WorldCat Identities

Subramanian, Arvind

Works: 159 works in 576 publications in 1 language and 6,268 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: HF3892.Z5, 382.09676
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Arvind Subramanian
Trade and trade policies in eastern and southern Africa by Arvind Subramanian( Book )

14 editions published in 2000 in English and Undetermined and held by 400 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and currency liberalization. This paper analyzes trade and policy developments for 22 countries in eastern and southern Africa, looks at regional and multilateral integration issues, and reflects on the main challenges these countries face in the new decade. It addresses the main trade policy issues for these countries and suggests possible actions they and their trading partners could follow
Eclipse : living in the shadow of China's economic dominance by Arvind Subramanian( Book )

16 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 332 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In his new book, Arvind Subramanian presents the following possibilities: What if, contrary to common belief, China's economic dominance is a present-day reality rather than a faraway possibility? What if the renminbi's takeover of the dollar as the world's reserve currency is not decades, but mere years, away? And what if the United States's economic pre-eminence is not, as many economists and policymakers would like to believe, in its own hands, but China's to determine? Subramanian's analysis is based on a new index of economic dominance grounded in a historical perspective. His examination makes use of real-world examples, comparing China's rise with the past hegemonies of Great Britain and the United States. His attempt to quantify and project economic and currency dominance leads him to the conclusion that China's dominance is not only more imminent, but also broader in scope, and much larger in magnitude, than is currently imagined. He explores the profound effect this might have on the United States, as well as on the global financial and trade system. Subramanian concludes with a series of policy proposals for other nations to reconcile China's rise with continued openness in the global economic order, and to insure against China becoming a malign hegemon
Towards a better global economy : policy implications for citizens worldwide in the twenty-first century by Franklin Allen( Book )

5 editions published between 2014 and 2016 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book examines the factors that are most likely to facilitate the process of beneficial economic growth in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. It examines past, present, and future economic growth; demographic changes; the hyperglobalization of trade; the effect of finance on growth; climate change and resource depletion; and the sense of global citizenship and the need for global governance in order to draw longer-term implications, identify policy options for improving the lives of average citizens around the world, and make the case for the need to confront new challenges with truly global policy responses. The book documents how demographic changes, convergence, and competition are likely to bring about massive shifts in the sectoral and geographical composition of global output and employment, as the center of gravity of the global economy moves toward Asia and emerging economies elsewhere. It shows that the legacies of the 2008-09 crisis--high unemployment levels, massive excess capacities, and high debt levels--are likely to reduce the standard of living of millions of people in many countries over a long period of adjustment and that fluctuations in international trade, financial markets, and commodity prices, as well as the tendency of institutions at both the national and international level to favor the interests of the better-off and more powerful pose substantial risks for citizens of all countries."--Publisher description
Greenprint : a new approach to cooperation on climate change by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

7 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 142 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Beleaguered by mutual recrimination between rich and poor countries, squeezed by the zero-sum arithmetic of a shrinking global carbon budget, and overtaken by shifts in economic and hence bargaining power between these countries, international cooperation on climate change has floundered. Given these three factors --which Arvind Subramanian and Aaditya Mattoo call the "narrative," "adding up," and "new world" problems --the wonder is not the current impasse; it is, rather, the belief that progress might be possible at all. In this book, the authors argue that any chance of progress must address each of these problems in a radically different way. First, the old narrative of recrimination must cede to a narrative based on recognition of common interests. Second, leaders must shift the focus away from emissions cuts to technology generation. Third, the old "cash-for-cuts" approach must be abandoned for one that requires contributions from all countries calibrated in magnitude and form to their current level of development and future prospects
India's turn : understanding the economic transformation( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On economic policies pursued in Indian economy post 1991 watershed year; articles co-authored with many other writers
Who needs to open the capital account by Olivier Jeanne( Book )

5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 136 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Most countries emerged from the Second World War with capital accounts that were closed to the rest of the world. Since then, a process of capital account opening has occurred, with the result that all developed and many emerging-market countries now have capital accounts that are both de facto and de jure open, while many developing countries also have de facto openness. This study examines this in part by considering some of the first lessons from the current global financial crisis. This crisis may change the terms of the debate on capital account liberalization in a deeper and more lasting way than any of the crises of the past two decades because it may mark a reversal in the secular trend of financial liberalization at the core of the international financial system. The current crisis also raises new questions about the appropriate policy responses to boom-bust dynamics in domestic credit and in international credit flows. Intellectual consistency is needed between the domestic and international dimensions of financial regulation and the policies aimed at dealing with boom-bust dynamics in domestic and international credit
Institutions rule : the primacy of institutions over geography and integration in economic development by Dani Rodrik( Book )

