publications in 1 language and 113 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Interviews  History  Sources  Oral histories 
Roles: Author
Classifications: QD22.B46,
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about James J Bohning
Most widely held works by James J Bohning
The Raman effect : Jadavpur, Calcutta : an International Historic Chemical Landmark, December 15, 1998 by James J Bohning( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Theodor Benfey : zum Andenken f. s. Kinder u. Enkel by Meta Benfey( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Herbert C. Brown by Herbert C Brown( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The discovery of helium in natural gas : the University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, April 15, 2000 : a National Historic Chemical Landmark by Lois W Sierra( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

William von Eggers Doering : transcript of an interview by W. von E Doering( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A kinetic study of the photochemical addition of phenanthrenequinone to olefins : a thesis presented to the Faculty of the Department of Chemistry, Northeastern University by James J Bohning( Book )

2 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A detailed kinetic study of the photochemical addition of phenanthrenequinone to olefins has been made using an apparatus which permits the simultaneous measurement of quantum yields and the rate of disappearance of the activated species. The mechanism formulated from the kinetic data predicts the observed linear relationship between the log ((Io/I) - 1) and time (Io = incident light intensity, I = transmitted light intensity). Further, the quantum yield is independent of olefin concentration but is dependent on the nature of the olefin as well as on the initial ratio of cis-trans isomers. Additional kinetic results include the absence of quenching by oxygen at high olefin-phenanthrenequinone ratios, a small secondary deuterium isotope effect in the rate of addition, and the lack of quenching by the adduct and by two known triplet quenchers. In the stilbene system sensitized cis-trans isomerization occurs with the eventual attainment of an equilibrium cis-trans ratio. Both isomers give the identical adduct. Intersystem crossing of excited quinone appears to be very efficient, but the rates of triplet energy transfer to the cis and trans stilbenes are not equal. (Author)
An Oral history with Isabella and Jerome Karle by Isabella Karle( )

