WorldCat Identities

Fairlie, Robert W.

Overview
Works: 118 works in 392 publications in 2 languages and 5,400 library holdings
Genres: History  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Contributor
Classifications: HD2358.5.U6, 338.6420890973
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Robert W Fairlie
Race and entrepreneurial success : Black-, Asian-, and white-owned businesses in the United States by Robert W Fairlie( )

16 editions published between 2008 and 2014 in English and held by 2,270 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In Race and Entrepreneurial Success, minority entrepreneurship authorities Robert Fairlie and Alicia Robb examine racial disparities in business performance. Drawing on the rarely used, restricted-access Characteristics of Business Owners (CBO) data set compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, Fairlie and Robb examine in particular why Asian-owned firms perform well in comparison to white-owned businesses and black-owned firms typically do not. They also explore the broader question of why some entrepreneurs are successful and others are not."--Jacket
Disparities in capital access between minority and non-minority-owned businesses : the troubling reality of capital limitations faced by MBEs by Robert W Fairlie( )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 295 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Self-employed business ownership rates in the United States : 1979-2003 by Robert W Fairlie( )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 234 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Earnings growth among disadvantaged business owners by Robert W Fairlie( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 232 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Technology and entrepreneurship : a cross-industry analysis of access to computers and self-employment by Robert W Fairlie( )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Entrepreneurship in Silicon Valley during the boom and bust by Robert W Fairlie( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Estimating the contribution of immigrant business owners to the U.S. economy by Robert W Fairlie( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 230 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ethnic and racial entrepreneurship : a study of historical and contemporary differences by Robert W Fairlie( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Does immigration hurt African-American self-employment? by Robert W Fairlie( Book )

14 editions published in 1997 in English and Undetermined and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Previous studies tend to find that immigration has a weak negative effect on the employment and earnings of native-born workers. These studies overlook the effect of immigration on an important sector of the labor force, the self- employed. Anecdotal evidence suggests that immigrants, especially those from Asian countries, may displace black-owned business owners. We use Census of Population microdata to examine if black self-employment levels are lower in labor markets which have a higher share of immigrants. We define labor markets as metropolitan areas (MAs) and use the variation across 94 MAs in the U.S. to examine the relationship between black self-employment and immigration in both 1980 and 1990. To control for permanent differences across MAs in other we also estimate the effect of the change in immigration from 1980 to 1990 on the change in black self-employment over this period. We generally find that immigration has no effect or only a small negative but statistically insignificant effect on black male or female self-employment. Our findings are similar if we weight immigration rates by the propensity of immigrant groups to be self-employed, if we limit our sample of immigrants to those from only Asian countries, and if we try other alternative estimation techniques and specifications
The ethnic and racial character of self-employment by Robert W Fairlie( Book )

12 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using the 1980 and 1990 Censuses, we show that self-employment rates differ substantially across ethnic and racial groups in the U.S. These differences exist for both men and women, within broad combinations of ethnic/racial groups such as Europeans, Asians, Hispanics and blacks, and after controlling for variables such as age, education, immigrant status and time in the country. Although there are large differences in self-employment rates across ethnic/racial groups, the processes determining self-employment within each ethnic/racial group are not substantially different. We find fairly similar effects of age, education, year of immigration, and other factors in determining who is self-employed for most groups. We examine whether ethnic/racial self-employment rates are associated with group returns to self-employment. We find evidence of a positive association between an ethnic/racial group's self- employment rate and the difference between average self-employment and wage/salary earnings for that group. This result suggests that our economic model of the self-employment decision may be useful in explaining differences in self-employment rates across ethnic/racial groups. We also find that different ethnic/racial groups locate their businesses in different types of industries. In addition, we do not find evidence that ethnic/racial groups who immigrate from countries with high self-employment rates have high self-employment rates in the U.S
The effect of immigration on native self-employment by Robert W Fairlie( Book )

15 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A rapidly growing literature examines the impact of immigrants on the labor market outcomes of native-born Americans. However, the impact of immigration on natives in self-employment has not been examined, despite the over-representation of immigrants in that sector. We first present a new general equilibrium model of self-employment and wage/salary work. For a range of plausible parameter values, the model predicts small negative effects of immigration on native self-employment rates and earnings. Using 1980 and 1990 Census microdata, we then examine the relationship between changes in immigration and native self-employment rates and earnings across 132 of the largest metropolitan areas in the United States. We find evidence supporting the hypothesis that self-employed immigrants displace self-employed natives. The effects are much larger than those predicted by simulations of the theoretical model. Immigrants, however, do not have a negative effect on native self-employment earnings. Our findings are similar if we weight immigration rates by the propensity of immigrant groups to be self-employed or if we try alternative estimation techniques and specifications
Trends in self-employment among white and black men, 1910-1990 by Robert W Fairlie( Book )