31 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that the quality of institutions "trumps" everything else. Controlling for institutions, geography have at best weak direct effects on incomes, although it has a strong indirect effect through institutions. Similarly, controlling for institutions, trade has a negative, albeit, insignificant direct effect on income, although trade too has a positive effect on institutional quality. We relate our results to recent literature, and where differences exist, trace their origins to choices on samples, specification, and instrumentation
The WTO promotes trade, strongly but unevenly by Arvind Subramanian( Book )

27 editions published between 2003 and 2005 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Contrary to the recent literature that concludes that the GATT/WTO has been completely ineffective in promoting world trade, this paper furnishes robust evidence that the institution has had a powerful and positive impact on trade. The impact has, however, been uneven. GATT/WTO membership for industrial countries has been associated with a large increase in imports estimated at about 44 percent of world trade. The same has not been true for developing country members, although those that joined after the Uruguay Round have benefited from increased imports. Similarly, there has been an asymmetric impact between sectors. These results are consistent with the history and design of the institution
From "Hindu growth" to productivity surge : the mystery of the Indian growth transition by Dani Rodrik( Book )

26 editions published in 2004 in English and Undetermined and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Most conventional accounts of India's recent economic performance associate the pick-up in economic growth with the liberalization of 1991. This paper demonstrates that the transition to high growth occured around 1980, a full decade before economic liberalization. We investigate a number of hypotheses about the causes of this growth favorable external environment, fiscal stimulus, trade liberalization, internal liberalization, the green revolution, public investment and find them wanting. We argue that growth was triggered by an attitudinal shift on the part of the national government towards a pro-business (as opposed to pro-liberalization) approach. We provide some evidence that is consistent with this argument. We also find that registered manufacturing built up in previous decades played an important role in influencing the pattern of growth across the Indian states
India and the multilateral trading system after Seattle : toward a proactive role by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

9 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mattoo and Subramanian argue that india should engage more actively in the multilateral trading system, to help facilitate and consolidate domestic reform and to gain access to export markets for India's goods and services
Addressing the natural resource curse : an illustration from Nigeria by Xavier Sala-i-Martin( Book )

22 editions published in 2003 in English and Undetermined and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Some natural resources-oil and minerals in particular-exert a negative and nonlinear impact on growth via their deleterious impact on institutional quality. We show this result to be very robust. The Nigerian experience provides telling confirmation of this aspect of natural resources. Waste and poor institutional quality stemming from oil appear to have been primarily responsible for Nigeria's poor long-run economic performance. We propose a solution for addressing this resource curse which involves directly distributing the oil revenues to the public. Even with all the difficulties that will no doubt plague its actual implementation, our proposal will, at the least, be vastly superior to the status quo. At best, however, it could fundamentally improve the quality of public institutions and, as a result, durably raise long-run growth performance
Aid and growth : what does the cross-country evidence really show? by Raghuram Rajan( Book )

14 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: do suggest that for aid to be effective in the future, the aid apparatus will have to be rethought. Our findings raise the question: what aspects of aid offset what ought to be the indisputable growth enhancing effects of resource transfers? Thus, our findings support efforts under way at national and international levels to understand and improve aid effectiveness
What undermines aid's impact on growth? by Raghuram Rajan( Book )

15 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We examine one of the most important and intriguing puzzles in economics: why it is so hard to find a robust effect of aid on the long-term growth of poor countries, even those with good policies. We look for a possible offset to the beneficial effects of aid, using a methodology that exploits both cross-country and within-country variation. We find that aid inflows have systematic adverse effects on a country's competitiveness, as reflected in a decline in the share of labor intensive and tradable industries in the manufacturing sector. We find evidence suggesting that these effects stem from the real exchange rate overvaluation caused by aid inflows. By contrast, private-to-private flows like remittances do not seem to create these adverse effects. We offer an explanation why and conclude with a discussion of the policy implications of these findings
The prospects for sustained growth in Africa : benchmarking the constraints by Simon Johnson( Book )

20 editions published in 2007 in English and Undetermined and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate potential constraints on sustained growth for sub-Saharan Africa. This analysis suggests that what are usually regarded as first-order problems -- broad institutions, macroeconomic stability, trade openness, education, and inequality -- may not now be binding constraints in Africa, although the extent of ill-health, internal conflict, and societal fractionalization do stand out as problems in contemporary Africa. A key question is to what extent Africa can rely on manufactured exports as a mode of "escape from underdevelopment," a strategy successfully deployed by almost all the benchmark countries. The benchmarking comparison specifically raises two key concerns as far as a development strategy based on expanding exports of manufactures is concerned: micro-level institutions that affect the costs of exporting, and the level of the real exchange rate -- especially the need to avoid overvaluation
The Egyptian stabilization experience : an analytical retrospective by Arvind Subramanian( Book )

