WorldCat Identities

Klerman, Jacob Alex

Works: 133 works in 372 publications in 1 language and 14,032 library holdings
Genres: Examinations 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: HV98.C3, 361.609794
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Jacob Alex Klerman
Welfare reform in California : early results from the impact analysis by Jacob Alex Klerman( )

21 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 2,401 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents early results on the impact of the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program on work activity participation rates of welfare recipients, welfare caseloads, and outcomes for welfare leavers. It describes outcomes under CalWORKs through approximately the summer of 2000 and begins the process of explaining the observed variation in outcomes through time, between California and other states, and among California's counties. Analyses of national data (administrative data on caseloads and national survey data on household income) and statewide data (on caseloads, employment, and earnings) show almost uniform improvement in outcomes in California since the implementation of CalWORKs. While the CalWORKs reforms appear to have been responsible for some of that improvement, the robust economy and other policy changes were probably also important. The rest of the nation has experienced similar improvements in outcomes
Welfare reform in California : results of the 1998 all-county implementation survey by Patricia A Ebener( )

24 editions published between 1999 and 2004 in English and held by 2,368 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Publisher Provided Annotation
Sanctions in the CalWORKS program by Jacob Alex Klerman( )

11 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 1,948 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The California Department of Social Services asked RAND to study the state's policy for sanctioning welfare program participants who do not comply with statutory requirements of the welfare-to-work program. Researchers found that sanctions were weak in practice and that caseworkers were reluctant to sanction clients. Making sanction swifter, stronger, and safer are possible directions for reforming sanction policy and practice
Attracting college-bound youth into the military : toward the development of new recruiting policy options by Beth J Asch( )

7 editions published between 1998 and 2000 in English and held by 1,816 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Although the military's need for enlisted personnel has declined by almost one-third since the end of the cold war, the armed services are finding it difficult to meet their recruiting goals. Among ongoing changes in the civilian labor market is a strong demand for skilled labor, which has prompted an increasing number of "high quality" youth to pursue post-secondary education and subsequent civilian employment. Because of this competition for high quality youth, the Department of Defense may want to explore new options for attracting desirable young people into the armed forces. The military, for example, offers a myriad of options for service members to take college courses while in active service. However, the programs do not in fact generate significant increases in educational attainment during time in service. One popular program, the Montgomery GI Bill, enrolls large numbers of individuals, but the vast majority of service members use their benefits after separating from service. Thus, the military does not receive the benefits of a more educated and productive workforce, unless the individuals subsequently join a reserve component. The authors suggest the Department of Defense should consider nontraditional policy options to enhance recruitment of college-bound youth. Recruiters could target more thoroughly students on two-year college campuses, or dropouts from two- or four-year colleges. Options for obtaining some college before military service could be expanded by allowing high school seniors to first attend college, paid for by the military, and then enlist. Or the student might serve in a reserve component while in college and then enter an active component after college. Alternatively, the military could create an entirely new path for combining college and military service by encouraging enlisted veterans to attend college and then reenlist (at a higher pay grade). The most promising alternatives should be evaluated in a national experiment designed to test their effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, similar to the one that led to the creation of the Army College Fund and the Navy College Fund
Recruiting older youths : insights from a new survey of army recruits by Bernard Rostker( )

6 editions published between 2008 and 2014 in English and held by 579 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

More than half of all U.S. Army recruits are choosing to join later in life instead of immediately after high school graduation. Older recruits tend to reenlist and receive promotions at greater rates than their younger peers. Among those surveyed, recruits who enlisted later were more concerned about the domestic job market and less concerned about external factors, such as opposition from family and friends. Since the advent of the all-volunteer force, little attention has been paid to high school graduates who do not enlist immediately after graduation, primarily those who seek employment in the private sector of the economy. However, over time, this group has made up a significant and increasing portion of total enlistments. However, since 2005, the majority of the Army's recruits has not joined directly out of high school but has instead made the decision to join at a later time. Why these recruits initially chose not to join when they had the opportunity after graduating from high school and why they changed their minds several years later and enlisted are the subjects of this report. Given the importance of older recruits to the Army, the authors examine what is known about these recruits, their performance during military service, and why they came to join the Army after first choosing another postsecondary path. The results of a survey of 5,000 Army recruits designed to answer this question are presented. Finally, the implications of the survey results are discussed, along with suggestions of ways to gain additional insights by tracking this survey cohort through their Army careers
The transition to stable employment : the experience of U.S. youth in their early labor market career by Jacob Alex Klerman( Book )

