WorldCat Identities

Krok, Jessica

Works: 11 works in 11 publications in 1 language and 36 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Contributor, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Jessica Krok
The Relationship between Self-Reported Cancer Pain and Personality in Black and White Older Adults receiving Outpatient Cancer Care by Jessica L Krok-Schoen( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

More empirical research is needed to understand the impact of personality and its relationship with pain severity and self-efficacy for pain management in more diverse and marginalized cancer populations across the age continuum. Finally, the results may be used to design more individualized interventions on pain management, depending on personality type, an application that has never been done in older adults with cancer
Identifying factors of psychological distress on the experience of pain and symptom management among cancer patients by Tamara A Baker( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Race Differences in Personality and Affect Between Older White and Black Patients: an Exploratory Study by Jessica L Krok-Schoen( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Primary care physicians' perspectives of the survivorship care for older breast cancer survivors: a pilot study by Jessica L Krok-Schoen( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hispanic breast cancer patients' symptom experience and patient-physician communication during chemotherapy by Jessica L Krok-Schoen( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The influence of personality on reported pain and self-efficacy for pain management in older cancer patients( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study examines the relationship of personality traits and affect on cancer-related pain in 150 older adults receiving outpatient treatment at a comprehensive cancer center. Regression analyses revealed extraversion as a significant predictor of current pain, with openness to experience as a significant indicator of average pain. Similarly, positive affect and negative affect were significant predictors of self-efficacy for pain management. Moderation models showed that conscientiousness and extraversion were significant moderators in the relationship between self-efficacy for pain management and worst pain. These findings suggest that different personality types may influence perceptions of pain severity
The association between dietary patterns and physical functioning in older adults with and without a history of cancer by Jamie Dorman( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Background: Meeting nutritional needs is essential for optimal aging. Dietary intake among older cancer survivors is an important and modifiable health behavior that can positively influence health status and quality of life. Objective/Hypothesis: To identify dietary patterns in older (>50 years) adults with and without a cancer diagnosis, and the associations of these patterns with physical functioning. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used for these analyses. Demographic variables examined were age, race, gender, education, marital status, and household income. Health variables included BMI (kg/m2), general health perceptions, physical functioning, food security and the presence of chronic medical conditions. Dietary patterns were calculated using NHANES’ Automated Multiple Pass Method (AMPM) and the USDA’s Health Eating Index (HEI-2015), which is a validated measure of diet quality. Higher scores indicate healthier eating. Results: Participants (n=46,322) were older (63 years), primarily female (53.5%), white (76.6%), married (65.1%), fully food secure (85.2%), and overweight (BMI=29). Sixteen percent of the sample had a history of cancer. The top three cancers diagnosed were skin (non-melanoma) (45.7%), prostate (37.8%) and breast (26.9%). The mean HEI score for all participants was 53.9. Participants with a history of cancer scored significantly higher on the HEI (54.9) than those without a cancer history (53.7, p=0.041). Regardless of cancer history, a positive association was found between HEI and physical functioning (p= 0.007), indicating that physical functioning was higher among those with healthier dietary patterns. After controlling for demographic and health variables, however, no significant association was present. Conclusions: Cancer survivors over age 50 had better dietary patterns compared to same age adults without a history of cancer. Results may be used to promote adherence to the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and develop interventions utilizing multiple aspects of a healthy lifestyle, such as nutrition and physical activity, in order to fully assess physical functioning and manage chronic conditions to promote successful aging in this high-risk population
