WorldCat Identities

Gruber, Jonathan

Works: 230 works in 1,487 publications in 1 language and 20,464 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Graphic novels 
Roles: Author, Editor, Director, Other
Classifications: HD7091, 368.43
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Jonathan Gruber
Most widely held works by Jonathan Gruber
Social security programs and retirement around the world : fiscal implications of reform by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

64 editions published between 1997 and 2010 in English and held by 713 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

(Publisher-supplied data) The future of Social Security is troubled, both in the United States and in most other developed countries with aging populations. As improvements in health care and changes in life styles enable retirees to live longer than ever before, the stress on national budgets will increase substantially. In Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World, Jonathan Gruber, David A. Wise, and experts in many countries examine the consequences of reforming retirement benefits in a dozen nations. Drawing on the work of an international group of noted economists, the editors argue that social security programs provide strong incentives for workers to leave the labor force by retiring and taking the benefits to which they are entitled. By penalizing work, social security systems magnify the increased financial burden caused by aging populations, thus contributing to the insolvency of the system. This book is a model of comparative analysis that evaluates the effects of illustrative policies for countries facing the impending rapid growth of social security benefits. Its insights will help inform one of the most pressing debates
Health care reform : what it is, why it's necessary, how it works by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 712 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Health Care Reform: What It Is, Why It's Necessary, How It Works is a deeply informed, opinionated, immediately accessible explanation of why health care reform is essential, why the legislation Congress passed is our best bet for solving the problem, and why it would be disastrous if we revoked it. Poll after poll shows that the majority of Americans are against health care reform. Polls also show that the majority of American's simply do not understand what is at stake, how reform works, and what its immediate and long-term consequences will be. Health Care Reform explains the stakes, means, and consequences with the immediacy of comics and the authority that only Jonathan Gruber can bring. And with Nathan Schreibers' illustrations using a visual style reminiscent of the political cartoons of Thomas Nash and Walt Kelly, the book will leave no one in doubt: Americans can no longer afford to be ignorant of the facts. Few experts know more about America's dire need of health care reform than Gruber. And of that short list, he is the only one prepared to enter the pages of a comic book to make the case. To be clear: Gruber is not an expert; he is the expert. An award-winning MIT economist and the director of the Health Care Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research, he was a key architect of the ambitious health care reform effort in Massachusetts and is a member of the Health Connector Board now implementing it; in 2006 he was named by Modern Healthcare as the nineteenth most powerful person in health care in the United States. In 2008 he was a consultant to the Clinton, Edwards, and Obama presidential campaigns. The national legislation passed by Congress in 2009 derives directly from Grubers' insights learned during the Massachusetts health care debate"--Provided by publisher
Public finance and public policy by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

58 editions published between 1468 and 2016 in English and held by 682 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jonathan Gruber's groundbreaking Public Finance and Public Policy was the first textbook to truly reflect the way public policy is created, implemented, and researched. Like no other text available, it integrated real-world empirical work and coverage of transfer programs and social insurance into the traditional topics of public finance. From its first edition, the book quickly became the market-leading text for Public Finance and Public Policy courses, and the margin is growing. Thoroughly updated, this timely new edition gives students the basic tools they need to understand the driving issues of public policy today, including healthcare, education, global climate change, entitlements, and more
Social security and retirement around the world by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

23 editions published between 1998 and 2001 in English and held by 447 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Social Security and Retirement around the World presents comparable descriptive data and analytic calculations for each of the eleven countries discussed. The chapters begin with a description of the historical evolution of labor force participation and then present data on the current age-specific activities and income sources of men and women. Each paper then goes on to describe the institutional features of the country's social security system, highlighting any interactions with other public and private programs that might also influence retirement behavior. At the core of each chapter is a detailed analysis of the retirement incentives inherent in the provisions of that country's retirement income system. Through this process of analysis, the individual studies provide a means of comparing the retirement incentives among the nations."--Jacket
Risky behavior among youths : an economic analysis by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

28 editions published between 2000 and 2009 in English and held by 415 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There are a host of potentially risky behaviors in which youth engage, which have important implications for both their well being as youth and their life prospects. The past decade has seen dramatic shifts in the intensity with which youths pursue these risky activities: for example, youth homicide fell by 40%; teen births decline by 20%; youth smoking rose by 33%; and marijuana use among youth virtually doubled. This paper, and the volume it introduces, explores the determinants and implications of risky behaviors by youths. I begin by reviewing perspectives on youth risk-taking from traditional rational-choice economics, developmental psychology, and behavioral economics. I then discuss both cross-sectional and time series evidence on risk-taking by youths, and how this compares to adults. I review the evidence on youth risk taking from the studies in this volume, and highlight the conclusions that (a) economic incentives and macroeconomic conditions are powerful predictors of risk taking by youths, (b) despite this, these factors are not very successful in predicting the dramatic time series swings we see in youth risk taking, and (c) risk taking by youths appears to have important implications for risky behaviors later in life. I also comment on the implications of these findings for policy, and for future economic research
Social security programs and retirement around the world : micro-estimation by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