1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

No abstract available
Oral history interview with Jack B. St. Clair by Jack B St. Clair( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Jack B. St. Clair begins with a description of his background and early childhood in Roanoke, Virginia, where his extended family was involved with the railroad. His father's work with the Public Health Service in 1931 led the family to Shreveport, Louisiana, a center for the oil and gas industry, where St. Clair was first exposed to engineering. Excelling in science and math, he won several scholarships and with the guidance of his high school principal decided upon chemical engineering studies at Tulane University. He graduated in 1940 and accepted a position as technical trainee, gas department, at Shell Oil Company's Houston, Texas refinery. During World War II, he worked in sulfuric acid alkylation and toluene extraction plants and was promoted to control laboratory assistant manager. In 1945 he became assistant manager, manufacturing technological department, New York, then moved to the Wood River, Illinois refinery, where he advanced through a series of assistant managerships before becoming department manager of catalytic reforming, gaining experience with facilities' operations and later with design work through his 1954 return to New York as assistant manager, head office, manufacturing technical department. Despite the lack of formal training, St. Clair readily accepted increasing responsibilities, recognizing he was being groomed for higher management. In 1956 he was sent to the Martinez, California refinery as assistant superintendent and undertook a six-month study of the outlook for West coast operations. The study and ensuing arguments proved good training for St. Clair, whose next position was plant superintendent in Wilmington, California; with responsibility for all operations, he acquired experience with government and environmental concerns. After briefly serving as Houston refinery superintendent, he followed mentor H.M.L. Love's urging and reluctantly moved to England as Shell International Petroleum Company, North American Division head. In this and subsequent positions as New York Head Office general manager, he interacted with top Shell executives, acquiring experience which proved key to his success. In 1965 he became a Brookings Institution public affairs fellow, gaining training and insight in government-business interactions through assignments with the U.S. Interior and Congress. He returned to Shell Transportation and Supplies as general manager then vice president, but was quickly promoted to Shell Chemical Company president in 1967, a position he occupied until his retirement in 1979. As president he undertook a major reorganization, focusing on expanding olefins business and integrating the oil and chemical sides of the company; his success is reflected in growth in sales and profits at Shell Chemical during his presidency. Here St. Clair describes relationships with Shell Oil Presidents H. Bridges and J.F. Bookout, the energy crisis, and Shell's experience with detergents and Saudi Arabian crude oil. Also discussed are fragmentation and government control in the chemical industry; the EPA; and creativity, innovation, and new technology. The interview ends with reflections on St. Clair's Society of Chemical Industry and Tulane University awards and a description of his children's careers
Oral history interview with Vincent L. Gregory, Jr by Vincent L Gregory( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Vincent L. Gregory begins this interview with a description of growing up in a family of nine during the Depression. While deciding between entering the priesthood and a business career, Gregory opted to study economics at Princeton University. He finished a year at Princeton before enlisting in the U.S. Army Air Force at the start of World War II, and served as a fighter pilot in Europe during the war. After the war, Gregory simultaneously gained both a Bachelor's degree at Princeton University and a Master's degree at Harvard University. Then in 1949, he began his career at the Rohm and Haas Company by conducting internal auditing in three plants. After three years, Gregory was transferred to France to start up the first Rohm and Haas plant outside the United States. He then ran Rohm and Haas' agricultural-chemical operations in England before becoming Director of European Operations. Under his leadership, Rohm and Haas-Europe's share of total company profits increased from one to thirty percent, building on postwar conditions and Rohm and Haas' quality products and customer service. Gregory then returned to the United States to head operations in Latin America and the Pacific. In 1970, F. Otto Haas chose Gregory as the first non-family president of Rohm and Haas. Gregory instituted such changes as a ten percent across-the-board downsizing, adding board directors from outside Rohm and Haas, and revamping the company's management system. The oil crisis, along with DuPont Lycra's increasing market share in polyesters, led to Gregory's decision to withdraw Rohm and Haas' stretch fabric, Anim-8, from the market. Gregory then focused the company's product lines on polymers, plastics, and agricultural chemicals. Additionally, he tightened the company's environmental controls when bis-chloromethyl ether was discovered to cause cancer in rats and participated in hearings leading to the passage of the Toxic Substance Control Act [TOSCA]. Gregory's support of R & D led to the development of Vacor, which was later taken off the market, and Blazer. Here, Gregory discusses the CEO's role in supporting R & D, his views on teamwork, and the future of innovation in the chemical industry. He ends the interview by describing his work with the Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology [CIIT] and the Center for Cancer Prevention at Harvard University
Oral history interview with Emil L. Smith by Emil L Smith( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Emil Smith begins his oral history interview by discussing his undergraduate study of biology at Columbia University. He received a Guggenheim fellowship to Cambridge University until the outbreak of World War II. Smith accepted a position at the University of Utah and later University of California, Los Angeles. Smith describes his research interests: peptidases, immunoglobulins, cytochromes, subtilisin, histones, and glutamate dehydrogenases
Oral history interview with N. Bruce Hannay by N. B Hannay( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The interview begins with N. Bruce Hannay discussing the origins of his interest in electrochemistry and his awareness of The Electrochemical Society as an ideal organization for discussions and publications on topics related to solid state chemistry. The interview continues as Hannay recalls Bell Labs' support for his early activities in The ECS, which included organizing meetings and suggesting speakers, particularly within the Electronics Division. Hannay emphasizes the reciprocal relationship between the Society and Bell Labs, where he served as Vice President for Research during his ECS presidency. Hannay helped to further the Society's interest in solid state and corrosion work while he had responsibility for electrochemistry at Bell Labs. Throughout the interview, he comments on positive aspects of the Society's internal operations; its relations with other scientific organizations and companies, including the American Chemical Society, GE, and Bell Labs; and the influence of colleagues such as R.M. Burns and Charles Tobias. He also describes the Society's strong responsiveness to its members' needs, its influence on his professional development during the middle of his career, and his views of the future of both The ECS and electrochemistry in general
Oral history interview with Leo Mandelkern by Leo Mandelkern( )

