WorldCat Identities

Saint-Paul, Gilles

Overview
Works: 222 works in 799 publications in 4 languages and 5,908 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Editor, Interviewee, Honoree
Classifications: HD5724, 331.25
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Gilles Saint-Paul Publications about Gilles Saint-Paul
Publications by  Gilles Saint-Paul Publications by Gilles Saint-Paul
Most widely held works by Gilles Saint-Paul
Innovation and inequality how does technical progress affect workers? by Gilles Saint-Paul ( )
12 editions published between 2003 and 2008 in English and Italian and held by 1,240 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Karl Marx predicted a world in which technical innovation would increasingly devalue and impoverish workers, but other economists thought the opposite, that it would lead to increased wages and living standards--and the economists were right. Yet in the last three decades, the market economy has been jeopardized by a worrying phenomenon: a rise in wage inequality that has left a substantial portion of the workforce worse off despite the continuing productivity growth enjoyed by the economy. Innovation and Inequality examines why. Studies have firmly established a link between this worrying tre
Dual labor markets a macreoeconomic perspective by Gilles Saint-Paul ( )
3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 955 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The tyranny of utility : behavioral social science and the rise of paternalism by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
15 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 448 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The general assumption that social policy should be utilitarian--that society should be organized to yield the greatest level of welfare--leads inexorably to increased government interventions. Historically, however, the science of economics has advocated limits to these interventions for utilitarian reasons and because of the assumption that people know what is best for themselves. But more recently, behavioral economics has focused on biases and inconsistencies in individual behavior. Based on these developments, governments now prescribe the foods we eat, the apartments we rent, and the com
Dual labor markets : a macroeconomic perspective by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
11 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and Spanish and held by 441 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The labour market consists of two tiers. Workers in the upper tier enjoy high wages, good benefits and employment security. The lower tier has low wages, high turnover and little chance of promotion. Saint-Paul looks at the implications
The political economy of labour market institutions by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
19 editions published between 2000 and 2006 in English and held by 387 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This text examines why labour market institutions such as employment protection, unemployment benefits, and relative wage rigidies exist, what role they play in society, why they seem so persistent, and whether reform can be politically viable
The economics of rising inequalities ( Book )
9 editions published between 2002 and 2007 in English and held by 316 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Employment protection, international specialization, and innovation by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
17 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Uncovering some causal relationships between productivity growth and the structure of economic fluctuations : a tentative survey by Philippe Aghion ( Book )
13 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Immigration, qualifications et marché du travail by France ( Book )
5 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Distribution and growth in an economy with limited needs by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
18 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper studies a model of the distribution of income under bounded needs. Utility derived from any given good reaches a bliss point at a finite consumption level of that good. On the other hand, introducing new varieties always increases utility. It is assumed that each variety is owned by a monopoly. Workers can specialize in material goods production or in the knowledge sector, which designs new varieties. It is shown that if the elasticity of labor supply to the knowledge sector is bounded, as productivity increases, the economy moves from a "Solovian zoneʺ where wages increase with productivity, to a "Marxianʺ zone where the paradoxically decline with productivity. This is because as consumption of a given good increases, the price elasticity of demand falls, and markups increase to infinity as consumption reaches the unit elasticity point. Such a point typically exists because of the finiteness of needs. It is also shown that if individual creativity is more unevenly distributed then productivity, technical progress always increases inequality. Redistribution from profits to workers in the production sector always benefits arbitrarily poor workers regardless of their distortionary effect on the number of varieties, because diversity is not valued by very poor agents. In contrast, rich agents close enough to their bliss point can only be made better-off by an increase in diversity. If wages are set by monopoly unions rather than set competitively, they are proportional to productivity and the Marxian zone no longer exists. But technical progress always reduces employment in the material goods sector. International trade may reduce wages in poor countries and increase them in rich countries if under autarky the former consume less of each good that the latter
Toward a political economy of macroeconomic thinking by Gilles Saint-Paul ( )