13 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We examine trends in self-employment among white and black men from 1910 to 1990 using Census and CPS microdata. Self-employment rates fell over most of the century and then started to rise after 1970. For white men, we find that the decline was due to declining rates within industries, but was counterbalanced somewhat by a shift in employment towards high self-employment industries. Recently, the increase in self-employment was caused by an end to the within industry decline and the continuing shift in employment towards high self-employment industries. We find that the trends in self-employment average returns do not easily explain the decline in self-employment from 1950 to 1970, nor the increase from 1970 to 1990. We also find that changes in tax rates, social security benefits, and immigration patterns do not explain the recent upturn in self-employment. For black men, we find that the self-employment rate remained at a level of roughly one-third the white rate from 1910 to 1990. The large and constant gap between the black and the white rates is not due to blacks being concentrated in low self-employment rate industries, but is consistent with job opportunities outside of self-employment increasing relative to those in self-employment. However, more recently the relative earnings of blacks in self-employment rose more than relative earnings for whites the near constancy of the relative self-employment rates more surprising. We also find that absent continuing forces holding down black self-employment, a simple inter-generational model of self-employment suggests that black and white rates would converge quickly
The determinants of the global digital divide : a cross-country analysis of computer and internet penetration by Menzie David Chinn( )

13 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To identify the determinants of cross-country disparities in personal computer and Internet penetration, we examine a panel of 161 countries over the 1999-2001 period. Our candidate variables include economic variables (income per capita, years of schooling, illiteracy, trade openness), demographic variables (youth and aged dependency ratios, urbanization rate), infrastructure indicators (telephone density, electricity consumption), telecommunications pricing measures, and regulatory quality. With the exception of trade openness and the telecom pricing measures, these variables enter in as statistically significant in most specifications for computer use. A similar pattern holds true for Internet use, except that telephone density and aged dependency matter less. The global digital divide is mainly but by no means entirely accounted for by income differentials. For computers, telephone density and regulatory quality are of second and third importance, while for the Internet, this ordering is reversed. The region-specific explanations for large disparities in computer and Internet penetration are generally very similar. Our results suggest that public investment in human capital, telecommunications infrastructure, and the regulatory infrastructure can mitigate the gap in PC and Internet use
Mexican entrepreneurship : a comparison of self-employment in Mexico and the United States by Robert W Fairlie( )

12 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nearly a quarter of Mexico's workforce is self employed. In the United States, however, rates of self employment among Mexican Americans are only 6 percent, about half the rate among non-Latino whites. Using data from the Mexican and U.S. population census, we show that neither industrial composition nor differences in the age and education of Mexican born populations residing in Mexico and the U.S. accounts for the differences in the self employment rates in the two countries. Within the United States, however, estimates indicate that low levels of education and the youth of Mexican immigrants residing in the United States account for roughly half of the Mexican immigrant/U.S. total difference in self-employment rates for men and the entire difference for women. We also find some suggestive evidence that for both men and women, Mexican immigrant self-employment rates may be higher for those who reside in the United States legally and are fluent in English, and for men, those who live in ethnic enclaves. -- entrepreneurship ; self-employment ; Mexico ; Mexican-Americans
Behind the GATE experiment : evidence on effects of and rationales for subsidized entrepreneurship training by Robert W Fairlie( )

17 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use randomized program offers and multiple follow-up survey waves to examine the effects of entrepreneurship training on a broad set of outcomes. Training increases short run business ownership and employment, but there is no evidence of broader or longer run effects. We also test whether training mitigates market frictions by estimating heterogeneous treatment effects. Training does not have strong effects (in either relative or absolute terms) on those most likely to face credit or human capital constraints, or labor market discrimination. Training does have a relatively strong short-run effect on business ownership for those unemployed at baseline, but not at other horizons or for other outcomes
ICT use in the developing world : an analysis of differences in computer and Internet penetration by Menzie David Chinn( )

