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Stanford University Department of Sociology

Works: 96 works in 99 publications in 1 language and 152 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses  History  Case studies 
Classifications: L111, 370.193
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Stanford University
Most widely held works by Stanford University
Social class background of 8th grade pupils, social class composition of their schools, their academic aspirations and school adjustment by Paul Wallin( Book )

2 editions published in 1964 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An explanation of differences among eighth grade boys and girls in regard to their level of educational aspiration and their adjustment in the school situation was presented. The students studied attended seven different junior high schools. Four of the schools were predominantly composed of children from middle-class families, and three, of children from working-class backgrounds. One school was almost entirely negro. The data were collected through two questionnaires. Standardization of conditions of administration of the questionnaires was stressed and teachers were given printed instructions which they read to their classes. Data were also collected from school records, including children's scores on a standard achievement or intelligence test, their grades in individual school subjects, their absences from school because of illness, their visits to school nurse, and their fathers' and mothers' occupations. Ratings of the children by teachers were also obtained. Variables of the study included educational goals, motivation to go to college, and certainty of going to college. Conclusions showed that the most important influence leading young adolescents to adopt high, or low, long-term educational aspirations was centered in the family, parental educational goals and aspirations for their child shape their child's own aspirations. Results indicated that the model social status or climate of aspiration of the school had little, if any, effect in modifying the level of aspiration children acquired in the home. Appendices included tables and calculations
The expansion of the antonomy of youth : responses of the secondary school to problems of order in the 1960s by John W Meyer( Book )

1 edition published in 1971 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Job characteristics and occupational segregation by gender and race/ethnicity by Lisa Catanzarite( )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On advice of counsel : law firms and venture capital funds as information intermediaries in the structuration of Silicon Valley by Mark C Suchman( )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Anger in the workplace : effects of gender and frequency in context on social and job-related outcomes by Kristen Brooke Backor( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation explored expression of anger in the workplace through two experiments that varied in terms of the gender of the person expressing the anger, the frequency of the anger, and the object of the anger. Subjects reviewed resumes and performance reviews that they were told belonged to two consultants competing for the same promotion. Consultants who were said to express anger frequently were less likely to be promoted than neutral consultants. They also suffered social consequences, like being rated as less pleasant. Consultants who expressed anger a single time suffered social consequences (albeit less severe than those experienced by the frequently angry individuals) compared to neutral consultants, but their promotional outcomes were less affected. When respondents were given the option to promote both the neutral consultant and the angry consultant, most subjects chose to do so. The Study 1 results were based on an undirected expression of anger; Study 2 respondents were told that the anger was directed at a subordinate. A single instance of directed anger was more damaging to social and promotional outcomes than a single instance of undirected anger. Few gender effects were observed in either study, and the gender effects that were observed tended to favor females
An institutional analysis of the evolution of the denominational system in American Protestantism, 1790-1980 by Patricia M. Y Chang( )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When does gender matter? Gender segregation in the professions of medicine, teaching and law by Manwai C Ku( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this dissertation, I investigate when and why gender segregation occurs in the professions of medicine, law and teaching. Drawing on social psychological perspectives on gender and theories on career development, I posit that segregation patterns differ across these three occupational contexts due to differences in gender valence of jobs and structures of career process. Specifically, I argue that early career choices are more gender-segregated in the highly gendered context of medicine and teaching, while the extent of gender segregation may vary (and increase) more substantially over time in the less structured contexts of teaching and law. Using data from professional organizations and government sources, I analyzed careers of a cohort of doctors, lawyers and teachers from their entry into their professions in 1991-1994 to 10-17 years after entry. Consistent with my hypotheses, doctors and teachers displayed highly gender-different aspirations than lawyers, and whereas the level of gender segregation remained fairly constant for doctors, it fluctuated somewhat for teachers and increased substantially for lawyers, particularly after the first six years of work. Analysis of 39 in-depth interviews further suggests that job choices among doctors and teachers reflect deeply held gendered ideas about people and work, whereas job choices among lawyers are seen as series of adjustments to organizational contexts, adjustments that usually differ for women and men. In total, these findings make the case for a more detailed view of intra-occupational gender segregation, one that places gender processes within the occupational context. In proposing a context-driven paradigm for studying gender inequality, this study brings the occupation to the center of the investigation, and argues for a more expansive view of gender segregation that takes into account the meanings and structures that delineate career decision-making and the constraints on the process
Paths to exclusion : deportations, housing instability, and scams by Juan Manuel Pedroza( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

