WorldCat Identities

Swagel, Phillip

Works: 16 works in 117 publications in 1 language and 938 library holdings
Classifications: HB1, 327.730510905
Publication Timeline
Publications about  Phillip Swagel Publications about Phillip Swagel
Publications by  Phillip Swagel Publications by Phillip Swagel
Most widely held works by Phillip Swagel
An awkward embrace : the United States and China in the 21st century by Dan Blumenthal ( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 256 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In Awkward Embrace, Phillip Swagel applies his experience at the Treasury Department to show the reader why America's economic relationship with China has been a beneficial one and details what needs to happen for this trend to continue. Daniel Blumenthal, a former official specializing in Asia at the Department of Defense, is far less optimistic when examining the military, diplomatic, and security ties the United States has -- or lacks -- with China
The aging population and the size of the welfare state by Assaf Razin ( Book )
25 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other factors that influence the size of the welfare state. This is despite the increased political clout of the dependent population implied by the aging of the population. This paper develops an overlapping generations model of intra-and inter-generational transfers (including old-age social security) and human capital formation which addresses this seeming puzzle. We show that with democratic voting, an increase in the dependency ratio can lead to lower taxes or less generous social transfers
Tax burden and migration : a political economy theory and evidence by Assaf Razin ( Book )
11 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The extent of taxation and redistribution policy is generally determined as a political-economy equilibrium by a balance between those who gain from higher taxes/transfers and those who lose. In a stylized model of migration and human capital formation, we show -- somewhat against the conventional wisdom -- that low-skill immigration may lead to a lower tax burden and less redistribution than would be the case with no immigration, even though migrants (naturally) join the pro-tax/transfer coalition. Data on 11 European countries over the period 1974 to 1992 are consistent with the implications of the theory: a higher share of immigrants in the population leads to a lower tax rate on labor income, even after controlling for the generosity and size of the welfare state, demographics, and the international exposure of the economy. As predicted by the theory, it is the increased share of low education immigrants that leads to the smaller tax burden
Trade barriers and trade flows across countries and industries by Jong-Wha Lee ( Book )
11 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We use disaggregated data on trade flows, production, and trade barriers for 41 countries in 1988 to examine the political and economic determinants of non-tariff barriers, as well as the impact of protection (both tariff and non-tariff) on trade flows. We use an econometric framework that allows for the simultaneous determination of trade barriers and trade flows. Our results are consistent with political-economy theories of the determinants of protection: even after accounting for industry-specific factors, nations tend to protect industries that are weak, in decline, and threatened by import competition. Countries also give more protection to large industries; these might be thought of as politically important. Nations use tariffs, non-tariff barriers, and exchange rate controls as complementary instruments of protection
The politics and economics of offshore outsourcing by N. Gregory Mankiw ( )
9 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper reviews the political uproar over offshore outsourcing connected with the release of the Economic Report of the President (ERP) in February 2004, examines the differing ways in which economists and non-economists talk about offshore outsourcing, and assesses the empirical evidence on the importance of offshore outsourcing in accounting for the weak labor market from 2001 to 2004. Even with important gaps in the data, the empirical literature is able to conclude that offshore outsourcing is unlikely to have accounted for a meaningful part of the job losses in the recent downturn or contributed much to the slow labor market rebound. The empirical evidence to date, while still tentative, actually suggests that increased employment in the overseas affiliates of U.S. multinationals is associated with more employment in the U.S. parent rather than less
The non-optimality of optimal trade policies : the U.S. automobile industry revisited, 1979-1985 by Kala Krishna ( Book )
6 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The effect of globalization on wages in the advanced economies by Matthew J Slaughter ( Book )
9 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper examines the extent to which "globalization"--the increasing international integration of markets for goods, factors, and technology--affects labor markets in the advanced economies, focusing particularly on the effect of globalization on wages.2 Globalization has been occurring through both expanded trade in goods and increased movement of factors across countries, as exemplified by the phenomena of capital and technology flows, foreign direct investment, and migration. At the same time as globalization has increased, labor demand in many advanced economies has shifted away from less-skilled workers toward those with more skills. In many advanced economies, this trend has produced a widening of the gap in wages between the two groups of workers, along with rises in both income inequality and unemployment, primarily among the less skilled. This rise in inequality potentially has adverse social and economic consequences. The paper examines the claim that globalization has been an important cause of these changes
