Most widely held works by Gilles Saint-Paul
Dual labor markets a macreoeconomic perspective by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 424 libraries worldwide
Dual labor markets : a macroeconomic perspective by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
7 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in 3 languages and held by 413 libraries worldwide
The labour market consists of two tiers. Workers in the upper tier enjoy high wages, good benefits and employment security. The lower tier has low wages, high turnover and little chance of promotion. Saint-Paul looks at the implications.
Innovation and inequality : how does technical progress affect workers by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
6 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 344 libraries worldwide
Karl Marx predicted a world in which technical innovation would increasingly devalue and impoverish workers, but other economists thought the opposite, that it would lead to increased wages and living standards--and the economists were right. Yet in the last three decades, the market economy has been jeopardized by a worrying phenomenon: a rise in wage inequality that has left a substantial portion of the workforce worse off despite the continuing productivity growth enjoyed by the economy. Innovation and Inequality examines why. Studies have firmly established a link between this worrying tre.
The political economy of labour market institutions by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
11 editions published between 2000 and 2006 in English and held by 303 libraries worldwide
This text examines why labour market institutions such as employment protection, unemployment benefits, and relative wage rigidies exist, what role they play in society, why they seem so persistent, and whether reform can be politically viable.
The economics of rising inequalities ( Book )
4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 301 libraries worldwide
This is an in-depth discussion of rising inequalities in the Western world. It explores the extent to which this phenomenon is the mechanical consequence of changes in economic fundamentals (such as changes in technological or demographic parameters), and to what extent they are the contingent consequences of country-specific and time-specific changes in institutions.
The tyranny of utility : behavioral social science and the rise of paternalism by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 140 libraries worldwide
The general assumption that social policy should be utilitarian--that society should be organized to yield the greatest level of welfare--leads inexorably to increased government interventions. Historically, however, the science of economics has advocated limits to these interventions for utilitarian reasons and because of the assumption that people know what is best for themselves. But more recently, behavioral economics has focused on biases and inconsistencies in individual behavior. Based on these developments, governments now prescribe the foods we eat, the apartments we rent, and the com.
Uncovering some causal relationships between productivity growth and the structure of economic fluctuations : a tentative survey by Philippe Aghion ( Book )
7 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 73 libraries worldwide
Employment protection, international specialization, and innovation by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
12 editions published between 1995 and 2002 in English and held by 53 libraries worldwide
Immigration, qualifications et marché du travail by France ( Book )
1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 38 libraries worldwide
Distribution and growth in an economy with limited needs by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
13 editions published in 2001 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 36 libraries worldwide
This paper studies a model of the distribution of income under bounded needs. Utility derived from any given good reaches a bliss point at a finite consumption level of that good. On the other hand, introducing new varieties always increases utility. It is assumed that each variety is owned by a monopoly. Workers can specialize in material goods production or in the knowledge sector, which designs new varieties. It is shown that if the elasticity of labor supply to the knowledge sector is bounded, as productivity increases, the economy moves from a "Solovian zoneʺ where wages increase with productivity, to a "Marxianʺ zone where the paradoxically decline with productivity. This is because as consumption of a given good increases, the price elasticity of demand falls, and markups increase to infinity as consumption reaches the unit elasticity point. Such a point typically exists because of the finiteness of needs. It is also shown that if individual creativity is more unevenly distributed then productivity, technical progress always increases inequality. Redistribution from profits to workers in the production sector always benefits arbitrarily poor workers regardless of their distortionary effect on the number of varieties, because diversity is not valued by very poor agents. In contrast, rich agents close enough to their bliss point can only be made better-off by an increase in diversity. If wages are set by monopoly unions rather than set competitively, they are proportional to productivity and the Marxian zone no longer exists. But technical progress always reduces employment in the material goods sector. International trade may reduce wages in poor countries and increase them in rich countries if under autarky the former consume less of each good that the latter.
Searching for the virtues of the European model by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
4 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
Are the unemployed unemployable by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
8 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
Some evolutionary foundations for price level rigidity by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
9 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
Labour market institutions and the cohesion of the middle class by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
6 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
Voting for jobs : policy persistence and unemployment by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
6 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
Reforming Europe's labour market : political issues by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
4 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
Information technology and the knowledge elites by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
10 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 28 libraries worldwide
I study a model where Information Technology, while typically increasing overall inequality, is likely to harm some people at intermediate and high levels of the distribution of income but to benefit people at the bottom. Within a given occupation it may harm some workers while benefitting others; and it may either reduce or increase the proportion of knowledge workers in employment. In my model, knowledge (in a broad sense) is an input into the production function of human capital, and is also a "quality" good in the sense that one cannot buy it from several low-quality producers instead of one high-quality one. People differ in their exogenous ability and ability is complementary with the quality of the knowledge input in the production of human capital. An improvement in IT is modelled as an increase in the number of people who can buy knowledge from one producer. I show that the economy organizes itself in a succession of clusters of ability levels, called "knowledge ladders", where a member of a given ladder buys knowledge from a worker in the subsequent ladder and sells it to a worker of the preceding ladder. The return to human capital increases as one moves up the knowledge ladder. The economic mechanism considered here rests on the view that IT makes the acquisition of knowledge cheaper, which intensifies competition among workers specialized in knowledge production. Those who lose in such competition end up displaced to occupations with a lower knowledge intensity; their wages fall, which reduces inequality between them and the least skilled. Those who win can spread their ability over a larger market and because of that enjoy a larger increase in wages than the least skilled, which tends to increase inequality. The least skilled do not participate in this competition, as they are not specialized in knowledge production; they gain in absolute terms because of their cheaper access to knowledge.
The economics of human cloning by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
9 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 26 libraries worldwide
Are intellectual property rights unfair by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
8 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 26 libraries worldwide
On the distribution of income and worker assignment under intra-firm spillovers, with an application to ideas and networks by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
7 editions published in 1999 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 26 libraries worldwide
Business cycles Case studies Comparative economics Economic development Economic development--Mathematical models Economics Employees--Effect of technological innovations on Employment (Economic theory) Europe Europe--European Union countries Finance Income distribution Industrial productivity Industrial productivity--Mathematical models Intellectual property International trade International trade--Econometric models Japan Job security Job security--Econometric models Labor Labor economics Labor market Labor market--Econometric models Labor market--Mathematical models Labor mobility Labor policy Labor supply--Effect of taxation on--Mathematical models Labor supply--Effect of technological innovations on Manpower policy Minimum wage Opportunity costs Paternalism Political science Public administration Public welfare Research, Industrial--Econometric models Skilled labor Social security Subsistence economy Taxation Technological innovations Technological innovations--Econometric models Unemployment Unemployment--Mathematical models Unemployment--Political aspects United States Utilitarianism Wages Welfare economics
Saint-Paul, G. 1963-
No Linguistic content (23)