WorldCat Identities

Brezis, Elise S.

Overview
Works: 38 works in 75 publications in 1 language and 301 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: HB1, 330
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Elise S Brezis
Technology and the life cycle of cities by Elise S Brezis( Book )

11 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: During times of major technological change leading cities are often overtaken by upstart metropolitan areas. Such upheavals may be explained if the advantage of established urban centers rests on localized learning-by-doing. When a new technology for which this accumulated experience is irrelevant is introduced, older centers prefer to stay with a technology in which they are more efficient. New centers, however, turn to the new technology, and are competitive despite the raw state of that technology because of their lower land rents and wages. Over time, as the new technology matures, the established cities are overtaken
Immigration, investment, and real wages by Elise S Brezis( Book )

11 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When a country is the recipient of large-scale, politically motivated immigration -- as has been the case for Israel in recent years -- the initial impact is to reduce real wages. Over the longer term, however, the endogenous response of investment, together with increasing returns, may well actually increase real earnings. If immigration itself is not wholly exogenous, but responds to real wages, there may be multiple equilibria. That is, optimism or pessimism about the success of the economy at absorbing immigrants may constitute a self-fulfilling prophecy
Leapfrogging : a theory of cycles in national technological leadership by Elise S Brezis( Book )

11 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Much recent work has suggested that endogenous technological change tends to reinforce the position of the leading nations. Yet from time to time this leadership role shifts. We suggest a mechanism that explains this pattern of -leapfrogging- as a response to occasional major changes in technology. When such a change occurs, leading nations may have no incentive to adopt the new ideas; given their extensive experience with older technologies, the new ideas do not initially seem to be an improvement. Lagging nations, however, have less experience; the new techniques offer them an opportunity to use their lower wages, to break into the market. If the new techniques eventually prove to be more productive than the old, there is a reversal of leadership
Disequilibrium dynamics during the great depression by Jean-Louis Arcand( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Political institutions and economic reforms in Central and Eastern Europe : a snowball effect by Elise S Brezis( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The purpose of this paper is to analyze the elements that can lead to a snowball effect during the process of transition. We develop a political economy model showing that when rulers of a country in one region opt for resigning and moving over to democratic rule, the other countries in the region are influenced to do the same. In other words, the decision of one country influences the type of equilibrium chosen by other countries in the region. A snowball effect is thus produced that reinforces the path to privatization. Our analysis defines parameters in the technology of political repression of one country that may be affected by decisions in neighboring countries. Regional political spillovers affecting these parameters are conducive to snowball effects."--Editor
The role of higher education institutions recruitment of elites and economic growth by Elise S Brezis( Book )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this paper is to examine the evolution of recruitment of elites and to investigate the nature of the links between recruitment of elites and economic growth. The main change that occurred in the way the Western world trained its elites is that meritocracy became the basis for their recruitment. Although meritocratic selection should result in the best being chosen, we show that meritocratic recruitment actually leads to class stratification and auto-recruitment. We analyze the consequences of stratification resulting from meritocratic selection for the development of a country, and show that these consequences are dependent upon the type of technological changes occurring in the country
The rate of repression, allocations to consumption and Communist regime collapse by Elise S Brezis( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic cooperation and conflict resolution : Europe and the Middle East( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"L'Union Européenne est probablement l'un des meilleurs exemples dans l'histoire des résultats positifs de la coopération économique qui dans le temps amène à une harmonisation croissante parmi les états-nations. La question est de voir si la dynamique qui s'est produite en Europe est un phénomène qu'on pourrait exporter en d'autres pays ou en d'autres régions ..."--Editor
Price level determinacy and the choice of policy targets under rational expectations by Elise S Brezis( Book )