33 editions published between 2002 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 411 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An analysis and country-by-country comparison of the effects of social security incentives on retirement behavior in Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the U.K., and the United States
The problems of disadvantaged youth : an economic perspective( Book )

10 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 238 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction: what have we learned about the problems of and prospects for disadvantaged youth? / Jonathan Gruber -- Education : the behavioral consequences of pre-kindergarten participation for disadvantaged youth / David Figlio and Jeffrey Roth -- Is gaining access to selective elementary schools gaining ground? : evidence from randomized lotteries / Julie Berry Cullen and Brian A. Jacob -- Would more compulsory schooling help disadvantaged youth? : evidence from recent changes to school-leaving laws / Philip Oreopoulos -- Health and healthy behaviors : mental health in childhood and human capital / Janet Currie and Mark Stabile -- Childhood disadvantage and obesity : is nurture trumping nature? / Patricia M. Anderson, Kristin F. Butcher, and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach -- Socioeconomic disadvantage and early childbearing / Melissa S. Kearney and Phillip B. Levine -- Contextual influences : parental income shocks and outcomes of disadvantaged youth in the United States / Marianne Page, Ann Huff Stevens, and Jason Lindo -- The role of religious and social organizations in the lives of disadvantaged youth / Rajeev Dehejia, Thomas Deleire, Erzo F.P. Luttmer, and Josh Mitchell -- Neighborhood violence and urban youth / Anna Aizer
Public health insurance and private savings by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

16 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent theoretical work suggests that means and asset-tested social insurance programs can explain the low savings of lower income households in the U.S. We assess the validity of this hypothesis by investigating the effect of Medicaid, the health insurance program for low income women and children, on savings behavior. We do so using data on asset holdings from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, and on consumption from the Consumer Expenditure Survey, matched to information on the eligibility of each household for Medicaid. Exogenous variation in Medicaid eligibility is provided by the dramatic expansion of this program over the 1984-1993 period. We document that Medicaid eligibility has a sizeable and significant negative effect on wealth holdings; we estimate that in 1993 the Medicaid program lowered wealth holdings by 17.7% among the eligible population. We confirm this finding by showing a strong positive association between Medicaid eligibility and consumption expenditures; in 1993, the program raised consumption expenditures among eligibles by 5.2%. We also exploit the fact that asset testing was phased out by the Medicaid program over this period to document that these Medicaid effects are much stronger in the presence of an asset test, confirming the importance of asset testing for household savings decisions
The technology of birth : health insurance, medical interventions, and infant health by Janet M Currie( Book )

14 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two key issues for public insurance policy are the effect of insurance status on medical treatment, and the implications of insurance-induced treat- ment differentials for health outcomes. We address these issues in the context of the treatment of childbirth, using Vital Statistics data on every birth in the U.S. over the 1987-1992 period. The effects of insurance status on treat- ment and outcomes are identified using the tremendous variation in eligibility for public insurance coverage under the Medicaid program over this period. Among teen mothers and high school dropouts, who were largely uninsured before being made eligible for Medicaid, eligibility for this program was associated with significant increases in the use of a variety of obstetric procedures. On average, this more intensive treatment was associated with only marginal changes in the health of infants, as measured by neonatal mortality. But the effect of eligibility on neonatal mortality is sizeable among children born to mothers whose closest hospital had a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, suggest- ing that insurance-induced increases in use of high tech' treatments can have real effects on outcomes. Among women with more education there is a counter- vailing effect on procedure use. Most of these women had private insurance before becoming Medicaid-eligible, and some may have been 'crowded out' onto the public program. These women moved from more generous to less generous insurance coverage of pregnancy and neonatal care. This movement was accompanied by reductions in procedure use without any discernable change in neonatal mortality
Disability insurance benefits and labor supply by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

14 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Disability Insurance (DI) is a public program that provides income support to persons unable to continue work due to disability. The difficulty of defining disability, however, has raised the possibility that this program may be subsidizing the early retirement of workers who are not truly disabled. A critical input for assessing the optimal size of the DI program is therefore the elasticity of labor force participation with respect to benefits generosity. Unfortunately, this parameter has been difficult to estimate in the context of the U.S. DI program, since all workers face an identical benefits schedule. I surmount this problem by studying the experience of Canada, which operates two distinct DI programs, for Quebec and the rest of Canada. The latter program raised its benefits by 36% in January, 1987, while benefits were constant in Quebec, providing exogenous variation in benefits generosity across similar workers. I study this relative benefits increase using both simple difference-in-difference' estimators and more parameterized estimators that exploit the differential impact of this policy change across workers. I find that there was a sizeable labor supply response to the policy change; my central estimates imply an elasticity of labor force non-participation with respect to DI benefits of 0.25 to 0.32. Despite this large labor supply response, simulations suggest that there were welfare gains from this policy change under plausible assumptions about preference parameters
Social Security and retirement in Canada by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

