WorldCat Identities

Malley, James R.

Works: 107 works in 326 publications in 1 language and 1,064 library holdings
Genres: Longitudinal studies 
Roles: Author, Honoree, Commentator
Classifications: HB3730, 337.0112
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by James R Malley
The specification, estimation, and simulation of a small global macroeconomic model by James R Malley( Book )

4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 112 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A simple forecasting model linking macroeconomic policy to industrial employment demand by James R Malley( Book )

4 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 110 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A study detailed further a model linking monetary and fiscal policy to industrial employment in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas of four United States regions. The model was used to simulate the impacts on area and regional employment of three events in the economy: changing real gross national product (gnp) via monetary policy, holding the real compensation index across industries constant; changing the real compensation index in one industry, holding gnp and real compensation in the other three industries constant; and comparing the employment implications of varying levels of gnp growth. The simulations suggested that changes in monetary and fiscal policy have significantly different effects in different parts of the country. The magnitude of the employment impact on nonmetropolitan areas depended on assumptions about industrial composition and worker compensation. (Four data tables are appended.) (Ylb)
Access and equity in vocational education and training : results from longitudinal surveys of Australian youth by Stephen Lamb( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This monograph reports research undertaken on patterns of access, participation and outcomes in relation to vocational education and training in Australia, drawing on national longitudinal survey data spanning the past two decades. This includes programs in secondary schools, in post-school opportunities such as apprenticeships and traineeships, in other TAFE-provided courses, and in work-based training. Results are also provided on the labour market outcomes of participants
Estimated general equilibrium models for the evaluation of monetary policy in the US and Europe by Campbell Leith( Book )

9 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A persistent criticism of general equilibrium models of monetary policy which incorporate nominal inertia in the form of the New Keynesian Phillips Curce (NKPC) is that they fail to capture the extent of inflation inertia in the data. In this paper we derive a general equilibrium model based on optimising behaviour, but which also implies a data consistent NKPC. Specifically our model accounts for nominal inertia in both price and wage setting as well for habits in consumption. Using U.S. and European data from 1970 to 1998 our parameter estimates reveal that (i) there is relatively more inertia in pricesetting in Europe; (ii)wage contracts last longer in the US; (iii) the extend of backward-looking behaviour in price and wage setting is statistically significant but small in both the US and Europe; and (iv) significant habits effects are present in European consumption. Finally we simulate the effects of monetary policy and find that while the magnitude of the impact of monetary policy on the endogenous variables in our estimated models are similar to other econometric studies, the dynamic paths for variables display less inertia than is typically found in studies which use output gaps to proxy changes in marginal costs
Do excessive wage increases raise imports? theory and evidence by James R Malley( Book )

8 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic growth and endogenous fiscal policy : in search of a data consistent general equilibrium model by James R Malley( Book )

9 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Capital accumulation and unemployment : a tale of two "continents" by James R Malley( Book )

7 editions published between 1998 and 2000 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Estimated open economy new Keynesian Phillips curves for the G7 by Campbell Leith( Book )

7 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we develop an open economy model of firms' pricing behaviour under imperfect competition. This allows us to introduce various terms of trade effects influencing the firm's pricing decision, in addition to labour costs which dominate most closed-economy specifications of the New Keynesian Phillips (NKPC) curve. Our analysis gives rise to a hybrid open economy NKPC which nests existing closed and open economy specifications adopted in empirical work. We estimate this specification for the G7 economies and find that the US, UK and Canada typically enjoy less inertia in price setting than the European G7 economies and Japan and that these estimates are both plausible and in line with survey evidence. We also find that the proportion of firms which use simple backward-looking rules of thumb in price setting is greater when the frequency of price change is smaller. Finally there is evidence of significant asymmetries in price setting amongst EMU members
A sectoral analysis of price-setting behavior in US manufacturing industries by Campbell Leith( Book )

6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vertical product differentiation and the import demand function : theory and evidence by James R Malley( Book )

4 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The quest for a working blueprint : Vocational education and training in Australian secondary schools by James R Malley( Book )

5 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vocational education provision in secondary schools has been a subject of renewed international interest since the early 1990s. In response to the globalisation of capital, technology, management, transportation and core markets over the last ten years, nation States have pursued policies aimed at making them more competitive. A significant feature of globalisation is its reliance on the knowledge-based activities of information, innovation and the capacity to change. Consequently, one policy response of governments seeking to maintain or improve their position in a globally competitive economy has been to increase the supply of higher-skilled workers by expanding the number of young people completing secondary school and continuing on to further education. One of the mechanisms used by governments to meet these global challenges has been the inclusion of vocational education and training into the senior secondary school curriculum. [p.4]
Real wages and the cycle : the view from the frequency domain by Robert A Hart( Book )

9 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the time domain, the observed cyclical behavior of the real wage hides a range of economic influences that give rise to cycles of differing lengths and amplitudes. This may serve to produce a distorted picture of wage cyclicality. Here, we employ frequency domain methods that allow us decompose wages into cyclical components and to assess the relative contribution of each component. These are discussed in relation to wages alone (the univariate case) and to wages in relation to production or employment-based measures of the cycle (multivariate). In the multivariate dimension, we derive methods for determining whether (i) wage and business cycles cohere (ii) lead-lag or contemporaneous relationships exist and (iii) the degree of coherency between wage and business cycles is time dependent. We establish that real wages are strongly procyclical and that the business cycle is the dominant associated influence
Professional quest guide by James R Malley( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Technology shocks and aggregate fluctuations in an estimated hybrid RBC model by James R Malley( Book )

