WorldCat Identities

Malley, James R.

Overview
Works: 85 works in 242 publications in 2 languages and 749 library holdings
Roles: Honoree
Classifications: HB3730, 337.0112
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  James R Malley Publications about James R Malley
Publications by  James R Malley Publications by James R Malley
Most widely held works by James R Malley
The specification, estimation, and simulation of a small global macroeconomic model by James R Malley ( Book )
4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A simple forecasting model linking macroeconomic policy to industrial employment demand by James R Malley ( Book )
3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Estimated general equilibrium models for the evaluation of monetary policy in the US and Europe by Campbell Leith ( Book )
8 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A persistent criticism of general equilibrium models of monetary policy which incorporate nominal inertia in the form of the New Keynesian Phillips Curce (NKPC) is that they fail to capture the extent of inflation inertia in the data. In this paper we derive a general equilibrium model based on optimising behaviour, but which also implies a data consistent NKPC. Specifically our model accounts for nominal inertia in both price and wage setting as well for habits in consumption. Using U.S. and European data from 1970 to 1998 our parameter estimates reveal that (i) there is relatively more inertia in pricesetting in Europe; (ii)wage contracts last longer in the US; (iii) the extend of backward-looking behaviour in price and wage setting is statistically significant but small in both the US and Europe; and (iv) significant habits effects are present in European consumption. Finally we simulate the effects of monetary policy and find that while the magnitude of the impact of monetary policy on the endogenous variables in our estimated models are similar to other econometric studies, the dynamic paths for variables display less inertia than is typically found in studies which use output gaps to proxy changes in marginal costs
Do excessive wage increases raise imports? theory and evidence by James R Malley ( Book )
6 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Economic growth and endogenous fiscal policy : in search of a data consistent general equilibrium model by James R Malley ( Book )
8 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Real wages and the cycle : the view from the frequency domain by Robert A Hart ( Book )
9 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In the time domain, the observed cyclical behavior of the real wage hides a range of economic influences that give rise to cycles of differing lengths and amplitudes. This may serve to produce a distorted picture of wage cyclicality. Here, we employ frequency domain methods that allow us decompose wages into cyclical components and to assess the relative contribution of each component. These are discussed in relation to wages alone (the univariate case) and to wages in relation to production or employment-based measures of the cycle (multivariate). In the multivariate dimension, we derive methods for determining whether (i) wage and business cycles cohere (ii) lead-lag or contemporaneous relationships exist and (iii) the degree of coherency between wage and business cycles is time dependent. We establish that real wages are strongly procyclical and that the business cycle is the dominant associated influence
Capital accumulation and unemployment : a tale of two "continents" by James R Malley ( Book )
6 editions published between 1998 and 2000 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A sectoral analysis of price-setting behavior in US manufacturing industries by Campbell Leith ( Book )
5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Estimated open economy new Keynesian Phillips curves for the G7 by Campbell Leith ( Book )
6 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this paper we develop an open economy model of firms' pricing behaviour under imperfect competition. This allows us to introduce various terms of trade effects influencing the firm's pricing decision, in addition to labour costs which dominate most closed-economy specifications of the New Keynesian Phillips (NKPC) curve. Our analysis gives rise to a hybrid open economy NKPC which nests existing closed and open economy specifications adopted in empirical work. We estimate this specification for the G7 economies and find that the US, UK and Canada typically enjoy less inertia in price setting than the European G7 economies and Japan and that these estimates are both plausible and in line with survey evidence. We also find that the proportion of firms which use simple backward-looking rules of thumb in price setting is greater when the frequency of price change is smaller. Finally there is evidence of significant asymmetries in price setting amongst EMU members
Unemployment and consumption : the case of motor-vehicles by James R Malley ( Book )
7 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and German and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Fiscal policy and consumption : new evidence from the United States by Julia Darby ( Book )
7 editions published in 1994 in English and German and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
On the cyclicality and stability of real earnings by Robert A Hart ( Book )
7 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Professional quest guide by James R Malley ( Book )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Technology shocks and aggregate fluctuations in an estimated hybrid RBC model by James R Malley ( Book )
7 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper contributes to the on-going empirical debate regarding the role of the RBC model and in particular of technology shocks in explaining aggregate fluctuations. To this end we estimate the model's posterior density using Markov-Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) methods. Within this framework we extend Ireland's (2001, 2004) hybrid estimation approach to allow for a vector autoregressive moving average (VARMA) process to describe the movements and co-movements of the model's errors not explained by the basic RBC model. The results of marginal likelihood ratio tests reveal that the more general model of the errors significantly improves the model's fit relative to the VAR and AR alternatives. Moreover, despite setting the RBC model a more difficult task under the VARMA specification, our analysis, based on forecast error and spectral decompositions, suggests that the RBC model is still capable of explaining a significant fraction of the observed variation in macroeconomic aggregates in the post-war U.S. economy. -- Real Business Cycle ; Bayesian estimation ; VARMA errors