How have immigrant communities adapted to mass deportations? My dissertation examines the demographic determinants of deportation activity as well as the consequences of mass deportations for noncitizens. I find deportations disrupt residential and territorial membership via worsening housing instability and fewer than expected crime reports. Civil society can buffer noncitizens from the negative consequences of arrests and scams, but collateral damage from deportations can erode networks of social capital. Protection from the harm of deportations also proves weakest precisely in locations -- such as new immigrant destinations -- which can least afford to absorb the disruptions associated with mass deportations. The long-term consequences of weakened social capital are not contained to noncitizen households. Broader U.S. society suffers when paths to exclusion destabilize households and challenge trust in law enforcement and the legitimacy of public institutions
Resource, development and tradition : explaining persistence and costs of intergenerational marital norms in South Korea by Soomin Kim( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation is comprised of an introduction and three independent papers that explore the themes of change and continuity in patrilineal marriage norms centered on patrilineal descent, patrilocal residence, and generational patriarchy in contemporary South Korea. Western European family with bilateral kinship and nuclear authority structure is taken as the default norm in the sociology of family literature, but extended family systems that embody a sex-generation hierarchy are much more common across the globe. Most extended family systems are based on patrilineality (recognition of descent only through the male links), which in turn is associated with patrilocality (residence with or near husband's kin) and generational patriarchy. Whether and to what extent the patrilineal family system has disintegrated or stayed resilient in the contemporary era is a critical issue to study, as it has important implications for gender inequality in most non-Western contexts. The three papers in this dissertation each address whether and how the traditionally patrilineal family system based on East Asian Confucianism has changed through the recent modernization processes in the context of South Korea. Collectively the findings demonstrate that although some features of the patrilineal family such as patrilocality have shifted towards bilateralism as a result of urbanization and the growing importance of economic resources, other structural aspects such as generational patriarchy and state support of the patrilineal family structure are not necessarily tied to economic development, and thus continue to be reproduced even after Korea has reached the economic status of a developed country. The findings have theoretical implications for studying family structure, economic development and gender inequality in other contexts with a patrilineal family system beyond Korea and East Asia
Underwater : essays on American indebtedness by Lindsay A Owens( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation asks and answers three questions about the nature of mortgage debt and debtors in the contemporary United States. 1) Do individuals from different class backgrounds manage mortgage debt differently? 2) Do existing theories of mortgage debt, mostly in economics and finance, accord with how individuals actually manage debt? 3) And, finally, does consumer solvency or price better predict mortgage default? My findings have implications for theories of consumer credit in economic sociology and inequality as well as relevance to contemporary debates about how to reform housing finance policy in the United States
Battles in boardrooms : the diffusion of shareholder value rhetoric and practices in Finland, 1990-2005 by Kaisa Elina Snellman( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation examines the consequences of economic globalization for organizations and the corporate elites through an investigation of recent transformations in the Finnish corporate governance system since the early 1990s. The core thesis of this dissertation is that globalization encourages diversity in organizational forms rather than convergence. Globalization is not a sweeping trend that affects all states and organizations in the same way or to the same extent. In drafting public policies, governments try to strike a balance between global pressures and political and ideological preferences, and competing demands of different stakeholders. Similarly, organizations respond to global pressures in unique ways by recombining foreign elements with already available templates and scripts to create new, blended forms and unique configurations of the old. To capture transformations in the systems of governance, I focus on changes in three distinct layers of economic life: organizational practices and structures, managerial