12 editions published in 1997 in English and Undetermined and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Egypt is well embarked on a reform effort aimed at placing the economy on a higher growth trajectory that would durably raise living standards, reverse the rising tide of unemployment, reduce the level of poverty, and facilitate Egypt's accelerated integration in the world economy. These objectives are to be achieved through a program that would build on the macroeconomic stability attained in the last few years and which envisions the acceleration of structural reforms, encompassing privatization, trade liberalization, deregulation, fiscal reform, and strengthening of the financial sector. To ensure a strong enabling environment for these reforms, it is important to understand, assess, and draw lessons from Egypt's success in macroeconomic stabilization, not least because continuing stabilization forms the sine qua non for the growth phase
Measuring services trade liberalization and its impact on economic growth : an illustration by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

8 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Countries that fully liberalize their telecommunications and financial services sectors may be able to expect economic growth rates up to 1.5 percentage point higher than rates in other countries
Egypt and the Uruguay Round by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

5 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

May 1996 Although the Uruguay Round will generally have a limited impact on Egyptian policies affecting goods, investment and services, commitments by Egypt can be seen as facilitating the move toward a free trade agreement with the European Union. The Uruguay Round will generally have a limited impact on Egyptian policies affecting goods, investment, and services. It will have a more significant impact on intellectual property, although this will take up to a decade to materialize fully. Insofar as this reflects a continuing defensiveness against liberalization, it does not bode well for a country that will be facing growing competitive pressures as the world economy becomes more integrated. But Egypt's Uruguay Round commitments do, to a large extent, lock in the policy changes pursued by the government since the late 1980s. In this respect, they are quite significant. Maximum tariffs have been established for almost all tariff lines, and the gap between these bindings and the level of applied tariffs is in most cases relatively small. This constitutes a level of commitment that substantially exceeds the developing country average. The government is negotiating a more far-reaching agreement with the European Union to liberalize trade on a reciprocal basis. Commitments by Egypt in the Uruguay Round can be seen as facilitating implementation of a Euro-Mediterranean Agreement. Such an agreement could facilitate further nondiscriminatory liberalization of Egypt's trade regime. Of particular importance in this connection is opening service markets to greater competition, where much remains to be done. This paper -- a product of the Private Sector and Finance Team, Europe and Central Asia, and Middle East and North Africa Technical Department -- was presented at a University of Cairo conference, The Impact of the Uruguay Round on Egypt, held in Cairo on January 13-15, 1996
The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin : generosity undermined? by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

18 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Policies, enforcement, and customs evasion : evidence from India by Prachi Mishra( Book )

11 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We examine the effect of tariff policies on evasion of customs duties, in the context of the trade reform in India of the 1990s. We exploit the variation in tariff rates across time and products to identify the evasion elasticity, namely, the effect of tariffs on evasion, and relate this elasticity to factors related to customs enforcement or the quality of customs institutions. We find a positive and robust effect of tariffs on import tax evasion. We then show that the evasion elasticity is influenced by certain product characteristics that determine how easy it is to detect evasion (with more differentiated products exhibiting a higher evasion elasticity). This evasion elasticity, which we broadly interpret as reflecting the quality of customs administration, has not improved over the 1990s. Finally, our results suggest that the effectiveness of customs in addressing evasion may be better in India than China, although China appears to be catching up over time
Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates : a Study of the Renminbi by Aaditya Mattoo( )

13 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This paper estimates how changes in China's exchange rates would affect exports from competitor countries in third-country markets - in other words, the 'spillover effect.' The authors use recent theory to develop an identification strategy, with a key role for the competition between China and its developing country competitors in specific products and export destinations. Using disaggregated trade data, they estimate the spillover effect by exploiting the variation across different exporters, importers, products, and time periods. They find a spillover effect that is statistically and quantitatively significant. Their estimates suggest that a 10-percent appreciation of China's real exchange rate boosts a developing country's exports of a typical four-digit Harmonized System product category to third markets by about 1.5 to 2 percent on average. The magnitude of the spillover effect varies systematically with the characteristics of products, such as the extent to which they are differentiated."
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Audience level: 0.51 (from 0.06 for Eclipse : ... to 0.78 for India and ...)

Trade and trade policies in eastern and southern Africa
Alternative Names
Arvind Subramanian.

Arvind Subramanian Economist

Arvind Subramanian Indiaas econoom

Subramanian Mr

Субраманьян, Арвинд

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English (270)

India's turn : understanding the economic transformation