Productivity shocks and aggregate cycles in an estimated endogenous growth model by James R Malley ( Book )
5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Using a two-sector endogenous growth model, this paper explores how productivity shocks in the goods and human capital producing sectors contribute to explaining aggregate cycles in output, consumption, investment and hours. To contextualize our findings, we also assess whether the human capital model or the standard real business cycle (RBC) model better explains the observed variation in these aggregates. We find that while neither of the workhorse growth models uniformly dominates the other across all variables and forecast horizons, the two-sector model provides a far better fit to the data. Some other key results are first, that Hicks-neutral shocks explain a greater share of output and consumption variation at shorter-forecast horizons whereas human capital productivity innovations dominate at longer ones. Second, the combined explanatory power of the two technology shocks in the human capital model is greater than the Hicks-neutral shock in the RBC model in the medium- and long-term for output and consumption. Finally, the RBC model outperforms the two-sector model with respect to explaining the observed variation in investment and hours. -- endogenous growth ; human capital ; real business cycles ; Bayesian estimation ; VAR errors
Electoral uncertainty, fiscal policy and macroeconomic fluctuations by James R Malley ( Book )
6 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this paper we study the link between elections, fiscal policy and aggregate fluctuations. The set-up is a stylized dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model incorporating both technology and political re-election shocks. The later are incorporated via a two-party model with elections. The main theoretical prediction is that forward-looking incumbents, with uncertain prospects of re-election, find it optimal to follow relatively shortsighted fiscal policies, and that this hurts capital accumulation. Our econometric estimation, using U.S. data, finds a statistically significant link between electoral uncertainty and policy instruments and in turn macroeconomic outcomes
Productivity shocks and aggregate fluctuations in an estimated endogenous growth model with human capital by James R Malley ( Book )
6 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Employing an endogenous growth model with human capital, this paper explores how productivity shocks in the goods and human capital producing sectors contribute to explaining aggregate fluctuations in output, consumption, investment and hours. Given the importance of accounting for both the dynamics and the trends in the data not captured by the theoretical growth model, we introduce a vector error correction model (VECM) of the measurement errors and estimate the model's posterior density function using Bayesian methods. To contextualize our findings with those in the literature, we also assess whether the endogenous growth model or the standard real business cycle model better explains the observed variation in these aggregates. In addressing these issues we contribute to both the methods of analysis and the ongoing debate regarding the effects of innovations to productivity on macroeconomic activity. -- endogenous growth ; human capital ; real business cycles ; VECM measurement errors ; Bayesian estimation
The distributional consequences of tax reforms under market distortions by Kōnstantinos Angelopulos ( Book )
6 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this paper we examine the importance of imperfect competition in product and labour markets in determining the long-run welfare effects of tax reforms assuming agent heterogeneity in capital holdings. Each of these market failures, independently, results in welfare losses for at least a segment of the population, after a capital tax cut and a concurrent labour tax increase. However, when combined in a realistic calibration to the UK economy, they imply that a capital tax cut will be Pareto improving in the long run. Consistent with the theory of second-best, the two distortions in this context work to correct the negative distributional effects of a capital tax cut that each one, on its own, creates
To react or not? : fiscal policy, volatility and welfare in the EU-3 by James R Malley ( Book )
6 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper develops a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model to examine the quantitative macroeconomic implications of countercyclical fiscal policy for France, Germany and the UK. The model incorporates real wage rigidity which is the particular market failure justifying policy intervention. We subject the model to productivity shocks and use either government consumption or investment to react to the output gap or the public debt-to-output ratio. If the object of fiscal policy is purely to stabilize output or debt volatility, then our results suggest substantial reductions can be obtained, especially with respect to output. In stark contrast, however, a formal general equilibrium welfare assessment of the volatility implications of these alternative instrument/target combinations reveals the welfare gains from active policy, measured as a share of consumption, to be very modest
Welfare implications of public education spending rules by Konstantinos Angelopulos ( Book )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this paper, we quantitatively assess the welfare implications of alternative public education spending rules. To this end, we employ a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model in which human capital externalities and public education expenditures, financed by distorting taxes, enhance the productivity of private education choices. We allow public education spending, as share of output, to respond to various aggregate indicators in an attempt to minimize the market imperfection due to human capital externalities. We also expose the economy to varying degrees of uncertainty via changes in the variance of total factor productivity shocks. Our results indicate that, in the face of increasing aggregate uncertainty, active policy can significantly outperform passive policy (i.e. maintaining a constant public education to output ratio) but only when the policy instrument is successful in smoothing the growth rate of human capital
 
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Alternative Names
Malley, J.
Malley, James
Malley, Jim
Languages
English (114)
German (2)