13 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Government transfers to older persons in Canada are one of the largest and fastest growing components of the government budget. I provide an overview of the interaction between these transfer programs and retirement behavior. I begin by documenting historical trends in labor force participation and program receipt, and contemporaneous patterns of work and income receipt for the current cohort of older persons. I then present an overview of the structure of this system of Canadian transfer programs. Finally, I present results of a simulation model which measures the implicit tax/subsidy rate on work after age 55 through this system. I find that workers, there are modest taxes on work through age 64, that rise to fairly high levels thereafter. But these taxes are substantially lower for single workers, since they do not have wives eligible for means-tested transfers, and for workers with substantial other sources of income is not at all eligible for means-tested transfers
Physician fee policy and Medicaid program costs by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

13 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We investigate the hypothesis that increasing access for the indigent to physician offices shifts care from hospital outpatient settings and lowers Medicaid costs (the so-called offset effect'). To evaluate this hypothesis we exploit a large increase in physician fees in the Tennessee Medicaid program, using Georgia as a control. We find that beneficiaries shifted care from clinics to offices, but that there was little or no shifting from hospital outpatient departments or emergency rooms. Thus, we find no offset effect in outpatient expenditures. Inpatient admissions and expenditures fell, reducing overall program spending eight percent. Because the inpatient reduction did not occur in ambulatory-care-sensitive diagnoses, however, we cannot demonstrate a causal relationship with the fee change
Social security and retirement in the U.S. by Peter A Diamond( Book )

14 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The largest entitlement program in the United States today is the Social Security program (SS). We provide an overview of the interaction between the SS system and retirement behavior. We begin by documenting historical trends in labor force participation and program receipt, and contemporaneous patterns of work and income receipt for the current cohort of older persons. We then present an overview of the structure of the SS program in the U.S., and review existing evidence on the relationship between SS and retirement. Finally, we present results of a simulation model which measures the implicit tax/subsidy rate on work after age 55 through the SS system. We find that, for married workers, the system is roughly neutral with respect to work after age 62, but that it heavily penalizes work after age 65. But there are larger tax rates on single workers and on high earning workers
Abortion legalization and child living circumstances : who is the "marginal child?" by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

13 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We estimate the impact of changes in abortion access in the early 1970s on the average living standards of cohorts born in those years. In particular, we address the selection inherent in the abortion decision: is the marginal child who is not born when abortion access increases more or less disadvantaged than the average child? Legalization of abortion in five states around 1970, followed by legalization nationwide due to the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, generates natural variation which can be used to estimate the effect of abortion access. We find that cohorts born after abortion was legalized experienced a significant reduction in a number of adverse outcomes. Our estimates imply that the marginal child who was not born due to legalization would have been 70% more likely to live in a single parent family, 40% more likely to live in poverty, 50% more likely to receive welfare, and 35% more likely to die as an infant. These selection effects imply that the legalization of abortion saved the government over $14 billion in welfare expenditures through 1994
Insuring consumption against illness by Paul Gertler( Book )

13 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One of the most sizable and least predictable shocks to economic opportunities in developing countries is major illness, both in terms of medical care expenditures and lost income from reduced labor supply and productivity. As a result, families may not be able to smooth their consumption over periods of illness. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which families are able to insure consumption against major illness using a unique panel data set from Indonesia that combines excellent measures of health status with consumption information. We focus on the effect of large exogenous changes in physical functioning. We find that there are significant economic costs associated with these illnesses, albeit more from income loss than from medical expenditures. We also find a robust and striking rejection of full consumption insurance. Indeed, the deviation from full consumption smoothing is significant, particularly for illnesses that severely limit physical function; families are able to smooth less than 30 percent of the income loss from these illnesses. These estimates suggest large welfare gains from the introduction of formal disability insurance, and that the large public subsidies for medical care typical of most developing countries may improve welfare by providing consumption insurance
Health insurance for poor women and children in the U.S. : lessons from the past decade by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

16 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To low income women and children, has expanded dramatically over the past decade. This expansion provides a atural laboratory' for learning about the effect of public health insurance eligibility on insurance coverage, health utilization, and health outcomes. This paper provides an overview of what has been learned about these questions from studying the expansions. Medicaid eligibility rose steeply over the 1984-1992 period, but coverage rose much less sharply, due to limited takeup of benefits. This is partly due to the fact that many eligibles already had private insurance coverage, and evidence suggests that a large share of new enrollees dropped their private coverage to join the program. Nevertheless, utilization of preventive care rose substantially as a result of the expansions, and there were significant improvements in health outcomes, specifically infant and child mortality. While these mortality reductions came at significant cost to the Medicaid program, the cost per life saved was low relative to alternative uses of government funds. These findings highlight both the potential benefits of public insurance policy and the importance of appropriately targeting scarce public health dollars
Spousal labor supply as insurance : does unemployment insurance crowd out the added worker effect? by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