rhetoric, and political discourse around issues of ownership and control. I show how the rhetoric of shareholder value permeated the managerial and political discourse in Finland, and document how Anglo-American governance practices diffused among Finnish corporations. Although many governance practices associated with the American model have spread widely among Finnish firms, none of them have diffused throughout the entire corporate population. Similarly, although shareholder value rhetoric has become increasingly common, it has not entirely replaced the old rhetoric emphasizing the importance of all stakeholders. Thus, globalization has not entailed a clean transition from one homogeneous environment to another, as suggested by convergence theorists. Instead, globalization has lead to the emergence of a heterogeneous order, in which some firms stayed true to the stakeholder model, some aligned both their rhetoric and practices with the shareholder value concept, and some mixed and matched elements from both
The very model of the major modern military : world system influences on the proliferation of military weapons, 1960-1990 by Dana P Eyre( )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Race, parenting, disability and special education : three papers by LaToya Jasmine Baldwin Clark( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation features three papers examining race, parenting, and special education. The first paper, a version of which is published in The Modern American, is an essay that challenges the parental participation mandate in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA"). The second paper is an analysis of the Procedural Safeguards Notice, a document that explains to parents their rights under IDEA. The third paper reports on similarities and differences between the socialization processes of black middle class parents and white middle class parents of children with disabilities. All three provide insights into the legal and sociological processes involved in parenting Black children and children with disabilities
Government bureaucrats in a postmodern world : expectations, identity, and attacks by Lauren C Benditt( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation is comprised of three distinct papers that address how identity creation processes affect occupational choice and workplace behaviors in the US public sector. The first paper investigates public service motivation (PSM) as the dominant rationale for choosing public sector work among educated bureaucrats. In the second paper, I examine how white-collar public workers construct their own workplace identities. Specifically, I investigate how white-collar bureaucrats' workplace identities reflect the increasing professionalization of white-collar public sector work relative to the existing union structure in public agencies. In the final paper, as in the first two, I explore the ways in which identity, values, and context explain generational stratification in mobilization patterns among white-collar, government bureaucrats, despite their connection to unions as mobilizing structures. Specifically, I look at mobilization against Wisconsin's Act 10 and Minnesota's state government shutdown, as a means for understanding differential recruitment within these preexisting mobilization networks
In the name of health : the social consequences of cultural assumptions about health and illness by Karen M Powroznik( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation explores cultural assumptions about health and illness and examines the interpersonal and individual level consequences of these beliefs. I argue that health is performative and that individuals are judged according to their ability to adhere to culturally normative expectations about health. In the three papers of my dissertation I examine how dominant cultural beliefs about what it means to be healthy reinforce existing inequalities and shape the everyday experiences of individuals. In the first paper of my dissertation I examine how institutionalized health beliefs in the form of workplace health promotion programs influence how overweight and obese employees are evaluated. In the second paper I investigate how body size influences attributions of blame and responsibility for illness and impacts the willingness of others to support or censure patients. The third paper explores the gendered experience of survivorship. In this paper I find that there are different cultural expectations for men and women cancer survivors and that gender stereotypes shape how individuals experience illness and recovery. Collectively, these papers illustrate how understandings of health and illness are cultural constructs that have social, material, and psychological consequences
Mattering to teachers : a social psychological approach to the teacher-student relationship by Sara Jordan-Bloch( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