6 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 272 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were analyzed to identify patterns in the early labor market and employment experience of a sample of 12,781 U.S. youths who were first interviewed in 1979 (at ages 14 through 21) and last interviewed in 1990 (at ages 25 through 32 years). School-to-work transition patterns were classified by school-leaving group (slg) (no high school diploma, high school diploma, some college, college diploma, or some postcollege education). SLGs were analyzed in terms of the following factors: percentage of sample members employed, percentage in school, number of jobs held, and age at entrance into first job. While the median high school graduate entered his "three-year job" while he was 22, the median high school dropout, who first entered the labor force several years earlier, did not enter that job until he was 23. In contrast, the median college graduate--who entered the labor force four years later than the high school graduate--entered his "three-year job" shortly after turning 23. Although racial/ethnic groups and women manifested different employment, school attendance, and job stability patterns, the patterns of school-to-work transition by male high school graduates were surprisingly similarly across the three racial/ethnic groups. By using the slg classification and a different concept of job duration, the study found less support for the notion that high school graduates typically mill about in the labor market until well into their twenties. It was recommended that school-to-work transition initiatives be targeted toward high school noncompleters. Appended is information about sample distribution by slg and effect of alternative slg definitions and/or sample members' return to school. Contains 53 references and 67 tables/figures. (Mn)
Welfare reform in California : state and county implementation of CalWORKs in the first year by Gail Zellman( Book )

12 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 238 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the implementation of California's Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program in its first two years. According to the CalWORKs welfare-to-work model, immediately following the approval of the aid application, nearly all recipients search for jobs in the context of Job Clubs. For those who do not find employment through job search, an intensive assessment and a sequence of activities follow, to identify and overcome barriers to employment. Implementation in most counties is proceeding more slowly than some observers had hoped, but about as fast as could realistically be expected. County welfare districts (CWDs) face the dual challenge of expanding their capacity to deal with the new, higher, steady-state workload that CalWORKs entails and handling the much larger one-time surge of old cases as they move through the system. Providing mandated support services--child care and transportation; education and training; and treatment for alcohol and substance abuse, mental health, and domestic abuse--has been a challenge for most CWDs. To cope with this expanded workload, they have made different capacity-building decisions. The slow pace movement through the system is worrisome, however, given the five-year lifetime limit that aid recipients face. Finally, those who have found jobs often do not earn enough to move them completely off aid and toward self-sufficiency. Additional post-employment services appear to be needed
State monitoring of national school lunch program nutritional content by Liisa Hiatt( Book )