12 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We consider the role of spousal labor supply as insurance against spells of unemployment. Standard theory suggests that women should work more when their husbands are out of work (the Added Worker Effect or AWE), but there has been little empirical support for this contention. We too find little evidence of an AWE over the 1984-1993 period. We suggest that one reason for the absence of the AWE may be that unemployment insurance (UI) is providing a state-contingent income stream that counteracts the negative income shock from the husband's unemployment. We in fact find that increases in the generosity of UI lower labor supply among wives of unemployed husbands. Our results suggest that UI is crowding out a sizeable fraction of offsetting spousal earnings in response to unemployment spells, although even in the absence of a UI system the spousal response would only make up a small share of the associated reduction in family income. We also find evidence that families are making labor supply decisions in a life cycle context, since there are effects of UI on the labor supply of wives of employed husbands who face high unemployment risk. Yet, couples do not appear able to smooth the labor supply response to UI income flows equally over periods of employment and unemployment, suggesting the presence of liquidity constraints. Finally, wives in families with small children are more responsive to UI benefits in their labor supply decisions, which is consistent with the notion that they have a higher opportunity cost of market work
Health insurance and the labor market by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A distinctive feature of the health insurance market in the U.S. is the restriction of group insurance availability to the workplace. This has a number of important implications for the functioning of the labor market, through mobility from job-to-job or in and out of the labor force, wage determination, and hiring decisions. This paper reviews the large literature that has emerged in recent years to assess the impact of health insurance on the labor market. I begin with an overview of the institutional details relevant to assessing the interaction of health insurance and the labor market. I then present a theoretical overview of the effects of health insurance on mobility and wage/employment determination. I critically review the empirical literature on these topics, focusing in particular on the methodological issues that have been raised, and highlighting the unanswered questions which can be the focus of future work in this area
Non-employment and health insurance coverage by Jonathan Gruber( Book )

11 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Low rates of health insurance coverage among the non-employed have motivated consideration of policies to subsidize the purchase of insurance for those who are without a job. But there is little evidence on the extent to which coverage differentials between the employed and the non-employed reflect the effects of job loss or merely different underlying tastes for insurance. If the latter, subsidies may not be successful in increasing the rate of insurance coverage among the non-employed. Furthermore, subsidies which lower the costs of non-employment may increase both the incidence and duration of joblessness. We provide new evidence on these issues by analyzing longitudinal data on 25-54 year-old men over the 1983-1989 period. We have four findings of interest. First, even after modelling differences in underlying tastes for insurance, the likelihood of insurance coverage drops by roughly 20 percentage points following job separation. Second, limited subsidization of the cost of insurance through state laws mandating continued access to employer-provided health insurance for the non-employed increases the likelihood of having insurance while without a job by 6.7 percent. Third, these mandates also increase the number of individuals with spells of non-employment and the total amount of time spent jobless. Finally, at least some of this increased non-employment appears to be spent in productive job search as the availability of continuation coverage is related to significant wage gains among those who separate from their jobs
Moral hazard in health insurance by Amy Finkelstein( Book )

4 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this short and accessible book, Amy Finkelstein#x97;winner of the 2012 John Bates Clark award#x97;tackles the tricky question of moral hazard, which is the tendency to take risks when the cost will be borne by others. Kenneth J. Arrow's seminal 1963 paper, #x93;Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care"#x97;included in the volume#x97;was one of the first to explore the implication of moral hazard for healthcare, and in this book, Finkelstein examines this issue in the context of contemporary American health care policy. Showcasing research from a 1972 RAND experiment and her own findings from an
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Health care reform : what it is, why it's necessary, how it works
Alternative Names
Gruber, J. 1965-

Gruber, Jon

Gruber, Jon 1965-

Gruber, Jon (Jonathan)

Gruber, Jon (Jonathan), 1965-

Gruber, Jonathan

Gruber, Jonathan 1965-

Gruber, Jonathan H. 1965-

Gruber, Jonathan Holmes 1965-

Holmes Gruber, Jonathan 1965-

Jonathan Gruber Amerikaans econoom

Jonathan Gruber économiste américain

Jonathan Gruber US-amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler

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English (386)

Health care reform : what it is, why it's necessary, how it worksPublic finance and public policySocial security and retirement around the worldRisky behavior among youths : an economic analysisSocial security programs and retirement around the world : micro-estimationThe problems of disadvantaged youth : an economic perspective