14 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Computer and Internet use, especially in developing countries, has expanded rapidly in recent years. Even in light of this expansion in technology adoption rates, penetration rates differ markedly between developed and developing countries and across developing countries. To identify the determinants of cross-country disparities in personal computer and Internet penetration, both currently and over time, we examine panel data for 161 countries over the 1999-2004 period. We explore the role of a comprehensive set of economic, demographic, infrastructure, institutional and financial factors in contributing to the global digital divide. We find evidence indicating that income, human capital, the youth dependency ratio, telephone density, legal quality and banking sector development are associated with technology penetration rates. Overall, the factors associated with computer and Internet penetration do not differ substantially between developed and developing countries. Estimates from Blinder-Oaxaca decompositions reveal that the main factors responsible for low rates of technology penetration rates in developing countries are disparities in income, telephone density, legal quality and human capital. In terms of dynamics, our results indicate fairly rapid reversion to long run equilibrium for Internet use, and somewhat slower reversion for computer use, particularly in developed economies. Financial development, either measured as bank lending or the value of stocks traded, is also important to the growth rate of Internet use
A community college instructor like me : race and ethnicity interactions in the classroom by Robert W Fairlie( )

10 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in English and German and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses detailed administrative data from one of the largest community colleges in the United States to quantify the extent to which academic performance depends on students being of similar race or ethnicity to their instructors. To address the concern of endogenous sorting, we use both student and classroom fixed effects and focus on those with limited course enrollment options. We also compare sensitivity in the results from using within versus across section instructor type variation. Given the computational complexity of the 2-way fixed effects model with a large set of fixed effects we rely on numerical algorithms that exploit the particular structure of the model's normal equations. We find that the performance gap in terms of class dropout and pass rates between white and minority students falls by roughly half when taught by a minority instructor. In models that allow for a full set of ethnic and racial interactions between students and instructors, we find African-American students perform particularly better when taught by African-American instructors
Experimental evidence on the effects of home computers on academic achievement among schoolchildren by Robert W Fairlie( )

11 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Computers are an important part of modern education, yet large segments of the population especially low-income and minority children lack access to a computer at home. Does this impede educational achievement? We test this hypothesis by conducting the largest-ever field experiment involving the random provision of free computers for home use to students. 1,123 schoolchildren grades 6-10 in 15 California schools participated in the experiment. Although the program significantly increased computer ownership and use, we find no effects on any educational outcomes, including grades, standardized test scores, credits earned, attendance and disciplinary actions. Our estimates are precise enough to rule out even modestly-sized positive or negative impacts. The estimated null effect is consistent with survey evidence showing no change in homework time or other intermediateʺ inputs in education for treatment students
The impact of city contracting set-asides on black self-employment and employment by Aaron K Chatterji( )

11 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the 1980s, many U.S. cities initiated programs reserving a proportion of government contracts for minority-owned businesses. The staggered introduction of these set-aside programs is used to estimate their impacts on the self-employment and employment rates of African-American men. Black business ownership rates increased significantly after program initiation, with the black-white gap falling three percentage points. The evidence that the racial gap in employment also fell is less clear as it is depends on assumptions about the continuation of pre-existing trends. The black gains were concentrated in industries heavily affected by set-asides and mostly benefited the better educated
Technology and education computers, software, and the internet by George Bulman( )

7 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A substantial amount of money is spent on technology by schools, families and policymakers with the hope of improving educational outcomes. This paper explores the theoretical and empirical literature on the impacts of technology on educational outcomes. The literature focuses on two primary contexts in which technology may be used for educational purposes: i) classroom use in schools, and ii) home use by students. Theoretically, ICT investment and CAI use by schools and the use of computers at home have ambiguous implications for educational achievement: expenditures devoted to technology necessarily offset inputs that may be more or less efficient, and time allocated to using technology may displace traditional classroom instruction and educational activities at home. However, much of the evidence in the schooling literature is based on interventions that provide supplemental funding for technology or additional class time, and thus favor finding positive effects. Nonetheless, studies of ICT and CAI in schools produce mixed evidence with a pattern of null results. Notable exceptions to this pattern occur in studies of developing countries and CAI interventions that target math rather than language. In the context of home use, early studies based on multivariate and instrumental variables approaches tend to find large positive (and in a few cases negative) effects while recent studies based on randomized control experiments tend to find small or null effects. Early research focused on developed countries while more recently several experiments have been conducted in developing countries
 
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Race and entrepreneurial success : Black-, Asian-, and white-owned businesses in the United States
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Alternative Names
Fairlie, R. 1964-

Fairlie, R. W. 1964-

Fairlie, Robert 1964-

Robert W. Fairlie economist (University of California-Santa Cruz (UCSC))

Robert W. Fairlie Wirtschaftswissenschaftler (Tätig an der Yale Univ.; tätig bei RAND)

Languages
English (180)

German (1)