10 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of the School Meals Initiative (SMI), the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) now requires each state to regularly review the nutritional content of food served by each School Food Authority (SFA) as part of the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). While states must monitor the nutritional content of school meals, they are not required to forward any information to USDA-FNS. However, USDA-FNS is required to measure progress to "ensure that school meals are consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) and the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA)." To measure progress, USDA-FNS needs to produce state and national aggregations of the nutrient content in school lunches to show that meals in a given state or in the country as a whole are consistent with the DGA and RDA. In addition, FNS needs to do this while imposing minimal reporting burdens on the states. The USDA-FNS contracted with RAND to look more carefully at how some states are performing SMI reviews and how they might be able to transmit data with limited additional burden. In particular, it asked seven states to work collaboratively with RAND--through on-site, in-depth interviews--to explore possible reporting systems: California, Georgia, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin. These states were chosen as representative of regional differences across the country and of methods for conducting SMI
Determinants of the Food Stamp Program caseload by Jacob Alex Klerman( )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 228 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Family options study : 3-year impacts of housing and services interventions for homeless families by Daniel Gubits( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 223 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New estimates of the effect of Kassebaum-Kennedy's group-to-individual conversion provision on premiums for individual health insurance by Jacob Alex Klerman( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 187 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using new tabulations from the Survey of Income and Program Participation and newly released data from the Current Population Survey, this report reexamines the likely effect on insurance premiums in the individual health insurance market of the Health Insurance Act of 1995 (commonly known as "Kassebaum-Kennedy"). A widely cited study by the Health Insurance Association of America (HIAA) estimates that the proposed legislation would increase premiums for those currently buying individual health insurance by over twenty percent. This study estimates a range of effects from 5.5 percent to under one percent. The upper end of the range maintains the HIAA assumptions, but substitutes new tabulations of the figures used in the computation of the estimate. The lower end of the range considers the interaction of the proposed federal legislation and current state insurance regulations
Enlistment decisions in the 1990s : evidence from individual-level data by M. Rebecca Kilburn( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 180 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work updates previous estimates of individual enlistment models, investigating the relationship between family, individual, local labor market, and other background characteristics and the decision to enlist. The study makes three primary innovations to earlier models. First, it uses data from the early 1990s, while the most recent estimates were from the early 1980s. The data report the enlistment behavior of a cohort of individuals from the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS) who were high school seniors in 1992. In general, the authors find that their coefficient estimates are similar to those estimated by earlier models, while the mean levels of the explanatory variables are more often significantly different from those in earlier data. Second, the authors explore the utility of including some additional variables in the model that are more relevant to the 1990s or were not available in early data. These include measures of immigrant status, criminal behavior, drug use, in-state college tuition, and whether parents were in the military. The research finds that immigrant status, criminal behavior, and having parents in the military are significant determinants of individual enlistment decisions. Third, the authors estimate the individual enlistment decision as a three-choice decision-whether to enlist, enroll in college, or work after high school graduation-in contrast to earlier studies, which modeled the enlistment decisions as a two-way choice of whether to enlist or not. The study concludes that the trivariate-choice model dominates the bivariate model because it produces more significant coefficient estimates and yields more insights into the reasons that individuals enlist rather than choosing alternative activities
Employment continuity among new mothers by Jacob Alex Klerman( )

4 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effects of changing the staffing in military treatment facilities by Jacob Alex Klerman( Book )

6 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 160 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The military provides health services to dependents and retirees through two systems: (1) the on-base military health system, Military Treatment Facilities (MTFs); and (2) the private health care system, CHAMPUS (Civilian Health and Medical Plan for the Uniformed Services). The continuing rapid increase in total military health expenditures has focused attention on these systems. Because the average cost per visit has been estimated to be less in the MTFs, it has been suggested that increasing MTF staffing levels might draw into the MTFs patients who otherwise would use CHAMPUS--thereby decreasing total military health expenditures. This report examines this claim. Using economic theory, survey results, and regression analysis, the authors conclude that additional patients seen in the MTF as a result of increased MTF staffing will not all come from CHAMPUS cases. Moreover, many of the services provided to the additional MTF patients will be services that--without the increased staffing--would have been reimbursed by other (non-CHAMPUS) health insurance, paid for by the patient, or gone unprovided. Therefore, for many services, unless the MTF can provide care at a substantially lower cost, increasing MTF staffing may actually increase total medical costs. This result is consistent with the findings of the Department of Defense Comprehensive Study of the Military Medical Care System (DoD, 1994), which used different data and methods. The findings of this study will be of special interest to government and other agencies concerned with the efficient use of resources in the military health care system
Estimating AFQT scores for National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS) respondents by M. Rebecca Kilburn( Book )