1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In this interview Professor Leo Mandelkern begins with his early years in New York City and his undergraduate education at Cornell University. This is followed by his service as a meteorologist during World War II. In the central portion of the interview, Mandelkern describes his graduate education at Cornell, including his association with J.G. Kirkwood, Franklin Long, and Paul Flory. Particular emphasis is given to his postdoctoral work with Flory and collaborative work with Harold Scheraga. The details of Mandelkern's career at the National Bureau of Standards include Bureau operations and management in the 1950s. The interview continues with more recent work at Florida State, including students and post-docs. It and concludes with comments on methods of solving scientific controversies, especially as it relates to his role in the problem of the folded chain
A festschrift in honor of Otto Theodor Benfey( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Oral history interview with Paul M. Cook by Paul M Cook( )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Paul Cook begins the interview with a discussion of his family background and childhood. When Cook was young, he took an interest in chemistry, developing a laboratory in the basement of his parents' house. After graduating from high school in 1941, he attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology [MIT], where he studied chemical engineering with Warren K. Lewis. In 1943, after enlisting in the Army, he went to basic infantry training. Cook then enrolled in the Army Specialized Training Program [ASTP], through which he attended Stanford University for two terms, studying mechanical engineering. After a year, Cook was sent to the Hunter Liggett Military Reservation, and then to Fort Benning, where he became an MP. While at Fort Benning, he joined the Officer Candidate School, and shortly after completing the training, was sent to fight in Italy. In February 1946, Cook left the Army and worked for Submarine Signal in Boston. He then returned to MIT, where he completed his degree in 1947. After graduation, Cook started the Warren Wire Company with his older brother. A year later, Cook left the fledgling company to join the Stanford Research Institute as a chemical engineer. There he worked on a number of projects, including the growth of the algae Chlorella and the potential uses of waste fission products. In 1951, Cook founded the Sequoia Process Corporation. Five years later, he left Sequoia to found Raychem Corporation, which opened in 1957. Cook concludes the interview with a discussion of Raychem's international competition, the growth of the company, his thoughts on managing innovation, and the possibilities of radiation technology
Oral history interview with W.H. Clark by W. H Clark( )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

W.H. Clark begins this interview by reviewing his growing-up years in Big Stone Gap, Virginia, and his early interest in journalism. He continues with his subsequent decision to major in industrial engineering at North Carolina State University, where he became interested in technical selling. He then discusses his first job at SOHIO as a sales engineer and his move to Nalco Chemical Company, where he spent the rest of his career. He describes his early experiences at Nalco, as well as the role Nalco's technical salespeople play in meeting customer needs and inventing new products. As the just-retired CEO, he discusses chemical industry changes and their impact on the chemical industry: most notably the environmental movement, Bhopal, and today's government regulations. He further presents his views on promoting successful creativity, innovation, and teamwork; management-employee relations; communicating company goals to outside audiences; and sales and management opportunities. He then discusses his current project, helping set up technical selling training programs in U.S. universities. He closes with his views on the future of chemical innovation in this country
Oral history interview with Harland G. Wood by Harland G Wood( )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Harland G. Wood begins the interview with a brief discussion of his role in the restructuring of Western Reserve University's medical curriculum. He then reflects on his childhood and education, recalling that his former Latin teacher (then, his high school principal) first sparked his interest in chemistry. He chronicles his career in chemistry and molecular biology from his college years at Macalester through his extensive laboratory research at Iowa State College, where he first developed his concept of the fixation of carbon dioxide by bacteria; the University of Minnesota, where he continued this research; various other temporary positions; and finally, his current work at Case Western Reserve University. Throughout the interview, in addition to discussing research and the influence of various colleagues and associates, he often focuses on the numerous advancements that have occurred during his lifetime and their impact (both positive and negative) on the way laboratory research is conducted. He concludes with his thoughts on the future of science, stressing the importance of continued enthusiasm and motivation in scientists of all ages
Oral history interview with Robert A. Roland by Robert A Roland( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Robert Roland describes his family background and upbringing in Upper Darby, PA, as well as his education at Villanova University and the University of Pennsylvania School of Law. Roland also reflects on his career in the US Navy as General Counsel and Contract Administrator, and his appointment as president of the Chemical Manufacturers Association [CMA]. Roland discusses his role in developing the industry's standards for safety, health, the environment, management training, and finally the industry's future
Oral history interview with Herbert Morawetz by Herbert Morawetz( )

1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In this interview, Herbert Morawetz traces his early life prior to leaving Czechoslovakia on the Nazi invasion and resettling in Canada, where he studied chemical engineering at the University of Toronto. He describes his introduction to industrial research work and his consequent Ph. D. study at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and late postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard Medical School. Morawetz outlines the circumstances of his appointment to the faculty at Brooklyn and his research and scholarly activities there. During the course of the interview Morawetz reflects on some of his graduate students, on the future of polymer education, and on international scientific collaboration
Gertrude Winfield : transcript of an interview conducted by James J. Bohning and E.N. (Ned) Brandt at Post Street Archives, Midland, Michigan, on 25 May 1994 by Gertrude Winfield( Book )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

History of Hist. II. on probation by James J Bohning( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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English (22)