White-Black Differences in Cancer Incidence, Stage at Diagnosis, and Survival Among Older Adults( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Objective: To identify potential White-Black differences in cancer incidence rates, stage at diagnosis, and relative survival probabilities among older adults using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data. Method: Differences in cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis, and 5-year relative survival probability were examined for cases diagnosed within the most recent 5-year period and over time for cases diagnosed from 1973 to 2013 (incidence only) for older White and Black adults. Results: Among adults aged 65 to 74, 75 to 84, and 85 years and older, Black adults had higher cancer incidence rates per 100,000 than White males from 1973 to 2013, respectively. Late stage and unstaged cancers were more common among Black adults in each of the three age groups compared with Whites. Five-year relative survival probability for all invasive cancers combined was higher for Whites than Blacks in each of the three age groups. Discussion: Continued efforts are needed to reduce racial disparities in cancer incidence and mortality among older adults
Dietary patterns and nutrient intake of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis in the U.S. by Laura Comee( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Background: Arthritis is a musculoskeletal condition, which results in joint pain, swelling, functional impairment, disability, and loss of quality of life. Inflammation plays a key role in the development and severity of arthritis and the Mediterranean diet has shown to improve inflammation and arthritis symptoms. There is a greater applicability for clinicians and patients to focus on dietary patterns instead of specific nutrients to make positive dietary changes to manage their condition. Objective/Hypothesis: To investigate the differences in adherence to the Mediterranean diet and diet quality between presence and type of arthritis and to determine the association between diet quality and presence of arthritis. Methods: Cross-sectional data from four cycles (2007-2014) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was utilized and weighted to produce a nationally representative sample. Arthritis information was extracted from the Medical Conditions file and recoded into relevant variables. Food group and nutrient data from the 24-hour recall was transformed to provide alternate Mediterranean Diet (aMED) scores and Healthy Eating Index 2015-2020 (HEI-2015) scores. Results: Individuals with arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA)) had significantly worse adherence to the Mediterranean diet and diet quality. aMED scores were 3.43 ± 0.04 for individuals with arthritis and 3.54 ± 0.03 for individuals without arthritis (p=0.016). HEI-2015 scores were also lower in individuals with arthritis (51.42 ± 0.37) compared to without (53.48 ± 0.28) (p<0.001). There were no significant differences in aMED scores or HEI-2015 scores between RA and OA. There were also no associations between aMED scores or HEI-2015 scores and the presence of arthritis. Conclusions: Individuals diagnosed with arthritis can take steps to improve their diet quality as a possible route to reduce their arthritis symptoms. Further research on dietary patterns and their potential to treat and manage arthritis is warranted
Association of dietary patterns, inflammatory biomarkers, and physical functioning among older female cancer survivors by Megan Ann Schmalenberger( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Background: Nutritional status in cancer survivors is complex and often influenced by age, cancer type and stage, comorbidities, and physical function. Systemic inflammation often occurs in conjunction of carcinogenesis and this can increase risk for malnutrition. Objective: To assess the diet quality of older cancer survivors, and its association of inflammatory biomarkers and physical functioning. Methods: Participants completed study surveys via mail or phone to assess physical health (RAND-36), diet quality (DHQ-II, HEI-2015), and BMI. Participant diagnosis, comorbidities, inflammation (CRP, albumin) were obtained via the electronic medical record. Analyses: Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlations were used to analyze data. Results: The average age of participants (n=168) was 73.6+8.4 years. Mean physical functioning score was 59.6+24.1 out of a possible 100. Moderate negative correlation between physical functioning and self-rated health was observed (r= -.57, p<0.01). Moderate positive correlation was observed among physical functioning and albumin (r=.42, p<0.01). Mean HEI score was 66.39+10.0. A weak positive correlation was observed between total HEI score and physical functioning (r=.34, p<0.01). Moderate negative correlation between total HEI score and CRP was observed (r= -.42, p<0.05). Strong negative correlation was observed between CRP and albumin (r= -.74, p<0.01), and a moderate negative correlation between CRP and physical functioning (r= -.52, p<0.01). Conclusions: Identifying dietary patterns and inflammatory markers is pertinent to improve the survival and long-term health of cancer survivors. Future larger cohort studies of cancer survivors with multiple measurements are needed to confirm findings
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  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.57 (from 0.33 for The Relati ... to 0.97 for Dietary pa ...)

Alternative Names
Krok, Jessica

Krok, Jessica L.

Schoen, Jessica L. Krok-

English (11)