1 edition published in 1983 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The role of higher education institutions : recruitment of elites and economic growth( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this paper is to examine the evolution of recruitment of elites and to investigate the nature of the links between recruitment of elites and economic growth. The main change that occurred in the way the Western world trained its elites is that meritocracy became the basis for their recruitment. Although meritocratic selection should result in the best being chosen, we show that meritocratic recruitment actually leads to class stratification and autorecruitment. We analyze the consequences of stratification resulting from meritocratic selection for the development of a country, and show that these consequences are dependent upon the type of technological changes occurring in the country
Changes in the recruitment and education of the power elites in twentieth century Western democracies( )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Globalization and migration a "unified brain drain" model by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Globalization has led to a vast flow of migration of workers but also of students. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the migration of individuals encompassing decisions already at the level of education. We develop a "unified brain" drain model that incorporates the decisions of an individual vis - à - vis both education and migration. In the empirical part, this paper addresses international flows of migration within the EU and presents strong evidence of concentration of students in countries with high - quality education. This phenomenon, as the usual brain drain, has two opposite effects on social mobility. -- Brain drain ; Globalization ; Higher education ; Human capital ; Migration ; Mobility ; Bologna process
Globalization and the emergence of a transnational oligarchy by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this paper is to examine the evolution of recruitment of elites due to globalization. In the last century, the main change that occurred in the way the Western world trained its elites is that meritocracy became the basis for their recruitment. Although meritocratic selection should result in the best being chosen, we show that meritocratic recruitment may actually lead to class stratification and auto-recruitment. In this paper, I show that due to globalization, the stratification effect will be even stronger. Globalization will bring about the formation of an international technocratic elite with its own culture, norms, ethos, and identity, as well as its private clubs like the Davos World Economic Forum. We face the emergence of a transnational oligarchy. -- globalization ; education ; elites ; meritocracy ; recruitment ; social mobility
The revolving door indicator estimating the distortionary power of the revolving door by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The "revolving door" phenomenon has become very common in most industrialised countries, and is leading to conflicts of interest as well as economic distortions. The purpose of this paper is to develop an indicator of the distortionary effects of the revolving door - The Revolving Door Indicator (RDI). By measuring the sectorial concentration of the revolving door, this indicator intends to proxy the distortions induced by rent-seeking firms. The RDI is a first step to size up the distortive power of the revolving door
Geography, economics and political systems a bird's eye view by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mobility of students and quality of higher education an empirical analysis of the "Unified Brain Drain" model by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Globalization has led to a vast flow of migration of workers but also of students. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the migration of individuals encompassing decisions already at the level of education. We present a "unified brain" drain model that incorporates the decisions of an individual related to migration vis-à-vis both education and work. In the empirical part, this paper addresses international flows of migration within the Bologna Process and presents strong evidence of concentration of students in countries with high-quality education
Social mobility at the top why are elites self-reproducing? by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper proposes an explanation for the decrease in social mobility that has occurred in the last two decades in a number of advanced economies, as well as for the divergence in mobility dynamics across countries. Within an intergenerational framework, we show that a two-tier higher education system with standard and elite universities generates social stratification, high social immobility and self-reproduction of the elite. Moreover, we show that the higher the relative funding for elite universities, the higher the elite self-reproduction, and the lower social mobility. We also analyse the impacts of changes in the weight of the elite and of the middle class upon social mobility. Our findings provide theoretical bases for the inverted-U profile of social mobility experienced in several countries since World War II and to the "Great Gatsby Curve" relating social mobility to inequality
Endogenous fertility and intergenerational transfers the significance of the sibship size effect by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the seminal work of Becker, the analysis of endogenous fertility has been based on the trade-off faced by parents between the quantity and the quality of their children. In order to have an interior solution, the model assumes that in case children work, still they get positive income from their parents. However, in some developing countries, child labor is necessary as a source of income. The purpose of this paper is to "adapt" the quantity-quality trade-off of the Beckerian model for the cases where net transfers are in fact from children to parents. The paper shows that by adding a sibship size effect, we restore the possibility of the trade-off. -- Endogenous fertility ; Intergenerational transfers ; Human capital formation
Fertility, non-altruism and economic growth : industrialization in the nineteenth century( )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Paid basic income, fertility rates and economic growth by Elise S Brezis( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of paid basic income on fertility rates in a model in which fertility rates are endogenous. I show that when child labor is not a crucial part of the income of the family, then paid basic income will lead to higher fertility rates. However, when child labor is a necessity, then in fact an increase in paid basic income will lead to a reduction in fertility rates
 
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Alternative Names
Brezis, Elise

Elise Brezis

Elise Brezis Economist

Languages
English (54)