9 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper contributes to the on-going empirical debate regarding the role of the RBC model and in particular of technology shocks in explaining aggregate fluctuations. To this end we estimate the model's posterior density using Markov-Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) methods. Within this framework we extend Ireland's (2001, 2004) hybrid estimation approach to allow for a vector autoregressive moving average (VARMA) process to describe the movements and co-movements of the model's errors not explained by the basic RBC model. The results of marginal likelihood ratio tests reveal that the more general model of the errors significantly improves the model's fit relative to the VAR and AR alternatives. Moreover, despite setting the RBC model a more difficult task under the VARMA specification, our analysis, based on forecast error and spectral decompositions, suggests that the RBC model is still capable of explaining a significant fraction of the observed variation in macroeconomic aggregates in the post-war U.S. economy
Fiscal policy and the composition of private consumption : some evidence from the U.S. and Canada by James R Malley( Book )

8 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Productivity shocks and aggregate fluctuations in an estimated endogenous growth model with human capital by James R Malley( Book )

7 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Employing an endogenous growth model with human capital, this paper explores how productivity shocks in the goods and human capital producing sectors contribute to explaining aggregate fluctuations in output, consumption, investment and hours. Given the importance of accounting for both the dynamics and the trends in the data not captured by the theoretical growth model, we introduce a vector error correction model (VECM) of the measurement errors and estimate the model's posterior density function using Bayesian methods. To contextualize our findings with those in the literature, we also assess whether the endogenous growth model or the standard real business cycle model better explains the observed variation in these aggregates. In addressing these issues we contribute to both the methods of analysis and the ongoing debate regarding the effects of innovations to productivity on macroeconomic activity. -- endogenous growth ; human capital ; real business cycles ; VECM measurement errors ; Bayesian estimation
The distributional consequences of supply-side reforms in general equilibrium : presented at CESifo Area Conference on Macro, Money & International Finance, February 2011 by Kōnstantinos Angelopulos( Book )

9 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using a heterogeneous agent model allowing for different degrees of complementarity between capital, skilled and unskilled labour, this paper evaluates supply-side reforms consistent with lower public debt-to-GDP in the long-run. We find that, relative to the other tax reforms, capital tax cuts lead to the highest aggregate welfare but are skill-biased and can thus increase inequality in the long-run. Depending on the elasticity of substitution between capital and unskilled labour, falls in the capital tax can result in welfare losses for unskilled workers, even in the absence of other frictions and increases in other forms of taxation. On the other hand, reductions in labour taxes can hurt the capitalists. We also show that including the transition period in the welfare evaluation lowers the inequality effects of capital tax reduc-tions since the complementarity between capital and all labour inputs is higher in the short- than in the long-run. Finally, our results suggest that a form of "irrational exuberance" can arise after a tax cut under heterogeneous learning in the initial conditions after the reform
Time-consistent fiscal policy under heterogeneity : conflicting or common interests? by Konstantinos Angelopulos( Book )

9 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper studies the aggregate and distributional implications of Markov-perfect taxspending policy in a neoclassical growth model with capitalists and workers. Focusing on the long run, our main findings are: (i) it is optimal for a benevolent government, which cares equally about its citizens, to tax capital heavily and to subsidise labour; (ii) a Pareto improving means to reduce inefficiently high capital taxation under discretion is for the government to place greater weight on the welfare of capitalists; (iii) capitalists and workers preferences, regarding the optimal amount of "capitalist bias", are not aligned implying a conflict of interests. -- optimal fiscal policy ; Markov-perfect equilibrium ; heterogeneous agents
Welfare implications of public education spending rules by Konstantinos Angelopulos( Book )

6 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we quantitatively assess the welfare implications of alternative public education spending rules. To this end, we employ a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model in which human capital externalities and public education expenditures, financed by distorting taxes, enhance the productivity of private education choices. We allow public education spending, as share of output, to respond to various aggregate indicators in an attempt to minimize the market imperfection due to human capital externalities. We also expose the economy to varying degrees of uncertainty via changes in the variance of total factor productivity shocks. Our results indicate that, in the face of increasing aggregate uncertainty, active policy can significantly outperform passive policy (i.e. maintaining a constant public education to output ratio) but only when the policy instrument is successful in smoothing the growth rate of human capital
Fear of model misspecification and the robustness premium by Konstantinos Angelopoulos( Book )

7 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Robust decision making implies welfare costs or robustness premia when the approximating model is the true data generating process. To examine the importance of these premia at the aggregate level we employ a simple two-sector dynamic general equilibrium model with human capital and introduce an additional form of precautionary behavior. The latter arises from the robust decision maker's ability to reduce the effects of model misspecification through allocating time and existing human capital to this end. We find that the extent of the robustness premia critically depends on the productivity of time relative to that of human capital. When the relative efficiency of time is low, despite transitory welfare costs, there are gains from following robust policies in the long-run. In contrast, high relative productivity of time implies misallocation costs that remain even in the long-run. Finally, depending on the technology used to reduce model uncertainty, we find that while increasing the fear of model misspecification leads to a net increase in precautionary behavior, investment and output can fall
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Alternative Names
Malley, J.

Malley, James

Malley, Jim

English (130)