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Distributional Analysis Research Programme (Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines)

Overview
Works: 77 works in 157 publications in 1 language and 451 library holdings
Genres: Cross-cultural studies 
Roles: Publisher
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Most widely held works by Distributional Analysis Research Programme (Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines)
Distributional analysis research programme papers( )

in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Distributional Analysis Research Programme discussion papers by Distributional Analysis Research Programme (Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines)( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Income mobility : a robust approach by Frank A Cowell( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Risk and inequality perceptions by Yoram Amiel( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We examine the relationship between risk analysis and inequality analysis, using a questionnaire-experimental approach .The experiments focus on the effect of income transformations on the perceived rankings of income distributions in either a risk or inequality context. Both context and income levels are important in influencing rankings
Why not to aggregate up : the influence of aggregation on the ordering of distributions by Stephen Howes( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Income distribution and inequality in Germany : evidence from panel data by Christian Schluter( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Non-parametric kernel density estimates are employed for an exploratory analysis of the distributional conseuqnces of the German tax-benefit system using GSOEP. The focuses is on the year 1991 and a detailed analysis is provided. Moreover, the anatomy of income inequality is thoroughly examined, and particular attention is given to the issue of statistical significance and rigorous hypohtesis testing
Robust income distribution estimation with missing data by Maria-Pia Victoria-Feser( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With income distributions it is common to encounter the problem of missing data. When a parametric model is fitted to the data, the problem can be overcome by specifying the marginal distribution of the observed data. With classical methods of estimation such as the maximum likelihood (ML) an estimator of the parameters can be obtained in a straightforward manner. Unfortunately, it is well known that ML estimators are not robust estimators in the presence of contaminated data. In this paper, we propose a robust alternative to the ML estimator with truncated data, namely one based on M-estimators that we call the EMM estimator. We present an extensive simulation study where the EMM estimator based on optimal B-robust estimators (OBRE) is compared to a more conservative approach based on marginal density (MD) for truncated data, and show that the difference lies in the way the weights associated to each observation are computed. Finally, we also compare the EMM estimator based on the OBRE with the classical ML estimator when the data are contaminated, and show that contrary to the former, the latter can be seriously biased
Inequality in Greece : an analysis by income source by Christos Papatheodorou( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper employs a decomposition analysis of inequality by income source to understand and explain particular aspects of income inequality in Greece. The results suggest that entrepreneurial income is the most significant contributor to overall inequality in Greece. It is also shown that there is a weak redistributive impact of taxes and social security contributions and this is mainly attributed to tax evasion, particularly in entrepreneurial income. The decrease of the inequality of entrepreneurial income appears to be the most effective way of reducing total inequality. Overall this analysis may help to establish links between the functional and personal income distribution. Therefore, our ability to evaluate and predict the potential implications of particular growth policies to inequality, poverty and, consequently, to social development, is significantly improved
The subjective approach to the measurement of income inequality by Yoram Amiel( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Income mobility in Germany : evidence from panel data by Christian Schluter( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Galtonian regression of intergenerational income linkages : biased procedures, a new estimator and mean-square error comparisons by Ramses H Abul Naga( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Because the permanent incomes of parents and children are typically unobserved, the estimation of the intergenerational correlation via the use of proxy variables entails an errors-in-variables bias. By solving a system of moment equations for income observed at a given year, and a T-period average of this variable, we derive an analytical form for the signal to total variance ratio. In turn, we propose a simple estimator of the intergenerational elasticity via division of the OLS estimator of this quantity. Estimates of the intergenerational elasticity derived from a PSID sample range between 0.34 and 0.69. The averaging estimator provides intermediary values between OLS and the proposed estimator. Persistence is higher for family income measures than labor market outcomes. Estimates generally increase for moving average specifications in comparison to the assumption that measurement errors are uncorrelated. The three estimators are further examined in the light of their mean-square errors (square bias plus variance)
Statistical inference for welfare under complete and incomplete information by Frank A Cowell( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We show how a collection of results in the literature on the empirical estimation of welfare indicators from sample data can be unified. We also demonstrate how some of these ideas can be extended to empirically important cases where the data have been trimmed or censored
Responsibility-sensitive fair compensation in different cultures by Erik Schokkaert( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recently many philosophers and social choice theorists have questioned traditional welfare egalitarianism by introducing a notion of responsibility. They propose to distinguish between two sets of individual characteristics: those for which individuals are to be kept responsible and those for which they can be compensated. This approach raises the related questions of where to draw the line between those two sets of characteristics and how to operationalise the notion of amp;apos'responsibility-sensitive fair compensationamp;apos'. The answers to these questions may depend on the cultural context. We present some empirical results from questionnaire studies in Belgium, Burkina Faso and Indonesia. The notion of control seems to play an important role in determining the variables for which individuals are to be held responsible. The strong notion of amp;apos'full compensationamp;apos' is clearly rejected in favour of more conservative distribution rules. Moreover, a large fraction of the respondents take the non-liberal position that the talented should be punished if they do not use their talents in a productive way. We find some intercultural differences. Belgian students are more in favour of redistribution. Indonesian students are the most conservative. While the Pareto principle is decisively rejected in Burkina Faso and Belgium, it is accepted by a majority of the Indonesian sample