While a large and steady body of literature has shown that teachers have an important and durable impact on their students' education, the ways in which they are important are still largely unknown. In this dissertation, I approach the question of how teachers influence students' outcomes in school from a unique perspective. Rather than focusing on teachers' characteristics, I use the concept of mattering to examine students' perceptions of their teachers' perceptions of them. A student's perception of whether she matters to her teacher is driven by her perception that she is noticed, important, and/or needed by her teacher. Mattering is a distinctly relational concept, one in which perceptions of the other drive perceptions of the self. I ask how perceptions of mattering to teachers are instilled and manifested, and I connect these perceptions to important student outcomes, including effort, affect, misconduct, and grades. The central research questions guiding this study are: 1) How do students experience mattering to their teachers? 2) How are students' perceptions that they matter to their teachers related to students' functioning in school? and 3) What is the relationship between mattering to teachers and teacher significance? These questions are addressed by evidence collected from ninth graders at two large California public high schools (N=1001). I adopt a mixed-method approach based on longitudinal survey data, observational data, and in-depth interview data. Students' perceptions of mattering to their teachers are formed in interactions in which students feel like they are noticed by their teachers and that their success in school is important to their teachers. These kinds of interactions can be very simple -- from saying "hi" in the hallway to a casual check-in during class. These interactions, while they may be simple and straightforward, have large effects on students. Statistical analyses reveal that students' perceptions of mattering to their teachers are strongly and positively related to their functioning in school. The more students perceive themselves to matter to their teachers, the more they put in effort, enjoy school, get good grades and stay out of trouble. While all students benefit from perceiving themselves to matter to their teachers, this relational resource is particularly effective for boys. Boys consistently report lower levels of perceived mattering to their teachers than girls, but the effects of mattering to teachers are often bigger for boys than girls. Results indicate that students' evaluations of their teachers' significance fundamentally inform students' perceptions that they matter to their teachers. In order for a student to perceive herself to matter to her teacher, she has to think her teacher is a reliable source of that perception. In examining the role of the teacher through the lens of the student's self-concept, this work contributes to our understanding of the mechanisms through which teachers affect students' experiences and performance in school. Students' perceptions that they matter to their teachers -- that they are interpersonally integrated -- is a tie that binds them to the institution of school in a meaningful and durable way. Embedded in these findings are implications for school structure, classroom pedagogy and teaching practices
Sieves and lenses : essays on the role of categories in social valuation by Amanda Jean Sharkey( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Systems of classification are pervasive and consequential in economic life, as they are in the social world more generally. Membership in socially defined categories, such as industries or genres, constitutes a core part of an organization's identity, and, as such, profoundly impacts how the organization, its products and actions are evaluated. This dissertation includes three essays that analyze the ways in which similar actions in market settings are interpreted and assessed quite differently depending on the categorical identity of the performer. The first essay introduces the idea that categories of organizations (e.g., industries) differ in status and that status differences at the category level influence the social standing of individual members of the category. The second essay tests and finds support for the idea that category status impacts the way in which an organization's actions are perceived and evaluated. In particular, I find that earnings restatements from members of high-status categories are viewed less negatively than those from lower-status categories. Finally, the third essay, co-authored with Ming Leung, provides evidence of an audience-driven penalty for multiple-category membership in markets
Systems of mass denunciation by Patrick Bergemann( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The act of one individual accusing another to political or religious authorities for transgressions against those authorities--denunciation--is a recurring and ubiquitous phenomenon throughout human history. Mass denunciation, where denunciations largely characterize the relationship between commoners and elites, has existed in places including Germany, the Soviet Union, Italy, Spain, North Korea, China, Guatemala, The Dominican Republic, Argentina, Libya and more. In this dissertation, I develop a general theory of how these systems are implemented, how they function, and what motivations lead individuals to denounce. I focus particularly on voluntary systems of mass denunciation, where individuals are not pressured or coerced (either overtly or subtly) into denouncing, yet there is still widespread participation. To this end, I examine four separate case studies--the Spanish Inquisition, the Salem Witch Trials, Romanov Russia, and Nazi Germany--and find widespread agreement in both their institutional structures and individuals' motivations to denounce. In such settings, I find that mass denunciation involves an uneasy cooperation between elites and commoners, as elites provide the institutional framework making denunciation possible, and commoners supply the denunciations, though they often co-opt the system for their own purposes. The primary motivation on the elite side is usually to control the population in order to stabilize a new regime and consolidate power. On the commoner side, the primary motivation is to punish those they dislike. Systems of mass denunciation are complex, almost paradoxical political regimes in that they lead to greater government control over the society as a whole, while empowering individual citizens to serve almost as individual judges, to punish those they choose at will
Legitimacy of authority and resistance to authorities' mandates : the case of public and elementary school desegregation in the U.S. by Kelly R Massey( )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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controlled identityStanford University

controlled identityStanford University. Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Department of Sociology

Stanford University. Sociology Department

English (25)