9 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper investigates, in a simplified macro context, the joint determination of the (incorrect) perceived model and the equilibrium. I assume that the model is designed by a self-interested economist who knows the true structural model, but reports a distorted one so as to influence outcomes. This model influences both the people and the government; the latter tries to stabilize an unobserved demand shock and will make different inferences about that shock depending on the model it uses. The model's choice is constrained by a set of autocoherence conditions that state that, in equilibrium, if everybody uses the model then it must correctly predict the moments of the observables. I then study, in particular, how the models devised by the economists varies depending on whether they are "progressive" vs. "conservative". The predictions depend greatly on the specifics of the economy being considered. But in many cases, they are plausible. For example, conservative economists will tend to report a lower keynesian multiplier, and a greater long-term inflationary impact of output expansions. On the other hand, the economists' margin of manoeuver is constrained by the autocoherence conditions. Here, a "progressive" economist who promotes a Keynesian multiplier larger than it really is, must, to remain consistent, also claim that demand shocks are more volatile than they really are. Otherwise, people will be disappointed by the stabilization performance of fiscal policy and reject the hypothesized value of the multiplier. In some cases, autocoherence induces the experts to make, loosely speaking, ideological concessions on some parameter values. The analysis is illustrated by empirical evidence from the Survey of Professional Forecasters
Growth effects of non-propriety innovation by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
14 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Réflexions sur l'organisation du système de santé Rapport by France ( Book )
5 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in French and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Le rapport du CAE sur l'organisation du système de santé français aborde plus particulièrement les deux questions suivantes : quelles sont les justifications économiques de l'intervention de l'Etat dans le secteur de la santé ? Que penser des systèmes en vigueur de tarification des actes médicaux et comment les améliorer ?"--Editeur
Information technology and the knowledge elites by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
11 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
I study a model where Information Technology, while typically increasing overall inequality, is likely to harm some people at intermediate and high levels of the distribution of income but to benefit people at the bottom. Within a given occupation it may harm some workers while benefitting others; and it may either reduce or increase the proportion of knowledge workers in employment. In my model, knowledge (in a broad sense) is an input into the production function of human capital, and is also a "quality" good in the sense that one cannot buy it from several low-quality producers instead of one high-quality one. People differ in their exogenous ability and ability is complementary with the quality of the knowledge input in the production of human capital. An improvement in IT is modelled as an increase in the number of people who can buy knowledge from one producer. I show that the economy organizes itself in a succession of clusters of ability levels, called "knowledge ladders", where a member of a given ladder buys knowledge from a worker in the subsequent ladder and sells it to a worker of the preceding ladder. The return to human capital increases as one moves up the knowledge ladder. The economic mechanism considered here rests on the view that IT makes the acquisition of knowledge cheaper, which intensifies competition among workers specialized in knowledge production. Those who lose in such competition end up displaced to occupations with a lower knowledge intensity; their wages fall, which reduces inequality between them and the least skilled. Those who win can spread their ability over a larger market and because of that enjoy a larger increase in wages than the least skilled, which tends to increase inequality. The least skilled do not participate in this competition, as they are not specialized in knowledge production; they gain in absolute terms because of their cheaper access to knowledge
Some evolutionary foundations for price level rigidity by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
12 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The economics of human cloning by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
11 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this paper, we analyze the extent to which market forces create an incentive for cloning human beings. We show that a market for cloning arises if a large enough fraction of the clone?s income can be appropriated by its model. Only people with the highest ability are cloned, while people at the bottom of the distribution of income specialize in surrogacy. In the short run, cloning reduces inequality. In the long run, it creates a perfectly egalitarian society where all workers have a top ability if fertility is uncorrelated with ability and if the distribution of ability among sexually produced children is the same as among their parents. In such a society, cloning has disappeared. If the distribution of genes, rather than abilities, is preserved by sexual reproduction, then cloning eliminates ability-reducing genes but does not necessarily eliminate inequality; nor does it disappear in the long run. Finally, if fertility is negatively correlated with ability, in the long run a reproductive caste of bottom ability people coexist with a cloned, worker caste of top ability agents, while intermediate ability types have disappeared. -- Human capital ; income distribution ; human cloning ; overlapping generations ; intergenerational mobility
Les mobilités des salariés by France ( Book )
2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Ce rapport montre, chiffres à l'appui, que la flexibilité des emplois s'est développée en France de façon significative, renforcée par différentes voies (essor de l'intérim, des CDD, etc.). Subsiste en revanche une insuffisance de la mobilité des salariés. Des mesures visant à développer les mobilités choisies et à renforcer les compétences générales plutôt que spécifiques sont proposées.--Memento
Understanding labour market institutions : a political economy perspective by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
8 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Voting for jobs : policy persistence and unemployment by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
9 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Are intellectual property rights unfair? by Gilles Saint-Paul ( Book )
10 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Audience level: 0.59 (from 0.35 for Dual labor ... to 0.92 for Uncovering ...)
Alternative Names
Paul, Gilles S.- 1963-
Paul, Gilles Saint-.
Paul, Gilles Saint- 1963-
Saint-Paul, G. 1963-
Saint Paul, Gilles 1963-
St. Paul, Gilles
Languages
English (197)
French (12)
Spanish (1)
Italian (1)
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