Education, inequality and income inequality by Daniele Checchi( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we propose to measure inequality of educational achievements by constructing a Gini index on educational attainments. We then use the proposed measure to analyse the relationship between inequality in incomes and educational achievements (in terms of both the average attainments and its concentration). Even if theoretical considerations suggest a non-linear relationship between these two measures of inequality, actual data indicate that average years of education have a stronger negative impact on measured income inequality. Multivariate regressions also prove that, once we take into account the negative correlation between average educational achievement and its dispersion, the relationship between income inequality and average years of schooling is U-shaped, with a lower turning point at 6.5 years. Income inequality is also negatively related to per capita income and positively related to capital/output ratio and government expenditure in education
Choices in egalitarian distribution : inequality aversion versus risk aversion by Yoram Kroll( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Inequality aversion and risk aversion are widely assumed features of economic models. But a review of the literature revealed that inequlity aversion and risk aversion are treated as separate variables. This paper presents exploratory research designed to separate inequality aversion from risk aversion. In a set of laboratory experiments, subjects chose between two alternatives with the same individuals risk, but different levels of egalitarianism. Thus, the choice of the more egalitarian alternative with constant risk level implies a higher level of inequality aversion. The experiment was conducted among 211 eight-year-old children, 107 of whom live on Kibbutz and 104 in the city. We found not significant difference between Kibbutz children and city children in inequality aversion
Income inequality comparisons with dirty data : the UK and Spain during the 1980s by Frank A Cowell( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Inequality comparisons between countries and over time should take into account problems of data imperfection. We examine the contrasting experience of the UK and spain during the 1980s in terms of the distribution of disposable income. We consider whether the apparent divergence of inequality could be attributed to deficiencies in income data including under-reporting
The allocation of benefits under uncertainty : a decision-theoretic framework by Ramses H Abul Naga( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We consider the problem of targeting benefits when the incomes of families are not accurately observable by the public authorities. By income uncertainty it is meant that the decision-maker cannot ascertain an applicantamp;apos's income, but that he can assign probabilities with respect to the level of his resources. A decision-theoretic framework is used in order to analyze the decision to grant a benefit of fixed size. The derived decision rule consists of balancing the expected social cost of denying assistance to a person in need (type-I error) against that of granting a benefit to a non-poor (type-II error). Thus, when the cost of type-I errors are on the rise, or those of type-II errors fall, it becomes more desirable socially to increase population coverage of the benefit programme. Empirical illustrations are provided using a sample from the PSID
A note on the estimation of intergenerational income correlations by the method of averaging by Ramses H Abul Naga( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Averaging methods are routinely used in order to limit biases resulting from the mismeasurement of permanent incomes. The Solon/Zimmerman estimator regresses a single-year measurement of the childamp;apos's resources on a T-period average of the parentsamp;apos' income while the Behrman/Taubman estimator regresses an S-period average of the childamp;apos's resources on a T-period average of the parentsamp;apos' income. The latter estimator is shown to be the arithmetic mean of the S slope estimates arising from the Solon/Zimmerman methodology. However, because sampling variation produces yearly changes in the variance of childrenamp;apos's incomes, it is shown that the Behrman/Taubman estimator is not efficient in the class of estimators which can be expressed as a weighted sum of the S distinct Solon/Zimmerman estimates. The minimum variance estimator in the above class is thus derived and applied to a US sample
Estimation of inequality indices by Frank A Cowell( Book )

3 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Inequality measures are powerful tools of applied welfare analysis. However, to use the tools effectively one has to take into account the characteristics of the data with which one usually has to work. These raise a number of common statistical problems which are addressed here for both micro-data and grouped data. The theoretical properties of inequality measures can often be used to simplify these problems and derive implementable algorithims
Statistical inference for Lorenz curves with censored data by Frank A Cowell( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lorenz curves and associated tools for ranking income distributions are commonly estimated on the assumption that full, unbiased samples are available. However, it is common to find income and wealth distributions that are routinely censored or trimmed. We derive the sampling distribution for a key family of statistics in the case where data have been modified in this fashion
 
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Alternative Names

controlled identityDistributional Analysis Research Programme (Toyota Centre)

D.A.R.P.

DARP

Distribution Analysis Research Programme

London School of Economics and Political Science Distributional Analysis Research Programme

London School of Economics Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines Distributional Analysis Research Programme

Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines Distributional Analysis Research Programme

Languages
English (52)