Measures of potential output : an application to Israel by Fabio Scacciavillani ( Book )
7 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Israeli economy has changed dramatically over the past decade. The 1985 stabilization program-which saw inflation fall from 185 percent to close to 20 percent within a year-was followed by a massive wave of immigration that increased the population by almost 20 percent. As shown in Figure 1, output grew at an annual rate of nearly 7 percent for sustained periods, expanding on the order of 40 percent over the six years from 1989 to 1995. The unemployment rate rose both before and during the height of the immigration in 1990 and 1991, but then fell back as the new skilled labor force was absorbed (bottom of Figure 1). This process was aided by a shift toward high-technology sectors and an export-oriented investment boom aimed at taking advantage of the increased human capital. However, output growth in Israel slowed to a rate in 1997 of 2.7 percent, and then slowed further to 1.9 percent in 1998, while the unemployment rate rose from 6 percent at the start of 1996 above 9 percent in the middle of 1998 before falling off at the end of the year
Regional convergence and the role of federal transfers in Canada by Martin Daniel Kaufman ( Book )
6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Differences in per capita output across Canadian provinces have narrowed less than disparities in per capita income in past decades. Using a panel regression framework, this paper studies the differential impact of federal transfer programs on output convergence. The evidence suggests that while the Employment Insurance (EI) system seems to have had a significant negative effect on output convergence?by discouraging migration within Canada?the Equalization transfers may have helped spur convergence. The EI system, despite reforms introduced in the 1990s, still appears to contain features that deter labor mobility
Union behavior, industry rents, and optimal policies by Phillip Swagel ( Book )
7 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Unionization and strategic trade policy by Phillip Swagel ( Book )
6 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The literature on strategic trade policy has shown that in the presence of imperfect competition, activist use of trade and industrial policies can shift economic rents from foreign firms to domestic firms and thus increase home welfare.2 Although this finding can be seen as providing justification for mercantilist policies such as import protection or export promotion, there is little empirical support for the existence of meaningful gains from strategic trade policy, and in any case practical application of such activist policies is beset with problems such as the difficulty of identifying the appropriate industry to target, judging the scope and magnitude of any policies, and the possibility of retaliation by trading partners that leaves all countries worse off. Moreover, extensions of the original and quite stylized theoretical framework underlying the strategic trade policy literature have shown that even the very possibility of welfare gains is sensitive to the specific assumptions made in the modeling framework
Sources of inflation in Developing countries by Prakash Loungani ( Book )
6 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper develops stylized facts about the inflation process in developing countries, focusing particularly on the relationship between the exchange rate regime and the sources of inflation. Using annual data from 1964 to 1998 for 53 developing countries, we find that money growth and exchange rate changes-factors typically related to fiscal influences-are far more important in countries with floating exchange rate regimes than in those with fixed exchange rates. Instead, inertial factors dominate the inflation process in developing countries with fixed exchange rate regimes
Union behavior, industry rents, and optimal policies by Phillip Swagel ( Book )
4 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Supply-side sources of inflation : evidence from OECD countries by Prakash Loungani ( Book )
3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Political instability and economic growth by Alberto Alesina ( )
1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper investigates the relationship between political instability and per capita GDP growth in a sample of 113 countries for the period 1950-1982. We define?political instability? as the propensity of a government collapse, and we estimate a model in which political instability and economic growth are jointly determined. The main result of this paper is that in countries and time periods with a high propensity of government collapse, growth is significantly lower than otherwise. This effect remains strong when we restrict our definition of?government change? to cases of substantial changes of the government
The Non-Optimality of Optimal Trade Policy the U.S. Automobile Indust ry Revisited, 1979-1985 by Kala Krishna ( )
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: gains to be obtained from application of the 'correct' model remain limited
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Alternative Names
Swagel, Philip
English (117)