5 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is the first report of a two-part project that estimates the determinants of individual enlistment decisions using the 1992 and 1994 waves of the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS). The authors estimate AFQT scores for NELS respondents using test scores reported in the 1992 NELS, test score trends from the 1978-1992 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), and the sample in the 1980 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) that was used to norm the AFQT. Percentile scores on the NELS tests are equated to percentile scores on the AFQT in the NLSY with an adjustment to reflect test score trends observed in the NAEP over the period 1980-1992. In addition to estimating AFQT scores for NELS respondents, the authors examine test score trends between 1980 and 1992 to draw implications for recruiting policy. The evidence suggests that concerns that a rising share of minorities in the youth population will result in a decline in the potential supply of high-quality youth are unwarranted. Even though minorities in the early 1990s continued to score lower than average on the AFQT, the growth in their population share was outweighed by their greater-than-average test score growth during the 1980s and early 1990s. The net result of these countervailing trends was that a larger fraction of minorities were estimated to be high-quality potential recruits and that the share of the entire high school senior population scoring in that range was largely unchanged
Characterizing leave for maternity : modeling the NLSY data by Jacob Alex Klerman( )

4 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Major changes in women's labor force behavior over the last two decades imply that while time away from the workforce after the birth of a child was once measured in years, it is now measured in weeks or even days. Concentrating on the weeks immediately following childbirth, this paper characterizes the labor force behavior of women immediately before and after the birth of a child. The timing of labor market exits (during pregnancy) and entrances (after childbirth) are estimated to the day, and reported to the week. Quits, exits to unpaid leave, and exits to paid leave are separately identified. The estimates reveal that most women who work before the birth of a child return to work relatively quickly after the birth of a child. The model time to return occurs only about six weeks after childbirth. Those who work long into pregnancy return to work more quickly after childbirth. The empirical work uses the National Longitudinal Survey-Youth (NLS-Y). The estimates are generated using a system of profit and hazard models. The system includes unobserved heterogeneity to capture the correlation between decisions. The econometric model is specified to correct for the focus of the NLS-Y protocol (in some years) on employment, so that it is not possible to distinguish paid from unpaid leave
Health insurance among children of unemployed parents by Jacob Alex Klerman( Book )

4 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 156 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents tabulations of the interrelationship between health insurance coverage for children and parental employment, using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, a longitudinal survey conducted by the Census Bureau. The data cover the period October 1989 to April 1994. The tabulations show that (1) most uninsured children are in poor families where at least one parent works; and (2) few children in unemployed families have a family member recently employed in an insured job. Thus, the continuation program proposed by the Clinton administration would have only a small effect on children of unemployed parents
Women's employment during pregnancy and following birth by Arleen A Leibowitz( )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 155 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Improving public services : international experiences in using evaluation tools to measure program performance by Karen J Baehler( )

7 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume spotlights recent advances in the worldwide use of quantitative performance measures in the public sector, especially approaches that incorporate program evaluation techniques. Chapters include single-country case studies, multi-country comparisons, and thoughtful essays on the challenges of making performance measurement and management work in diverse settings"--
The effect of reserve activations and active-duty deployments on local employment during the global war on terrorism by David S Loughran( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 152 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Today, American service personnel are deploying at rates not seen since the Vietnam War. Such deployments and activations have raised concerns about their effect on the local economies. The authors of this report use econometric models to analyze the impact of activations and deployments on economic conditions, as measured by changes in employment at the county level
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Welfare reform in California : results of the 1998 all-county implementation survey
Welfare reform in California : results of the 1998 all-county implementation surveySanctions in the CalWORKS programAttracting college-bound youth into the military : toward the development of new recruiting policy optionsThe transition to stable employment : the experience of U.S. youth in their early labor market careerWelfare reform in California : state and county implementation of CalWORKs in the first yearState monitoring of national school lunch program nutritional contentNew estimates of the effect of Kassebaum-Kennedy's group-to-individual conversion provision on premiums for individual health insuranceEnlistment decisions in the 1990s : evidence from individual-level data
Alternative Names
Klerman, Jacob 1959-

Klerman, Jacob A.

Klerman, Jacob A. 1959-

English (147)