WorldCat Identities

Dubowitz, Mark

Overview
Works: 4 works in 4 publications in 1 language and 11 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Mark Dubowitz
P@lestinian pulse : what policymakers can learn from Palestinian social media by Jonathan Schanzer( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iran's Chinese energy partners : companies eligible for investigation under U.S. sanctions law by Mark Dubowitz( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Iran's golden loophole by Gary Clark( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The paper discusses how Iran is exploiting loopholes in U.S. sanctions laws to obtain gold to replenish its FX reserves. These foreign exchange reserves are Iran's principal hedge against a severe balance of payments crisis, and help Iran withstand international pressure over its nuclear program. Since July 30, 2012, when the Obama administration issued an executive order prohibiting gold exports to the government of Iran, Iran has received over $6 billion in payment in gold for its energy exports, the value of the lack of enforcement of the golden loophole, mainly as gold payments to the Central Bank of Iran. These gold exports to the Central Bank of Iran already are a sanctionable activity under existing U.S. law; gold exports to any entity in Iran will become sanctionable as of July 1, 2013. This report estimates that, unless gold sanctions are enforced, Iran could receive up to $20 billion a year, representing around thirty percent of Iran's projected 2013 energy exports
Iran's energy partners : companies requiring investigation under U.S. sanctions law by Mark Dubowitz( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.63 (from 0.34 for Iran's gol ... to 0.65 for P@lestinia ...)

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